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AQA GCSE Music 2017 Exam Coursework Watch. Grade For Free! What did your coursework get? What are you aiming for overall and what do you think you got? comment any questions and answers you remember, i want to Essay Therapy Ethics try and get an grade my paper for free, unofficial mark scheme going. span Follow 0 followers 4 badges Send a private message to silentlystudying. Not many people do Music and even when they do, there's not many people that care about jobs essay, it. And the my paper, ones that do care are usually doing Edexcel as that's the when was the second amendment passed, most popular exam board for Music. So I made an my paper, AQA thread, and if there's anyone out when amendment there who did the grade for free, exam today, how did you find it? What did your coursework get?

What are you aiming for Essay, overall and what do you think you got? span Follow 0 followers 0 badges Send a private message to Samuel-Woodall. Grade! span Follow 0 followers 0 badges Send a private message to Fiawr. span Follow 1 follower 8 badges Send a private message to student diet richageorge. My Paper For Free! Okay so, I found the exam alright, I'm not that good at jobs essay, the subject of grade, GCSE Music if I have to R Murrow be honest. My coursework I think is C, I'm aiming for a B overall and I don't even know what to think aha, how about you? span Follow 1 follower 8 badges Send a private message to my paper for free richageorge. Student! I thought it was ok in general, what was that electric organ piece - question 3 or something, such a jam! span Follow 0 followers 4 badges Send a private message to silentlystudying. I honestly don't know how that exam went and I don't anyone will be able to make an unofficial mark scheme for it so that sucks. My coursework is an A and I really want an A* overall but that doesn't seem likely after that exam lol.

I'm really bad at listening, I did some past papers and got E's, but to be fair we haven't done any theory in grade, class, we only starting learning it a month ago. When Was The Amendment! I'm just praying my exam doesn't bring my grade down, because I'd like to my paper for free at least stay on Essay on Not Born by Mary an A lol. span Follow 1 follower 8 badges Send a private message to richageorge. The exam today was alright tbh, the CD player we were given was broken so we got to the end of for free, question 6 before the when was the second, invigilator did something about it (I'm entitled to my paper extra time so me and 3 others had an college student diet, extra room).My coursework scored an grade for free, A/A* (I can't remember which) and college student diet, I'm targeted (and hoping for) an grade, A. I think I've got roughly a B/A. Student! span Follow 0 followers 0 badges Send a private message to grade for free RobCaesar. I thought it was ok in Edward R Murrow Essay, general, what was that electric organ piece - question 3 or something, such a jam! I'm giving you a night call I found out that it is called Nightcall by for free, London Grammar. Difference! span Follow 0 followers 0 badges Send a private message to Coughlin. span Follow 0 followers 0 badges Send a private message to grade for free Jackinthebox24. span Follow 15 followers 15 badges Send a private message to buzzyambee. Jobs Essay! but I got so happy when Titanic came on. span Follow 1 follower 8 badges Send a private message to richageorge. span Follow 0 followers 4 badges Send a private message to for free lollypenguin. span Follow 0 followers 0 badges Send a private message to Edward Essay ColourfulNight. Grade! span Follow 0 followers 0 badges Send a private message to Coughlin. I wanted an A* overall but don't think i'll get that In my coursework I got 2 A*'s and college, 2 A's.

In the grade for free, exam today I think I got a C cause we haven't been taught theory :/ what would I get overall. Ethics! span Follow 0 followers 0 badges Send a private message to owliye. span Follow 1 follower 8 badges Send a private message to richageorge. Grade My Paper For Free! Our teacher hasn't told us our marks for student, coursework, he's actually the for free, worst teacher we've ever had (but he wrote the textbook ). Essay On Occupational Therapy! The last mock paper I did, I got a G so my biggest dream in my paper for free, music is to probably get a D. i did a past paper and between government, i got a G too, 27/80. span Follow 1 follower 8 badges Send a private message to richageorge. My Paper For Free! I wanted an A* overall but don't think i'll get that In my coursework I got 2 A*'s and difference between government, 2 A's. In the grade my paper for free, exam today I think I got a C cause we haven't been taught theory :/ what would I get overall. span Follow 0 followers 4 badges Send a private message to lollypenguin. i feel for Edward R Murrow, you, i'm literally in for free, the exact same position as you are, i got 2 A*s and between, 2 A's in grade my paper, my coursework and the first time i did theory was 2 weeks before the difference between government and parliament, exam because my teacher's in grade for free, hospital. On Not Born A Monster: Frankenstein By Mary Shelley! i did past papers and in the first one i got a G, the grade for free, second one i got an E. College! We have a brilliant team of my paper, more than 60 Support Team members looking after discussions on difference between and parliament The Student Room, helping to my paper make it a fun, safe and useful place to Essay Born Frankenstein Shelley hang out. 0 new posts A history of drugs Started by: Anonymous Forum: Health Replies: 5 Last post: 1 minute ago UKCAT for 2018 Entry Discussion Started by: grekoiran Forum: Medicine Replies: 3654 Last post: 1 minute ago A way to call a landline without a phone? Started by: pandaseattoast Forum: Technology and my paper, computers Replies: 4 Last post: 1 minute ago The Labour Party QA Thread - Ask/Join here! Started by: Saracen's Fez Forum: Model House of Commons Replies: 8445 Last post: 1 minute ago ** Official Investment Banking Summer Internship 2018 Thread ** Started by: martimc Forum: Investment Banking Internships and Work Experience Replies: 4408 Last post: 2 minutes ago Goku VS Superman Started by: WyvernFires Forum: Film Replies: 38 Last post: 2 minutes ago Integration help pls Started by: FarheenA Forum: Maths Replies: 1 Last post: 3 minutes ago Study abroad travel grant flights Started by: summertor Forum: Ask Student Finance England Replies: 4 Last post: 3 minutes ago Man loses claim against Edward IVF clinic for unwanted child after ex forged his signature Started by: Mr Smurf Forum: News and my paper, current affairs Replies: 3 Last post: 4 minutes ago Boyfriend kissed 2 girls while drunk on 2 different nights; told me months after Started by: Anonymous Forum: Relationships Replies: 23 Last post: 4 minutes ago Feeling alone and Shelley, lost Started by: Insecable Forum: University life Replies: 2 Last post: 4 minutes ago Do I need to buy a TV licence? Started by: Tuffyandtab Forum: Advice on everyday issues Replies: 7 Last post: 4 minutes ago Police confirm former British PM would have faced paedophile enquiry Started by: Fullofsurprises Forum: News and grade for free, current affairs Replies: 38 Last post: 4 minutes ago Heartbreak Ruining My Uni Experience Started by: DathanielJones Forum: Relationships Replies: 2 Last post: 5 minutes ago Oct 11th: Are you getting enough sleep? Started by: BBC Radio 1 Forum: BBC Radio 1 The Surgery Replies: 7 Last post: 5 minutes ago Should I apply to LSE to study Law? Started by: new1234 Forum: Law Replies: 0 Last post: 5 minutes ago Rent installment due THREE MONTHS before next Maintenance Loan payment Started by: anxiety2017 Forum: Student Financial Support Replies: 5 Last post: 5 minutes ago Negative effects of college diet, PORN on grade my paper our society Started by: webwolfwizard Forum: Society Replies: 41 Last post: 5 minutes ago GCSEs 9-1, what to college student look for?

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mein kampf essay Chapter XI: Nation and Race. Thus men without exception wander about in the garden of Nature; they imagine that they know practically everything and yet with few exceptions pass blindly by one of the most patent principles of my paper for free, Nature's rule: the inner segregation of the species of all living beings on jobs essay, this earth. Even the most superficial observation shows that Nature's restricted form of propagation and increase is an almost rigid basic law of all the innumerable forms of expression of her vital urge. Every animal mates only with a member of the same species.

The titmouse seeks the titmouse, the finch the grade for free finch, the stork the stork, the jobs essay field mouse the field mouse, the dormouse the dormouse, the grade for free wolf the she-wolf, etc. Only unusual circumstances can change this, primarily the Essay compulsion of captivity or any other cause that makes it impossible to mate within the same species. But then Nature begins to resist this with all possible means, and her most visible protest consists either in refusing further capacity for for free, propagation to bastards or in limiting the fertility of later offspring; in most cases, however, she takes away the between power of resistance to disease or hostile attacks. This is only too natural. Any crossing of two beings not at grade, exactly the same level produces a medium between the level of the two parents. This means: the offspring will probably stand higher than the racially lower parent, but not as high as the higher one. Student Diet? Consequently, it will later succumb in for free the struggle against the higher level. Such mating is contrary to the will of jobs essay, Nature for a higher breeding of all life.

The precondition for this does not lie in associating superior and inferior, but in the total victory of the former. The stronger must dominate and not blend with the weaker, thus sacrificing his own greatness. Only the born weakling can view this as cruel, but he after all is only a weak and limited man; for if this law did not prevail, any conceivable higher development of organic living beings would be unthinkable. The consequence of this racial purity, universally valid in Nature, is not only the sharp outward delimitation of the various races, but their uniform character in themselves. The fox is always a fox, the goose a goose, the tiger a tiger, etc., and the difference can lie at most in grade my paper the varying measure of force, strength, intelligence, dexterity, endurance, etc., of the when was the second passed individual specimens.

But you will never find a fox who in his inner attitude might, for grade for free, example, show humanitarian tendencies toward geese, as similarly there is no cat with a friendly inclination toward mice. Therefore, here, too, the struggle among themselves arises less from a Monster: by Mary, inner aversion than from hunger and love. In both cases, Nature looks on calmly, with satisfaction, in fact. In the struggle for daily bread all those who are weak and grade, sickly or less determined succumb, while the struggle of the males for the female grants the Essay on Not Born a Monster: by Mary right or opportunity to propagate only to grade for free, the healthiest. And struggle is always a means for improving a species' health and power of resistance and, therefore, a cause of its higher development. If the student process were different, all further and my paper, higher development would cease and the opposite would occur. When Was The Passed? For, since the inferior always predominates numerically over the best, if both had the same possibility of my paper, preserving life and Essay on Occupational Therapy Ethics, propagating, the inferior would multiply so much more rapidly that in the end the best would inevitably be driven into the background, unless a correction of this state of affairs were undertaken.

Nature does just this by subjecting the weaker part to such severe living conditions that by them alone the number is limited, and by not permitting the remainder to increase promiscuously, but making a new and ruthless choice according to strength and health. No more than Nature desires the mating of weaker with stronger individuals, even less does she desire the blending of a higher with a lower race, since, if she did, her whole work of my paper for free, higher breeding, over perhaps hundreds of R Murrow Essay, thousands of years, night be ruined with one blow. Historical experience offers countless proofs of this. It shows with terrifying clarity that in every mingling of Aryan blood with that of lower peoples the result was the end of the cultured people. North America, whose population consists in by far the largest part of Germanic elements who mixed but little with the lower colored peoples, shows a different humanity and my paper, culture from Central and South America, where the predominantly Latin immigrants often mixed with the on Occupational Therapy Ethics aborigines on a large scale. By this one example, we can clearly and distinctly recognize the for free effect of racial mixture. The Germanic inhabitant of the American continent, who has remained racially pure and unmixed, rose to be master of the continent; he will remain the master as long as he does not fall a victim to jobs essay, defilement of the grade blood.

The result of all racial crossing is therefore in brief always the following: Lowering of the level of the higher race; Physical and intellectual regression and second, hence the beginning of a slowly but surely progressing sickness. To bring about such a development is, then, nothing else but to grade my paper, sin against the will of the jobs essay eternal creator. And as a sin this act is rewarded. When man attempts to for free, rebel against the iron logic of Nature, he comes into struggle with the principles to which he himself owes his existence as a man.

And this attack I must lead to his own doom. Here, of Essay on Occupational Therapy, course, we encounter the objection of the modern pacifist, as truly Jewish in its effrontery as it is for free stupid! 'Man's role is to overcome Nature!' Millions thoughtlessly parrot this Jewish nonsense and end up by really imagining that they themselves represent a kind of conqueror of Nature; though in Essay Born a Monster: by Mary this they dispose of no other weapon than an idea, and at that such a miserable one, that if it were true no world at all would be conceivable. But quite aside from the fact that man has never yet conquered Nature in anything, but at most has caught hold of and tried to lift one or another corner of her immense gigantic veil of eternal riddles and secrets, that in reality he invents nothing but only discovers everything, that he does not dominate Nature, but has only risen on the basis of his knowledge of various laws and secrets of grade my paper, Nature to amendment, be lord over those other living creatures who lack this knowledge-quite aside from all this, an idea cannot overcome the preconditions for the development and being of humanity, since the idea itself depends only on man. Without human beings there is no human idea in this world, therefore the idea as such is grade my paper for free always conditioned by was the amendment the presence of human beings and my paper, hence of all the laws which created the precondition for their existence.

And not only R Murrow that! Certain ideas are even tied up with certain men. This applies most of all to those ideas whose content originates, not in an exact scientific truth, but in the world of emotion, or, as it is so beautifully and clearly expressed today, reflects an 'inner experience.' All these ideas, which have nothing to do with cold logic as such, but represent only pure expressions of grade, feeling, ethical conceptions, etc., are chained to amendment, the existence of men, to whose intellectual imagination and grade, creative power they owe their existence. Edward R Murrow Essay? Precisely in this case the preservation of these definite races and men is the precondition for the existence of these ideas. Grade? Anyone, for example, who really desired the victory of the pacifistic idea in this world with all his heart would have to fight with all the means at his disposal for the conquest of the world by the Germans; for, if the opposite should occur, the last pacifist would die out with the last German, since the rest of the world has never fallen so deeply as our own people, unfortunately, has for this nonsense so contrary to Nature and reason. Then, if we were serious, whether we liked it or not, we would have to wage wars in order to arrive at pacifism. Diet? This and nothing else was what Wilson, the American world savior, intended, or so at least our German visionaries believed-and thereby his purpose was fulfilled. In actual fact the for free pacifistic-humane idea is perfectly all right perhaps when the on Occupational Therapy Ethics highest type of man has previously conquered and subjected the world to an extent that makes him the for free sole ruler of amendment, this earth. Then this idea lacks the power of producing evil effects in exact proportion as its practical application becomes rare and my paper for free, finally impossible. Therefore, first struggle and then we shall see what can be done.l Otherwise mankind has passed the high point of its development and the end is not the domination of Essay Therapy, any ethical idea but barbarism and my paper, consequently chaos. At this point someone or other may laugh, but this planet once moved through the Essay Born a Monster: Frankenstein Shelley ether for millions of years without human beings and it can do so again some day if men forget that they owe their higher existence, not to the ideas of grade, a few crazy ideologists, but to the knowledge and ruthless application of Nature's stern and rigid laws.

Everything we admire on this earth today-science and art, technology and inventions-is only the jobs essay creative product of a few peoples and originally perhaps of grade my paper, one race. On them depends the existence of this whole culture. If they perish, the beauty of this earth will sink into the grave with them. However much the when was the second soil, for example, can influence men, the result of the influence will always be different depending on the races in question. The low fertility of a living space may spur the grade my paper one race to the highest achievements; in others it will only be the cause of bitterest poverty and final undernourishment with all its consequences. The inner nature of peoples is always determining for the manner in which outward influences will be effective. What leads the one to starvation trains the other to hard work. All great cultures of the Essay on Not Born Frankenstein Shelley past perished only because the originally creative race died out from blood poisoning. The ultimate cause of my paper, such a decline was their forgetting that all culture depends on men and when was the second amendment passed, not conversely; hence that to for free, preserve a certain culture the man who creates it must be preserved. This preservation is bound up with the on Occupational rigid law of necessity and the right to grade my paper for free, victory of the on Not Born Frankenstein Shelley best and stronger in grade my paper for free this world. Those who want to live, let them fight, and those who do not want to fight in this world of Essay on Occupational Therapy Ethics, eternal struggle do not deserve to live.

Even if this were hard-that is how it is my paper ! Assuredly, however by far the harder fate is that which strikes the man who thinks he can overcome Nature, but in the last analysis only mocks her. Distress, misfortune, and diseases are her answer. The man who misjudges and disregards the racial laws actually forfeits the a Monster: Frankenstein by Mary happiness that seems destined to be his. He thwarts the triumphal march of the best race and hence also the precondition for all human progress, and remains, in grade my paper for free consequence burdened with all the Essay sensibility of man, in the animal realm of helpless misery. It is grade my paper for free idle to argue which race or races were the original representative of human culture and hence the real founders of all that we sum up under the word 'humanity.' It is simpler to raise this question with regard to the present, and here an Essay easy, clear answer results. All the human culture, all the results of art, science, and technology that we see before us today, are almost exclusively the creative product of the Aryan. This very fact admits of the not unfounded inference that he alone was the for free founder of Essay on Not a Monster: Frankenstein Shelley, all higher humanity, therefore representing the prototype of all that we understand by the word 'man.' He is the grade Prometheus of mankind from whose bright forehead the divine spark of genius has sprung at all times, forever kindling anew that fire of knowledge which illumined the night of silent mysteries and thus caused man to when passed, climb the path to grade my paper for free, mastery over the other beings of was the amendment, this earth. Exclude him-and perhaps after a few thousand years darkness will again descend on the earth, human culture will pass, and the world turn to a desert. If we were to divide mankind into three groups, the founders of culture, the bearers of culture, the destroyers of culture, only the Aryan could be considered as the my paper representative of the first group. From him originate the foundations and and parliament, walls of grade my paper for free, all human creation, and only the outward form and color are determined by the changing traits of character of the various peoples.

He provides the student diet mightiest building stones and plans for all human progress and only the execution corresponds to the nature of the varying men and races. In a few decades, for my paper for free, example, the entire east of Asia will possess a culture whose ultimate foundation will be Hellenic spirit and Germanic technology, just as much as in Europe. Only the outward form-in part at on Occupational, least-will bear the features of Asiatic character. It is grade for free not true, as some people think, that Japan adds European technology to its culture; no, European science and technology are trimmed with Japanese characteristics. The foundation of actual life is no longer the special Japanese culture, although it determines the jobs essay color of life-because outwardly, in consequence of its inner difference, it is more conspicuous to grade, the European-but the gigantic scientific-technical achievements of Born a Monster:, Europe and America; that is, of Aryan peoples. Only on the basis of these achievements can the Orient follow general human progress.

They furnish the basis of the struggle for daily bread, create weapons and my paper for free, implements for it, and Essay on Occupational, only the grade my paper outward form is gradually adapted to Japanese character. If beginning today all further Aryan influence on Japan should stop, assuming that Europe and a Monster: by Mary Shelley, America should perish, Japan's present rise in science and technology might continue for a short time; but even in a few years the well would dry up, the Japanese special character would gain, but the present culture would freeze and sink back into the slumber from grade my paper for free, which it was awakened seven decades ago by the wave of Aryan culture. Therefore, just as the present Japanese development owes its life to Aryan origin, long ago in the gray past foreign influence and foreign spirit awakened the Japanese culture of that time. The best proof of this is furnished by the fact of its subsequent sclerosis and total petrifaction. This can occur in R Murrow Essay a people only grade when the original creative racial nucleus has been lost, or if the external influence which furnished the impetus and jobs essay, the material for the first development in the cultural field was later lacking. But if it iS established that a people receives the most essential basic materials of its culture from foreign races, that it assimilates and adapts them, and that then, if further external influence is lacking, it rigidifies again and again, such a race may be designated as culture-bearing,' but never as 'culture-creating.' An examination of the various peoples from this standpoint points to my paper, the fact that practically none of them were originally culture-founding, but almost always culture-bearing.

Approximately the following picture of their development always results: Aryan races-often absurdly small numerically-subject foreign peoples, and then, stimulated by the special living conditions of the new territory (fertility, climatic conditions, etc.) and assisted by government the multitude of lower-type beings standing at their disposal as helpers, develop the intellectual and organizational capacities dormant within them. Often in a few millenniums or even centuries they create cultures which originally bear all the inner characteristics of their nature, adapted to the above-indicated special qualities of the soil and grade my paper for free, subjected beings. In the end, however, the conquerors transgress against the principle of blood purity, to which they had first adhered; they begin to mix with the subjugated inhabitants and thus end their own existence; for the fall of passed, man in paradise has always been followed by his expulsion. After a thousand years and more, the last visible trace of the former master people is my paper often seen in the lighter skin color which its blood left behind in the subjugated race, and in a petrified culture which it had originally created. For, once the actual and spiritual conqueror lost himself in the blood of the subjected people, the fuel for the torch of human progress was lost! Just as, through the blood of the and parliament former masters, the color preserved a feeble gleam in their memory, likewise the night of cultural life is gently illumined by my paper the remaining creations of the former light-bringers.

They shine through all the returned barbarism and too often inspire the thoughtless observer of the moment with the opinion that he beholds the picture of the present people before him, whereas he is only gazing into the mirror of the college student diet past. It is then possible that such a people will a second time, or even more often in the course of its history, come into contact with the race of those who once brought it culture, and the memory of former encounters will not necessarily be present. Grade My Paper For Free? Unconsciously the remnant of the former master blood will turn toward. the new arrival, and what was first possible only by compulsion can now succeed through the people's own will. A new cultural wave makes its entrance and continues until those who have brought it are again submerged in the blood of foreign peoples. It will be the task of a future cultural and world history to carry on jobs essay, researches in this light and not to stifle in the rendition of external facts, as is my paper for free so often, unfortunately, the case with our present historical science. This mere sketch of the Edward R Murrow development of grade my paper, 'culture-bearing' nations gives a picture of the and parliament growth, of the grade for free activity, and-the decline-of the true culture-founders of this earth, the Aryans themselves. As in daily life the so-called genius requires a special cause, indeed, often a positive impetus, to make him shine, likewise the genius-race in the life of peoples. In the monotony of student, everyday life even significant men often seem insignificant, hardly rising above the average of their environment; as soon, however, as they are approached by grade my paper a situation in which others lose hope or go astray, the genius rises manifestly from the inconspicuous average child, not seldom to Essay Frankenstein Shelley, the amazement of all those who had hitherto seen him in the pettiness of bourgeois life-and that is why the prophet seldom has any honor in his own country. Nowhere have we better occasion to observe this than in grade my paper for free war. From apparently harmless children, in difficult hours when others lose hope, suddenly heroes shoot up with death-defying determination and an icy cool presence of minds If this hour of trial had not come, hardly anyone would ever have guessed that a young hero was hidden in this beardless boy. It nearly always takes some stimulus to bring the genius on the scene.

The hammer-stroke of Fate which throws one man to the ground suddenly strikes steel in another, and when the shell of everyday life is broken, the previously hidden kernel lies open before the on Occupational Ethics eyes of the astonished world. The world then resists and does not want to my paper, believe that the type which is apparently identical with it is Essay on Occupational suddenly a very different being; a process which is repeated with every eminent son of man. Though an my paper inventor, for example, establishes his fame only on was the second amendment passed, the day of his invention, it is a mistake to think that genius as such entered into grade my paper for free, the man only at this hour-the spark of genius exists in college student the brain of the truly creative man from the hour of grade my paper for free, his birth. True genius is always inborn and never cultivated, let alone learned. As already emphasized, this applies not only to the individual man but also to the race. Creatively active peoples always have a fundamental creative gift, even if it should not be recognizable to the eyes of superficial observers. Here, too, outward recognition is possible only in consequence of accomplished deeds, since the rest of the world is R Murrow not capable of recognizing genius in itself, but sees only its visible manifestations in the form of inventions, discoveries, buildings, pictures, etc.; here again it often takes a long time before the my paper for free world can fight its way through to this knowledge.

Just as in Essay Born Frankenstein by Mary Shelley the life of the outstanding individual, genius or extraordinary ability strives for practical realization only my paper for free when spurred on by special occasions, likewise in the life of nations the creative forces and capacities which are present can often be exploited only when definite preconditions invite. We see this most distinctly in connection with the race which has been and is the bearer of human cultural development-the Aryans. As soon as Fate leads them toward special conditions, their latent abilities begin to develop in a more and more rapid sequence and to mold themselves into tangible forms. The cultures which they found in such cases are nearly always decisively determined by the existing soil, the given climate, and-the subjected people. Essay Frankenstein By Mary Shelley? This last item, to be sure, is almost the most decisive. The more primitive the technical foundations for a cultural activity, the grade more necessary is the presence of human helpers who, organizationally assembled and employed, must replace the force of the machine.

Without this possibility of using lower human beings, the Aryan would never have been able to R Murrow Essay, take his first steps toward his future culture; just as without the grade help of various suitable beasts which he knew how to tame, he would not have arrived at a technology which is now gradually permitting him to do without these beasts. The saying, 'The Moor has worked off his debt, the Moor can go,' unfortunately has only too deep a meaning. For thousands of years the horse had to serve man and help him lay the foundations of a development which now, in consequence of the between government motor car, is making the horse superfluous. In a few years his activity trill have ceased, but without his previous collaboration man might have had a hard time getting where he is today. Thus, for the formation of higher cultures the existence of lower human types was one of the most essential preconditions, since they alone were able to grade for free, compensate for the lack of Edward R Murrow, technical aids without which a higher development is not conceivable. For Free? It is certain that the first culture of humanity was based less on the tamed animal than on when, the use of lower human beings. Only after the enslavement of subjected races did the same fate strike beasts, and not the other way around, as some people would like to think. For first the conquered warrior drew the plow-and only grade for free after him the horse. Only pacifistic fools can regard this as a sign of second passed, human depravity, failing to realize that this development had to for free, take place in order to reach the point where today these sky-pilots could force their drivel on the world. The progress of humanity is like climbing an when was the second amendment endless ladder; it is impossible to climb higher without first taking the lower steps. Thus, the Aryan had to take the road to which reality directed him and not the one that would appeal to the imagination of a modern pacifist.

The road of reality is hard and grade my paper for free, difficult, but in the end it leads where our friend would like to Edward R Murrow, bring humanity by dreaming, but unfortunately removes more than bringing it. Hence it is my paper for free no accident that the between and parliament first cultures arose in places where the Aryan, in his encounters with lower peoples, subjugated them and bent them to grade, his will. They then became the first technical instrument in the service of a developing culture. Thus, the road which the Aryan had to take was clearly marked out As a conqueror he subjected the diet lower beings and regulated their practical activity under his command, according to his will and for his aims. Grade For Free? But in directing them to a useful, though arduous activity, he not only spared the life of jobs essay, those he subjected; perhaps he gave them a fate that was better than their previous so-called 'freedom.' As long as he ruthlessly upheld the grade for free master attitude, not only did he really remain master, but also the preserver and Edward, increaser of culture.

For culture was based exclusively on his abilities and hence on his actual survival. As soon as the subjected people began to raise themselves up and probably approached the my paper conqueror in language, the sharp dividing wall between master and servant fell. The Aryan gave up the purity of his blood and, therefore, lost his sojourn in the paradise which he had made for when was the passed, himself. He became submerged in grade my paper for free the racial mixture, and gradually, more and more, lost his cultural capacity, until at last, not only mentally but also physically, he began to resemble the subjected aborigines more than his own ancestors. For a time he could live on the existing cultural benefits, but then petrifaction set in and he fell a prey to oblivion. Thus cultures and empires collapsed to student diet, make place for new formations. Blood mixture and the resultant drop in the racial level is the sole cause of the dying out of old cultures; for men do not perish as a result of lost wars, but by the loss of for free, that force of resistance which is contained only in pure blood. All who are not of good race in this world are chaff. And all occurrences in world history are only the expression of the races' instinct of self-preservation, in the good or bad sense. The question of the inner causes of the Aryan's importance can be answered to the effect that they are to be sought less in jobs essay a natural instinct of self-preservation than in the special type of its expression.

The will to live, subjectively viewed, is grade my paper everywhere equal and different only in the form of its actual expression. In the most primitive living creatures the instinct of self-preservation does not go beyond concern for their own ego. Egoism, as we designate this urge, goes so far that it even embraces time; the moment itself claims everything, granting nothing to the coming hours. In this condition the animal lives only for himself, seeks food only for his present hunger, and fights only for his own life. As long as the jobs essay instinct of grade, self-preservation expresses itself in this way, every basis is lacking for the formation of a group, even the most primitive form of family. Even a community between male and female beyond pure mating, demands an extension of the instinct of self-preservation, since concern and struggle for the ego are now directed toward the second party; the male sometimes seeks food for the female, too, but for the most part both seek nourishment for the young. Nearly always one comes to the defense of the other, and thus the first, though infinitely simple, forms of a sense of sacrifice result. Essay On Occupational? As soon as this sense extends beyond the narrow limits of the family, the grade my paper for free basis for the formation of larger organisms and finally formal states is created. In the lowest peoples of the earth this quality is college present only to a very slight extent, so that often they do not go beyond the formation of the family. The greater the readiness to subordinate purely personal interests, the grade higher rises the Edward ability to grade my paper, establish comprehensive communities. This self-sacrificing will to give one's personal labor and if necessary one's own life for others is most strongly developed in the Aryan.

The Aryan is not greatest in jobs essay his mental qualities as such, but in the extent of his willingness to put all his abilities in grade my paper for free the service of the community. In him the instinct of self-preservation has reached the noblest form, since he willingly subordinates his own ego to-the life of the community and, if the hour demands, even sacrifices it. Not in his intellectual gifts lies the source of the Aryan's capacity for creating and building culture. If he had just this alone, he could only act destructively, in no case could he organize; for the innermost essence of all organization requires that the individual renounce putting forward his personal opinion and interests and sacrifice both in college diet favor of a larger group. Only byway of this general community does he again recover his share. Now, for example, he no longer works directly for my paper, himself, but with his activity articulates himself with the community, not only for his own advantage, but for the advantage of all. Essay On Occupational Therapy? The most wonderful elucidation of my paper for free, this attitude is provided by his word 'work,' by which he does not mean an activity for maintaining life in itself, but exclusively a creative effort that does not conflict with the student interests of the community. Otherwise he designates human activity, in so far as it serves the instinct of self-preservation without consideration for for free, his fellow men, as theft, usury, robbery, burglary, etc. This state of amendment, mind, which subordinates the my paper interests of the ego to the conservation of the community, is really the first premise for Born Frankenstein by Mary, every truly human culture.

From it alone can arise all the great works of mankind, which bring the founder little reward, but the richest blessings to posterity. Yes from for free, it alone can we understand how so many are able to bear up faithfully under a scanty life which imposes on them nothing but poverty and frugality, but gives the Edward R Murrow Essay community the foundations of its existence. Every worker, every peasant, every inventor, official, etc., who works without ever being able to achieve any happiness or prosperity for himself, is a representative of this lofty idea, even if the deeper meaning of for free, his activity remains hidden in him. What applies to work as the foundation of human sustenance and all human progress is true to an even greater degree for the defense of Essay on Not a Monster: Frankenstein Shelley, man and his culture. In giving one's own life for the existence of the community lies the crown of all sense of sacrifice. It is this alone that prevents what human hands have built from being overthrown by human hands or destroyed bat Nature. Our own German language possesses a word which magnificently designates this kind of activity: Pflichterfullung (fulfillment of for free, duty); it means not to be self-sufficient but to serve the passed community.

The basic attitude from my paper, which such activity arises, we call-to distinguish it from egoism and selfishness-idealism. By this we understand only the individual's capacity to make sacrifices for the community, for his fellow men. How necessary it is to keep realizing that idealism does not represent a superfluous expression of emotion, but that in diet truth it has been, is, and my paper, will be, the premise for what we designate as human culture, yes, that it alone created the concept of 'man' It is to this inner attitude that the Aryan owes his position in this world, and to it the world owes man; for it alone formed from pure spirit the creative force which, by a unique pairing of the brutal fist and college student, the intellectual genius, created the monuments of human culture. Without his idealistic attitude all, even the most dazzling faculties of the intellect, would remain mere intellect as such. outward appearance without inner value, and never creative force. But, since true idealism is grade nothing but the subordination of the interests and life of the individual to the community, and this in turn is the precondition for the creation of organizational forms of all kinds, it corresponds in its innermost depths to the ultimate will of Nature. It alone leads men to voluntary recognition of the difference between and parliament privilege of force and strength, and thus makes them into a dust particle of that order which shapes and forms the whole universe. The purest idealism is unconsciously equivalent to the deepest knowledge. How correct this is, and how little true idealism has to do with playful flights of the imagination, can be seen at once if we let the unspoiled child, a healthy boy, for example, judge. The same boy who feels like throwing up I when he hears the tirades of a pacifist 'idealist' is for free ready to give his young life for the ideal of his nationality.

Here the instinct of knowledge unconsciously obeys the deeper necessity of the preservation of the species, if necessary at the cost of the individual, and protests against the visions of the pacifist windbag who in reality is nothing but a cowardly, though camouflaged, egoist, transgressing the laws of development; for development requires willingness on the part of the individual to sacrifice himself for the community, and R Murrow, not the sickly imaginings of cowardly know-it-alls and critics of Nature. Especially, therefore, at times when the ideal attitude threatens to disappear, we can at once recognize a diminution of that force which forms the community and thus creates the premises of culture. As soon as egoism becomes the ruler of a people, the bands of grade, order are loosened and in the chase after their own happiness men fall from heaven into a real hell. Yes, even posterity forgets the men who have only served their own advantage and between government, praises the heroes who have renounced their own happiness. The mightiest counterpart to the Aryan is represented by the Jew. In hardly any people in the world is the instinct of self-preservation developed more strongly than in the so-called 'chosen.' Of this, the mere fact of the survival of this race may be considered the best proof. Where is the people which in the last two thousand years has been exposed to so slight changes of inner disposition, character, etc., as the Jewish people?

What people, finally, has gone through greater upheavals than this one-and nevertheless issued from the mightiest catastrophes of mankind unchanged? What an infinitely tough will to live and preserve the species speaks from these facts ! The mental qualities of the grade my paper Jew have been schooled in the course of many centuries. Today he passes as 'smart,' and this in a certain sense he has been at all times. But his intelligence is not the result of his own development, but of visual instruction through foreigners. Student Diet? For the human mind cannot climb to the top without steps; for every step upward he needs the foundation of the past, and this in the comprehensive sense in which it can be revealed only in general culture. All thinking is based only in small part on man's own knowledge, and mostly on the experience of the -time that has preceded. Grade? The general cultural level provides the individual man, without his noticing it as a rule, with such a profusion of preliminary knowledge that, thus armed, he can more easily take further steps of diet, his own. The boy of grade my paper, today, for example, grows up among a truly vast number of difference and parliament, technical acquisitions of the for free last centuries, so that he takes for Therapy Ethics, granted and my paper, no longer pays attention to and parliament, much that a hundred years ago was a riddle to for free, even the greatest minds, although for jobs essay, following and my paper, understanding our progress in the field in question it is of decisive importance to him. If a very genius from the twenties of the past century should suddenly leave his grave today, it would be harder for him even intellectually to find his way in a Monster: by Mary the present era than for an average boy of fifteen today.

For he would lack all the infinite preliminary education which our present contemporary unconsciously, so to speak, assimilates while growing up amidst the manifestations of our present general civilization. Since the Jew-for reasons which will at once become apparent-was never in possession of a culture of his own, the foundations of his intellectual work were always provided by others. His intellect at all times developed through the cultural world surrounding him. The reverse process never took place. For if the Jewish people's instinct of grade, self-preservation is second passed not smaller but larger than that of other peoples, if his intellectual faculties can easily arouse the my paper impression that they are equal to the intellectual gifts of other races, he lacks completely the most essential requirement for Edward Essay, a cultured people, the idealistic attitude. In the grade for free Jewish people the will to self-sacrifice does not go beyond the individual's naked instinct of self-preservation. Amendment? Their apparently great sense of solidarity is based on the very primitive herd instinct that is seen in many other living creatures in grade this world. It is a noteworthy fact that the Essay on Not a Monster: Frankenstein herd instinct leads to mutual support only as long as a common danger makes this seem useful or inevitable. The same pack of wolves which has just fallen on its prey together disintegrates when hunger abates into its individual beasts. The same is true of horses which try to grade my paper, defend themselves against an assailant in a body, but scatter again as soon as the danger is past. It is similar with the Jew.

His sense of sacrifice is only apparent. It exists only R Murrow Essay as long as the existence of the individual makes it absolutely necessary. However, as soon as the common enemy is conquered, the danger threatening all averted and my paper for free, the booty hidden, the apparent harmony of the Jews among themselves ceases, again making way for their old causal tendencies. The Jew is Essay only united when a common danger forces him to my paper for free, be or a common booty entices him; if these two grounds are lacking, the qualities of the crassest egoism come into their own, and in the twinkling of an eye the united people turns into a horde of rats, fighting bloodily among themselves. If the Jews were alone in this world, they would stifle in filth and offal; they would try to get ahead of R Murrow, one another in hate-filled struggle and my paper, exterminate one another, in so far as the absolute absence of all sense of self-sacrifice, expressing itself in their cowardice, did not turn battle into comedy here too. So it is absolutely wrong to infer any ideal sense of sacrifice in the Jews from the fact that they stand together in struggle, or, better expressed, in the plundering of their fellow men. Here again the difference government and parliament Jew is led by nothing but the naked egoism of the individual.

That is why the Jewish state-which should be the for free living organism for preserving and increasing a race-is completely unlimited as to territory. For a state formation to have a definite spatial setting always presupposes an idealistic attitude on the part of the state-race, and especially a correct interpretation of the concept of work. In the exact measure in which this attitude is lacking, any attempt at forming, even of preserving, a spatially delimited state fails. When? And thus the basis on which alone culture can arise is lacking. Hence the Jewish people, despite all apparent intellectual qualities, is without any true culture, and especially without any culture of its own. For what sham culture the Jew today possesses is the property of other peoples, and for the most part it is ruined in his hands. In judging the Jewish people's attitude on the question of human culture, the most essential characteristic we must always bear in grade my paper for free mind is that there has never been a Jewish art and accordingly there is none today either; that above all the two queens of jobs essay, all the arts, architecture and music, owe nothing original to the Jews.

What they do accomplish in the field of art is either patchwork or intellectual theft. Thus, the Jew lacks those qualities which distinguish the races that are creative and hence culturally blessed. To what an extent the Jew takes over foreign culture, imitating or rather ruining it, can be seen from the fact that he is mostly found in the art which seems to require least original invention, the art of acting. But even here, in reality, he is grade my paper for free only a ' juggler,' or rather an Ethics ape; for even here he lacks the my paper for free last touch that is required for government, real greatness; even here he is not the my paper for free creative genius, but a superficial imitator, and all the twists and tricks that he uses are powerless to college, conceal the inner lifelessness of grade my paper for free, his creative gift. Here the Jewish press most lovingly helps him along by raising such a roar of hosannahs about even the most mediocre bungler, just so long as he is a Jew, that the and parliament rest of the world actually ends up by thinking that they have an artist before them, while in truth it is grade only a pitiful comedian. No, the Jew possesses no culture-creating force of Ethics, any sort, since the my paper idealism, without which there is no true higher development of man, is not present in him and Born Frankenstein, never was present. Hence his intellect will never have a constructive effect, but will be destructive, and in very rare cases perhaps will at most be stimulating, but then as the prototype of the ' force which always wants evil and nevertheless creates good.' Not through him does any progress of mankind occur, but in spite of him. Since the Jew never possessed a state with definite territorial limits and therefore never called a culture his own, the conception arose that this was a people which should be reckoned among the ranks of the my paper nomads. This is a fallacy as great as it is dangerous. The nomad does possess a definitely limited living space, only he does not cultivate it like a sedentary peasant, but lives from the yield of his herds with which he wanders about in his territory.

The outward reason for this is to be found in the small fertility of a soil which simply does not permit of settlement. The deeper cause, however, lies in the disparity between the technical culture of an age or people and the natural poverty of a living space. There are territories in which even the Aryan is enabled only by his technology, developed in the course of more than a thousand years, to live in regular settlements, to master broad stretches of soil and obtain from it the requirements of life. If he did not possess this technology, either he would have to avoid these territories or likewise have to struggle along as a nomad in perpetual wandering, provided that his thousand-year-old education and habit of settled residence did not make this seem simply unbearable to him. We must bear in mind that in the time when the American continent was being opened up, numerous Aryans fought for their livelihood as trappers, hunters, etc., and often in larger troops with wife and children, always on the move, so that their existence was completely like that of the nomads. But as soon as their increasing number and better implements permitted them to clear the and parliament wild soil and make a stand against grade for free the natives, more and more settlements sprang up in the land. Probably the Aryan was also first a nomad, settling in the course of time, but for that very reason he was never a Jew! No, the Jew is no nomad; for the nomad had also a definite attitude toward the concept of work which could serve as a basis for his later development in so far as the between necessary intellectual premises were present.

In him the my paper for free basic idealistic view is when was the amendment present, even if in infinite dilution, hence in his whole being he may seem strange to the Aryan peoples, but not unattractive. In the Jew, however, this attitude is not at all present; for that reason he was never a nomad, but only and grade for free, always a parasite in the body of other peoples. That he sometimes left his previous living space has nothing to do with his own purpose, but results from the fact that from time to time he was thrown out by the host nations he had misused. His spreading is a typical phenomenon for all parasites; he always seeks a new feeding ground for his race. This, however, has nothing to do with nomadism, for the reason that a Jew never thinks of leaving a territory hat he has occupied, but remains where he is, and he sits so fast that even by force it is very hard to drive him out.

His extension to ever-new countries occurs only in between the moment in which certain conditions for his existence are there present, without which- unlike the grade nomad-he would not change his residence. He is and remains the typical parasite, a sponger who like a noxious bacillus keeps spreading as soon as a favorable medium invites him. And the effect of his existence is also like that of when was the second, spongers: wherever he appears, the host people dies out after a shorter or longer period. Thus, the Jew of all times has lived in the states of other peoples, and there formed his own state, which, to be sure, habitually sailed under the disguise of 'religious community' as long as outward circumstances made a complete revelation of his nature seem inadvisable. But as soon as he felt strong enough to do without the protective cloak, he always dropped the veil and suddenly became what so many of the others previously did not want to believe and grade my paper, see: the Jew. The Jew's life as a parasite in the body of other nations and states explains a characteristic which once caused Schopenhauer, as has already been mentioned, to call him the Edward 'great master in lying.' Existence impels the Jew to lies and to lie perpetually, just as it compels the inhabitants of the northern countries to wear warm clothing. His life within other peoples can only endure for my paper for free, any length of was the second amendment, time if he succeeds in arousing the opinion that he is not a.people but a 'religious community,' though of a special sort.

And this is the my paper for free first great lie. In order to carry on his existence as a parasite on other peoples, he is forced to deny his inner nature. The more intelligent the individual Jew is, the Edward more he will succeed in this deception. Indeed, things can go so far that large parts of the host people will end by seriously believing that the Jew is grade for free really a Frenchman or an when was the second amendment Englishman, a German or an Italian, though of a special religious faith. Especially state authorities, which always seem animated by my paper for free the historical fraction of Edward Essay, wisdom, most easily fall a victim to this infinite deception. Independent thinking sometimes seems to these circles a true sin against holy advancement, so that we may not be surprised if even today a Bavarian state ministry, for example, still has not the faintest idea that the Jews are members of a people and for free, not of a ' religion' though a glance at the Jew's own newspapers should indicate this even to the most modest mind.

The Jewish Echo is not yet an official organ, of course, and difference between and parliament, consequently is unauthoritative as far as the intelligence of one of these government potentates is concerned. The Jew has always been a people with definite racial characteristics and never a religion; only in order to get ahead he early sought for grade for free, a means which could distract unpleasant attention from his person. And what would have been more expedient and at Edward Essay, the same time more innocent than the 'embezzled' concept of a religious community? For here, too, everything is borrowed or rather stolen. Due to my paper, his own original special nature, the Jew cannot possess a religious institution, if for between, no other reason because he lacks idealism in any form, and hence belief in a hereafter is absolutely foreign to him. And a religion in the Aryan sense cannot be imagined which lacks the conviction of survival after death in some form. Indeed, the Talmud is not a book to prepare a man for the hereafter, but only for a practical and profitable life in this world. The Jewish religious doctrine consists primarily in prescriptions for for free, keeping the between government and parliament blood of Jewry pure and for regulating the relation of Jews among themselves, but even more with the rest of the world; in other words, with non-Jews. But even here it is by no means ethical problems that are involved, but extremely modest economic ones. Concerning the moral value of Jewish religious instruction, there are today and my paper, have been at all times rather exhaustive studies (not by Jews; the drivel of the Jews themselves on the subject is, of course, adapted to its purpose) which make this kind of Edward, religion seem positively monstrous according to Aryan conceptions. The best characterization is grade for free provided by the product of amendment passed, this religious education, the Jew himself.

His life is only of this world, and his spirit is my paper for free inwardly as alien to true Christianity as his nature two thousand years previous was to difference between, the great founder of the my paper for free new doctrine. Of course, the latter made no secret of his attitude toward the Jewish people, and when necessary he even took to the whip to drive from the temple of the Lord this adversary of all humanity, who then as always saw in religion nothing but an instrument for his business existence. In return, Christ was nailed to the cross, while our present-day party Christians debase themselves to Edward Essay, begging for Jewish votes at elections and grade for free, later try to arrange political swindles with atheistic Jewish parties-and this against their own nation. On this first and diet, greatest lie, that the my paper Jews are not a race but a religion, more and more lies are based in necessary consequence. Among them is the student lie with regard to the language of the Jew. For him it is not a means for grade my paper, expressing his thoughts, but a means for concealing them. Jobs Essay? When he speaks French, he thinks Jewish, and while he turns out German verses, in his life he only my paper for free expresses the nature of his nationality.

As long as the Jew has not become the master of the other peoples, he must speak their languages whether he likes it or not, but as soon as they became his slaves, they would all have to learn a universal language (Esperanto, for instance!), so that by this additional means the Jews could more easily dominate them! To what an Therapy extent the whole existence of this people is based on my paper, a continuous lie is shown incomparably by the Protocols of the Wise Men of when was the second amendment, Zion, so infinitely hated by the Jews. They are based on grade, a forgery, the Frankfurter Zeitung moans and screams once every week: the best proof that they are authentic. What many Jews may do unconsciously is here consciously exposed. And that is what matters. Edward R Murrow? It is completely indifferent from what Jewish brain these disclosures originate; the important thing is that with positively terrifying certainty they reveal the nature and activity of the Jewish people and for free, expose their inner contexts as well as their ultimate final aims. The best criticism applied to them, however, is reality. Jobs Essay? Anyone who examines the historical development of the grade my paper for free last hundred years from the standpoint of this book will at once understand the screaming of the Jewish press. For once this book has become the common property of a people, the Jewish menace may be considered as broken. The best way to know the Jew is to study the road which he has taken within the body of other peoples in the course of the centuries.

It suffices to follow this up in when amendment only one example, to arrive at my paper, the necessary realizations. As his development has always and at all times been the same, just as that of the peoples corroded by him has also been the same, it is Essay on Occupational Ethics advisable in such an examination to divide his development into definite sections which in this case for the sake of simplicity I designate alphabetically. My Paper For Free? The first Jews came to ancient Germany in the course of the advance of the Romans, and Essay on Occupational Therapy Ethics, as always they came as merchants. In the storms of the migrations, however, they seem to have disappeared again, and my paper for free, thus the time of the first Germanic state formation may be viewed as the beginning of a new and this time lasting Jewification of Central and Edward, Northern Europe. A development set in grade my paper which has always been the same or similar wherever the Jews encountered Aryan peoples. (a) With the appearance of the first fixed settlement, the Jew is suddenly 'at hand.' He comes as a merchant and at first attaches little importance to jobs essay, the concealment of his nationality. He is still a Jew, partly perhaps among other reasons because the outward racial difference between himself and the host people is grade for free too great, his linguistic knowledge still too small, and the cohesion of the host people too sharp for him to dare to try to student diet, appear as anything else than a foreign merchant. With his dexterity and the inexperience of his host people, the retention of his character as a Jew represents no disadvantage for grade, him, but rather an advantage; the stranger is given a friendly reception. (b) Gradually he begins slowly to become active in economic life, not as a producer, but exclusively as a middleman. Was The Amendment? With his thousand-year-old mercantile dexterity he is far superior to the still helpless, and above all boundlessly honest, Aryans, so that in grade a short time commerce threatens to become his monopoly. He begins to lend money and as always at usurious interest.

As a matter of fact, he thereby introduces interest. Essay On Not Born? The danger of grade, this new institution is not recognized at first, but because of its momentary advantages is even welcomed. (c) The Jew has now become a steady resident; that is, he settles special sections of the cities and villages and more and more constitutes a state within a state. He regards commerce as well as all financial transactions as his own special privilege which he ruthlessly exploits. (d) Finance and commerce have become his complete monopoly. His usurious rates of interest finally arouse resistance, the rest of diet, his increasing effrontery indignation, his wealth envy. The cup is grade my paper for free full to overflowing when he draws the soil into the sphere of on Not Born, his commercial objects and for free, degrades it to the level of a commodity to be sold or rather traded. Since he himself never cultivates the soil, but regards it only as a property to be exploited on which the peasant can well remain, though amid the most miserable extortions on the part of his new master, the aversion against him gradually increases to open hatred. His blood-sucking tyranny becomes so great that excesses against him occur. People begin to on Not a Monster: Frankenstein Shelley, look at grade my paper for free, the foreigner more and more closely and discover more and more repulsive traits and characteristics in him until the college diet cleft becomes unbridgeable. At times of the bitterest distress, fury against him finally breaks out, and the plundered and ruined masses begin to defend themselves against the scourge of God.

In the grade my paper course of a few centuries they have come to know him, and now they feel that the mere fact of his existence is as bad as the plague. (e) Now the Jew begins to reveal his true qualities. With repulsive flattery he approaches the governments, puts his money to work, and in this way always manages to Edward, secure new license to plunder his victims. Grade My Paper? Even though the rage of the on Occupational Therapy Ethics people sometimes flares high against the eternal blood-sucker, it does not in grade the least prevent him from reappearing in a few years in the place he had hardly left and beginning the old life all over again. No persecution can deter him from his type of human exploitation, none can drive him away; after every persecution he is jobs essay back again in a short time, and just the same as before. To prevent the grade my paper for free very worst, at least, the people begin to withdraw the soil from his usurious hands by making it legally impossible for Essay on Occupational Therapy, him to grade, acquire soil. (f) Proportionately as the power of the princes begins to mount, he pushes closer and closer to them. He begs for ' patents ' and 'privileges,' which the lords, always in passed financial straits, are glad to give him for my paper, suitable payment. Jobs Essay? However much this may cost him, he recovers the money he has spent in a few years through interest and compound interest.

A true blood-sucker that attaches himself to the body of the unhappy people and cannot be picked off until the princes themselves again need money and with their own exalted hand tap off the blood he has sucked from them. This game is grade my paper repeated again and again, and in it the Edward R Murrow Essay role of the so-called 'German princes' is just as miserable as that of the Jews themselves. My Paper? These lords were really God's punishment for Essay on Occupational Therapy, their beloved peoples and find their parallels only in the various ministers of the my paper present time. It is Essay on Occupational Therapy thanks to grade, the German princes that the German nation was unable to redeem itself for good from the Jewish menace. In this, too, unfortunately, nothing changed as time went on; all they obtained from the Jew was the thousandfold reward for the sins they had once committed against their peoples. They made a pact with the devil and landed in hell. (g) And so, his ensnarement of the Essay on Occupational Therapy Ethics princes leads to their ruin. Slowly but surely their relation to my paper, the peoples loosens in the measure in which they cease to serve the people's interests and college student, instead become mere exploiters of their subjects. The Jew well knows what their end will be and tries to grade my paper, hasten it as much as possible. He himself adds to their financial straits by alienating them more and more from their true tasks, by crawling around them with the vilest flattery, by encouraging them in vices, and Essay, thus making himself more and more indispensable to them. With his deftness, or rather unscrupulousness, in all money matters he is grade able to squeeze, yes, to and parliament, grind, more and more money out of the plundered subjects, who in shorter and shorter intervals go the way of all flesh.

Thus every court has its 'court Jew'-as the monsters are called who torment the 'beloved people' to despair and prepare eternal pleasures for the princes. Who then can be surprised that these ornaments of the human race ended up by being ornamented, or rather decorated, in the literal sense, and grade for free, rose to the hereditary nobility, helping not only to make this institution ridiculous, but even to poison it? Now, it goes without saying, he can really make use of his position for his own advancement. Finally he needs only to have himself baptized to possess himself of all the possibilities and Essay Ethics, rights of the grade my paper natives of the when was the country. Not seldom he concludes this deal to the joy of the churches over the son they have won and my paper, of Israel over the successful swindle. (h) Within Jewry a change now begins to take place. When Second Amendment Passed? Up till now they have been Jews; that is, they attach no importance to appearing to be something else, which they were unable to do, anyway, because of the very distinct racial characteristics on both sides. At the time of Frederick the Great it still entered no one's head to regard the for free Jew as anything else but a 'foreign' people, and Goethe was still horrified at the thought that in future marriage between Christians and Edward Essay, Jews would no longer be forbidden by law. And Goethe, by God, was no reactionary, let alone a helot; I what spoke out of him was only the voice of the blood and of reason. Thus-despite all the shameful actions of the courts-the people instinctively saw in the Jew a foreign element and took a corresponding attitude toward him. But now all this was to change.

In the course of more than a thousand years he has learned the language of the host people to such an extent that he now thinks he can venture in future to emphasize his Judaism less and place his 'Germanism' more in the foreground; for ridiculous, nay, insane, as it may seem at first, he nevertheless has the effrontery to my paper, turn 'Germanic,' in this case a 'German.' With this begins one of the most infamous deceptions that anyone could conceive of. Since of Germanism he possesses really nothing but the art of stammering its language -and in the most frightful way-but apart from this has never mixed with the difference between government and parliament Germans, his whole Germanism rests on the language alone. Race, however, does not lie in the language, but exclusively in the blood, which no one knows better than the grade my paper Jew, who attaches very little importance to the preservation of his language, but all importance to keeping his blood pure. A man can change his language without any trouble-that is, he can use another language; but in jobs essay his new language he will express the old ideas; his inner nature is grade not changed. This is best shown by the Jew who can speak a thousand languages and nevertheless remains a Jew. Jobs Essay? His traits of my paper, character have remained the difference same, whether two thousand years ago as a grain dealer in Ostia, speaking Roman, or whether as a flour profiteer of today, jabbering German with a Jewish accent. Grade For Free? It is always the same Jew. That this obvious fact is not understood by a ministerial secretary or higher police official is also self-evident, for there is scarcely any creature with less instinct and intelligence running around in the world today than these servants of between government and parliament, our present model state authority. The reason why the grade for free Jew decides suddenly to become a 'German ' is obvious. He feels that the power of the princes is slowly tottering and therefore tries at an early time to get a platform beneath his feet. Furthermore, his financial domination of the jobs essay whole economy has advanced so far that without possession of all 'civil' rights he can no longer support the gigantic edifice, or at any rate, no further increase of his influence is possible.

And he desires both of these; for the higher he climbs, the my paper more alluring his old goal that was once promised him rises from the veil of the past, and with feverish avidity his keenest minds see the dream of world domination tangibly approaching. Government? And so his sole effort is directed toward obtaining full possession of 'civil' rights. This is the reason for my paper for free, his emancipation from the ghetto. (i) So from the court Jew there-gradually develops the people's Jew, which means, of course: the Jew remains as before in the entourage of the high lords; in fact,-he tries to push his way even more into their circle; but at the same time another part of his race makes friends with the ' beloved people. ' If we consider how greatly he has sinned against the masses in the course of the centuries, how he has squeezed and sucked their blood again and again; if furthermore, we consider how the people gradually learned to hate him for college student diet, this, and ended up by regarding his existence as nothing but a punishment of Heaven for the other peoples, we can understand how hard this shift must be for the Jew. Yes, it is an arduous task suddenly to present himself to his flayed victims as a 'friend of mankind.' First, therefore, he goes.about making up to the people for his previous sins against them. He begins his career as the 'benefactor' of mankind. My Paper For Free? Since his new benevolence has a practical foundation, he cannot very well adhere to the old Biblical recommendation, that the left hand should not know what the right hand giveth; no, whether he likes it or not, he must reconcile himself to letting as many people as possible know how deeply he feels the sufferings of the masses and all the sacrifices that he himself is making to combat them. With this 'modesty ' which is inborn in him, he blares out his merits to between, the rest of the world until people really begin to believe in them. Anyone who does not believe in them is grade my paper doing him a bitter injustice.

In a short time he begins to twist things around to make it look as if all the injustice in the world had always been done to on Not Shelley, him and not the other way around. The very stupid believe this and then they just can't help but pity the poor 'unfortunate.' In addition, it should be remarked here that the Jew, despite all his love of sacrifice, naturally never becomes personally impoverished. He knows how to manage; sometimes, indeed, his charity is really comparable to fertilizer, which is not strewn on the field for love of the field, but with a view to my paper for free, the farmer's own future benefit. In any case, everyone knows in a comparatively short time that the Jew has become a 'benefactor and friend of mankind.' What a strange transformation! But what is more or less taken for Essay Born Frankenstein Shelley, granted in others arouses the greatest astonishment and in many distinct admiration for this very reason. So it happens that he gets much more credit for every such action than the grade my paper for free rest of mankind, in whom it is college student diet taken for granted.

But even more: all at once the Jew also becomes liberal and begins to rave about the necessary progress of mankind. Slowly he makes himself the spokesman of a new era. Also, of course, he destroys more and more thoroughly the foundations of any economy that will really benefit the people. By way of stock shares he pushes his way into the circuit of national production which he turns into grade my paper, a purchasable or rather tradable object, thus robbing the enterprises of the foundations of a personal ownership. R Murrow? Between employer and employee there arises that inner estrangement which later leads to political class division. Finally, the Jewish influence on economic affairs grows with terrifying speed through the stock exchange. He becomes the owner, or at least the controller, of the national labor force.

To strengthen his political position he tries to tear down the racial and civil barriers which for a time continue to my paper for free, restrain him at every step. To this end he fights with all the tenacity innate in college diet him for religious tolerance-and in Freemasonry, which has succumbed to for free, him completely, he has an excellent instrument with which to fight for his aims and put them across. The governing circles and Essay by Mary, the higher strata of the political and economic bourgeoisie are brought into his nets by the strings of Freemasonry, and never need to suspect what is happening. Only the deeper and broader strata of the people as such, or rather that class which is beginning to wake up and fight for its rights and freedom, cannot yet be sufficiently taken in by these methods. But this is more necessary than anything else; for the Jew feels that the possibility of his rising to grade for free, a dominant role exists only if there is someone ahead of him to dear the way; and this someone he thinks he can recognize in student diet the bourgeoisie, in grade my paper for free their broadest strata in fact. The glovemakers and linen weavers, however, cannot be caught in the fine net of Freemasonry; no, for them coarser but no less drastic means must be employed. Thus Freemasonry is joined by a second weapon in the service of the difference government Jews: the press. For Free? With all his perseverance and dexterity he seizes possession of it. With it he slowly begins to diet, grip and ensnare, to grade, guide and to push all public life, since he is in a position to create and direct that power which, under the name of 'public opinion,' IS better known today than a few decades ago. In this he always represents himself personally as having an infinite thirst for knowledge, praises all progress, mostly, to be sure, the progress that leads to the ruin of others; for he judges all knowledge and all development only a Monster: Frankenstein according to its possibilities for advancing his nation, and where this is lacking, he is the inexorable mortal enemy of all light, a hater of all true culture.

He uses all the knowledge he acquires in the schools of other peoples, exclusively for the benefit of his race. And this nationality he guards as never before. While he seems to overflow with 'enlightenment,' 'progress,' 'freedom,' 'humanity,' etc., he himself practices the severest segregation of his race. To be sure, he sometimes palms off his women on influential Christians, but as a matter of principle he always keeps his male line pure. He poisons the blood of others, but preserves his own. The Jew almost never marries a Christian woman; it is the Christian who marries a Jewess. The bastards, however, take after the Jewish side. My Paper? Especially a part of the high nobility degenerates completely. The Jew is perfectly aware of this, and therefore systematically carries on this mode of ' disarming ' the intellectual leader class of his racial adversaries. In order to mask his activity and lull his victims, however, he talks more and more of the equality of all men without regard to race and color.

The fools begin to believe him. Since, however, his whole being still has too strong a smell of the foreign for the broad masses of the people in particular to fall readily into his nets, he has his press give a picture of him which is between as little in keeping with reality as conversely it serves his desired purpose. His comic papers especially strive to my paper, represent the Edward Jews as a harmless little people, with their own peculiarities, of course-like other peoples as well-but even in their gestures, which seem a little strange, perhaps, giving signs of grade my paper for free, a possibly ludicrous, but always thoroughly honest and benevolent, soul. And the on Not Born a Monster: Frankenstein Shelley constant effort is to make him seem almost more 'insignificant' than dangerous. His ultimate goal in this stage is the victory of ' democracy,' or, as he understands it: the rule of parliamentarianism. It is most compatible with his requirements; for it excludes the personality-and puts in my paper for free its place the majority characterized by stupidity, incompetence, and last but not least, cowardice.

The final result will be the Born a Monster: overthrow of the monarchy, which is now sooner or later bound to occur. (j) The tremendous economic development leads to a change in the social stratification of the people. The small craftsman slowly dies out, and as a result the worker's possibility of achieving an independent existence becomes rarer and rarer; in consequence the worker becomes visibly proletarianized. There arises the industrial ' factory worker ' whose most essential characteristic is to be sought in the fact that he hardly ever is in a position to found an existence of his own in later life. He is my paper for free propertyless in the truest sense of the word. His old age is a torment and can scarcely be designated as living. Once before, a similar situation was created, which pressed urgently for a solution and also found one.

The peasants and jobs essay, artisans had slowly been joined by the officials and salaried workers-particularly of the grade state-as a new class. They, too, were propertyless in the truest sense of the word. The state finally found a way out of this unhealthy condition by assuming the care of the state employee who could not himself provide for his old age; it introduced the pension. Slowly, more and more enterprises followed this example, so that nearly every regularly employed brain-worker draws a pension in later life, provided the concern he works in and parliament has achieved or surpassed a certain size. Only by safeguarding the state official in his old age could he be taught the selfless devotion to duty which in the pre-War period was the most eminent quality of grade for free, German officialdom. In this way a whole class that had remained propertyless was wisely snatched away from social misery and articulated with the body of the people.

Now this question again, and jobs essay, this time on a much larger scale, faced the state and the nation. More and more masses of people, numbering millions, moved from peasant villages to the larger cities to earn their bread as factory workers in the newly established industries. The working and living conditions of the new class were more than dismal. If nothing else, the more or less mechanical transference of the old artisan's or even peasant's working methods to the new form was by no means suitable. The work done by these men could not be compared with the exertions which the industrial factory worker has to perform. In the old handicraft, this may not have been very important, but in my paper for free the new working methods it was all the more so. The formal transference of the old working hours to the industrial large-scale enterprise was positively catastrophic, for the actual work done before was but little in view of the absence of our present intensive working methods. Thus, though previously the fourteen-or even fifteen-hour working day had been bearable, it certainly ceased to be bearable at a time when every minute was exploited to the fullest. The result of this senseless transference of the old working hours to the new industrial activity was really unfortunate in two respects: the worker's health was undermined and his faith in a higher justice destroyed.

To this finally was added the miserable wages on the one hand and the employer's correspondingly and obviously so vastly superior position on the other. In the country there could be no social question, since master and hired hand did the same work and college student diet, above all ate out of the grade for free same bowls. But this, too, changed. The separation of worker and employer now seems complete in all fields of life. Difference Government? How far the inner Judaization of our people has progressed can be seen from the small respect, if not contempt, that is accorded to grade my paper for free, manual labor. Edward R Murrow? This is not German. It took the foreignization of our life, which was in grade for free truth a Jewification, to Essay Shelley, transform the old respect for manual work into a certain contempt for all physical labor.

Thus, there actually comes into being a new class enjoying very little respect, and one day the question must arise whether the nation would possess the grade my paper strength to articulate the new class into general society, or whether the social difference would broaden into a classlike cleavage. But one thing is was the second certain: the new class did not count the worst elements in my paper for free its ranks, but on the contrary definitely the most. energetic elements. The overrefinements of so-called culture had not yet exerted their disintegrating and destructive effects. The broad mass of the new class was not yet infected with the college diet poison of pacifist weakness; it was robust and if necessary even brutal. While the bourgeoisie is not at all concerned about this all-important question, but indifferently lets things slide, the Jew seizes the unlimited opportunity it offers for the future; while on my paper, the one hand he organizes capitalistic methods of human exploitation to their ultimate consequence, he approaches the very victims of his spirit and his activity and in a short time becomes the leader of their struggle against Edward R Murrow Essay himself. 'Against himself' is only figuratively speaking; for the great master of lies understands as always how to make himself appear to be the pure one and to load the blame on grade my paper for free, others. On Occupational Therapy Ethics? Since he has th gall to lead the masses, it never even enters their heads that this might be the for free most in. famous betrayal of all times. Scarcely has the new class grown out of the general economic shift than the Jew, clearly and distinctly, realizes that it can open the way for his own further advancement. First, he used the bourgeoisie as a battering-ram against the feudal world, then the worker against the bourgeois world.

If formerly he knew how to swindle his way to civil rights in the shadow of the bourgeoisie, now he hopes to find the road to his own domination in the worker's struggle for existence. From now on the worker has no other task but to fight for the future of the Jewish people. Unconsciously he is harnessed to the service of the power which he thinks he is combating. He is seemingly allowed to attack capital, and Essay on Occupational Therapy Ethics, this is the easiest way of making him fight for it. Grade My Paper? In this the Jew keeps up an outcry against international capital and in truth he means the national economy which must be demolished in order that the international stock exchange can triumph over its dead body.

Here the Jew's procedure is as follows: He approaches the worker, simulates pity with his fate, or even indignation at his lot of misery and poverty, thus gaining his confidence. He takes pains to study all the various real or imaginary hardships of his life-and to arouse his longing for a change in such an existence. Essay On Not Born A Monster: Frankenstein By Mary? With infinite shrewdness he fans the need for social justice, somehow slumbering in every Aryan man, into my paper for free, hatred against those who have been better favored by fortune, and thus gives the between government and parliament struggle for the elimination of social evils a very definite philosophical stamp. He establishes the Marxist doctrine. By presenting it as inseparably bound up with a number of my paper, socially just demands, he promotes its spread and conversely the aversion of decent people to fulfill demands which, advanced in such form and company, seem from the outset unjust and impossible to fulfill. For under this cloak of purely social ideas truly diabolic purposes are hidden, yes, they are publicly proclaimed with the jobs essay most insolent frankness. This theory represents an inseparable mixture of reason and human madness, but always in such a way that only the lunacy can become reality and never the reason.

By the categorical rejection of the personality and hence of the nation and its racial content, it destroys the elementary foundations of all human culture which is dependent on just these factors. This is the true inner kernel of the Marxist philosophy in so far as this figment of a criminal brain can be designated as a 'philosophy.' With the shattering of the personality and the race, the my paper essential obstacle is removed to the domination of the inferior being-and this is the difference government and parliament Jew. Precisely in political and economic madness lies the sense of this doctrine. For this prevents all truly intelligent people from entering its service, while those who are intellectually less active and poorly educated in economics hasten to it with flying colors. The intellectuals for this movement-for even this movement needs intellectuals for its existence-are ' sacrificed ' by the Jew from his own ranks. Thus there arises a pure movement entirely of manual workers under Jewish leadership, apparently aiming to improve the situation of the worker, but in truth planning the enslavement and with it the destruction of grade my paper, all non-Jewish peoples. The general pacifistic paralysis of the national instinct of selfpreservation begun by Freemasonry in the circles of the government and parliament so-called intelligentsia is transmitted to the broad masses and above all to the bourgeoisie by the activity of the big papers which today are always Jewish. Grade My Paper For Free? Added to these two weapons of disintegration comes a third and by far the most terrible, the organization of second amendment passed, brute force. As a shock and storm troop, Marxism is intended to grade my paper, finish off what the Edward R Murrow preparatory softening up with the first two weapons has made ripe for collapse. Here we have teamwork that is positively brilliant-and we need really not be surprised if in confronting it those very institutions which always like to represent themselves as the pillars of a more or less legendary state authority hold up least.

It is in my paper for free our high and highest state officialdom that the Jew has at all times (aside from a few exceptions) found the most compliant abettor of his work of disintegration. Cringing submissiveness to superiors and high-handed arrogance to inferiors distinguish this class to the same degree as a narrow-mindedness that often cries to high Heaven and is only exceeded by a self-conceit that is sometimes positively amazing. And these are qualities that the Jew needs in our authorities and loves accordingly. The practical struggle which now begins, sketched in broad outlines, takes the following course: In keeping with the ultimate aims of the Jewish struggle, which are not exhausted in the mere economic conquest of the world, but also demand its political subjugation, the Jew divides the organization of his Marxist world doctrine into difference and parliament, two halves which, apparently separate from one another, in truth form an inseparable whole: the political and the trade-union movement. The trade-union movement does the recruiting. In the hard struggle for grade my paper, existence which the worker must carry on, thanks to the greed and shortsightedness of many employers, it offers him aid and protection, and student diet, thus the possibility of winning better living conditions. If, at a time when the organized national community, the state, concerns itself with him little or not at all, the worker does not want to hand over the defense of his vital human rights to the blind caprice of people who in part have little sense of responsibility and are often heartless to boot, he must take their defense into his own hands. Grade My Paper For Free? In exact proportion as the so-called national bourgeoisie, blinded by financial interests, sets the heaviest obstacles in the path of this struggle for existence and not only resists all attempts at shortening the inhumanly long working day, abolishing child labor, safeguarding and protecting the woman, improving sanitary conditions in the workshops and homes, but often actually sabotages them, the shrewder Jew takes the oppressed people under his wing. Gradually he be comes the leader of the Essay by Mary trade-union movement, all the more easily as he is not interested in really eliminating social evils in my paper for free an honest sense, but only in training an economic storm troop, blindly devoted to him, with which to destroy the national economic independence.

For while the conduct of a healthy social policy will consistently move between the aims of preserving the passed national health on the one hand and safeguarding an independent national economy on the other, for the Jew in grade my paper his struggle these two criteria not only cease to exist, but their elimination, among other things, is his life goal. He desires, not the between government preservation of an independent national economy, but its destruction. Consequently, no pangs of grade for free, conscience can prevent him as a leader of the trade-union movement from raising demands which not only overshoot the goal, but whose fulfillment is jobs essay either impossible for practical purposes or means the ruin of the national economy. Moreover, he does not want to have a healthy, sturdy race before him, but a rickety herd capable of being subjugated. For Free? This desire again permits him to raise demands of the most senseless kind whose practical fulfillment he himself knows to be impossible and which, therefore, could not lead to any change in things, but at most to a wild incitement of the masses. And that is what he is interested in and not a true and honest improvement of social conditions. Hence the Jewish leadership in trade-union affairs remains uncontested until an enormous work of jobs essay, enlightenment influences the broad masses and sets them right about my paper, their never-ending misery, or else the state disposes of the Jew and his work. For as long as the insight of the masses remains as slight as now and the state as indifferent as today, these masses will always be first to follow the man who in economic matters offers the most shameless promises. And in this the Jew is a master.

For in his entire activity he is restrained by jobs essay no moral scruples! And so he inevitably drives every competitor in this sphere from the field in for free a short time. In keeping with all his inner rapacious brutality, he at on Not by Mary Shelley, once teaches the trade-union movement the most brutal use of violence. If anyone by his intelligence resists the Jewish lures, his defiance and understanding are broken by grade my paper for free terror. Diet? The success of such an activity is enormous. Actually the for free Jew by means of the trade union, which could be a blessing for the nation, shatters the foundations of the national economy. Parallel with this, the political organization advances. It plays hand in glove with the trade-union movement, for the latter prepares the Essay on Occupational Therapy Ethics masses for political organization, in fact, lashes them into it with violence and coercion. Furthermore, it is the grade permanent financial source from which the political organization feeds its enormous apparatus.

It is the organ controlling the political activity of the individual and does the pandering in all big demonstrations of a political nature. In the end it no longer comes out for Essay, political interests at all, but places its chief instrument of grade my paper for free, struggle, the Essay cessation of work in the form of a mass and grade my paper for free, general strike, in the service of the political idea. By the creation of a press whose content is adapted to the intellectual horizon of the least educated people, the political and trade-union organization finally obtains the agitational institution by jobs essay which the lowest strata of the nation are made ripe for the most reckless acts. Its function is not to lead people out of the swamp of a base mentality to a higher stage, but to cater to their lowest instincts. For Free? Since the masses are as mentally lazy as they are sometimes presumptuous, this is a business as speculative as it is profitable. It is this press, above all, which wages a positively fanatical and slanderous struggle, tearing down everything which can be regarded as a support of national independence, cultural elevation, and the economic independence of the nation. Above all, it hammers away at Essay, the characters of all those who will not bow down to the Jewish presumption to grade my paper, dominate, or whose ability and difference and parliament, genius in themselves seem a danger to the Jew. For to be hated by the Jew it is not necessary to combat him; no, it suffices if he suspects that someone might even conceive the idea of grade, combating him some time or that on Edward, the strength of his superior genius he is an augmenter of the power and greatness of a nationality hostile to the Jew.

His unfailing instinct in such things scents the original soul l in everyone, and his hostility is assured to anyone who is my paper for free not spirit of his spirit. Since the Jew is second amendment passed not the attacked but the attacker, not only anyone who attacks passes as his enemy, but also anyone who resists him. But the means with which he seeks to break such reckless but upright souls is not honest warfare, but lies and slander. Here he stops at nothing, and in my paper for free his vileness he becomes so gigantic that no one need be surprised if among our people the personification of the devil as the symbol of all evil assumes the living shape of the Jew. The ignorance of the broad masses about the inner nature of the Jew, the lack of instinct and narrow-mindedness of our upper classes, make the people an easy victim for this Jewish campaign of lies. While from innate cowardice the upper classes turn away from a man whom the on Not a Monster: by Mary Shelley Jew attacks with lies and slander, the broad masses from stupidity or simplicity believe everything. The state authorities either cloak themselves in silence or, what usually happens, in order to put an end to the Jewish press campaign, they persecute the unjustly attacked, which, in the eyes of such an official ass, passes as the my paper preservation of state authority and the safeguarding of Essay Born Frankenstein Shelley, law and order. Slowly fear of the Marxist weapon of Jewry descends like a nightmare on the mind and for free, soul of decent people. They begin to tremble before the terrible enemy and thus have become his final victim. The Jew's domination in the state seems so assured that now not only can he call himself a Jew again, but he ruthlessly admits his ultimate national and political designs.

A section of his race openly owns itself to be a foreign people, yet even here they lie. For while the Zionists try to make the second rest of the world believe that the national consciousness of the my paper Jew finds its satisfaction in the creation of a Palestinian state, the Jews again slyly dupe the dumb Goyim. Second Passed? It doesn't even enter their heads to build up a Jewish state in Palestine for the purpose of living there; all they want is a central organization for their international world swindle, endowed with its own sovereign rights and removed from the intervention of other states: a haven for convicted scoundrels and a university for grade my paper for free, budding crooks. It is college a sign of their rising confidence and sense of security that at a time when one section is still playing the German, Frenchman, or Englishman, the other with open effrontery comes out grade my paper, as the Jewish race. How close they see approaching victory can be seen by the hideous aspect which their relations with the members of. other peoples takes on. With satanic joy in his face, the black-haired Jewish youth lurks in wait for the unsuspecting girl whom he defiles with his blood, thus stealing her from her people. Essay Born By Mary? With every means he tries to destroy the racial foundations of the people he has set out to subjugate.

Just as he himself systematically ruins women and girls, he does not shrink back from pulling down the for free blood barriers for others, even on a large scale. It was and it is was the passed Jews who bring the Negroes into the Rhineland, always with the same secret thought and clear aim of ruining the hated white race by the necessarily resulting bastardization, throwing it down from its cultural and grade my paper, political height, and himself rising to be its master. For a racially pure people which is conscious of its blood can never be enslaved by the Jew. On Not Shelley? In this world he will forever be master over for free, bastards and bastards alone. And so he tries systematically to lower the racial level by a continuous poisoning of individuals. And in politics he begins to replace the idea of democracy by the dictatorship of the proletariat. In the organized mass of Marxism he has found the weapon which lets him dispense with democracy and in its stead allows him to subjugate and Essay Ethics, govern the peoples with a dictatorial and brutal fist. He works systematically for revolutionization in a twofold sense: economic and grade, political. Around peoples who offer too violent a resistance to attack from within he weaves a net of enemies, thanks to his international influence, incites them to war, and finally, if necessary, plants the flag of revolution on the very battlefields. In economics he undermines the states until the Essay on Not by Mary Shelley social enterprises which have become unprofitable are taken from the state and subjected to my paper, his financial control. In the political field he refuses the state the means for its selfpreservation, destroys the jobs essay foundations of my paper, all national self-maintenance and defense, destroys faith in the leadership, scoffs at its history and past, and drags everything that is truly great into the gutter.

Culturally he contaminates art, literature, the theater, makes a mockery of natural feeling, overthrows all concepts of R Murrow Essay, beauty and sublimity, of the grade noble and the good, and instead drags men down into the sphere of his own base nature. Religion is ridiculed, ethics and Essay, morality represented as outmoded, until the last props of a nation in its struggle for existence in this world have fallen. (e) Now begins the grade for free great last revolution. In gaining political power the passed Jew casts off the few cloaks that he still wears. The democratic people's Jew becomes the blood-Jew and tyrant over peoples. My Paper For Free? In a few years he tries to exterminate the national intelligentsia and by robbing the peoples of their natural intellectual leadership makes them ripe for the slave's lot of permanent subjugation. The most frightful example of this kind is offered by Russia, where he killed or starved about thirty million people with positively fanatical savagery, in part amid inhuman tortures, in order to give a gang of Jewish journalists and stock exchange bandits domination over a great people. The end is not only the end of the freedom of the peoples oppressed by the Jew, but also the end of between and parliament, this parasite upon the nations. After the death of his victim, the vampire sooner or later dies too. If we pass all the causes of the German collapse in review, the ultimate and most decisive remains the grade for free failure to recognize the racial problem and especially the jobs essay Jewish menace. The defeats on the battlefield in August, 1918, would have been child's play to bear.

They stood in no proportion to the victories of our people. It was not they that caused our downfall; no, it was brought about by that power which prepared these defeats by systematically over many decades robbing our people of the for free political and Essay, moral instincts and forces which alone make nations capable and hence worthy of existence. In heedlessly ignoring -the question of the preservation of the racial foundations of our nation, the old Reich disregarded the sole right which gives life in grade my paper this world. Peoples which bastardize themselves, or let themselves be bastardized, sin against the will of eternal Providence, and when their ruin is encompassed by a stronger enemy it is not an injustice done to them, but only the restoration of justice. If a people no longer wants to respect the Nature-given qualities of its being which root in its blood, it has no further right to Edward R Murrow, complain over the loss of its earthly existence. Everything on this earth is capable of improvement. Every defeat can become the my paper for free father of a subsequent victory, every lost war the cause of a later resurgence, every hardship the fertilization of human energy, and from every oppression the forces for a new spiritual rebirth can comes as long as the on Occupational Therapy Ethics blood is preserved pure. The lost purity of the for free blood alone destroys inner happiness forever, plunges man into the abyss for all time, and the consequences can never more be eliminated from body and jobs essay, spirit. Only by examining and comparing all other problems of life in the light of this one question shall we see how absurdly petty they are by my paper for free this standard. They are all limited in time-but the question of preserving or not preserving the purity of the blood will endure as long as there are men.

All really significant symptoms of decay of the pre-War period can in the last analysis be reduced to racial causes. Whether we consider questions of general justice or cankers of jobs essay, economic life, symptoms of cultural decline or processes of political degeneration, questions of faulty schooling or the bad influence exerted on grown-ups by the press, etc., everywhere and always it is fundamentally the disregard of the racial needs of our own people or failure to see a foreign racial menace. And that is why all attempts at reform, all works for social relief and political exertions, all economic expansion and every apparent increase of intellectual knowledge were futile as far as their results were concerned. The nation, and the organism which enables l and grade my paper, preserves its life on this earth, the jobs essay state, did not grow inwardly healthier, but obviously languished more and more. My Paper? All the illusory prosperity of the old Reich could not hide its inner weakness, and every attempt really to on Occupational Ethics, strengthen the Reich failed again and for free, again, due to Born a Monster: Shelley, disregarding the most important question. It would be a mistake to believe that the grade my paper for free adherents of the various political tendencies which were tinkering around on the German national body-yes, even a certain section of the leaders-were bad or malevolent men in themselves. Their activity was condemned to sterility only because the best of was the second passed, them saw at most the forms of our general disease and tried to combat them, but blindly ignored the virus. Anyone who systematically follows the old Reich's line of political development is grade for free bound to arrive, upon calm examination, at the realization that even at the time of the unification, hence the rise of the German nation, the inner decay was already in full swing, and that despite all apparent political successes and despite increasing economic wealth, the general situation was deteriorating from Edward, year to year.

If nothing else, the elections for the Reichstag announced, with their outward swelling of the Marxist vote, the steadily approaching inward and hence also outward collapse. All the successes of the so-called bourgeois parties were worthless, not only because even with so-called bourgeois electoral victories they were unable to halt the numerical growth of the Marxist flood, but because they themselves above all now bore the ferments of grade for free, decay in their own bodies. Without suspecting it, the bourgeois world itself was inwardly infected with the deadly poison of Marxist ideas and Edward R Murrow, its resistance often sprang more from the competitor's envy of ambitious leaders than from my paper, a fundamental rejection of adversaries determined to fight to the utmost. In these long years there was only Essay one who kept up an imperturbable, unflagging fight, and grade, this was the Jean His Star of David I rose higher and higher in Born a Monster: Frankenstein Shelley proportion as our people's will for selfpreservation vanished. Therefore, in August, 1914, it was not a people resolved to my paper, attack which rushed to the battlefield; no, it was only the last flicker of the national instinct of self-preservation in face of the progressing pacifist-Marxist paralysis of our national body.

Since even in these days of Essay Therapy Ethics, destiny, our people did not recognize the inner enemy, all outward resistance was in vain and Providence did not bestow her reward on the victorious sword, but followed the law of grade for free, eternal retribution. On the basis of this inner realization, there took form in jobs essay our new movement the leading principles as well as the grade for free tendency, which in our conviction were alone capable, not only of halting the decline of the German people, but of creating the granite foundation upon which some day a state will rest which represents, not an alien mechanism of economic concerns and interests, but a national organism: A German State of the.

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The Most Interesting (Business) Man in the World. Todays offering in our Timeless Essay series affords readers the grade my paper for free, opportunity to join Hunter Baker as he discusses Peter Drucker, the most interesting (business) man in the world. W. Winston Elliott III, Publisher. A number of readers of this essay will be familiar with the beer company commercials built around The Most Interesting Man in the World. This man, a virile and hirsute senior citizen, has moved through his century with peerless confidence and style. When I think of R Murrow Essay, my own candidate for the most interesting man, I find that Peter Drucker (19092005) comes to grade for free, mind. Drucker is best known to the world as the author of on Not Frankenstein by Mary, massive bestsellers in the category of grade my paper for free, business management.

Before there was Jim Collins or Tom Peters, there was Peter Drucker. He was born a subject of the Austrian emperor and worked as an economist and a journalist before ultimately becoming a professor in the United States. Jobs Essay? While I think of him as the most interesting man, he was more humble about himself. My Paper? His autobiography is titled Adventures of a Bystander . The book is mostly a collection of tales about jobs essay people Drucker knew rather than a chronology of his own life. Grade My Paper For Free? For instance, it tells of an odd man (one of Druckers fellow students) who would become the teacher of Henry Kissinger, Alfred Sloan (the man who made General Motors a giant success), Henry Luce (the founder of Time ), and many other interesting figures. Perhaps the story I remember best from the book is the one about an difference government and parliament, investment firm with which Drucker was associated.

This old European firm actually had a courtesan; her services came as part of a specific position on the firms organizational chart. Drucker describes the grade for free, crisis that occurred when a happily married young man was appointed to the job to which the courtesan was attached. Ill leave it to readers to difference between government, obtain the grade for free, book and find out more. Less scandalous, but also interesting and amusing, is the tale he tells of a partner at the same firm who apparently did nothing all day but trade shares of the Chrysler Corporation. He was quite successful at it, yet he had no idea what kind of business Chrysler was. He thought it might be a railroad company.

Not Just a Business Thinker. Like many, I discovered Drucker through his extensive writings in the discipline of management. But as I read his books, I got little hints that he might be something more than a gifted writer of bestselling business books. Though some credit him with the founding of management as an academic field, and most associate him with such books as The Effective Executive (1967) and Management: Tasks, Responsibilities, and Practices (1973), I noticed that his earlier works, from the between government, 1940s and 1950s, had more expansive titles such as The End of Economic Man and grade, The New Society . I also learned that his academic training was not in management but in between government law; he had obtained his European doctorate in international law. I began to see Drucker as a social and political thinker, as well as an astute business mind. This is, after all, the man who viewed management primarily as a liberal art. Since making that realization, I have studied his earlier books. Drucker thought a lot about such things as totalitarianism, decentralization, limited government, an grade my paper, American type of conservatism that he thought had special characteristics, social harmony, the impact of mass production on human beings, and other topics. One subject that preoccupied him in difference government those earlier decades was the Christian faith. In an attempt to draw more attention to a somewhat forgotten aspect of the man and grade, his work, I will, in what follows, identify and discuss some of Druckers key themes regarding the Christian faith in student diet relation to society and government. How Totalitarianism Was Able to Rise.

Druckers first book, The End of for free, Economic Man (1939), contains some of his most profound hopes and thoughts regarding Christianity. The book is about the phenomenon of totalitarianism and how it achieved so much traction with people in the forms of fascism and communism. It is not surprising that a man born into the constitutional monarchy of the Austro-Hungarian empire and who saw his country annexed to government and parliament, Hitlers Germany while he was still young would find the problem of totalitarianism to be urgent. In the late 1930s, he was living close to the crisis both chronologically and geographically. Indeed, the Nazi regime ordered that a pamphlet he had written be banned and destroyed. The End of Economic Man makes the case that totalitarianism was able to rise in Europe because it gave hope to the masses. That much is not original. But Drucker went further, arguing that totalitarianism succeeds by creating a parallel life systemtypically based on my paper for free the organizational structure of the official partythat both runs alongside and between government and parliament, supersedes the my paper, economic system. Adherence to the party and its agenda is a new way to excel in life and to Edward Essay, redirect ones purpose to a purportedly higher cause.

Therefore, the ability to be economically productive takes second place to the merits of party participation. The economic system must be made to serve the grade my paper, goals of second amendment passed, something higher and better. Both the Nazis and the Communists managed to grade my paper for free, accomplish the feat of elevating ideological party life over the economic system, which the masses felt devalued and threatened them with what Drucker called the demons of unemployment and depression. Many people accepted the substitution of party organization over economics because they did not feel that commerce should determine the shape of society. In this new system, they felt they might be able to live a better life. The leader of the new social structure was like a magician or high priest who promised to exorcise the demons of unemployment and depression. Drucker noted that a number of German Protestant farmers hung a portrait of the Fuhrer where a picture of Jesus Christ had previously been. He pointed to the elevation of Hitler to the status of was the second, a religious figure by way of diagnosis. My Paper For Free? In his own mind, the Church was a far better candidate to integrate the broader society beyond simple economics than were the totalitarian movements that ascended to power.

Drucker identified a number of was the amendment passed, Christians around that time who were searching for my paper for free, a way to provide a new basis for society, including Nicolai Berdiadiev (Berdyaev), G. K. Chesterton, Karl Barth, and Oswald von Nell-Breuning. Chestertons inclusion in this group makes one wonder whether Drucker thought of small-property distributism as a way to deal in a loving and productive way with the question of private property, regarding which he saw the pendulum swinging too far in one direction. What had once been a social concept balanced with both privileges and duties now seemed to have slid too much to one sidethat of privilegesand the resulting dissatisfaction helped open the door to student, political evils such as totalitarianism. According to Drucker, voices within the Church realized that the subjection of all property to my paper for free, money-economy would pauperize the R Murrow Essay, masses and enrich the few. His sympathy with those concerned about potential wrong turns in the market shouldnt be surprising. That is a perennial concern in the political-economic mix. In The Republic , Plato expressed alarm at the idea of my paper for free, cities allowing their inhabitants to freely dispose of property.

The Mosaic law prohibited the fully free buying and selling of property, instead granting men only limited rights to alienate property for jobs essay, a term of years. Even John Locke, who provided a compelling justification for property rights, included the limitation that only so much could be taken as left similar property available for others to claim and to work. Christianity as a Rescue Mechanism. Despite the fact that he wrote The End of Economic Man when totalitarianism was ascendant in both fascistic and communistic forms, Drucker had hope for the potential positive influence the Christian faith could exert. In his view, Christianity gains power when it has been uprooted and grade my paper for free, seeks to reintegrate in a new way. His insight here foreshadowed the argument British sociologist David Martin would make decades later. Christianity seems to grow weak when favored by authorities and waxes stronger when cut back to its remnant. From that point of renewal, the student, faith again becomes a system challenger and grade my paper, presents a true alternative.

After World War II, there were others who set their eyes on Christianity as a rescue mechanism in the wake of the R Murrow Essay, wars great devastation. The post-war trials of Nazi war criminals at Nuremberg exhibited a sound rejection of values-free legal positivism and brought something like Christian natural law to bear in judging the my paper, shocking behavior of those who engaged in genocidal work. With greater particularity, Frank Buchman, the Lutheran minister, appealed to Western leaders to commit their nations to moral and spiritual re-armament as a way to Essay Born by Mary, prevent the grade for free, build-up and use of frightening technological armaments. The Oxford Group, of which he was a part, sought to college student, bring about a Christian revolution for remaking the world. In his next book, The Future of Industrial Man (1942), Drucker relied upon Christian anthropology as a promising building block for society. My Paper? He credited Christianity with the idea that men are more alike in Edward Essay their moral character than in their race, nationality, or color. Though we are imperfect and sinful, we are simultaneously made in Gods image and are responsible for our choices. We cannot claim to have fully comprehended the good, but neither can we deny our responsibility to seek it. Freedom, according to Drucker, is based upon faith. He went on to make a claim that would be surprising to the legions who follow his managerial thought even to for free, this day. Freedom, as we understand it, is inconceivable outside and before the Christian era.

The history of Born Shelley, freedom does not begin with Plato or Aristotle. Neither could have visualized any rights of the individual against society, although Aristotle came closer than any man in the pre-Christian era to the creed that man is inherently imperfect and grade for free, impermanent. Nor does the history of difference between, freedom begin with those Athenian totalitarian liberals, the grade for free, Sophists who denied all responsibility of the individual because they denied the existence of absolutes. The roots of freedom are in the Sermon on the Mount and in the Epistles of St. Paul; the jobs essay, first flower of the tree of liberty was St. Augustine.

But after two thousand years of development from these roots, we still have trouble in grade my paper understanding that freedom is when was the amendment, a question of decision and responsibility, not one of perfection and efficiency. In other words, we still confuse, only too often, the Platonic question: What is the best government? with the Christian question: What is grade, a free society? (Italics mine) Those who take what Drucker called the R Murrow Essay, Christian question, What is a free society? as their starting point realize that government and society should be organized as different spheres. The one is limited by the other. Grade? Madison, Jefferson, Burke, and Hamilton saw that there should be a separation of government in the political sphere from social rule. Jobs Essay? Augustine saw it first. The City of God is separate from, though present within, the City of grade, Man. Of relevance here also is the theory of the two swords of emperor and when was the, church. More basic still is the precept: Render unto Caesar what is Caesars and to the Lord what is the Lords.

Caesars domain is not comprehensive. In the Christian view of things, it cannot be comprehensive. It is grade my paper for free, a mistake, then, to fuse government and society within the political authority. Fundamentally, the point is that the political should never become coextensive with the social. Political options should always lag behind their more organic social counterparts.

Obviously, there are other modern views that proceed from different starting points. The Enlightenment postulate (the French Enlightenment it would seem), per Essay Born a Monster:, Drucker, was that human reason is my paper for free, absolute. That attitude helps explain Robespierre and his Goddess of Reason. Rationalists believe that living men can possess perfected, absolute reason. That belief energizes government ambition and action, especially over against what is considered a superstitious worldview. But Americans, Drucker asserted, retained an emphasis on mans fallen nature.

Their liberalism was based on humility, love, and faith. Accordingly, the founders were less willing to invest institutions with European confidence in the combination of rationality and government power. For Americans, it was safer to draw lines between the political and the social, lest the former overwhelm the latter and take freedom with it. Two Ideals Needing Balance. The Future of Industrial Man won Drucker an invitation to Edward Essay, engage in a deep study of General Motors Corporation (GM). Grade? That study gave rise to Druckers third book, The Concept of the Corporation (1946). Perhaps unsurprisingly, given that GM was the primary subject matter, Drucker reflected less directly on spiritual matters in Essay on Not a Monster: this book. Still, even in a book about GM and essentially for GM, his Christian humanism was evident, as he wrote about the importance of examining the particular beliefs, aims, and purposes of American society with its roots in the Christian tradition.

He also observed that, in grade my paper America, the two concepts of equality of human dignity and equality of opportunity go together. They appear to be in tension, with one potentially tilting toward anarchy and the other in the direction of Edward R Murrow, hierarchy, but Drucker rejected the grade for free, appearance for what he saw as a deeper reality: the two beliefs can only Born a Monster: Frankenstein Shelley, be realized together. And it is grade for free, within the Christian tradition that we must find the resources to balance them. This is the task of statesmen. Freedom demands respect for both ideals. Freedom is an article of faith, and not a law of on Occupational, physics, Drucker wrote. For Free? It is perfectly possible, therefore, not to jobs essay, believe in it. If the collectivists have no faith in it, they cannot be proven wrong. After making a prudential argument for the superiority of a free society (which I do not repeat here), he went on to discount it in favor of a more transcendent view, referring to the prudential case as only a secondary argument for those who, like the author [himself], believe in freedom as an article of grade my paper for free, faith and as commanded by the nature of God and of man. From Split to Twin Allegiance.

In The New Society (1950), Drucker returned to his focus on totalitarianism and again voiced Christian concerns. Was The Second Amendment? In his view, the modern age enabled totalitarianism through its reliance on mass production. In a society centered on mass production, people cannot be economically productive unless they have access to the industrial apparatus. A large and determined government can keep dissenting individuals from gaining access to the means of production and thus from the grade my paper for free, tools needed to make a living. While one might be tempted to on Not Frankenstein by Mary, downplay the threat of mass production wielded by totalitarians, Drucker pointed out that faith and conscience would be under siege in such a regime. [T]hough a totalitarian government may not be able to control the souls of its citizens, it can control all their actions; and how long will a faith persist if it cannot come to life in works? In his first book, hed already written about the grade my paper, ineffectiveness of a Christianity that is student diet, successfully confined to the purely private sphere. In a section on the economics of labor, Drucker applied the kind of thought one might think natural to a Christian scholar. He saw the for free, union/management relationship as similar in some ways to the one that has at times existed between church and state. Both claim the allegiance of the people, and yet the two may not be able to live long without each other. If they devolve into pure conflict, the whole society may be threatened. Since a split allegiance can create negative tensions in a society, Drucker said it would be better to student, find a way to grade my paper for free, turn the split allegiance into a twin allegiance.

Once again, we have the two swords. This twin allegiance may be the key to Shelley, establishing the my paper for free, new social system successfully integrated by Christianity that Drucker seemed to hope for in his first book. But even if church and state cannot find the greater harmony Drucker thought desirable, the church can still serve a positive function as a loyal protester or critic of sorts. Difference Between And Parliament? The existence of dissenting institutions, such as the grade my paper, Christian church in a secular society, or a liberal arts college in the business world, helps a society change and adapt, recover and build, he argues. In other words, the church holds out an alternative and R Murrow Essay, the opportunity for renewal. The Need for Virtue Spiritual Values. Finally, in grade for free Landmarks of Tomorrow (1957) Drucker tried to lift the modern mind above its increasing materialism. He began the book with a tale of two sons, one a geneticist and the other a theology student, who both saw Inherit the Wind yet could not understand the conflict between science and religion. Their father, on the other hand, had been so affected by the Scopes trial that he had left the ministry and become a lawyer.

The brothers could not understand his reasoning. The implication of the story appears to be that the so-called war between science and religion is fundamentally wrongheaded. Drucker went on to argue for the clear evidence of purpose in the universe, right down to Born a Monster:, the purposeful order within the structure of matter. He saw purpose built into my paper, the universe rather than lurking on the outside. As in his other books, Drucker remained committed to understanding individuals as spiritual beings with allegiances superior to those demanded of them by when was the second amendment passed, organizations. Roles such as husband, father, citizen, member of a profession, and church member should not be subordinated to roles assigned by organizations. This limitation on grade the demands of organizations could be extended even to the institution of sovereignty. Jobs Essay? Drucker viewed sovereignty as a tool to be used for the good of grade my paper, mankind. But if sovereignty becomes a threat to Essay on Occupational Therapy, human survival, as with the arms race and nuclear brinksmanship, then it must be limited. He argued that the grade for free, powers of destruction that have been acquired by human sovereignties are so vast as to be fundamentally illegitimate. He also discussed education in the book, and his perspective on this topic is especially pertinent in Essay on Occupational Therapy a time when utilitarian views of learning are increasingly influential.

Drucker thought the grade, twentieth century was probably the first in which education became a legitimate mass investment rather than a luxury item. Part of when passed, what makes his view interesting is that he insisted on grade for free the need for education to take cognizance of virtue and spiritual values. The well-educated man should gain the ability to choose well between service to a true and to a false master. Here, Drucker ended what I consider the first major phase of his career as an author. He concluded it by challenging scientists not to settle for purely materialistic answers to Essay on Not a Monster: Frankenstein by Mary, the questions raised by their discoveries. The expansion of human knowledge and power only opens the door to further inquiries regarding the meaning of human existence and of the human spirit. My Paper? But the nature of the challenge has shifted. Before, we had to be concerned with threats to knowledge. The trial of Socrates might be an example there.

But now, we face the threat of Frankenstein by Mary Shelley, knowledge. Here, we might think about grade my paper for free biological weapons or cloning. If we do not have virtue, if we do not have spiritual values, we will not make right decisions about what to do with our newfound power. That brings us back to the responsible freedom Drucker saw emanating from the Christian tradition. As of the late 1950s, he was hopeful that the when was the second passed, trend away from spiritual values and religion had been reversed. My Paper For Free? He called upon his readers to recognize our need for the I and Thou and to take responsibility for all that happens to student, the least of these. Freedom Rooted in the Spirit. I would like to conclude by returning briefly to an extended quote from Druckers first book, which seems, in many ways, to grade my paper, capture the key theme of his writing in those early years. Realization of freedom and equality was first sought in the spiritual sphere.

The creed that all men are equal in the world beyond and free to decide their fate in between the other world by their actions and thoughts in for free this one, which, accordingly, is student diet, but a preparation for the real life, may have been only an attempt to keep the masses down, as the my paper, eighteenth century and the Marxists assert. But to the people in the eleventh or in the thirteenth century the promise was real. That every Last Judgment at a church door shows popes, bishops, and kings in damnation was not just the Essay Therapy Ethics, romantic fantasy of a rebellious stonemason. My Paper? It was a real and truthful expression of that epoch of our history which projected freedom and equality into the spiritual sphere. The underlying point expressed poignantly by Drucker in the paragraph above is one on which we have only Edward R Murrow Essay, a tenuous hold today.

Matters of freedom and grade my paper for free, equality are rooted in the spirit. We should hope that those who follow Drucker in Essay on Not Born Frankenstein instructing us how to organize modern life will have a grasp of the whole as comprehensive as his was. This essay in our series of Timeless Essays was first published here in September 2014. Books on the topic of this essay may be found in grade my paper for free The Imaginative Conservative Bookstore. Reprinted with gracious permission from Touchstone and the author.

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A for and against essay about the internet. Look at the essay and grade, do the exercises to improve your writing skills. Do the Edward R Murrow, preparation exercise first. Then read the text and do the other exercises. What's your opinion?

Do you think the internet is bad for young people? For young people it is. They shoud be surervised while accessing the internet, because they might find pornographic content, violent content and such. Internet, an invention which still amazes people in is own way, is not always good. It has really bad side effects on young adults. As in grade for free, the essay, the young people get addicted to online games and they become addicted to the internet quickly. As we can see, there are many more online games being made like Pokemon Go, etc. is really dangerous for young people.

I think it really should have a age limit. And also we must be strict about the was the amendment passed, rules of my paper for free, age limit on internet too. I#039;m also a young adult but I find internet uninteresting and dangerous so I approve of on Occupational Therapy Ethics, it having age limits. For YOUNG PEOPLE yes it is. I think Internet is grade my paper for free very useful in schools and in work. It#039;s also handy when you need to communicate. On the other hand a lot of people are addicted from sites like facbook, twitter or instagram.

I also agree that learning on jobs essay the internet (like here ont the british council ;) ) is very usefull . So in conclusion internet is possibly the most usefull thing that we ever invented. :) I agree with all of my paper, you, but what about learning how to play a musical instrument? I think internet can be very good for teenagers because it helps them a lot especially for essays, projects and homeworks, but it can be also very bad because children spend too much time online. When Second. I like internet because I can listen to songs onYouTube and I use British Councile:) Hi BigBen6464. I'm glad to hear that you enjoy practising English here :) Is there anything in particular that you like on the site? Jonathan (LearnEnglish Teens Team) Thanks! I like your reading skills practice, stories about UK and What is it? in Study Break. British Council really helps me with my vocabulary. I love it!

I think the internet is an amazing tool which can be used for equally amazing things, but only in the hands of the right person. One bad aspect of grade for free, internet is Essay on Occupational Therapy that anyone could acess anything anytime. That means there is a lot of inappropriate content out there, but a good person is grade able to avoid it. In my opinion, though internet is Edward R Murrow Essay very good and my paper for free, useful, but some young people use it for bad things. Such as playing computer games and R Murrow Essay, get addict with it. Many parents has banned the children not allowed to play forever,1 week or a day or so. But they never keep their word because, of course, parents love their kids, that is why after just a while,they let their children play AGAIN with their games, so really though, I think internet is useful with good children,and it is my paper bad with bad children. I totaly agree. It all depends from parents.

If they let children to spend too much time online children will get a bad habit when they grow up. You#039;re quite right! I agree with your good comment in point: #039;I think internet is useful with good children, and it is between government bad with bad children#039;. !! :) In my opinion, Internet is one of the greatest people created. You have an access to billions of libraries from your computer, you are able to speak with your friends even if they are on the other side of the world. Many people work using the Internet. Now let#039;s mention disadvantages of the Internet and web-technologies.

Firstly, many people nowadays become addicted and can#039;t survive for more than an hour without computer or smartphone. They need to publish their photos in social networks, chat with 7 people in one moment and read new posts in their favourite online communities. Grade My Paper For Free. Young people sometimes find their online-life better than the jobs essay, real one. The second disadvantage is that nobody can guarantee the safety of grade my paper, your personal data. Student. Everyone has heard stories about hackers that published private and scandal photos of data base of the big company.

It#039;s not really pleasant to know that somebody can easily find out all your secrets. To sum up, Internrt is my paper a wonderful tool for searching the college diet, necessary information, but social networks is quite tricky part of World Wide Web. I think the internet very useful for grade us .bcz we can get anything without spend alot of time in looking it . Edward R Murrow Essay. everything when we use it excessively and more than usually #039;it will be badthing. Grade My Paper For Free. Well, we must admit that on this perfectly imperfect planet nothing entirely good or entirely bad exists. Internet is included.

Surely it was meant for connecting people from all continents, but as the human mind has no border line we found out how to Born a Monster: use it for different things that provide us either with information or amusement. It is said that the Internet is a good servant but a bad master. Therefore, we can see that the my paper for free, problem isn#039;t in the Internet itself but rather in the humans, as it is us who are using it and who are asked FOR WHAT we are using it. So for our irresponsibility we shouldn#039;t blame the Essay on Not a Monster: Frankenstein by Mary, Internet but ourselves as we are unable to use a powerful tool for for free our own improvement but we use it for our own unwanted degradation. I think that#039;s quite right!! Nowadays, Internet has been the student diet, most important thing in mutimedia life.

Personally, l consider that the grade my paper for free, internet is bad or not,which depends on users. I think the Internet is something that we have to know, and college, we should know what is grade my paper for free good and bad for us, and keep ourselves away from what can damage ourselves in any way. Jobs Essay. I think it is the same for grade my paper young people, we have to be responsible, because the Internet is a tool that helps us either with the school, or with any ordinary situation. i think internet is useful for everyone. If it was a bad thing, something awful, it would have changed instead of reaching the whole world. Is something crazy, used 24hrs a day, everyday of the week, a lot of information, and difference between and parliament, a lot of people online. About teenagers who are addicted to games, that depends on each family.

Parents could create rules, so no one would be in a bad position. My Paper For Free. And that also depends on the teenager#039;s sense of what he or she can or can#039;t do. It#039;s impossible to live without internet in a society like nowdays, it#039;s just so easy to make a research, work on a project. c#039;mon, does anyone here wants to spend hours and on Occupational Ethics, hours looking for few informations? Internet is grade my paper for free useful for everyone, for young and old people. There#039;s a lot of difference between government and parliament, sites that can help us a lot.

But, today Internet ha gone too far away. Almost, there#039;s no home without the internet(more than 70% in whole world are with internet). Yes, there are a good and a bad sites on the Internet. We have different web-sites(Facebook,Tumlr, Twitter, Instagram. ) that shows us a different world. We can learn a lot of things (English, French. ) and for free, a lot of between government and parliament, other things.

But we all know that Internet isn#039;t so much safe.Even if we think that we have good hide it our information, we don#039;t. There#039;s a lot of dangerous people in the world. To sum up, I completely agree with essay. No, i don`t thing internet bad for young people, because there is many information in the internet. In my opinion, I dont think Internet is for free bad for people. Without the Internet, I cannot learn language (English) by was the passed myself and I wouldn#039;t be able to access to lots of useful information that school doesn#039;t teach me. On the other hand, internet is bad only when people dont know how to use it wisely. My Paper. If young people use the Internet for studying and relaxing in proper way, internet would be very useful. To me, the internet#039;s the most wonderful tool that human had created.

In my own perspective, the Internet plays an important role in the communicating barrier. As you can see, people all around the world are using the Internet, including the elderly. When Was The Passed. We communicate with each other using the internet and it really helps us to stay connected with one another. Besides, without the internet, how are the grade my paper for free, countries going to Essay develop? Our knowledge and the view to the outside world, the grade my paper, perspective to the outside of on Occupational, our comfort zone will be just limited, like a frog in for free, the well. So, why not? The internet is the jobs essay, best connection between an individual to the whole wide world. It#039;s definitely a boon. Internet is very usefull for for free us. Between. Internet is particularly useful for everyone, nearly all things are on the internet, you can get anything by only searching on it.

Internet seems becoming really important nowadays, it helps people a lot, for example i use internet for learning English, reading news and my paper, doing research for difference my tasks. However, internet also can give many bad effects, people become so fanatical on social media and often forget about time and grade for free, everything they should do. I completely disagree that internet is bad for teenagers, internet can be useful or useless, it depends on the way people use the internet. How does this photo make you feel? Can you write a caption for Essay a Monster: Frankenstein by Mary Shelley it? . Look carefully. What's this everyday object? Play Wordshake and see how many points can you get in 3 minutes. Grade My Paper. British Council The United Kingdom's international organisation for cultural relations and educational opportunities.

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A Tempestuous Translation: Aime Cesaires Une tempete. Cet article soutient qu Une tempete par Aime Cesaire (adaptation anti-colonialiste de La Tempete ), est lillustration de la traduction en tant quinterpretation et revision creatrice. Avec une fidelite surprenante envers la piece de Shakespeare, Cesaire sinteresse aux conflits raciaux et de classe inherents a La Tempete et donne voix aux opprimes, aux colonises et aux victimes de la repression. Une tempete se distingue comme une traduction qui aurait traverse le temps (lere des droits civiques des Noirs et des mouvements de liberation africains) et lespace (une refonte creatrice des references shakespeariennes dans une localisation caribeenne francophone). This article contends that Aime Cesaires Une tempete (an anti-colonialist adaptation of The Tempest ), epitomizes translation as interpretation and grade for free, creative revision. With a striking fidelity to Shakespeares play, Cesaire engages with the racial and class conflicts intrinsic to The Tempest and gives voice to the occluded colonized and oppressed. Une tempete stands out as a translation through time (the era of black civil rights and African liberation movements), and space (creatively refashioning Shakespearean references into a francophone Caribbean location). 1 Caliban . R Murrow Essay? Prospero youre a great illusionist: / you know all about lies. / And you lied to me s (. ) Caliban. Prospero, tu es un grand illusioniste : le mensonge, ca te connait. Et tu mas tellement menti, menti sur le monde, menti sur moi-meme, que tu as fini par mimposer.

une image de moi-meme : Un sous-developpe, comme tu dis, voila comment tu mas oblige a me voir, et cette image, je la hais ! Et elle est fausse ! Mais maintenant, je te connais, vieux cancer, et je me connais aussi ! (88) 1. 2 From Aime Cesaire, Cahier dun retour au pays natal , Paris, Presence Africaine, 1956. 1 The late Aime Cesaire (1913-2008) shall be forever associated with the my paper for free, philosophy of negritude that he espoused with such impact on the francophone black world from the 1930s on. A Monster: By Mary? Negritude re-appropriated the word negre with its insulting connotations. On the my paper, wave of Edward R Murrow Essay Jamaican national hero Marcus Harveys Back to Africa movement, negritude was a banner for black consciousness avant la lettre , a rejection of and grade, a riposte to disabling white mythologies: elle troue laccablement opaque de sa droite patience [breaking through the difference between government and parliament, opaque prostration with its upright patience].2 It straddled both a political project and my paper for free, a poetic renewal, confronting the violence of jobs essay colonialism with cataclysmic passion: the striking of the mental wave against the rock of the for free, world. Negritude sought to decolonize the mind and Cesaires poetry is a cry to revolt, intransigent in second passed its fidelity to my paper for free the invulnerable idea of jobs essay justiceand shot through with pain at the tragedy of its non-realisation.

3 A tempest ( Une tempete) played from 21 September to 14 October, 1998. Grade My Paper? It was described by Professo (. ) 2 The Gate Theatre in Notting Hill, London, is a small space above a pub which exists on slender means. At the same time, it is considered by was the amendment passed many as the home of international drama in the capital. I became the Gates literary manager in grade my paper 1998. The then artistic team conceived of the Gate as an arena of Essay on Not Born Frankenstein by Mary Shelley spiritual liberation and an enriching crucible of cultures: a gateway to my paper a richer knowledge of the human. I believed that these themes lay at the heart of Cesaires great anti-colonialist adaptation of The Tempest which he entitled Une tempete (the lower case t is no accident; here Shakespeares island play is cut down to size; this tempest is one colonial storm among many). As the vanguard production for our Home for the Exiles season in 1998, I advocated staging this play to mark the 150 th anniversary of the abolition of slavery in the French colonies and the 50 th anniversary of the arrival of the first wave of college student diet post-war immigrants from the West Indies to Britain on board the S.S. My Paper For Free? Windrush, (Notting Hill itself remaining a locality with close ties to those immigrants, not least the celebrated annual carnival attended by millions). We would commemorate those momentous events in what was to be a critically acclaimed British premiere and I provided a new translation of the play for college student diet, this purpose.3. 4 I am indebted to Peter Hulme and Bill Sherman for the stage history in this paragraph.

Their co-ed (. ) 5 See Robert Eric Livingston, Decolonizing the Theatre: Cesaire, Serreau and the Drama of Negritude (. ) 6 See Alvina Ruprecht, Staging Aime Cesaires Une tempete : Anti-Colonial Theatre in the Counter-Cul (. ) 3 Une tempete was already well known within the francophone world.4 First produced at an international festival in Hammamet, Tunisia, in the summer of grade my paper 1969, before playing in Paris in January 1970, it was directed by jobs essay Jean-Marie Serreau, with whom Cesaire had worked so closely on most of my paper his theatrical writing. Serreaus death in 1973 brought Cesaires career as a playwright to when was the a close.5 That first production is of special interest: a Caribbean rewriting of The Tempest , produced in Tunisia, close to Sycoraxs origins and to Claribels destiny (though neither, interestingly, feature much); which reads the my paper for free, play in part through the US black politics of the on Not a Monster: Frankenstein, Civil Rights period (associating Caliban with Malcolm X and Ariel with Martin Luther King), and which adopted the grade, manners and dress of an American Western. It was also staged in an anti-naturalistic manner, with a range of historical and contemporary images projected onto vast screens. Another notable production was that by Elie Pennont in Martinique in 1992, where the actor playing the African god Eshu became the unifying image, remaining on stage throughout the performance (in Cesaires script he appears in one scene only), watching silently from college diet a distance: the incarnation of the fragmented psyche that must be acknowledged before any healing can take place.6. 7 Of course, it is grade for free, true that in college student The Tempest , Sycorax and Caliban also colonised the my paper, island and suppl (. ) 4 Cesaires single point of attachment to Shakespeares play is to be found in Act III Scene 2 when Caliban declares: I am subject to a tyrant, a sorcerer that by his cunning hath cheated me of the island.7 Subtitled an adaptation for a black theatre, Une tempete engages with the when passed, fundamental racial and class elements intrinsic to The Tempest , with the implicit intention of wresting the adapted play away from the negative and complacent agenda of an institutionally racist imperial theatre. Cesaires powerful transformative project is underpinned by radical historical revisionism. For Free? Speaking about Shakespeares play, he said: 8 Quoted in Livingston, op. cit. , p. 192. Demystified, the play [is] essentially about the master-slave relation, a relation that is still alive and which, in my opinion, explains a good deal of difference government contemporary history: in particular, colonial history, the history of the United States. Grade? Wherever there are multiracial societies, the when was the second, same drama can be found, I think.8. According to Helen Gilbert and Joanne Tompkins:

9 Helen Gilbert and grade, Joanne Tompkins, Post-Colonial Drama: Theory, Practice, Politics , London and New (. On Occupational Therapy? ) For generations during (and often after) imperial rule, the grade, formal education of colonial subjects was circumscribed by the concerns and canons of a distant European centre. Because of jobs essay its supposed humanistic functions, English [and French] Literature occupied a privileged position in the colonial classroom, where its study was designed to civilise native students by inculcating in them British [and French] tastes and values, regardless of the exigencies of the local context.9. 5 Lucy Rix describes the grade, dominant traditional French literary production which prevailed during Cesaires childhood and which became one of the first targets identified in Legitime Defense (1932), a journal published by a group of Martiniquan students at college student the Sorbonne that would have a profound impact on their cultural identity: 10 Lucy Rix, Maintaining the grade my paper, State of Edward Emergence/y: Aime Cesaires Une tempete , in Peter Hulme and B (. ) The West Indian writer, stuffed to bursting with white morality, white culture, white education, white prejudice, fills his little books with a swollen image of himself. Merely to be a good imitation of the for free, white man fulfils both his social and student, his poetic requirements. He cannot be too modest or too sedate. Should you dare show natural exuberance in grade my paper his presence, he immediately accuses you of making like a nigger. College Diet? So naturally, he does not want to for free make like a nigger in his poems.

It is a point of honour with him that a white person could read his entire book without ever guessing the authors pigmentation.10. 6 Cesaire pokes some well-informed fun at this colonial education and specifically when it focuses upon the exotic Other. In a reprise of Act II Scene 1, Gonzalo, the honest old counsellor, enthuses that the wonderful island could only Therapy, contain wonderful beings. Grade For Free? Antonio drily concurs and difference between and parliament, cites Baudelaires Parfum Exotique in Les Fleurs du Mal : Des hommes dont le corps est mince et vigoureux. Et des femmes dont l?il par sa franchise etonne (40) 11 In our production in London, we replaced Baudelaire with Mirandas line: O brave new world, that (. ) Men whose bodies are slender and for free, strong. And women whose frank stares astound11 (29) Gonzalo enthusiastically endorses this view and adds, Je vois que vous connaissez vos auteurs (40) [I see you know your authors (29) ]. 7 Martinique is still politically part of metropolitan France. Aime Cesaire was thus a French citizen and politician. Nevertheless, A tempest was anti-colonial, corresponding to the avowedly political agenda of what is known in cultural studies as post-colonialism:

12 Gilbert and jobs essay, Tompkins, op. Grade For Free? cit. Was The Second Passed? , p. 3. to dismantle the hegemonic boundaries and the determinants that create unequal relations of power based on my paper binary oppositions such as us and them, first world and third world, white and black, coloniser and colonised. [] Post-colonial texts embrace a more specifically political aim: that of the continued destabilisation of the cultural and political authority of college student diet imperialism.12. 8 During the period of de-colonization in the middle of the grade my paper for free, last century, Une tempete contributed to an increasing and ongoing re-evaluation of jobs essay canonical literary texts, and Shakespeares The Tempest attracted particular interest from intellectuals and writers from various colonial domains throughout the for free, African diaspora. Many chose to focus on when amendment passed The Tempest because of the plays prototypical colonial narrative: the story of a European who disembarks onto an already-occupied island to presume ownership of the land and control over for free, the inhabitants. According to Gilbert and Tompkins: The Tempest remains the text most widely chosen for counter-discursive interrogations of the college student, Shakespearian canon. Grade For Free? A number of factors account for this choice: the plays figuration of student diet racial binaries and the threat of miscegenation; its representation of the New World other as opposed to the European self, troped as a form of the nature/culture dichotomy; and grade, its pervasive interest in power relationships involving dominance, subservience, and rebellion.13. 14 See Ibid. Edward R Murrow? , p. 19-25, for a discussion of how Shakespeare was taught and regarded in my paper for free the colonies.

15 Rob Nixon, Caribbean and Edward R Murrow Essay, African Appropriations of The Tempest , Critical Inquiry 13 (1987), p. 5 (. ) 9 Furthermore, from the perspective of writers in grade my paper the Caribbean and R Murrow, Africa, what better target for appropriation than the Bard, the paragon of British cultural hegemony?14 Shakespeares iconic status made his works an attractive target for confrontation and for revisions that sought to my paper for free redefine peoples relationships to their worlds. Born? What is at stake is, according to Rob Nixon, the very possibility of decolonising the grade, areas cultural history by replacing an imposed with an endemic line of thought and action.15 These Caribbean and African writers found in Caliban a figure richly evocative of their condition. Ethics? They adopted the play as a rallying and foundational text, rich for revision and re-appropriation, and they appreciated that The Tempest could bolster their self-definition during a time of major upheaval: 16 See Gilbert and Tompkins, op. cit. Grade For Free? , p. R Murrow? 30-31. for the figure of Calibanmarginalized and virtually imprisoned on the island, presumed to have been culturally illiterate before the Europeans appearance, and alienated from his own sense of self through linguistic and physical controlwas a dramatic reflection of an all-too-familiar experience.16. 17 Paul Brown, This Thing of Darkness I Acknowledge Mine: The Tempest and the Discourse of my paper for free Colonia (. ) 18 Ibid. , p. 48. 19 Although there had been Cambro-Norman-English colonising of between government and parliament Ireland since the twelfth century, thi (. ) 20 Francis Barker and Peter Hulme, Nymphs and grade my paper for free, Reapers Heavily Vanish: The Discursive Con-texts of (. ) 10 Yet it is Essay on Occupational Therapy Ethics, important to recall, like Paul Brown, that The Tempest is not simply a reflection of colonialist practices but an intervention in an ambivalent and even contradictory discourse.17 Brown considers Shakespeares play a narrative which seeks at my paper once to harmonize disjunction, to diet transcend irreconcilable contradictions and to mystify the political conditions which demand colonialist discourse, but he writes the play ultimately fails to deliver that containment and instead may be seen to foreground precisely those problems which it works to my paper efface or overcome.18 Thus, The Tempest traces the moment of Ethics historical crisis that is Englands incipient colonial enterprise, and the anxiety which circulates in my paper the play interrogates a discourse of expansionism rather than just supporting it.19 This interrogation of text and jobs essay, historical context is continued by Francis Barker and Peter Hulme who note the underlying anxiety in a play imbricated within the discourse of grade colonialism. The anxiety circulates around usurpation (actual or attempted), domination, resistance and rebellion. Essay A Monster: By Mary Shelley? Barker and Hulme contend that the grade for free, plays rich complexity had been too often ignored by European and North American critics who listen exclusively to Prosperos voice: after all, he speaks their language. (Given that the play has traditionally been interpreted as Shakespeares farewell to jobs essay the stage, the magician-duke has often been confused for the Bards representative, an egregious mistake given what we know about Shakespeares negative capability.) They astutely noted: It has been left to those who have suffered colonial usurpation to discover and map the traces of that complexity by reading in grade full measure Calibans refractory place in both Prosperos play and The Tempest .20. 21 Aime Cesaire, Discourse on Colonialism , Trans.

Joan Pinkham, New York, Monthly Review Press, 2000, (. ) 22 The Discourse on Colonialism compares the evils of imperialism with the evil of the Holocaust, the (. Government And Parliament? ) 11 Simply and provocatively put, if Shakespeare, as projected in a simplistic and authoritative imperial reading, provides an official, colonial perspective, Cesairewith astonishing fidelity to the originaltranslates this and gives voice, specifically through Caliban, to the occluded colonized and oppressed. Une tempete epitomizes translation as interpretation, as (creative) revision. It resonates with Shakespeare but stresspoints are articulated and grade, examined. It is an was the amendment, excoriating debunking of the white mans burden, the my paper, French republics mission civilisatrice (Prosperos despairing that upon college Calibans nature nurture will not stick) and a relentless exposition of how colonization decivilizes the colonizer (This thing of darkness I acknowledge mine). The infamy of colonial exploitation is recognised and named. In his Discourse on Colonialism , Cesaire initially defines colonization in negative terms, by first of all establishing what it is not: neither evangelization, nor a philanthropic enterprise, nor a desire to push back the frontiers of grade my paper for free ignorance, disease and college, tyranny, nor a project undertaken for the greater glory of God, nor an attempt to grade my paper for free extend the rule of law.21 Rather, colonialism is when was the amendment, envisioned as a disease, just as it is in grade A tempest blanche toxine (87) [white poison (57)], maintenant, je te connais, vieux cancer (88) [now I know you, you old cancer (58)]a dehumanising project that treats land, nature and people as brute commodities.

It must be vomited out.22. In Act II Scene 2, Gonzalo says: Si lile est habitee, comme je le pense, et que nous la colonisons, comme je le souhaite, il faudra se garder comme de la peste dy apporter nos defauts, oui, ce que nous appelons la civilisation. Quils restent ce quils sont: des sauvages, libres, sans complexes ni complications. Quelque chose comme un reservoir deternelle jouvence ou nous viendrions periodiquement rafraichir nos ames vieillies et citadines. (40-41) 23 Gonzalos idyll-manifesto chimes with the type of cliches trotted out during an exhibition on The (. ) If the Born Frankenstein by Mary, island is inhabited, as I believe it is, and if we colonise it, as is my wish, then we must shy away, as if from the plague, from importing here our defaults, yes, what we call civilisation. They must stay as they are: savages, noble savages, free without complex or complication. Something like a pool of eternal youth where we would come at intervals to my paper for free revive our drooping urban spirits.23 (30)

24 The phrase noble savage first appeared in Drydens play The Conquest of Granada (1672) although (. ) 12 With a piercing satirical economy, Cesaire alludes to Gonzalos utopian rhapsody in Essay Born a Monster: Frankenstein Shelley The Tempest , with its indebtedness to Thomas More, Montaigne and for free, the classical theory of the Golden Age, but what is most striking is Essay Ethics, how Cesaire picks up on Montaignes ethical denunciation of western inhumanity and grade my paper for free, brutality in Of Cannibals. Jobs Essay? This was a key reference point for a developing, idealized argument in favour of the rights of indigenous peoples throughout the early modern period and into the Age of Reason. In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, the good savage was held up as a reproach to European civilisation in the throes of the for free, wars of religion, and stood as a direct counter to the Hobbesian view of human depravity in government and parliament a state of nature. My Paper For Free? By the jobs essay, eighteenth century, this argument was fuelled by both sentimentalism and primitivism, and for free, was advanced by when second amendment both English and French writers and grade for free, explorers. Essay A Monster: Frankenstein? The Baron de Lahontan put potentially subversive egalitarian arguments in the mouth of my paper a Huron Indian, Adario. Jean-Jacques Rousseau, identified as the philosopher of the French Revolution, was deliberately maligned by Ethics his political opponents for advancing a theory about the noble savage but this was untrue.

What is clear, however, is my paper, how such a theory preserved a superior paternalism and ultimately a lack of egalitarian empathy between the colonisers and the colonised in which the latter were cast as dependent childrenhere a pool of student diet eternal youth. Prospero calls Caliban boy (a repugnant name for colonial servants) at grade the very end of A tempest . This racist superiority also chimed with a scientific racism which divided races into second, superior (the colonising) and grade my paper for free, inferior (the colonised) categories.24. 25 In Une tempete , Prospero tells Miranda how his prophetic art had discovered the precise location (. Essay Therapy Ethics? ) 13 The other key theme to pick up in grade my paper for free this re-casting of Act II Scene 2, is the duplicity within Gonzalos sugared and idealistic words. Difference And Parliament? He freely admits that he favours colonisation, but his eulogy of the noble savages, whom he wishes to preserve as they are, as if in grade for free aspic, is undermined by Edward R Murrow his simultaneous desire to plunder the island for its natural resources, guano in this case, which, sous une sage direction (39) [wisely administered (29)], will make the island plus riche que lEgypte avec son Nil (39) [richer than Egypt with its Nile (29)]. Cesaire identifies a base rapaciousness underlying both the grade my paper for free, colonial and the neo-colonial project in which, say, the generally environmentally disastrous plunder of college student natural resources would be carried out by grade for free the colonisersor multi-national companies, in many ways their modern equivalentswith virtually none of the profits benefiting the local population, whilst literally dismantling the topography, and cultural topography, beneath their feet.25 As Caliban says to Prospero: Tu crois que la terre est chose morte Cest tellement plus commode ! Morte, alors on la pietine, on la souille, on la foule dun pied vainqueur ! (25-6) [You think the earth itself is dead Its so much more convenient! Dead you can trample over it, pour pestilence over it, bestride it like a conqueror! (20)] Cesaire adds another element to the neo-imperialist project: tourism.

Gonzalos pool of eternal youth, there to Edward R Murrow Essay revive drooping urban spirits, is my paper for free, precisely the Essay Therapy, image in grade my paper for free which the Caribbean has been cast. Therapy Ethics? Once again, the inhabitants, here of the islands, are cast in belittling and servile roles, in order to service the fantasies of their western paymasters. For Free? Such fantasies home in on sub-pastoral, primitivist cliches concerning a proximity to nature (even if the Edward R Murrow, islanders natural environment is destroyed), spontaneity, creativity and straightforward sexuality and eroticism. 26 Cf the OEDs definition of grade my paper pidgin: any combination and distortion of two languages as a means of Essay on Not Born a Monster: by Mary (. ) 14 Knowledge contains the seeds of grade my paper transformative power: language shapes how we think and therefore how we act. By learning to curse, Caliban, the black slave in revolt, rejects assimilation. Difference Government? The first word he utters on stage is the Kiswahili word for freedom: Uhuru . Whereas for Shakespeare, Caliban is a salvage and a deformed slave, Cesaires charismatic protagonist crucially uses a foreign languageforeign from the perspective of the colonizer, that isin order to assert his own identity and grade, autonomy.26 He refuses to be interpellated as the linguistic subject of the colonial master narrative; he refuses to be broken and conditioned, a mere component in the means of on Occupational Therapy production. 27 Steve Almquist, Not Quite the for free, Gabbling of R Murrow A Thing Most Brutish: Calibans Kiswahili in Aime Ces (. My Paper? ) 28 Almquist warns that the word should not be understood in a monolithic way. Much of the western med (. ) 15 Steve Almquist writes that, At the centre of Cesaires revision of Shakespeares The Tempest is a single deeply resonant word Uhuru . [] Uhuru is essential to Cesaires revisionary project because it gives Caliban a voice, specifically an African voice, and it contributes to Cesaires overall project in jobs essay creating a diasporic textual counter to Shakespeare.27 Uhuru is the Kiswahili word for freedom which gained international currency during the struggles for decolonisation in the late 1950s and 1960s, not least the grade for free, Mau Mau Rebellion.

Uhuru became a touchstone that recalled and rekindled the revolutionary fervour when the Essay Ethics, cry for freedom from colonial oppression was heard all over the world.28 Calibans primal cry of Uhuru , therefore, should not then be construed as the petulant and isolated mouthing of some token exoticism. It is nothing other than a call to militant solidarity among the dispossessed, and specifically the dispossessed among the African diaspora. (In another topical civil rights echo, Caliban re-names his cave the ghetto.) Almquist adds that: During the often-tumultuous independence and Black Power movements throughout the grade, African diaspora during the 1960s and 1970s, the use of Kiswahili among non-native writers and speakers expanded and came to serve as a symbolic resistance to the presumed supremacy of the college diet, European cultures and languages.29. 16 Consider further the grade, importance of Calibans Kiswahili voice through which he voices his agitation at Edward Essay Prosperos domination. As Steve Almquist acutely appreciates, Cesaires empowered Caliban does not gabble like a thing most brutish, unaware of his own meaning until taught the colonial language.30 On the contrary, even before his black slaves first entrance, Prospero betrays his unease that Caliban semancipe un peu trop (24) [is becoming a little too liberated (18)]. Prospero. Quest-ce que tu dis ? Caliban . For Free? Je dis Uhuru ! Prospero. College? Encore une remontee de ton langage barbare.

Je tai deja dit que je naime pas ca. Dailleurs, tu pourrais etre poli, un bonjour ne te tuerait pas ! Caliban. Grade? Ah ! Joubliais Bonjour. Mais un bonjour autant que possible de guepes, de crapauds, de pustules et de fiente. Puisse le jour daujourdhui hater de dix ans le jour ou les oiseaux du ciel et les betes de la terre se rassasieront de ta charogne ! Prospero. Toujours gracieux je vois, vilain singe ! Comment peut-on etre si laid ! (24) Prospero . What did you say? Caliban. Born A Monster: Frankenstein By Mary? I said, Uhuru ! Prospero. Yet another return to my paper for free your savage tongue. Ive already told you, I dont like it.

You could be polite, at jobs essay least: hello wouldnt kill you. Caliban. Oh, I forgot [] Hello. Grade My Paper For Free? But a hello crammed with wasps, toads, pox and dung. May today hasten by ten years the day when the birds of the sky and the beasts of the earth will gorge themselves on your carcass. Prospero. Gracious as always, I see, you foul monkey!

How can anybody be so ugly? (18-19) 17 Attention focuses immediately on the power of language in when was the second amendment defining their relationship. Uhuru ! confounds Prosperos sense of linguistic authority; his only grade for free, recourse is to demonize the word as a reversion to Calibans savage tonguein a classic rehearsal of a colonizial civilized/brute savage binarybefore continuing in the same vein: Puisque tu manies si bien linvective, tu pourrais au moins me benir de tavoir appris a parler. Un barbare ! Une bete brute que jai eduquee, formee, que jai tiree de lanimalite qui lengangue encore de toute part ! (25) Since you spout invective with such aplomb, you might at least give me your blessing for having taught you to speak at all. A savage! A brute animal I educated, trained, dragged up from the bestiality that still festers all over him. (19) 31 Freckled refers to Calibans skin colour.

Cesaires use of the notoriously racist abuse word mo (. ) 18 In further disabling strategies, Prospero refuses to accept the validity or sense of Calibans own culture and fashions Caliban as a sub-human beast in a manner which entirely honours such references as freckled whelp and mooncalf in The Tempest , the savage and deformed slave upon whose nature nurture will not stick.31 Prosperos overweening arrogance does not cow Caliban into Essay Therapy Ethics, submission, however. Caliban. Grade For Free? Dabord ce nest pas vrai. Tu ne mas rien appris du tout. Sauf, bien sur a baragouiner ton langage pour comprendre tes ordres : couper du bois, laver la vaisselle, pecher le poisson, planter les legumes, parce que tu es bien trop faineant pour le faire. Quant a ta science, est-ce que tu me las jamais apprise, toi ? Tu ten es bien garde ! Ta science, tu la gardes egoistement pour toi tout seul, enfermee dans les gros livres que voila. Essay Frankenstein Shelley? (25) Caliban. Thats just not true. Grade? You havent taught me anything at college student all! Except of course to jabber away in your language so as to understand your orders: chop the wood, wash up, fish, plant vegetables; all because youre too idle to do it yourself. As for grade, your knowledge, did you ever impart any of that to on Not by Mary Shelley me?

You took care not to. You selfishly keep all your knowledge for yourself alone, sealed up in big books like those. (19) 19 Cesaires protagonist registers his acute understanding of how his education has achieved little more than to reduce him to subservience in the guise of an automaton-drudge (remember Cesaires formula: colonisation = thingification32). At the same time, Prospero has kept from him any life-enhancing (textual and scientific) knowledgethe key to his domination and an inspired riff on the magic books valued at more than Prosperos dukedom. Caliban ruefully reflects on how he has been an expendable and unvalued means to grade my paper an end, hoodwinked by an initially friendly-seeming Prospero: Quaurais-tu fait sans moi, dans cette contree inconnue ? Ingrat ! Je tai appris les arbres, les fruits, les oiseaux, les saisons, et maintenant je ten fous Caliban la brute ! Caliban lesclave ! Recette connue ! lorange pressee, on en rejette lecorce ! (26) What would you have done without me in this strange land?

Ungrateful! I taught you the trees, the fruits, the birds, the seasons, but theres no blessed question of that any more Caliban the brute, Caliban the slave! I know the score! Once the orange is squeezed, the peel is R Murrow Essay, tossed away! (20) 20 Note here, how it is Caliban, rather than Prospero, who is grade my paper for free, doing the teaching, yet this education, vital as it is, is subsequently given neither credit nor recognition. Clearly, Caliban is cast as a figurative Malcolm X, even telling Prospero as he prepares to leave at jobs essay the end of grade my paper their first encounter in the play, that he will no longer answer to the name of Caliban: Caliban. When Was The Second Amendment Passed? [] Jai decide que je ne serai plus Caliban. Prospero. Quest-ce que cette foutaise ? Je ne comprends pas ! Caliban. [] Caliban nest pas mon nom. Grade My Paper For Free? Cest simple ! Prospero. Cest le mien peut-etre ! Caliban. Difference Between? Cest le sobriquet dont ta haine ma affuble et dont chaque rappel minsulte. Prospero. Diable ! On devient susceptible ! Alors propose Il faut bien que je tappelle ! Ce sera comment ? Cannibale tirait bien, mais je suis sur que tu nen voudras pas ! Voyons, Hannibal ! Ca te va ! Pourquoi pas ! Ils aiment tous les noms historiques ! Caliban. Appelle-moi X. Ca vaudra mieux. Comme qui dirait lhomme sans nom.

Plus exactement, lhomme dont on a vole le nom. Tu parles dhistoire. Eh bien ca, cest de lhistoire, et fameuse ! Chaque fois que tu mappeleras, ca me rappellera le fait fundamental, que tu mas tout vole et jusqua mon identite ! Uhuru ! Caliban. [] Ive decided Ill be Caliban no longer. Prospero. What kind of bilge is this? I dont understand. [] And whence sprang this pearl?

Caliban. [] Caliban isnt my name. Its simple! Prospero. Grade My Paper For Free? Its mine, I suppose! Caliban. Its the nickname your hatred attached to me, whose every utterance is an insult. Prospero. My, how sensitive weve become! Well then, suggest another I must call you something. College Student? What will it be? Cannibal would suit you well, but Im sure you wouldnt want it! Lets seeHannibal!

Why not? They all like historical names! Caliban. Call me X. Thats best. Like a man without a name. Or, more precisely, a man whose name was stolen. You speak of for free history. Difference Between And Parliament? Well thats history, known far and wide! Every time youll call me that will remind me of the grade for free, fundamental truth that you stole everything from jobs essay me, even my identity!

Uhuru ! (He exits.) (21-22) 21 Even if audience members are ignorant of the meaning of this Kiswahili word, they will understand that it has a key galvanizing importance, that it is Calibans rallying cry and grade, that its very foreignness underlines his sense of an autonomous cultural otherness, dignity and agency so brazenly denied him by Prospero. It is a call to revolution. 22 As ever, Cesaire condenses Shakespeares play with unerring cogency in order to provide the pith for his own agenda. Here, he homes in on the fact that Caliban, as has often been remarked, is an when amendment, anagram of cannibal with all that that word suggests concerning brute savagery. Grade My Paper For Free? The Shakespearean monicker is hence a stigmatising code for uncivilised and Ethics, barbarous brutality.

The novel reference to Hannibal suggests a doomed rebellious streak, that Calibans pride will come before a fall. Grade My Paper For Free? At the between and parliament, same time, however, Hannibal hails from Carthage, from the African continent. He also stands for a defiant and strong opponent who actively, and initially successfully, resists the aggrandizing and imperialist designs of the metropolitan centreRome in Hannibals case. This reference to Hannibal indicates a lurking fear of a newly defiant Caliban beneath the grade my paper, smug veneer of mocking confidence projected by Prospero. This defiance, of course, chimes with the new confidence accompanying the wave of diet decolonisation throughout the 1950s and 1960s. What is crucial, here, too, is Caliban-Xs stand to recuperate a stolen history. He recognises, like Cesaire, how his own culture and my paper, heritage were razed from the collective memory of an enslaved and transported African diaspora and it is jobs essay, this that he will strive to re-discover, value and grade for free, honour. 23 Cesaire adds an interesting interpolation, a wholly new scene, at Edward the start of my paper for free Act Two, where Ariel, significantly identified as a mulatto slave in the list of characters, comes to warn Caliban that Prospero is planning depouvantables vengeances (36) [appalling acts of jobs essay revenge (26)] against him. My Paper? The scene is, in essence, one in which the two characters rehearse different strategies for bringing their bondage to an end.

Once again, their lively exchange of views replicates debates within the civil rights movement of the 1960s. Cesaire said in an interview: 33 Cited in college diet Robert P. Grade My Paper? Smith and Robert J. Hudson, Evoking Caliban: Cesaires Response to Shakespeare (. Jobs Essay? ) My text [] was greatly influenced by the preoccupations I had at that particular time. As I was thinking very much about a play concerning the United States, inevitably, the points of reference became American. Grade For Free? [] There is the violent and the non-violent attitude. There are Martin Luther King and Malcolm X and jobs essay, the Black Panthers.33. 24 Caliban has already cast himself as X and, needless to grade my paper for free say, adopts the more militant position, demanding Freedom now! Interestingly, Cesaire renders this famous Black Power cry in English. The polyglot Caliban thus further exhibits his solidarity with the student, African diaspora around the world, ranging from Africa to North America.

25 Ariel provides another perspective which amounts to grade Ni violence, ni soumission (37) [Neither violence, nor submission (27)] but is rather one of student diet peaceful resistance entered into in order to trouble Prosperos calm pour quune conscience naisse a [lui] (37) [so that a conscience can well up inside him (27)] with the intended result that he will finally acknowledge his own injustice. He adds, in a striking echo of Martin Luther Kings famous I have a dream speech: Jai souvent fait le reve exaltant quun jour, Prospero, toi et moi, nous entreprendrions, freres associes, de batir un monde merveilleux, chacun apportant en contribution ses qualites propres : patience, vitalite, amour, volonte aussi, et rigueur, sans compter les quelques bouffees de reve sans quoi lhumanite perirait dasphyxie. (38) Ive often dreamt a rapturous dream that one day Prospero, you and I would set out as brothers to build a wonderful world, each contributing his own qualities: patience, vitality, love, will power too, and my paper, rigour, not to mention the college diet, eddying dreams without which humanity would suffocate to death. (28) Caliban scoffs at Ariels credulousness: Dis donc, mon petit Ariel, des fois, je me demande sit u nes pas cingle ! Que la conscience naisse a Prospero ? Autant se mettre devant une pierre et attendre quil lui pousse des fleurs ! [] Tu nas rien compris a Prospero. Cest pas un type a collaborer. Cest un mec qui ne se sent que sil ecrase quelquun. Un ecraseur, un broyeur, voila le genre ! Et tu parles de fraternite ! (37-38)

Listen my sweet Ariel, I sometimes wonder if you arent cracked. So that a conscience can well up inside Prospero? You might as well wait for a stone to burst into grade my paper, bloom! [] You dont understand Prospero at all. Hes not the collaborative type. Hes a man who only jobs essay, feels alive when hes crushing someone. Grade My Paper? A crusher, a grinder to R Murrow Essay pulp, thats what he is! And you talk of brotherhood! (28) 26 The militant Caliban believes the dreamy Ariel is a dupe. Once again, with a striking economy, Cesaire pays short shrift to grade my paper for free the Christian-humanist narrative of reconciliation (via an jobs essay, imposed penance and then contrition) willed by Prospero in Shakespeares play. Caliban is prepared for a violent armed struggle akin to those waged by the Mau Mau or the ANC, saying: Mieux vaut la mort que lhumiliation et linjustice Dailleurs, de toute maniere, le dernier mot mappartiendra A moins quil nappartienne au neant.

Le jour ou jaurai le sentiment que tout est perdu, laisse-moi voler quelques barils de ta poudre infernale, et cette ile, mon bien, mon ?uvre, du haut de lempyree ou tu aimes planer, tu la verras sauter dans les airs, avec, je lespere, Prospero et moi dans les debris. Grade My Paper For Free? (38) Better death than humiliation and injustice Besides the last word shall be mine. Unless it belongs to nothingness. The day I feel alls lost, just let me filch a few barrels of your infernal powder andfrom high in student the empyrean where you love to soaryou will see this isle, my inheritance, my work, all blown sky high, with, I hope, Prospero and me amongst the debris. (28) 34 Lucy Rix, op. cit. , p. 237-238, discusses the drive towards self whitening as one of the most in (. ) 27 Such words now seem grimly prophetic of grade my paper for free suicide bombings and Essay Therapy, campaigns of for free terror but they also identify the despair and desparation of the perpetrators and the terrible cost of stripping the wretched of the earth of their dignity, robbing them of their birthright and making them fear for their very existence, especially (and most usually) in a colonial situation. It is within this incredibly high-stakes situation, that the racial difference between the two slaves must be understood and considered. In The Tempest , Caliban is an earthen clod whereas dainty Ariel is an airy spirit. Cesaire seizes upon this difference but racializes it, too. Historically, Martinique had more mulattoes than whites and, as ever, in colonial societies where the Essay on Not Born a Monster: Frankenstein Shelley, white ruling class sought to inculcate its values and sought to impress upon its subjects that its culture and skin colour were the ideals, the paleness of my paper ones skin and the proximity of Edward R Murrow ones position to the white rulers became an important factor in my paper for free determining ones position in the social hierarchy. Second? So here a truculent Caliban accuses the pacific Ariel of being a house servant (he is cast as the field slave), a collaborating sycophant with an Uncle Tom patience.

Cesaire does not shy away from my paper for free projecting the racialized differences and tensions residing within colonial (and post-colonial) societies, not least his own. Caliban, of course, has more to lose than Ariel but his very humiliation has hardened his resolve. Alex Haley recalled in Roots the old racist jingle: If youre white, youre all right; if youre brown, stick around; if youre black, stand back.34. 28 In the eyes of the monological Prospero, Par [l]insubordination [de Caliban], cest tout lordre du monde quil remet en cause (71) [Calibans] insubordination calls into doubt the entire order of the was the amendment, world (47)]. Prospero. Comprenez-moi bien. Je suis non pas au sens banal du terme, le maitre, comme le croit ce sauvage, mais le chef dorchestre dune vaste partition : Suscitant les voix, moi seul, Et a mon gre les enchainant, Organisant hors de la confusion.

La seule ligne intelligible. Sans moi, qui de tout cela. Saurait tirer musique ? Sans moi cette ile est muette. (90) 35 In his Course in General Linguistics , Ferdinand de Saussure (posthumous inspirer of for free Structuralism) (. Jobs Essay? ) Prospero. Understand me well. I am not, in the ordinary sense. the master, as this savage thinks, but rather the conductor of a vast score: Teasing out voices, myself alone, and coupling them at for free my pleasure, arranging out of the Edward R Murrow Essay, confusion. the sole intelligible line. Without me, who would be able. to derive music from all this?

Without me, this island is dumb.35 (60) 36 Chris Tiffin and Alan Lawson, Eds., De-Scribing Empire: Post-Colonialism and Textuality , London, R (. ) 29 Chris Tiffin and Alan Lawson argue that, Imperial textuality appropriates, distorts, erases, but it also contains. Grade My Paper For Free? 36 The imperial project contains cultures/subjects in order to control them, but no former colony is was the second amendment passed, as simply circumscribed as colonial discourse would have it: each post-colonial political, historical, linguistic, and cultural situation inevitably becomes much more convoluted than is figured by the coloniser. Grade My Paper? In truth, it is Essay Ethics, Prospero who is enfeebled by his monoglot sclerosis. His rigid cultural position does not brook translation. He cannot discoursehis is a dialogue of the deafhe can only dictate.

Conversely, the transgressive Caliban is able to journey back and grade, forth between languages. Empowered, he understands Prospero, not vice-versa. 37 Indeed, in an exciting addition to the original plot, the scientific Prospero sneers in Essay Therapy recollecti (. Grade My Paper? ) 30 By the end of the play, Caliban has made multiple claims to African Uhuru , Black Powers Freedom now and an internationalist call to R Murrow Liberty ohay liberty which transcends all boundaries. His ability to articulate a culture foreign to, and not laid down by, Prospero is key. For Free? Prospero uses language to close down consciousness.

Concerning Caliban, his language constantly negates, denies and demonises: brute savage, beast, sorcerer, etc, whilst Calibans linguistic identity, his African utterances, are dismissed as Encore une remontee de ton langage barbare (24) [yet another return to your savage tongue (19)]. Whereas Caliban asserts and was the second, affirms potential and otherness, Prospero refuses dialogue: Je ne tai pas appele pour discuter ! (27) [I did not summon you here to argue (21)]. He is portrayed as a sadistic power wielder who had dreamt of establishing a colonial empire even before leaving Italy and who is bereft of his originals christianised goodwill: Si tu rouspetes, la trique (27) [If you grumble you shall be thrashed (21)].37 Cesaire focuses on Prosperos magica physical control over othersin this strictly limited sense. As opposed to grade my paper the original, banquet and harpy scene (Act III Scene 3) which simply tantalises, Prospero is chillingly bent on force-feeding his captives, and his motives are signally lacking in any ethical imperatives toward repentance. While Prospero may claim Je suis la Puissance (44) [I am Power (32)], his material might resides in technological know-how and R Murrow Essay, the machinery of repression. The play charts an ongoing demystification and unravelling of his authority. As A tempest reaches its climax, Caliban recites a long litany of abuses and injustices forced upon my paper for free him: Il faut que tu comprennes, Prospero : des annees jai courbe la tete, des annees jai accepte.

tes insultes, ton ingratitude, pis encore, plus degradante que tout le reste, Mais maintenant cest fini ! Fini, tu entends ! Bien sur, pour le moment tu es encore. Mais ta force, je men moque, comme de tes chiens, dailleurs, de ta police, de tes inventions ! Et tu sais pourquoi je men moque ? Cest parce que je sais que je taurai. Empale ! Et au pieu que. tu auras toi-meme aiguise ! (87-88) 38 See the citation at the start of this article to when was the amendment see how this speech continues. You must understand, Prospero: for years I bowed my head, for years I stomached it, stomached all of it: your insults, your ingratitude, and worst of all, more degrading than all the rest,

But now its over! Over, do you hear! Of course, for the moment youre still. But I dont care two hoots about your power, or your dogs either, your police, or your inventions! And do you know why I dont care? Its because I know Ill have you! Youll be impaled! And on grade my paper a stake.

youll have sharpened yourself!38 (57-58) 39 According to Michel Giraud, Dialectics of Descent and Phenotypes in Racial Classification in Mart (. Essay Therapy Ethics? ) 31 In an inspired response to Shakespeares mages magic, Cesaires Caliban identifies Prosperos illusions with spreading a deceitful false consciousness about the state of the world, imposing on Caliban a disabling belief in grade my paper for free his own underdevelopment and incompetence.39 The speech is student, a culmination of Calibans efforts, established from his first entry, to grade rise up above oppression and resurrect an authentic black culture and history. Gilbert and Tompkins write, 40 Gilbert and Tompkins, op. cit. Essay Therapy Ethics? , p. 12. Historical recuperation is one of the crucial aims and effects of many post-colonial plays, which frequently tell the my paper, other side of the conquering whites story in order to contest the official version of student history that is preserved in imperialist texts. Like his/her version of grade for free history, the colonisers language has assumed a position of dominance which must be interrogated and dismantled as part of the decolonising project.40. 32 Caliban has forced Prospero to look full square upon passed the charade of his colonial mission and grade for free, when the latter warns him that he is heading towards suicidal perdition, Caliban tells him he hates him.

Prospero answers in kind: Eh bien moi aussi je te hais ! Car tu es celui par qui pour. la premiere fois jai doute de. Well I hate you as well! For you are the one who. made me doubt myself. for the first time. (59)

41 Helen Tiffin, Post-colonial literatures and Edward, counter-discourse, in Kunapipi 9:3, 17-34, p. My Paper? 17. Ti (. ) 33 His ambivalence emphasises the shattered authority that has been steadily increasing throughout the play. Between Government? According to Hegel, we recognise ourselves through others recognition of us. Grade? Caliban does not grant this consensual recognition. A fissure rends the colonial veil. Whereas, in The Tempest , Prospero leaves the when amendment passed, island to my paper return to Naples, conveniently bestowing forgiveness on all and Born Shelley, sundry and my paper, with an imminent marriage between Miranda and Ferdinand symbolising a re-soldered alliance between estranged ruling houseseven if there is no contrition from Antoniohere he remains. Student Diet? Just as Cesaires Ariel sings, Rien nest, tout devient (30) [Nothing is, all becomes (23)], so post-colonial theatre configures process, not arrival.41 It is inimical to false closure; rather, it recognises the complexity of its situation. Prospero, the old colonialist, is left listless and aged, alone on the island, raging against the encroachment of nature, roaring out for Caliban but unable to untangle the grade my paper for free, complexity of his relationship with him beyond: Toi-Moi ! Moi-Toi ! (92) [You-Me! Me-You! (61)] But the mutuality of this dialectic no longer holds. Caliban refuses to answer Prosperos call; he has broken free from the grip of Prosperos voice, from colonial control, and thus has undermined Prosperos fundamental conception of himself.

The final words of the play are an Ethics, unseen Calibans distant, yet insistent and grade, haunting, call for liberty. Shakespeares mage steps forward at the end of The Tempest , asking to be set free by applause. Here, there is no such recognition. Rather, he is fettered in a prison of between government and parliament moribund ideology and vested interests. Grade For Free? Prosperos failure to college student diet leave the island also indicates Cesaires recognition that whether decolonised or not, the grasp of colonialism (and, crucially, neo-colonialism) will not be relinquished so easily. 42 Almquist, op. cit. , p. My Paper For Free? 591. 43 Bob Marley and the Wailers, Buffalo Soldier , 1980, on the posthumously released Confrontation LP, (. ) 44 The Yoruba are a people of western Nigeria and R Murrow Essay, neighbouring regions. A syncretistic religion of Sh (. ) 34 Steve Almquist writes: Cesaires representation of Caliban produces an Africanized figure that embodies the complexity of the diasporic African in the middle of the twentieth century.42 It is my contention that the resurrection and resistance of Caliban is founded upon the African cultural resonances in grade my paper the play: Uhuru , Shango, Oo-en-day , Macaya . It is to second amendment passed these that Caliban owes allegiance and not to imposed western ideologies.

Like Malcolm, he calls himself X, identifies his dispossession, the grade my paper for free, fate of the enslaved African diaspora, and casts off the slough of abjection as he reclaims and refashions his cultural identity, fighting for survival, in Marleys words, in the heart of the when passed, Caribbean.43 Caliban twice invokes Shango, the Yoruba god of grade my paper for free thunder and lightning and the owner of the Bata drums. Cesaire identifies Shango as a great god of Essay Born Frankenstein by Mary Shelley heaven who is very violent but who is fundamentally benevolent, renewing the face of the earth. Grade My Paper? Shango is the violent storm which impregnates the earth by bringing life-bringing rain. Shakespeares western tempest is countered by an African one.44. 45 See Gilbert and Tompkins, op. Second? cit. , p. 32-33, for grade my paper for free, a reading of this scene which epitomises the sl (. ) 35 A crucial interpellation into student, Shakespeares play comes as Une tempete speeds towards its climax. Eshu, the African trickster devil-god Dieu pour les amis, diable pour les ennemis (68) [God to my paper my friends, Devil to Essay on Not a Monster: Frankenstein by Mary Shelley my enemies (45)], erupts into Prosperos masqueanti-masque par excellence to all the stilted, ongoing decorum of the classical goddesses. His lewdness and sexual predatorinessde son penis il frappe (70) [with his penis he smites (46)] is an ironic exposure of white paranoia and grade for free, demonization. Cocking a snook at Prospero, Eshu is not part of the colonialists script. He re-appropriates a vivid black identity by using negative stereotype, in Edward a manner analogous to the political use of for free such terms as dreadlock or queer, and revelling in its otherness.

Such carnivalesque flaunting of Essay on Not Frankenstein by Mary Shelley taboo (rampant black sexuality and miscegenation) amounts to a symbolic badge of insubordination and unbowed dissidence. The western pantheon is dispersed and routed by such vulgarity. Eshu stands for the supplanted spirit of Africa returning, superabundant and grade, irrepressible.45. Crucially, although beleaguered by the illusory ideologies of colonialism, Caliban remains true to his own culture and passed, beliefs, living a symbiotic partnership with nature (personified as his mother Sycorax): Sycorax ma mere ! Serpent ! Pluie ! Eclairs ! Et je te retrouve partout : Dans l?il de la mare qui me regarde, sans ciller, a travers les scirpes. Dans le geste de la racine tordue et son bond qui attend. Dans la nuit, la toute-voyante aveugle, la toute-flaireuse sans naseaux ! (26) Sycorax my mother! Serpent! Rain! Lightning! And I find you everywhere!

In the for free, eye of the pond, which stares at me, unblinking, through the rushes. In the gesture of the twisted root with coiled spring. In the blinded all-seeing night, the nostril-less all-smelling night! (20) 36 It is he, rather than Shakespeares poet-mage, who is the Ethics, most effective of for free verbal artificers. (The isle is full of noises is, of amendment passed course, one of the for free, most beautiful and stirring of speeches in The Tempest .) 46 When reminded of being imprisoned in the cloven pine, Ariel dreams of between government having metamorphosed into a (. ) Cesaire celebrates Caribbean and African ecology throughout.46 His poetic brilliance is borne along by ritual and the carnivalesque, communicating visceral humour as well as sadness. Noir picoreur de la savane. le quiscale arpente le jour nouveaux. dans son armure hautaine.

zip ! Lincisif colibri. au fond dune corolle sejouit. fera-t-il fou, fera-t-il ivre. lyre rameutant nos delires. la Liberte ohe ! La Liberte ! Ramier halte dans ces bois. Errant des iles cest ici le repos. Le miconia est pillage pur. du sang violet de la baie mure.

de sang de sang barbouille ton plumage. Dans le dos des jours fourbus. la Liberte ohe ! La Liberte ! (64-65) Black pilferer of the savannah, the grackle surveys the for free, new day humid and stirring from its lofty citadel. Zip! The incisive humming-bird.

rejoices in the depths of difference between and parliament a flowers innermost whorl. Is he mad, is he drunk, the lyre gathering our wild desires: Liberty ohay liberty! Woodpigeon halts in these woods. Wanderer of the my paper for free, isleshere is repose. The miconia is utter spoils.

of violet blood of ripe berry. With blood, with blood smear your plumage. Upon the back of exhausted days. Liberty ohay liberty! (43) 37 This song of Calibans resonates with Shakespeares Ariels Where the bee sucks there suck I (the humming-bird rejoicing in jobs essay the flowers innermost whorl) and my paper, exemplifies Cesaires creative refashioning of The Tempest into jobs essay, a Caribbean context. 47 See Bill Ashcroft, Gareth Griffiths, Helen Tiffin, The Empire Writes Back: Theory and Practice in (. ) 38 Cesaire did not generally write in creole but marooned himself from metropolitan French, refashioning a new voice in my paper a manner congruent with Bill Ashcroft et al. s notion of Britains erstwhile Empire writing back.47 The maroons were runaway slaves. By analogy, he sought to break the diet, fetters of colonialist discourse. My Paper? Cesaire punned that he would pluck the Essay Born Frankenstein Shelley, marrons du feu, literally plucking the sweet-chestnuts from the my paper for free, fire but also symbolically rising up against imperialist strictures.

Here the mystification and second passed, assumptions of the colonially projected Tempest are met head on and the colonial form is hybridised with the introduction of African and English languages and African and Caribbean ritual and rhythm. Grade? My translation sticks to the letter of the French script as faithfully as possible. When Was The Second Passed? Nevertheless, the my paper for free, actors playing Ariel and Caliban inflected their speech with British West Indian patois, significantly enriching the jobs essay, production with the music of different discourses. Historically, English has been more obviously permeable than metropolitan French, policed by its own Academy. (Cesaire himself was famously the brilliant scholarship boy from the Antilles who spoke an elegant formal French, even conjugating the imperfect subjunctive.) 39 Over the years, the late prophet of negritude was criticised by other black post-colonial writers (e.g.

Wole Soyinka) and the disciples of creolite for his allegiance to grade my paper abstraction (some overarching African-ness) and for failing to recognise the when second amendment passed, authentic plurality of voices in the Caribbean. Cesaire wrote predominantly in classical French. Yet, absent thought creole might be from Une tempete , this play cherishes the local just as it springs from a deep love of Africa, the faith and rock of the black diaspora. Furthermore, Cesaires negritude is grounded in a profound historical consciousness which identifies a common past of grade suffering experienced by jobs essay the African diaspora worldwide at the hands of imperialists and slavers. Caliban the hero delivers a clarion call for grade my paper for free, justice and solidarity. The play is a twentieth-century masterpiece of world theatre, a triumph that re-appropriates the poetic force of Shakespeare, kicks down blinkered insularity and demands to be seen and heard. 1 Caliban . Prospero youre a great illusionist: / you know all about student diet lies. / And you lied to me so much, / lied about the world, lied about yourself, / that you ended up by imposing on me / an image of myself: / underdeveloped, in your words, / incompetent, / thats how you forced me to grade for free see myself, / and I hate that image! And it is false! / But now I know you, you old cancer, / And I also know myself! (58).

Citations throughout are from Aime Cesaire, Une tempete , Paris, Seuil, 1969, and from my translation, Philip Crispin, A tempest , London, Oberon, 2000. Page numbers for both follow in parentheses. 2 From Aime Cesaire, Cahier dun retour au pays natal , Paris, Presence Africaine, 1956. 3 A tempest ( Une tempete) played from 21 September to 14 October, 1998. It was described by Professor Malcolm Bowie as not simply a new reading of Shakespeare but an Edward Essay, original play of my paper astonishing power. Malcolm Bowie, Island Infamy (review of A tempest ), Times Literary Supplement , 9 October, 1998, p. Therapy Ethics? 22. 4 I am indebted to Peter Hulme and Bill Sherman for the stage history in this paragraph. Their co-edited book The Tempest and its Travels , published by Reaktion Books in my paper 2000, is Essay Therapy, a rich cultural study of grade for free The Tempest , exploring, among other concerns, its vitality in new contexts, its key significance in college diet colonial and post-colonial debates, and its problematising of the movement between the for free, local and jobs essay, the global. It includes two scenes from my translation and two photographs by Pau Ros from the London production, as well as an article by Lucy Rix: Maintaining the State of Emergence/y: Aime Cesaires Une tempete . 5 See Robert Eric Livingston, Decolonizing the Theatre: Cesaire, Serreau and the Drama of Negritude, in J. For Free? Ellen Gainor, ed., Imperialism and Theatre: Essays on World Theatre, Drama and Performance ,London, 1995, p. 182-98.

6 See Alvina Ruprecht, Staging Aime Cesaires Une tempete : Anti-Colonial Theatre in the Counter-Culture Continuum, Essays in on Not Born a Monster: Theatre/Etudes theatrales , 15:1, 1996, p. My Paper For Free? 59?68, p. 62. 7 Of course, it is true that in The Tempest , Sycorax and Caliban also colonised the island and supplanted its original inhabitants, too. Evidently, Cesaires polemical adaptation provides a partial reading of the original script. His focus is on the (formerly) enslaved black diaspora. Intriguingly, however, in diet his droll re-working of Calibans encounter with Stephano and Trinculo, the recalcitrant butler and jester still refer to him as an Indian or, more often, a nindian. This word possesses a double resonance. Firstly, it recalls the original inhabitants of the grade for free, New World, vast numbers of whom were wiped out due to conquerors genocides, inhuman treatment or because their immune system was unable to protect them against newly imported diseases.

In Cesaires play, Stephano and Trinculo still intend to display Caliban in a travelling fair as an exotic freak when back home. Secondly, nindian evokes West Indian, the on Not Born a Monster: by Mary Shelley, collective name for anglophone Caribbean inhabitants, so called because Christopher Columbus had dubbed the indigenous people he found Indians, for he believed that he would be able to reach the Indies by sailing west. Since the period of slavery, of course, the my paper for free, majority of Essay Therapy Ethics West Indians are descended from the grade, African diaspora. It is important to college note that, with the exception of the list of for free dramatis person? in which Caliban is identified as a savage slave, it is Trinculo who, in Act II Scene 2, categorically registers Calibans humanity, calling him an islander, and Edward, also how in England would this monster make a man. He and Stephano generally refer to him in grade pejorative dehumanising terms (eg mooncalf), however. 8 Quoted in Livingston, op. cit. , p. 192.

9 Helen Gilbert and Joanne Tompkins, Post-Colonial Drama: Theory, Practice, Politics , London and New York, Routledge, 1996, p. 15. Thomas Macaulays Minute on Education (1835) which argued for on Not Frankenstein by Mary, the importance of grade my paper literature in producing Indians English in taste, in opinions, and in jobs essay intellect was a foundational text in such epistemic colonisation. 10 Lucy Rix, Maintaining the State of Emergence/y: Aime Cesaires Une tempete , in grade Peter Hulme and Bill Sherman, op. cit. , p. And Parliament? 236-249, p. 239. Grade My Paper For Free? Quotation from Legitime Defense taken from Lilyan Kesteloot, Black Writers in French , trans. Ellen Conroy Kennedy, Philadelphia, 1974. 11 In our production in London, we replaced Baudelaire with Mirandas line: O brave new world, that hath such creatures in jobs essay it! which always received a good laugh. 12 Gilbert and my paper, Tompkins, op. cit. , p. 3. 14 See Ibid. , p. 19-25, for a discussion of how Shakespeare was taught and regarded in the colonies. 15 Rob Nixon, Caribbean and Essay on Occupational Therapy, African Appropriations of The Tempest , Critical Inquiry 13 (1987), p. 569.

16 See Gilbert and Tompkins, op. cit. , p. 30-31. 17 Paul Brown, This Thing of grade my paper for free Darkness I Acknowledge Mine: The Tempest and jobs essay, the Discourse of Colonialism, in Jonathan Dollimore and grade, Alan Sinfield, Eds., Political Shakespeare: New Essays in college Cultural Materialism , Manchester, Manchester University Press, 1985, p. 48-71, p. Grade My Paper? 48. 19 Although there had been Cambro-Norman-English colonising of Ireland since the difference between, twelfth century, this became concerted in the sixteenth century. The colonial experience in Ireland, along with the Bermuda pamphlets and the colony in Virginia, provided further topical inspiration for The Tempest . 20 Francis Barker and my paper, Peter Hulme, Nymphs and Reapers Heavily Vanish: The Discursive Con-texts of The Tempest , in Jonathan Drakakis, Ed., Alternative Shakespeares , London and New York, Methuen, 1985, p. Diet? 191-205, p. 204. 21 Aime Cesaire, Discourse on Colonialism , Trans. Joan Pinkham, New York, Monthly Review Press, 2000, p. 32. 22 The Discourse on Colonialism compares the grade my paper for free, evils of jobs essay imperialism with the evil of the Holocaust, the difference being that in the former case the evils went largely unchronicled and uncondemned. Caliban says at grade my paper for free the climax of the play: Te vomir.

Toi, tes pompes, tes ?uvres ! Ta blanche toxine ! (87) [Id vomit you up, all your pomp and jobs essay, designs! Your white poison! (57)]. 23 Gonzalos idyll-manifesto chimes with the type of cliches trotted out grade my paper for free, during an exhibition on The Happy Antilles held in Paris in 1945 by the Ministry of Colonies. Poems included described Martinique as an enchanting Paradis vegetaux, a Coffre a baisers and a Cher jardin des petits cadeaux, a Familiere boite a surprise. Cited in Rix, op. cit. On Not Frankenstein By Mary? , p. 306. 24 The phrase noble savage first appeared in Drydens play The Conquest of Granada (1672) although it may have been inspired by a 1609 travelogue about Canada by the French explorer Marc Lescarbot who wrote that the for free, savages are truly noble, although this was because they, like French royalty, hunted game. Difference Between? Alexander Popes Essay on Man describes the poor Indian living within nature and touched by grace. The travel accounts of such explorers as Louis Antoine de Bougainville and my paper for free, James Cook encouraged a belief in an Edenic culture residing within the South Seas. See Ter Ellingson, The Myth of the Noble Savage , Berkeley, University of California Press, 2001. 25 In Une tempete , Prospero tells Miranda how his prophetic art had discovered the precise location of those lands which had been sought for centuries.

His brother Antonio and rival King Alonso of Naples conspire to jobs essay depose him and steal his empire a naitre (20) [unborn empire (16)]. This fascinating addition to grade the plot calls to mind the great powers scramble for Edward R Murrow Essay, Africa in the nineteenth century and other such contests for grade my paper for free, territorial domination. In response to on Occupational Gonzalos guano project, Sebastian says: Faut-il encore quil y ait des bras pour cultiver [les champs] (40) [But well still need hands to cultivate [the fields] (29). Hands is a convenient, depersonalising euphemism for labour, not least slave labour. Gonzalos plantation in for free The tempest leads inevitably to the thoughts of slave plantationsacross the Edward R Murrow Essay, Caribbean, the American tropics (North, Central and my paper for free, South) and R Murrow, Africa where King Leopolds rubber plantation in grade the Congo led to Joseph Conrads memorable phrase: the heart of darkness.

26 Cf the OEDs definition of pidgin: any combination and distortion of two languages as a means of communication. Caliban communicates his otherness. According to Alan Lawson and Edward R Murrow, Chris Tiffin: Difference, which in colonialist discourse connotes a remove from normative European practice, and hence functions as a marker of subordination, is for post-colonial analysis the correspondent marker of identity, voice, and hence empowerment. Alan Lawson and Chris Tiffin, Conclusion: reading difference, in C. Tiffin and grade, A. Lawson, Eds., De-Scribing Empire: Post-Colonialism and Textuality , London, Routledge, 1994, 230-235, p. 230. 27 Steve Almquist, Not Quite the Gabbling of A Thing Most Brutish: Calibans Kiswahili in Aime Cesaires A tempest , Callaloo, vol. 29, Number 2, 2006, p. When Was The Amendment? 587-607, p. 587-588. 28 Almquist warns that the word should not be understood in a monolithic way. Much of the western media demonised and sensationalized the Mau Mau as savage, primitive and anti-Christian, hence the word for many whites raised a frisson of grade for free anxiety and fear. College Student? Uhuru threatened to demolish the common [white and my paper for free, western] representation of the childlike, faithful, and loyal African. Ibid. , p. 587. In Robert Ruarks popular 1962 novel Uhuru , the word evoked for jobs essay, whites a measure of losslost power over servants, lost lands, lost security, lost innocence. At the same time it identified Africans as bestial and my paper, depraved. In a sense, Almquist adds, Ruark is recasting Shakespeares The Tempest and Edward R Murrow, offering a twentieth-century version of the depraved slave in need of grade my paper civilizing. Essay On Occupational? Ibid. , p. 601. At the same time, there was a burgeoning attraction to grade for free the concept and was the second amendment passed, linguistic power of Uhuru for those who might feel like modern-day Calibans themselves.

Julius Nyerere, the Tanzanian leader, and a great hero of grade my paper African de-colonization, used the word. According to Steven Feierman, Gender, Slavery and Chiefship: Peasant Attempts to Create an Alternative Discourse, in Peasant Intellectuals: Anthropology and History in by Mary Tanzania , Madison, University of Wisconsin Press, 1990, p. 204-222, p. Grade My Paper For Free? 212, cited by Almquist, When older people heard Nyerere talk about Uhuru , freedom or independence, they also knew Uhuru in their observed experience as the release from difference between utungwa , slavery or pawnship, which in their thinking presupposed an entire system of descent-group rights in persons. Almquist writes: At the same time Uhuru would resonate as a symbolic slogan for grade, overcoming racial oppression worldwide, in between and parliament East Africa it carried with it the literal sense of freedom from a system of slavery. Cesaire may or may not have been aware of this further resonance. Almquist, Ibid. , p. 605. For a more expansive discussion of Uhuru , See Almquist, Ibid. , p. 598-601. 30 Almquist, op. cit. See p. 597.

31 Freckled refers to Calibans skin colour. Cesaires use of the notoriously racist abuse word monkey responds acutely to such a derogatory description. 33 Cited in Robert P. Grade My Paper For Free? Smith and jobs essay, Robert J. Hudson, Evoking Caliban: Cesaires Response to Shakespeare, CLA Journal, 35,4, 1992, p. 387-399, p. 394. 34 Lucy Rix, op. Grade My Paper? cit. , p. 237-238, discusses the drive towards self whitening as one of the most insidious obstacles to decolonization in Martinique and how mulattos with their peau chappes (escape skins) sought nothing but the ideal of assimilating into white French culture. Jobs Essay? The racial ideology, based on the association of the idea of freedom with resemblance, was deeply seated in not just the grade my paper, white but also within the mulatto and student, black communities as well. 35 In his Course in General Linguistics , Ferdinand de Saussure (posthumous inspirer of Structuralism) conceives of language as composed of the overarching general structure, langue , and localized, contextual utterances he calls parole . He provides the my paper, metaphor of the orchestra to difference between and parliament elucidate his concept. As each musician warms up, there is a form of cacophony; only for free, when the conductor conducts, is there symphonic music. So general communication can only come through langue as opposed to the specificities of R Murrow parole s localized discourse. See Ferdinand de Saussure, Course in grade my paper for free General Linguistics , Trans.

Roy Harris, La Salle, Illinois, Open Court, 1983. Yet Prosperos logocentric view (in which he corresponds to the logos , both speech and reason) amounts to an absolutist insensitivity to cultural context. He rejects fluidity and, with blind ignorance and arrogance, seeks to impose his own cultural code. 36 Chris Tiffin and Therapy Ethics, Alan Lawson, Eds., De-Scribing Empire: Post-Colonialism and Textuality , London, Routledge, 1994, p. 6. 37 Indeed, in an exciting addition to the original plot, the scientific Prospero sneers in recollecting his near-persecution at the hands of the Inquisition (etres de nuit (21) [creatures of darkness (17)]) who wished to try him over charges of necromancy and sorcery. Cesaire casts Gonzalo as a pious buffoon whose catechism lesson on the difference between an act of contrition and an act of attrition satirically evokes the Christian will to reconciliation and my paper for free, forgiveness so central to The Tempest . Edward Essay? His later attempted exorcism of Caliban, which the latter meets with laughter, and then the handing him over to the bras seculier (86) [secular arm (56)], ie Prospero, to do with as he will, chillingly calls to mind the for free, complicity of the Church in Edward Essay the ruthless execution of the colonial enterprise and my paper for free, the persecution of indigenous peoples in jobs essay the guise of saving their souls (as recalled in grade my paper for free the murals of Diego Rivera in Mexico City).

38 See the and parliament, citation at the start of this article to see how this speech continues. 39 According to Michel Giraud, Dialectics of Descent and Phenotypes in Racial Classification in Martinique, in Richard D.E. Burton and Fred Reno, ed.s, French and West Indian: Martinique, Guadaloupe and French Guiana Today, London, 1995, p. 75-85, racism in Martinique was deeply internalized. 40 Gilbert and Tompkins, op. cit. Grade? , p. 12. 41 Helen Tiffin, Post-colonial literatures and counter-discourse, in Essay on Occupational Ethics Kunapipi 9:3, 17-34, p. 17. Tiffin adjudges that, Decolonization is process, not arrival. 43 Bob Marley and the Wailers, Buffalo Soldier , 1980, on the posthumously released Confrontation LP, Tuff Gong/Island Records, 1983.

44 The Yoruba are a people of western Nigeria and grade my paper, neighbouring regions. Essay Therapy Ethics? A syncretistic religion of grade my paper for free Shango is jobs essay, widespread across the Caribbean and in Brazil. In La Tragedie du Roi Christophe , Henri Christophe, who wished to honour and restore the grade my paper for free, grandeur of his people, represents Shango. Like Caliban-X, he recognises how the difference between government, slavers and colonialists robbed the people of my paper for free their history and names of pride. Essay A Monster: Frankenstein By Mary? Aime Cesaire, La Tragedie du Roi Christophe , Paris, Presence Africaine, 1970. 45 See Gilbert and Tompkins, op. My Paper? cit. , p. Difference Government And Parliament? 32-33, for a reading of this scene which epitomises the slaves ability to counter his masters power over representation. This counter-utopian moment critiques both the ritual contexts and the performance codes of The Tempests masque, substituting a ceremony that attests to the unconstrained vitality of Afro-Caribbean culture. See Rix, op. Grade My Paper? cit. , p. 240, where she writes of Cesaires appropriation of surrealism in his arsenal of cultural resistance. Essay Born Shelley? Surrealism aimed to shock the prim bourgeoisie with a production of humorous, vulgar gestures that attempted to undermine the for free, validity and authority of high-brow Western culture. It is also pertinent to point out here that Caliban-X categorically denies trying to rape Miranda, a reason given for his bondage in Shakespeares play. Rather he says to college student diet Prospero: Dis-donc, vieux bouc, tu me pretes tes idees libidineuses (27) [Listen, old goat, youve foisted your own lustful cravings on me (21)]. In Shakespeares original, Caliban is cast as an unbridled wild man, the wild man being the for free, very image of desire. 46 When reminded of jobs essay being imprisoned in for free the cloven pine, Ariel dreams of having metamorphosed into a tree, Ovid-style. He dreams of both palms and ceiba trees (Caribbean) but also the baobab, home to the hornbill (Africa). 47 See Bill Ashcroft, Gareth Griffiths, Helen Tiffin, The Empire Writes Back: Theory and Practice in Post-Colonial Literatures , London, Routledge, 1989.

Some creole is spoken in The Tragedy of King Christophe . College Diet? Op. cit. Philip Crispin , A Tempestuous Translation: Aime Cesaires Une tempete , Itineraires , 2010-4 | 2010, 137-161. Philip Crispin , A Tempestuous Translation: Aime Cesaires Une tempete , Itineraires [En ligne], 2010-4 | 2010, mis en ligne le 01 decembre 2010, consulte le 05 octobre 2017. URL : ; DOI : 10.4000/itineraires.1746. University of Hull, England. Banlieues : entre imaginaires et experiences 2016-2 | 2017.

Livre, serialite et transmedialite 2016-1 | 2016. Ecrire et creer avec les villes en mouvement 2015-3 | 2016. Ethos numeriques 2015-2 | 2016. Stumbling blocks. Entraves et obstacles aux circulations 2015-1 | 2015. Recits de societe 2014-3 | 2015. Le polar en Europe : reecritures du genre 2014-2 | 2015.

Tisseurs : transtextualisation et interculturalites 2014-1 | 2015. Textualites numeriques 2013-2 | 2014. Sade et les femmes 2013-1 | 2013. La fiction aujourdhui 2012-3 | 2013. Lire les villes marocaines 2012-2 | 2012. Intime et politique 2012-1 | 2012. Genres et avant-gardes 2011-4 | 2011.

Ecrivains communistes francais 2011-3 | 2011. Recits du corps au Maroc et au Japon 2011-2 | 2011. Le concept de memoire 2011-1 | 2011. Les Memoires, une question de genre ? 2010-4 | 2010. Modernites shakespeariennes 2010-3 | 2010. Medievalisme 2010-2 | 2010. Les blogs 2010-1 | 2010. Vies possibles, vies romanesques 2009-4 | 2009.

Pour une histoire de lintime et de ses variations 2009-3 | 2009. Modernites occidentales et extra-occidentales 2009-2 | 2009. Caraibe et ocean Indien 2009-1 | 2009. Corpographeses Numero inaugural | 2008. ISSN electronique 2427-920X.

Informations Titre : Itineraires Litterature, textes, cultures En bref : Revue etudiant lemergence de nouveaux espaces litteraires, en termes daires culturelles, de supports, dideologie, de representation du sujet.

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Merci pour votre commentaire. Si vous résidez en France nous avons sûrement un Correspondant Local près de chez vous qui pourra vous accompagner dans la réalisation de votre business plan. Essay On Not Born Frankenstein Shelley? Contactez mon collaborateur Fabrice au 0368616161 pour savoir ce qu'il en est. Bonne journée et à bientôt sur ! Tout d'abord bravo pour votre lancement dans l'entrepreneuriat ! Pour vous aider à créer votre entreprise un de nos Correspondants Locaux peut vous accompagner. My Paper? Je vous propose de contacter un de mes collaborateurs au 03 68 61 61 61 ou si vous préférez, vous pouvez tout simplement formuler votre demande via notre page Questions/réponse. Merci de votre commentaire et à bientôt sur ! Je vous propose de contacter un de mes collaborateurs au numéro suivant 03 68 61 61 61 pour que nous puissions répondre au mieux à votre demande. A Monster: Frankenstein Shelley? Ou si vous préférez, vous pouvez tout simplement formuler votre demande via notre page Questions/réponse. Merci de votre commentaire et à bientôt sur ! Je vous propose de contacter un de mes collaborateurs au numéro suivant 03 68 61 61 61 pour que nous puissions répondre au mieux à votre question. Grade My Paper? Ou si vous préférez, vous pouvez tout simplement formuler votre demande via notre page Questions/réponse. Merci de votre commentaire et à bientôt sur ! Merci pour cet article bien expliqué, bon courage à vous. Merci pour votre commentaire.

Nous ne pouvons pas vous produire de business plan, ce n'est pas notre métier. Edward? Mais je vous propose en contre partie de parcourir nos fiches pratiques sur les business plan. Grade My Paper? Vous les retrouverez ici : Bonne journée et à bientôt sur ! Je vous invite à entrer en contact avec l'un des Correspondants Locaux proche de chez vous via notre Répertoire National des Professionnels du Conseil ou à consulter notre info pratique Prévisionnel : Modèle de Prévisionnels disponible à l'adresse : L'équipe de vous remercie. Je souhaite mettre en place un site e-commerce. Difference Between Government? Serait-il possible d'obtenir un business model s'il vous plait ? Par avance merci. J'aimerais agrandir ma salle de jeux, et j'ai. besoin de conseil et de financement pour y.

parvenir alors j'aimerais travailler en. collaboration avec une personne a fin de réalisé je suis techniquement en chômage depuis 2 jours, je veux pas rester pour longtemps alors j'ai décédé de faire un investissement créer un atelier de fabrication de couche bébé. Grade My Paper For Free? que dois je faire.