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C.S. Lewis, Happiness, and Sexual Morality. In words that are cherished by all civilized men, but especially by Americans, it has been laid down that one of the rights of man is a right to #8216;the pursuit of happiness.#8217; That quote comes from one of C.S. Lewis’ final writings, a fine essay called We Have No Right to Happiness, which was published shortly after his death. Lewis is right – I’ve never stood in front of a group of people young, old, religious, or secular who don’t aspire in some way to be happy. Dissertation Example. But can that pursuit be dangerous for our souls? In the above mentioned essay, C.S. Lewis would seem to say it can#8230; Lewis points out that often we hold a double standard for morality, recognizing in legal age australia, most areas of our life that we ought to pursue happiness by dissertation legitimate means. For C.S. Lewis, a legitimate means to happiness means adhering to the tenets of natural law , the God-given sense of liberty justice of happiness, right and wrong placed within each of us. Introduction. According to the Catechism, natural law is engraved on the soul of every human being (CCC 1954).
It#8217;s this sense of natural law that tells us that lying, cheating, and stealing are immoral; and that honesty, fidelity, and sacrifice are virtues to be admired. In We Have No Right to Happiness , Lewis argues that although we all (rightly) seek happiness none of Is Shylock a Villain Victim? Essay, us has an unlimited right to happiness based on the idea that we can do whatever we want. Lewis is not suggesting we#8217;re supposed to be miserable Christians but you need to follow Lewis#8217; logic. He saw in our society a tendency to dissertation example use the pursuit of happiness not only as a goal but as a justification for the means by which we achieve the goal of happiness. (I want to be happy, therefore it doesn#8217;t matter what I do or whom I hurt so long as it makes me happy). Any sane society will agree with Lewis at least to a point if I want to kill you because it makes me happy, this is problematic.
To murder another person is immoral, and to do so simply because it makes me happy would have society label me some sort of sociopath. But where we seem to be clear on things like murder, our modern society doesn#8217;t see sex in institutional revolutionary, the same way: #8230; sex was to be treated as no other impulse in our nature has ever been treated by civilized people. All the others, we admit, have to be bridled. Absolute obedience to your instinct for self-preservation is what we call cowardice; to your acquisitive impulse, avarice. Even sleep must be resisted if you#8217;re a sentry. But every unkindness and breach of faith seems to be condoned provided that the object aimed at is #8216;four bare legs in a bed.#8217; It is like having a morality in which stealing fruit is considered wrong—unless you steal nectarines.#8221; Our society claims in dissertation example, as loud a voice as it can scream that to justice and the pursuit of happiness try and bridle our sexuality is unnatural and immoral.
How DARE anyone (especially the Church) impose on another limits to their ability to express themselves sexually to their happiness. You#8217;re beginning to see it in introduction example, the defenses of those who commit heinous sexual crimes against others and against children#8230; a defense built upon their #8220;freedom of expression.#8221; It#8217;s the a Villain or a, same defense that used for dissertation introduction, those who hire prostitutes, who view pornography, who are unfaithful to their spouses, and who take advantage of others who are under the influence of drugs or alcohol. But this mentality is not limited to those who struggle with morality. It#8217;s used by many young couples who although they#8217;ve been taught, and in Essay, many cases believe differently choose not to dissertation introduction example wait until their wedding night to consummate their marriage. Or A Essay. #8220;We love each other, and introduction example we have the right to be happy.#8221; It#8217;s used by institutional revolutionary party those who contracept, even though they understand that this changes the dissertation, meaning of their sexual love. Institutional Revolutionary. Seeking happiness in this way leads us away from God#8230; and dissertation introduction so, of course, C.S.
Lewis would write that we have no right to this. The key to Lewis#8217; understanding of the pursuit of happiness is that we all have the samples, right to do so by lawful means . Dissertation. And we have in the natural law, the Commandments, and and the the teachings of dissertation introduction, Christ a pretty good framework of what #8220;lawful means#8221; are supposed to did president do to a solution to the problems of the in 1929? be. The crux of the dissertation example, matter is essays samples for college, quite simple: we try to justify things in dissertation introduction example, the name of being happy because a small part of us knows that something is wrong. This is often the voice of God speaking in our hearts a voice we can acknowledge, allowing Him to transform us to discover something better than happiness: joy or a voice we can smother and ignore, with great risks: #8230;though the #8220;right to happiness#8221; is chiefly claimed for the sexual impulse, it seems to me impossible that the matter should stay there. The fatal principle, once allowed in that department, must sooner or later seep through our whole lives.
We thus advance toward a state of society in which not only each man but every impulse in offer to the human of the depression in 1929?, each man claims carte blanche. Dissertation. And then, though our technological skill may help us survive a little longer, our civilization will have died at heart, and will—one dare not even add #8220;unfortunately#8221;—be swept away.#8221; (C.S. Lewis) A husband father of five children, Mike serves most days as Chaplain to essays samples Evergreen Catholic Schools. [Click to dissertation introduction example read more] All content is intended to reflect the teachings of the Catholic Church.
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Is The Bible Worth Reading? And Other Essays. If man wishes to learn about the earth or the heavens; about life or the animal kingdom, he has no need to study the Bible. If he is desirous of reading the best poetry or the most entertaining literature he will not find it in the Bible. If he wants to read to dissertation introduction example store his mind with facts, the Bible is the last book for him to open, for institutional never yet was a volume written that contained fewer facts than this book. If he is anxious to get some information that will help him earn an honest living he does not want to spend his time reading Genesis, Exodus, Numbers, Kings, Psalms, or the Gospels.
If he wants to read just for the fun of reading, to kill time, or to see how much nonsensical writing there is in one book, let him read the Bible. I have not said that there are not wise sayings in the Bible, or a few dramatic incidents, but there are just as wise sayings, and wiser ones, too, out of the book, and there are dramas of human life that surpass in interest anything contained in the Old or New Testament. No person can make a decent excuse for reading the Bible more than once. To do such a thing would be a foolish waste of time. Dissertation? But our stoutest objection to reading this book is, not that it contains nothing particularly good, but that it contains so much that is Is Shylock or a positively bad. Dissertation Example? To read this book is to get false ideas, absurd ideas, bad ideas. The injury to the human mind that reads the Bible as a reliable book is beyond repair. I do not think that this book should be read by children, by drinking any human being less than twenty years of dissertation age, and it would be better for mankind if not a man or woman read a line of it until he or she was fifty years old. What I want to say is this, that there is nothing in the Bible that is of the in the sun characters least consequence to dissertation the people of the twentieth century. Essays For College? English literature is richer a thousand fold than this so- called sacred volume.
We have books of more information and dissertation introduction example, of more inspiration than the Bible. As the relic of samples a barbarous and superstitious people, it should have a place in our libraries, but it is not a work of any value to this age. I pity men who stand in pulpits and call this book the dissertation example word of God. I wish they had brains enough to legal drinking earn their living without having to repeat this foolish falsehood. The day will come when this book will be estimated for what it is introduction example worth, and when that day comes, the Bible will no longer be called the word of God, but the work of ignorant, superstitious men.
The cross everywhere is a dagger in the heart of in the liberty. A miracle is not an explanation of what we cannot comprehend. Dissertation Example? The statue of liberty that will endure on this continent is not the one made of samples for college granite or bronze, but the one made of love of freedom. Take away every achievement of the world and leave man freedom, and example, the earth would again bloom with every glory of in the attainment; but take away liberty and everything useful and introduction, beautiful would vanish. This is to me the highest, purest, holiest act of humanity. All others, when weighed with this unselfish consecration to duty, seem small and insignificant. There is, in a mother's life, no counting of cost, no calculation of Is Shylock or a Victim? Essay reward.
It is enough that a duty is to example be done; that a service is to be rendered; that a sacrifice is called for. The true mother gives herself to for college the offices of love without hope, expectation, or wish of recompense. A mother's love for her children cannot be determined by any earthly measure, by any material standard. Introduction Example? It outshines all glory, and a Villain or a Victim?, is the last gleam of light in the human heart. A mother's love walks in a thousand Gethsemanes, endures a thousand Calvaries, and has a thousand agonies that the dying of example Jesus upon a cross cannot symbolize. This maternal sacrifice is the greater that it is made cheerfully, without a murmur, and even with joy. If it is not sought; it is never pushed aside. A mother's sacrifice for her family makes a chapter of suffering, of patient toil and strife, of heroic endurance and forbearance, that religion is did president a solution human problems depression in 1929? not yet high enough to dissertation example appreciate; and this sublime devotion is not in one home, but in essays samples for college hundreds of thousands in every land everywhere on earth, and it is real, true, heart-born, and introduction, the utmost of renunciation that human life has revealed. The brief martyrdom of Jesus was not voluntary, was not lasting in its pain or in its service to mankind. His death was cruel, his suffering and agony terrible to think of, but it was all soon over. A few hours of torture make up the tragedy of the cross.
But the story of this crucifixion may be fictitious, imaginary; most likely is such. Perhaps no such man died such a death in any such way. Then how vain and foolish to waste our sympathy on a fanciful sufferer, an justice and the pursuit, imaginary martyr, who never existed outside of the brain of the writer of the story, while there are actual, real beings living who are making a greater sacrifice, doing a holier duty, within our reach! We need not go to a Bible to dissertation find those who deserve our tears, or who have earned our admiration. The bravest heart that ever author wrote into being, fails to come up to the lofty height of endurance, of for college a life inspired by love, of heroic sacrifice, that can be found in hundreds of homes in our land. Far be it from my intention to paint less any deed of mortal that has brightened the lot of man, or to throw discredit upon aught that is worthy of human gratitude and praise. I yield most ready sympathy and most willing admiration to every noble soul that has lived or died to make earth better and happier, but I do not believe that greatness, goodness and love are all dead, and introduction, that our whole duty is to stand and weep around a tomb. I believe in living men and women, in living hearts and Is Shylock, souls, in living greatness and goodness and love, and I tell you all that the earth never bore more loving, more humane, tenderer, braver, or truer hearts than beat today in the living breasts of mankind. And I place above all that is dissertation introduction brave and true, great and good, in the past or present, the mothers of our age. -- What man cannot see that silent, patient mother in her home, the victim of a multitude of trials, crosses, annoyances, day after day and liberty justice and the, week after week, meeting all, bearing all, with a saint's look and manner; and dissertation example, what man, seeing her there, at the side of the sick, worn out with watching and waiting, and then at what hoover do to offer to the human problems depression the bed of death, faithful and true to the last, though wounded in heart and spirit never faltering in the way of duty, that would not say if there be one sacrifice that is example above, and drinking age australia, greater than, all others, it is that of a mother's love? One human being in the great world of man, and in the greater world of example Nature, plays but a small part. Of but little account is a human life in the vast, limitless universe.
A man fills but a little space while alive, and touches but a few hearts when he dies. We are fortunate if we make during life, one true, loyal friend who stands by legal drinking age australia us while that life lasts. We reckon this, after all, the grandest triumph of the human soul. It is not difficult to gather dollars -- quite a number, at least, -- nor to win a measure of fame, but to live, to be, to act, in such way as to bind one true heart to ours, is a victory which we may be proud of. Some lives have larger circumferences than others, radiate farther, influence more, but none can win the rare tribute of perfect friendship from more than one or two.
Yes! man plays but a small part in the great drama of life. He is on the stage but a few short hours, and dissertation, most men are but poor or indifferent actors at best. Who cares when a man dies? Not the sun, for it shines just as gaily when he closes his eyes to its golden light; not the birds, for they chatter and sing over his coffin, and hop and sing on his grave; not the brook, for it runs laughing on drinking, and never stops its gambols and song; not any of the things of earth, but man. When man dies, a few say, Is he gone? and then forget that he ever lived; a few go to help carry his dead body to the grave, and then turn away to join the business and pleasure of life, and introduction, forget that they have buried a man; a few, some days after, call at legal drinking the house where he lived and dissertation introduction, drop a tear of sympathy for the weeping widow and tearful children, and Is Shylock a Villain or a Essay, then forget that the husband and father is no more. But does no one care? Perhaps a wife, who will carry his dead image in her heart as long as it beats; perhaps a daughter, who will remember him a year or two, or a little longer, who will miss his happy greeting, his loving kiss, his proud, kind look as he lifts the heart's dearest idol to his knee; and this is all. And this is introduction enough. We care for only a few; and why should many care for us? Though life is short and not always heroic; and though, when it ends, the world goes on just the a raisin same, we love life and introduction example, it is in the sweet while it lasts.
Though we travel quickly over the road, we enjoy for the most part, the journey of life. Introduction Example? We have pain, it is a Villain or a Victim? Essay true; we learn of sorrow and grief; we feel the pang of parting and weep on dissertation introduction, the white face of some loved one, and yet, we find happiness, we enjoy living, and we regret when the curtain is rung down and our part is played and for college, the lights turned out. When we strike the balance between pleasure and pain, joy and sorrow, happiness and dissertation introduction, misery, most find that life is worth living. A dogma will thrive in pursuit soil where the truth could not get root. The measure of liberty which man enjoys determines the example civilization of the age in which he lives. The person who can make a loaf of bread is more to the world than the person who could perform a miracle. The indifference to Christianity may well alarm the men who live on the credulity that gives it the show of life, but to those who delight in actions of sincerity, it affords the greatest encouragement, for it promises to the world a day when intelligence and integrity will be respected more than ignorance and hypocrisy.
It is a Villain Victim? Essay just the same in the animal world. An immense quantity of useless beings go about on two and four legs or on none at all. The only excuse for the snake is that he was made to eat the toad; for the toad, that he was made to eat insects; for the insects -- well, nobody has yet made a wholesome excuse for their existence, anyway. It looks as though one being in dissertation Nature was made simply to kill another being, and the last-made being, man, is the in the supreme killer of the whole lot. Take the whole range of wild beasts, and find, if you can, aught but malice in their creation, if they were created. No plague ever destroyed hyenas and jackals. Dissertation Example? No one ever found a sick rattlesnake or an invalid hornet. The fittest survive?.
The fittest for what? To worry man, to make life miserable. Mosquitoes, wasps, fleas, reptiles and wild beasts, poisonous vines and shrubs, noxious blossoms whose perfume is the kiss of death, weeds that push and crowd decent plants until they die in utter despair -- these are the sturdiest triumphs of the creative art. We cannot help wishing that the Lord-God had not rested on the seventh day, but instead, had gone around and destroyed about seven-eighths of what he had created. For College? We might then have had quite a decent world to dissertation introduction example live in. Man builds a home for her he loves, he plants beside it all that will make it beautiful to the eyes of his wife. He works and brings what is fair to adorn it, and makes every room a casket to for college hold the example jewel of sun characters love. He looks at his home with pride, and feels that it is the dearest spot on earth, a refuge safe and secure. The cyclone comes and in a moment all is swept away. Man cannot trust the God of the winds.
There is no more terrible calamity that afflicts our globe at the present time than an earthquake. It comes without warning, by day or night, when man is at introduction example his place of business or when he is at rest. There is no way of preventing it, no way of preparing for it. It may wait a hundred, a thousand, years before it works its deadly ruin. But when it comes, havoc is left. An earthquake may be good for the earth, but it is Is Shylock a Villain or a almighty discouraging to the people that live on it. It may seek a beneficent end, but it goes to work in a cruel manner to accomplish it. Human life counts no more than the life of rats when an earthquake gets started. This infernal visitor does not seek a spot where its malevolence can be wrecked upon the rocks and hills. Oftener it goes to the thickly populated city or town and introduction, topples over houses and swallows up dwellings, with men, women and children. Does God send the earthquake?
If he does, where is the Is Shylock or a evidence of his love for man? If He does not, who does? It is pretty tough business to try to reconcile Nature with the idea of God's watchful care over man. If the winds did not turn to introduction hurricanes; if the sunshine did not make drought; if the rain never became a flood; if the sea never grew angry and sunk the ship; if the clouds always dissolved in gentle rain or in dew; if there were no wild beasts; no venomous snakes; no poisonous vines or flowers; if there were only what is Is Shylock a Villain or a Essay bright and fair and good on dissertation example, earth and nothing that was dark and cold and repulsive, we might believe that a heavenly father had made the earth for a dwelling- place for man. But as it is, we have to think as well of Nature as possible and dodge her lightning, run from her water-spouts, keep out of the way of cyclones and shift for ourselves while here. Is Shylock Or A Essay? What follows nobody knows.
It may be better for dissertation us beyond this life; we hope it is no worse. And it may be only sleep, sleep with no dreams and no awakening. Pursuit Of Happiness? We should dislike to die on this side of the grave with the fear that we should come out on the other only to meet a hurricane in the teeth, or find an earthquake had been put under us to give us a shaking up the first thing on that shining shore, or to be caught in dissertation example a furious torrent that poured down the sides of some heavenly mountain. Earth is a pretty good place when the Essay conditions are all favorable, but if we are to have another life it ought to be a better one or else we should be saved the trouble of dying. The feet of progress have always been shod by doubt.
A true man will not join anything that in any way abridges his freedom or robs him of his rights. There is just as much nonsense connected with the use of this phrase the infinite purpose as there is with special Providence or Divine love, or any other religious expression which expresses nothing unless you are religious. Where this purpose makes for righteousness, as Matthew Arnold delighted to example believe, we are willing to what did president a solution human depression catch on to it, but where it is going in the other direction we prefer to go our own way. This notion of uniting the finite with the infinite purpose is all right, providing the latter does not conflict with the former, but we have serious objection to dissertation introduction example doing anything that will interfere with the highest development of our humanity. The purpose which is at work in the world does not make for health any more than for disease. Institutional Revolutionary Party? It seems to carry a tubercle with as much satisfaction as a ray of sunshine, and introduction example, lends all its forces to justice and the assist the example highwayman with no more charge than it makes to the law-abiding citizen.
It seems to us that it is necessary to divorce the infinite purpose from a lot of intentions that do not work for human interests, before it will be desirable to assume intimate relations with this purpose. We do not want to get into touch with what is a Villain Victim? Essay not going our way; that is, the way of health, of prosperity, of happiness. We do not deny that we need to give a higher direction to introduction human thought. We affirm this fact as positively as our most Christian contemporary. Victim?? But before we advise mankind to harness its wagon to the infinite purpose we want to be sure where it is going. Man has to go to mill and market as well as to meeting, and there is just as good a purpose manifested in dissertation getting the most wholesome food for our stomachs as there is in getting the safest creed for our souls. We are loth to trust any religious purpose as opposed to do to of the in 1929? a human one. We believe in man first, last, and dissertation introduction, all the time. Now, let us admit that humanity needs a wiser purpose to essays samples guide it, but let us also admit that it can be found in a wiser human head and human heart. If what is called the infinite purpose is working for the highest end of human life, there is no evidence of the introduction example fact. If there is anything better than human energy back of a good human thought that will help this world, we do not know what it is.
The man who accepts the faith of Calvin is miserable in proportion to liberty justice pursuit the extent he carries it out. Whatever tends to prolong the example existence of ignorance or to prevent the hoover offer a solution human problems of the recognition of knowledge is dangerous to the well-being of the human race. A higher respect for man has been one of the chief promoters of civilization. Advancement has always been toward right and truth when the ranks were imbued with a proper regard for human hearts and human happiness. Say nothing about others that you would not have others say about you. Be severe toward yourself; be kind to your fellow-man. Do not give advice that you cannot follow. Do not thank God for dissertation what man does. Serve neither God nor Mammon, but humanity alone. Do not try to be perfect as a Father in heaven, but try to be better than you yourself are. Essays? Seek first to improve the earth, and heaven will be of dissertation introduction less consequence.
Let us not forget that men speak according to the measure of their knowledge and light, and that a superior enlightenment is a higher authority. In The? History shows that there is nothing so easy to enslave and nothing so hard to dissertation introduction example emancipate as ignorance, hence it becomes the double enemy of what hoover do to a solution to the civilization. By its servility it is the prey of dissertation tyranny, and by its credulity it is the foe of enlightenment. It is pleasant and comforting to believe that one is watched over by a superior power which at essays for college any moment of peril or temptation is introduction example ready to revolutionary party stretch forth its hand and rescue from danger and death, and it is on account of the wonderful seductiveness of introduction this faith that it has lasted so long and has been so hard to overcome. But what we are interested in do to offer to the problems of the in 1929? is, whether or not such a belief has any foundation in fact or in human experience. When Jesus bid his followers to cease giving thought to dissertation introduction example what they should eat and institutional revolutionary, drink and wear, telling them that their heavenly Father fed the dissertation introduction fowls of the air, and that they were better than such fowls, thus implying that their heavenly Father would take proportionately better care of them, was there any ground for any such teaching, and is there any ground for essays for college this faith today?
We claim that the dissertation introduction heavenly Father referred to and the pursuit of happiness by Jesus never fed anything, neither fowl nor man; and that no human being was ever taken care of by any superior power or snatched by it from danger or death. Introduction? Such a faith is the veriest delusion, and it could lodge and take root only in pursuit of happiness the childish mind. Jesus also taught that the Father which is in heaven would give good things to them that ask him. Is there any ground for this rainbow religion? Is there any evidence that there is a Father in heaven who has good things to give to those who ask for dissertation them?
We presume that this faith led men to give up work and to trust to begging for a living. But the question is, which got the most good things, -- those who studied the laws of Nature and of life and worked in harmony with them, or those who prayed for good things? How is for college it today? What good things can be had by praying? Who has any good thing that he received by asking his Father in heaven for it? The asking business has been carried on for hundreds of years, and all that has been asked of God has had to be given by man or has not been given at all. Has it ever been true that Christians had any immunity from danger that others did not have, or that they could live in defiance of the laws of Nature? Jesus told his followers that in his name they shall cast out devils, they shall take up serpents, and dissertation, if they drink any deadly thing it shall not hurt them and they shall have the power to cure the sick by laying their hands upon them. Have men, who professed to follow Jesus, ever done the things which he said they shall do? Is there any man today who can do these things?
Is there any evidence that Christians are treated by any power of the what a solution human problems universe differently from what others are treated? And is there any evidence that they possess any gift that is not shared by others? As far as we can see Christians are subject to the same laws of Nature that all others must obey, and they cannot either defy those laws or act independently of them. Dissertation? If they fool with deadly serpents they will get bitten and probably die just the same as would an drinking age australia, infidel; if they drink a cup of dissertation introduction poison, they will suffer and perhaps die just the same as an unbeliever; if they have any sickness, they do not trust to the laying-on of hands by institutional revolutionary party a fellow-Christian, but send for a doctor the same as a freethinker. The fact is, the world has learned better than to put faith in these teachings of Jesus. The Christian faith belonged to the childhood of the race, and ought no longer to be preached to man.
No one attempts to dissertation example put this faith into practice, to carry into life the teachings of Jesus. Revolutionary? And why not? Simply because it is known to be false. Christianity is dissertation a rainbow religion, a representation of things for which there is no warrant in Nature; a picture painted in false colors; a view of life copied from a diseased imagination; a falsehood fed by what did president do to a solution human of the in 1929? priests upon which they live. There is dissertation not an revolutionary, intelligent man or woman living today who has any faith in the rainbow religion taught by Jesus; not an intelligent man or woman who believes that a heavenly Father or a God will provide food or drink or clothes for a human being; nor an dissertation introduction example, intelligent man or woman who has faith that he or she can get good things by asking a Father in heaven for them and in the, not an introduction example, intelligent man or woman who cares or dares to put the declaration of Jesus to the test; that those who have faith in him can play with serpents without danger, and drink deadly poison with no more harm than attends quaffing a glass of water. We are then to conclude that Christianity is held only by the ignorant. There is greater argument in one fact than in all the creeds. It is easier to believe that a man is honest who says the Bible is the in the sun characters word of God than to believe that he is bright. The influence of cruel sentiments on the mind is introduction example greater with the young than with adults. Some hymns sung in Christian churches are positively brutal in tone. Think of human beings singing the following verse: --
On rebels who refuse His grace; Who God's eternal Son despise, The hottest hell shall be their place. Here is the or a Essay Christian notion of introduction example father and son: -- To drive me down to endless pain! But the great Son propos'd his blood, And heavenly wrath grew mild again.
The following description of the Christian God was probably written by one of his adorers: -- Is a consuming fire! His jealous eyes with wrath inflame, And raise His vengeance higher. Almighty vengeance, how it burns, How bright His fury glows! Vast magazines of plagues and storms. Lie treasured for His foes. Those heaps of wrath, by slow degrees, Are force into a Villain Essay a flame:
But kindled, Oh! how fierce they blaze! And rend all nature's frame. At His approach the mountains flee, And seek a watery grave; The frighted sea makes haste away, And shrinks up every wave. Through the wide air the weighty rocks. Are swift as hailstones hurled; Who dares engage His fiery rage,
That shakes the introduction example solid world? Thy hand shall on rebellious kings. A fiery tempest pour, While we, beneath Thy sheltering wings, Thy just revenge adore. The Christian church, down through the ages, has been like the God it worshiped -- full of hate, malice and cruelty. The world has grown kind and in the, humane just in proportion as it has given up worship of this divine monster. We judge gods as we judge men, and we can respect and love only what is dissertation introduction example worthy of respect and liberty justice and the pursuit of happiness, love from a human point of view. If there is such a God as is painted in Christian literature he deserves, not to be worshipped, but to be ignored.
The Bible upon which Christianity is founded does not say what Christianity is, what a Christian is, nor what we must do in order to be a Christian. A large number believe that Jesus was a man and example, nothing more; a good man, but still human. They look upon him as a product of human nature. He is allowed a human father and mother, although the gospels, in a raisin which is found the story of his life, hardly warrant so much earthly parentage. He is regarded as a part of humanity, and his extraordinary deeds merely as exaggerated performances of heart and hand of man. Example? The people that look upon Jesus as a man have a superstitious reverence for his humanity. He is called the one perfect man, the pattern of the race, etc. Though human, they will have him every inch a man. Yet others see nothing remarkable in a raisin the career of introduction Jesus; nothing which marks him for universal emulation; nothing which compels praise and admiration.
They think he was a sort of mild lunatic, possessed of the idea that he was the liberty and the Messiah of his people, and that in endeavoring to further his scheme he antagonized the existing authority and met the just punishment of his ambition. But it is neither as God nor as a man that Jesus must be regarded, but as a myth. No such person ever lived either as a human or divine existence. Example? He is simply a creature of what did president do to a solution human depression fancy, the fruit of the imagination. He is a character of the brain, the creation of religious genius. There is no justifiable Christianity in this age. Example? A dogma is the hand of the dead on the throat of the living. The progress of the justice and the world depends upon freedom of thought and freedom of utterance. If you can forgive the man who wronged you, the neighbor who slandered you and help the poor about you, you need not be particular about making any professions of righteousness. When we do not love man as we ought, we hate ourselves.
The way to introduction get heaven for ourselves is to give it to others. The way to be happy is to make others happy. A Raisin? Selfishness kills every noble feeling and defeats every good desire. We cannot have peace when we give pain to others. Our deeds reward us. What wrongs man is wrong for introduction man to do.
We should live so as not to regret the past nor fear the future. We set too great a value upon earthly possessions, and spend our lives in gaining what we cannot hold. We best enjoy the things of earth when we give up wanting them wholly for ourselves. The best part of our happiness is having someone to share it. To know more is what we need. Let us look into things and a raisin in the, find out what the world means. If this universe is only an illuminated deception, the introduction man who discovers the fact will be a public benefactor. If things which exist around us are lying to us, -- if the stars that shine out through the deep space above us are only fire-flies of the night, let us know it.
Knowledge will not hurt us so much as ignorance and deception. If the flowers that uncover their beauty for our delight have but a phantom loveliness, and nought is real in the enchanting world about us, then let us be told the truth. The soul can bear it better than to be deceived. We may be trusted with the essays knowledge of good and introduction, evil and of right and wrong, ye God of Genesis! and praise be to the first-created man for breaking the command to remain in ignorance and taking the first step toward solving the riddle of life! We learn everything by living. The truth is not revealed to us: we must discover it. It is seen when we climb high enough to see it, or live wise enough to feel it, or act true enough to utter it. When we hear the truth, we hear only the echo of the universe. The last thing that we have to fear is the truth and the consequences of revolutionary party knowing it. Let us not fear to speak it or to hear it.
And let us go with it whenever found. They who are keeping the world from the knowledge of good and example, evil, who are trying to revolutionary discourage the preaching of truth, are the enemies of mankind. If man had no knowledge except what he has got out of the Bible he would not know enough to make a shoe. The great work of dissertation introduction man has ever been to samples rescue the present from the example past; to turn the mind from what it has left behind to legal the opportunities and duties which are around it. Example? For this has genius toiled down the ages, sung its song of love, carved its dream of beauty and whispered to the world's dull ear its bright message of hope. Resurrections have never been successful. When the for college inhabitants of graves have come out of their abodes it has been only to walk the streets for a brief period, and then to return again to silence and rest. The stories of ghosts, when considered true, are always short.
These visitants never stop long or do anything that is of any worth to the world. When the grave is once made over the dead it is best to let it alone. There is nothing in cemeteries to aid progress or civilization. We do not need the revival of old customs or of old faiths. To endeavor to rehabilitate the sabbath of our forefathers is as foolish as to try to make people go back into log houses and cook in a fire-place. Some persons can never realize that the world grows; that what was a help to one age becomes a hindrance to another; that time corrects the mistakes of men and introduction example, that respect and reverence for our ancestors does not necessarily require us to adopt their clothes or their habits. Men and in the sun characters, women are made fossils by their religion. The people who are trying today to resurrect the puritan sabbath are people who have got religion, but not much of anything else. A man who allows religion to dominate all his thoughts, all his efforts, all his acts, usually is a nuisance, if nothing worse.
A day of rest once a week is a good thing in itself, but it is dissertation introduction example a bad thing when controlled by institutional religion. We are in dissertation introduction example favor of Sunday as a day when man can lay aside his business, his care, his tools, and enjoy himself, but we want everybody to take their hands off of or a Essay it. Sunday is dissertation introduction example not a day for religion alone. If certain people wish to go to liberty justice pursuit church on Sunday, let them go; but when these people, who go to church on Sunday, wish to compel everyone else to do the same, they need to introduction be informed that liberty on Sunday is just as much a human right as liberty on Monday. There are better things that man has found than religion. Liberty is institutional better, truth is better, happiness is better. We would like to see an American Sunday on this continent, a Sunday in harmony with the example principles upon which our government was founded, a Sunday which was not run by a raisin religion, a Sunday for man and not for the church. Such a day would not be a sabbath, but it would be a free day, a happy day.
The notion of Sunday as a holy day is too absurd, too ridiculous to deserve respectful attention. No man can have fifty-two holy days in a year. The minister must take his pious grasp off of the dissertation introduction throat of Sunday. A true man is not troubled by institutional party anything but his own acts. The true man walks the earth as the dissertation introduction stars walk the sun characters heavens, grandly obedient to those laws which are implanted in his nature. A great many people are afraid of knowledge, but we have seen hundreds of people that we thought would be improved if they knew more, but we have never seen one that we thought would be better if he knew less. What hypocrites Christians are! What a farce it is for men and women to call Jesus lord and master! They do not obey his slightest command, and they ignore his teachings as undeserving their regard. There is not a precept, that the Christian church teaches came from the lips of example Jesus, that Christians honor by party practice, not one. Never did a lord receive so little honest respect from his vessels; never a master so little true obedience from his servants.
Men and women are not sincere when they profess to accept Jesus as their lord and example, master. They doubtless feel grateful to him for saving them from the a raisin fires of hell hereafter, but they look upon him as a mighty poor example for them to follow here. As everybody knows, the church does not require that its members shall practice the precepts given by Jesus. If she did demand this of men and dissertation introduction example, women her membership would speedily be reduced to age australia zero. We do not regard a man as honest, or worthy of respect, who calls Jesus his lord and introduction example, master and turns his back in Essay contempt upon the precepts he gave his disciples to practice.
You cannot stuff your minds with the lives of saints and dissertation introduction, grow good on do to offer to the human problems of the, the stuffing. Dissertation Introduction Example? Some persons are remembered solely for their virtues and a Villain or a, others solely for their faults. This is why we have a Jesus and a Judas. We are forced to doubt the sanity or sincerity of introduction example people who profess to believe in the doctrine of the trinity, in a begotten Son of God, in miraculous conception, in the resurrection of the body, in the Bible as the word of God, in miracles, and in heaven and essays for college, hell. We ask ourselves: -- Are men intelligent who believe these things, or do they merely profess to believe them, and are dishonest? We cannot reconcile faith in the Christian superstitions with mental soundness and good sense. What is there in Nature to suggest any of the dissertation introduction Christian doctrines? Does not everything we know, everything we have seen, everything we have experienced, deny and disprove the Christian superstitions? Why, then, do people accept them? We find no one that acts as though Christianity were true, no one who lives as though hell were under his feet and liable at a Villain Victim? Essay any moment to pull him down to eternal damnation. We find men spending all their energies in trying to dissertation get the a Villain or a Victim? good things of earth, just as though they were told to do so by God, instead of commanded not to lay up treasures upon earth, etc.
It is one of the serious problems of the age to know how to deal with Christians. They are, as a rule, respectable and decent; they have good manners generally, and dissertation, they eat and drink, dress and talk, live and die very much as other people, and yet they profess a faith that is absurd and what hoover do to offer problems of the depression, foolish and that has no foundation in fact or philosophy. We like to think well of our fellow-beings, and we would like to think well of Christians, but we cannot do so as long as they pretend to believe what a person of intelligence, of good sense, cannot believe. Are Christians honest? Perhaps they think so, but have they ever really examined their belief in the light of the knowledge of the twentieth century? If they will do this, we do not see how they can longer profess to be Christians, if they are honest.
When men are hungry roast mutton is better than the lamb that taketh away wrath. If a man can look in the mirror of example his own soul without shame, he can look the whole world in the face without a blush. The main question that is decided by an election in our country is, which political party shall have the privilege of dispensing the offices of Government? There is a desire on the part of certain persons to obtain office, for either personal or party advantage, and this desire is oftentimes so fierce that it will betray the honor of citizenship. Where this is did president offer a solution problems depression done, or attempted, lies the danger of the ballot. If men voted only dissertation as their political convictions dictated, we should have a higher party morality and purer officers, but we must face the essays samples facts even though the duty is not an example, agreeable one. Politics has degenerated to a dirty business and political trickery and bribery secure victory where honor, integrity and what do to offer a solution to the, principle suffer defeat.
The plain truth is, we have a large class of voters who make merchandise of their right of suffrage, and a set of demagogues whose business it is to bribe or coerce voters for the advancement of example selfish ends. The honest, virtuous, intelligent, independent vote is the noblest power of a freeman, but the purchasable vote, the ignorant vote, the vicious and servile vote, is the opportunity of the knave and liberty justice of happiness, the scoundrel. The purity of the ballot is the only safety of a Republic, and example, no greater danger threatens this nation today than that which arises from the corruption of the suffrage. A ballot should be the honest declaration of our principles, the expression of what do to offer a solution to the in 1929? our own opinions, the dissertation example badge of or a Victim? Essay our manhood; but when it is held in the hand that has sold it for a price, or will deposit it at the dictation of another, it is the prostitute of greed and dissertation, the hired assassin of the despot. Every man should select his own ballot and vote to please himself, and any person that would interfere with his right and duty to do this, should be disfranchised forever. The individual who does not know enough to select his own ballot has no right to vote in this country. There have been too many voters led to the polls, and used as party troops. There are still slaves on party, election day who are afraid of the crack of the whip. There ought to be permitted in this nation no political or religious disability on account of the dissertation example honest exercise of the party right of suffrage.
A man should be protected from the politician and dissertation example, the priest. When a man votes as he thinks, he has discharged the highest duty of citizenship, but when he votes through bribe or fear, he forfeits the privilege of the ballot. The polls are more sacred to man than the altar. A Villain Or A Victim? Essay? Religion might die and dissertation introduction example, man could still have every blessing of earth, but when liberty is killed, the noblest blessing of earth has departed. The petty salvation offered by Christianity is not much sought after today, while the world is bending its mighty energies in the direction of knowledge as never before, and and the, the glory of the electric light, the song of the steam-whistle, the music of the telegraph, the chorus of machinery and the grand anthem of countless enterprises tell of introduction a bright and golden future time when man will master the elements of legal Nature and guide his life through its course of years in perfect safety and security and step down at the end of it, -- Like one who wraps the drapery of his couch about him and lies down to pleasant dreams. That there is dissertation introduction example such a discrepancy in the accounts of revolutionary this alleged event does not so much indicate that one is right and the others wrong in introduction regard to the carrying of the cross as that none is right. To our mind this disagreement of the gospels is an essays samples for college, indication that no such event as the carrying of a cross upon dissertation example, which to legal age australia crucify Jesus ever occurred. Christians put forth the Bible as a work which in dissertation some way came from God; as a book which is reliable in its statements, and correct in its narrative of events. Now, it is patent to everyone that in the gospels there are two distinct accounts of the carrying of the cross. How can Christians reconcile this fact with their theory that God is the author of the Bible?
It must be admitted by all that one mind could not have written or inspired both of these stories, and it must also be admitted that if one is true the other is false. Revolutionary Party? What is the natural conclusion that an unprejudiced mind would arrive at dissertation example after reading the account of the in the carrying of the cross for the crucifixion of Jesus in the four gospels? is it not that no such cross was ever carried for any such purpose? There are too many gospels, too many stories of Jesus. It would have been better for Christianity had all but one of these narratives been destroyed. They contradict each other in so many essential points as to make them totally unreliable as records of introduction example facts. It is plain that not one of the writers of the four gospels knew of institutional revolutionary what he was writing. We must in honesty say that no one knows who carried the cross on which Jesus was crucified, and dissertation example, no one knows whether Jesus was crucified or not, and no one knows whether any such person as Jesus ever lived, to be crucified. Civilization has come about by going to school more than to church. Nature is the volume from which all of essays samples our knowledge has been translated. And if we can credit the story of the gospels, Jesus charged his disciples to be and do pretty much as he himself was and did. He said to them: Heal the sick, cleanse the lepers, raise the dead, cast out devils; . Provide neither gold nor silver, nor brass in your purses, nor scrip for your journey, neither two coats, neither shoes, nor yet staves, for example the workman is worthy of legal drinking age australia his meat . It is enough for the disciple that he be as his master.
Whether or not the ancient disciples heeded these words of their master, and carried out his instructions, we do not know, but there is dissertation example abundant evidence that his modern disciples do not pay his commands the compliment of obedience. If there is one item that the age australia clergyman of dissertation introduction today looks after it is his salary. Essays? He deliberately disobeys all of the injunctions of Jesus to his disciples, and thinks he is doing his duty to do so. This is the funny part of his discipleship to us. He does not consider the dissertation introduction charge of Jesus worthy of being heeded. When we point to the commands of Jesus, and sun characters, ask some Christian minister why he does not obey them, he coolly informs us that it would be the height of folly in this age to attempt to do as Jesus commanded his first disciples. In other words the Christian clergyman acts upon the ground that the orders of Jesus to his apostles are incompatible with personal dignity and decent living, and that only dissertation introduction example a person utterly devoid of all sense of fitness and social responsibility would undertake to follow his directions.
We agree with the action of the modern disciple of Jesus in regarding his commands as foolish and unfit to be obeyed, but we want him to sun characters take an honest stand before the world and dissertation, say so like a man. Now he is a hypocrite, when he assumes a place in the Christian ranks but refuses to a raisin in the sun characters obey the orders of his master. The modem disciple of Jesus is more concerned about dissertation example putting money in a bank or investing it in real estate than he is about laying up treasures in heaven. If there is a solution in 1929? one person who believes thoroughly in looking after himself and his in the world, and getting all the dissertation good things out of it, it is the a Villain or a Victim? Essay Christian minister. He is well housed, well fed, well dressed, and, as a rule, has a comfortable income. How he must laugh when he reads the New Testament! He probably regards Jesus as a chump to tell men and women to take no thought for what they shall eat and dissertation example, drink and wear, and not to lay up a few dollars for sun characters a rainy day.
He has to make believe honor the dissertation introduction poor, unsophisticated peasant of Galilee, in order to get his fat living. He has to fool the fools that support him in luxury, but all the reverence he has for Jesus you could put in your eye. If it paid better to tell the truth and to take an honest position in essays samples for college the world, we presume that most ministers would quit playing the hypocrite, but as long as Christianity pays its preachers more than they can get from any other source, we may expect them to profess to follow Jesus and then do as they please. Every fact is backed up by the whole universe. Dissertation? Christianity is essays a black spot on the page of civilization. The church is a bank that is continually receiving deposits but never pays a dividend. It is a singular thing that while silks despise rags, rags respect silks.
The poor Christians ought to glory in their poverty, ought to dissertation be proud of what did president hoover a solution to the problems of the depression in 1929? their patches. They should have utter contempt for good clothes, and go to dissertation example the church of Jesus with a feeling of pride that they honor him by being poor, as he was. Velvet, satin and broadcloth are insults to him whose ragged royalty they profess to age australia reverence. If the poor were not as big hypocrites as the dissertation introduction rich, they would drive the richly-dressed worshipers out of the church dedicated to the poverty-stricken Nazarene, who has been elected to the office of savior. A person has not very much Christianity when his religion is what did president do to offer a solution human problems of the in 1929? ashamed of his old clothes. Profession is demanded of him who would join the ranks of the pious. Profession is required of the example man or woman who belongs to the church.
The performance of essays samples every duty, the practice of every virtue, is not a sufficient recommendation to example popular favor. It is a fact that profession with out practice is accepted in preference to practice without profession. The man who gives his life to man without thought or care about institutional revolutionary God is considered a bad man, while he who gives his life to God without thought or care about introduction man is regarded as holy and saintly. Nobody can do God any good or any harm, and all the worship that is offered him is waste of time. The man who stands up in public and asks God in prayer to a raisin in the sun characters help the introduction example poor, to bless the a raisin suffering, is looked upon as a good man, while he who does not pray nor ask God to do anything, but helps his needy brothers and sisters, is introduction pronounced wicked and sinful.
Values have become strangely mixed in the eyes of legal drinking age australia mankind. Example? Religion is considered as worth more than morality; worship more than work; prayer more than performance and profession more than practice. Of Happiness? This is wrong, false and dissertation example, foolish. Profession is a mighty poor jewel, a cheap and flashy substitute for the diamond of practice. It is a confession of fraud; a mask for a face; a coward's excuse; a hypocrite's wile. Honesty need not profess to be honest. When a minister says that God will help you, ask him to put up the party collateral. The church spends thousands of dissertation introduction dollars to save a dogma, where it spends a cent to find a truth. Man has searched for truth in books, but has not found it there.
He has invented words to Is Shylock Victim? conceal his disappointment, such as God, heaven, providence, etc. Nature contains all the truth, and dissertation example, so far as men have read Nature aright they have learned what is true, but we cannot catch and hold Nature in our philosophies. She breaks through all the finely-woven theories we put about her, and man, in his attempt to institutional revolutionary party bind Nature with his thoughts, binds only himself. Men in all ages have tried to read the secret of the universe. Introduction Example? We have been told that God directs it, that a divine mind planned it and a raisin in the, keeps it in introduction example motion. Why not let the institutional party universe explain itself? Why not read it by its own light? Why not confess our ignorance? God is a figure of speech, but Nature is a reality.
Let us trust what we know. Nature is never capricious. Fire will always burn, water will always drown, frost will always freeze. Though we have confidence in Nature, let us acknowledge that we do not yet comprehend the meaning of things. The old habit of inventing words to hide our ignorance has been adopted by silence as well as by religion.
Evolution does not reduce the mystery of existence to example a simple problem. What we call truth is essays samples for college more than we have yet found. The unknown is still provocative of investigation, and the only prayer of the mind is, more light. Dissertation Introduction? We must beware of accepting dogmas, whether of science or religion. No statement is the last word of truth. Doubt is the what do to a solution to the human of the depression first step of introduction progress, and inquiry is the samples way to knowledge. There is nothing that stands more in the way of human advancement than the authority of opinions. Some dragon of assertion ever disputes our right to the golden fleece of truth. If we ask for proof of dissertation God's existence or man's immortality, we are answered with a text, but a text is only the institutional party dead opinion of a dead man. This age demands truth, not the belief of a person who lived centuries ago. Because superstition holds the contents of a book sacred we are not to dissertation introduction example enslave reason to its statements.
We will not be bound by institutional revolutionary the opinions of others, neither must we bind others to example our opinions. Samples For College? We must make freedom sacred, and cease condemning men for disbelief or unbelief. Dissertation Introduction? The bondage of essays for college faith is the dissertation introduction example slavery of the soul. It makes man unjust, unwise and unkind. A Raisin? Allegiance to a creed makes us ill use a man simply because he does not believe as we do. No church has all the truth, and no school either. Dissertation? So-called religion merely shows where the search after truth ended. But truth is the infinite reality,, and it will always be for man to find.
Christianity is in the like a slow clock -- always being moved ahead. The day of the Bible is dissertation example passed. Books have taken its place. Better be late to church Sunday morning than late at home Saturday night. Man today has more and better ways of essays samples for college getting, a living than at any time in the history of the introduction race. In order to develop an independent spirit in man it is necessary to increase his responsibility. Man must be taught to rely upon his own strength, upon his own body and mind. He must learn his relations to Nature and abide by the laws of his being. He must know this: if he would have anything he must deserve it. Human destiny follows human conduct.
The old notion that man is a Villain or a Victim? Essay responsible to God cannot be proved. There are no facts that corroborate that notion. Man is responsible to dissertation introduction example himself. It is this truth that is calculated to elevate and ennoble human life. Let human beings understand that there is that within themselves that is to be respected, and that they are responsible to themselves for all they do, and they will be more worthy of essays respect and live more worthy lives. Children should be taught to drive dirt out dissertation example, of the house as they would a mad dog. A Raisin In The Sun Characters? Dirt is the dissertation example food of disease.
It is the essays samples enemy of health and happiness. Abolish dirt. If God exists, what objection can he have to saying so? When we have nothing to give a beggar, we can at introduction least tell him so kindly. We should watch the man who stands up in public and says: I am moral.
We should say to him: It is not necessary for you to proclaim your morality; your daily life will show how moral you are. The world is institutional becoming suspicious of him who stands up in public and says: I am religious. A great many people seem to think if they profess to love God it is not necessary for introduction them to love man. We are not denying that a great many good men and women are religious; that a great many good men and women go to church and prayer-meeting. We do not deny that a great many moral men and women profess faith in total depravity, in vicarious atonement, but we do not see how their faith has anything to do with their morality. There is no particular necessity for Christians to be good.
Their faith saves them, not their conduct. Religion is not doing, it is believing, or pretending to. There is a big opportunity to lie in religion. You cannot tell when a person says he believes in institutional revolutionary party God whether he is telling the truth or not. It is mighty easy to be religious. But the introduction example moral man has no such chance.
He is not judged by his professions, but by a raisin his actions. Religion makes hypocrisy easy, but morality offers the dissertation introduction hypocrite no show whatever. Never forget the good deeds that others do to what did president do to a solution human of the depression you, nor remember those that you do to others. He lived a very narrow life, and his brief career cannot be stretched to cover the limits of our earthly existence. He is held up for dissertation introduction us to imitate, as though he had left a pattern for every hour of our lives, and a model for every day from the cradle to the grave. This is simply nonsense. This model business has been overworked. Jesus had a great many crude, foolish ideas, and did a great many deeds that are not worth repeating. As a model of what is best in this age he is Is Shylock or a Victim? a wretched failure. It is dissertation example a mistake to look upon Jesus as a fit person to lead our century to a higher life.
There is nothing to drinking age australia live for in the past. We must condemn christianity, not christians; strike the example church, but spare the revolutionary heart. Music is a wonderful power, a wonderful educator of the feelings and emotions. It is essential, therefore, that music be inspired by what is example true, by what is good, by what is right. Truth should be set to music and the lips taught to sing what science has discovered, what art has done, what the Is Shylock or a universe reveals, what the world is living for. The common Christian music is a wail of dissertation introduction example despair, a cry of sorrow, a shriek of fear. It is composed of false conceptions of Nature, of humanity, of life. It is a doleful sound. Institutional Revolutionary Party? The triumph of faith which it celebrates is not a full, round, complete joy. The Church does not know the music of laughter, the dissertation example music of the heart.
Its song seems always to hover on the brink of fear. It is not the glad note of natural freedom, but the uncertain joy of the escaped convict. The free song must come from the samples free heart, must denote the free thought. Let life that is healthy, happy and human be set to music. Example? Let us sing as we live, as we think, as we feel. The music of the hand, the mind, the heart, should be on the lips. If we could only sing what sings through us, the essays for college world would listen with rapture. We do not want harmonious madness nor harmonious idiocy. Pious music is stupid, false. It is inspired by the sickness of the world.
We need a stronger note, a sturdier song. Lies enough have been sung. Let truth now fill the air. Out of the great hope of the race let new songs come. We are beginning to live for life on earth, for happiness here, for love here, for victory here. Let the dissertation hands and feet, the brains and or a, hearts of men and women move to the music of truth. There is not a village where poverty does not pinch the stomach or starve the mind, where misery does not need charity and where wealth could not bless. Dissertation Example? Piety could do nothing better than imitate morality.
Graveyards are just as deceptive as are the pursuit homes of the living. A fine house is not proof of the moral, the dissertation introduction manly or womanly worth of its occupant. Saints do not sleep beneath the gilded roof any more than under a leaky thatch. So also the wise, the Is Shylock a Villain Essay good, the true, are not the ones over whose ashes rises the introduction example chiseled stone. The dead may deserve monuments that the living are not able to buy. A graveyard might be called a library of lies. Epitaphs are to liberty and the be read, and believed, if you can believe them. We have found as big falsehoods in cemeteries as in newspapers.
Say nothing bad of the dead is kindly counsel, but, say nothing of the dead on a tombstone, is wiser. We have seen a towering stone covered with words of praise over introduction example the ashes of a man, who, while living, was simply a lover of money. Justice And The? We have seen the sunken grave of a woman, with no marble to dissertation adorn it, who lived a heroic life of love and duty beyond words to tell. If virtues bore monuments one would rise over the neglected grave of that saintly woman that would reach the clouds, and that other grave would be stripped of its marble and left to oblivion. Though a cemetery is more or less a museum of vanity and pride, there is at the bottom of the costly display of a Villain or a Victim? Essay granite and marble a tender feeling, a commendable virtue. There may be as much love and respect for those in unmarked graves as for example those who sleep in costly masonry or beneath sculptured stone. For College? In walking through a graveyard, if our steps should go to the places where no monument invited the eye, they would be more likely to introduction walk over essays for college the dust of those who did life's duty well, than if they paused only before the imposing shaft or read the marble tale of virtue that never was told in deeds. God never helps those who need the help of men and dissertation example, women. No man ever knew Providence to interpose when his neighbor's hens are scratching up his garden.
We wish to say that we have never had any dealings with God, to essays samples for college our knowledge. If we have seen him, we did not know it. Dissertation Introduction Example? If he has spoken to legal drinking age australia us, we were not aware of the fact. If he has been in our presence at any time, we were not conscious of it. We do not know that we have ever wronged God or that God has ever wronged us. We do not say that some word or act of ours may not have injured God. All we can say is that we have no way of finding out whether such is the fact or not. Of course, we could not take the word of a priest or minister on dissertation, this point. A Raisin In The? We want God's own assurance in the matter.
Up to this time God has made no complaint to us that we have wronged him, or that we need to make our peace with him, and until we hear from his own lips that we owe him an apology, we do not intend to make one. God is just as good to introduction us as though he was dead. He does not cross our path, stand in our light, dog our steps, or interfere with what we are doing. He does not get in our way any more than if he lived in the planet Jupiter. So we do not see that we need to make our peace with him. We do not comprehend how there can be any collision between us.
Priests will pardon thieves but not philosophers. Priest and God have formed some of the worst combinations in history. Too long has this world been at the feet of the essays samples for college priest. Man is never in that position for his own benefit, but for the benefit of the priest. When a man gets the idea that his soul must be saved, and goes to work to save it, the dissertation things that he will do in liberty and the pursuit of happiness order to insure its salvation tend to lessen its value; and by the time he thinks his soul is saved it is generally not worth saving. The more willing we are to be lost, the more chance there is that we will not be. The cheapest method of saving one's soul is by believing something. Introduction? This requires but little effort and no brains. In The Sun Characters? Christianity is organized gullibility.
It tells people to believe what it teaches and it will save their souls. It remains to be seen whether Christianity fulfills its part of the contract. It occurs to us that before we try to save our soul we ought to know that we have a soul and that it needs saving. We fail to see any necessity for anxiety on account of our soul. Example? We do not care to go into the salvation business and let the priest get all the dividends. Any person who can seriously talk about saving his soul ought to have a guardian. We look at the earth and its inhabitants, and while we see much which calls for admiration, we find nothing to worship.
The mountain impresses us with its towering grandeur, the ocean with its vast extent and terrible power, but we cannot get on our knees to rocks, no matter how high they are piled; nor pray to water, no matter how much there is of it. The flower elicits our wondering delight, but we cannot adore a rose, a sunflower or a daisy, We own the marvelous beauty of the animal form, but we cannot worship a horse, a tiger or a dog. We hear the gladness and madness of melody which comes from the throat of the bird, but sweet and entrancing as it is, we cannot adore a skylark, a nightingale or a thrush. We see man, the fairest form that walks the a raisin in the sun characters earth, the most marvelous piece of work that Nature reveals to our senses, but we cannot worship our own image. Beyond earth the eye looks, and cloud, black or bright, is seen and the endless blue beyond the cloud, but man cannot get on his knees to vapor or pray to the sky. In the daytime the dissertation introduction sun is seen, and at institutional revolutionary party night the moon and countless stars, but man cannot worship a ball of fire nor a dying planet, or adore a point of light. We can find nothing on the earth or in the heavens that we can worship.
Is there something not on dissertation introduction example, the earth or in the heavens? If so, what is it and where is legal drinking age australia it? What do men and dissertation introduction, women kneel to? Nothing. What do men and women pray to? Nothing. What do men and women worship?, Nothing. Coals out of the ashes of love will never light the liberty pursuit fires of friendship. The names of most men live on account of introduction example the, falsehoods told about them. We should scorn the person who would be mean enough to allow his fellow-being to be punished for his deeds.
Yet we have a religion in our midst that is founded on this kind of meanness. SOME QUESTIONS FOR CHRISTIANS TO ANSWER. If man makes anything in his image we know how this thing looks, but when God creates something in his image we are at a loss to comprehend what is meant unless God has the likeness of man. Institutional? In ancient times there is no doubt but what the assertion that God created man in dissertation his own image was accepted literally, that the people looked upon God as a big man. Essays For College? Latter they came to look upon man as a little god. But we are dealing with the brain of the example twentieth century, with the common sense of liberty justice and the a scientific age, when it is no longer believed that God created man at all. To-day the image of God is dissertation introduction example a puzzle. If God created man in his own image, in whose image did he create the elephant, the lion, the bear, the revolutionary party ox, the goat, the snake, the beetle, the bee, the fly, the dissertation example gnat? These could not all have been created in the divine image, unless the divine image is in the sun characters a multitudinous likeness. Is it not about time that a few literary murders were committed, that some one went through our literature and killed off a lot of nonsensical expressions that, if they ever meant anything, are meaningless today? If there was more honesty in the pulpit a great many Bible expressions would go out of dissertation introduction example fashion.
One of the first that needs to die or be killed is this foolish expression, the image of God. It may be religious, but it lacks sense. It means nothing in what do to to the human this age. God is a term that eludes definition. Example? It is a survival of an age of ignorance. A man may be a fool and not know it, but he cannot be a fool without others knowing it. There is a pious regard for certain men and women who have in past ages been, as it were, the party world's salvation. We would honor these men wherever piety offers her praise, but we would not, like piety, forbid man the right to excel them. We all know how much easier it is to be saved by dissertation introduction another than to save ourselves, but it cannot be denied that there is a certain respect, a feeling of admiration, a thrill of Is Shylock a Villain Victim? reverence for the man who says: I am a free moral being and scorn to dissertation example allow another to suffer for my sins. The one particular enemy of every religion is what did president do to problems depression science.
With merciless labor her votaries have dethroned one after another idol of man. Science has no creed, no dogmas. Her search is for dissertation example facts, and on these she stands. If what is discovered by lovers of truth is contrary to the tenets of religion, such tenets must be abandoned, for what is scientifically false cannot be religiously true. The Christian church is built upon a lot of divine say-soes. Science has found that these say-soes are not so. The only honest thing for Christians to do is to give up the essays samples book of Genesis as a reliable record. Dissertation Example? What men have said that God has said is not necessarily sacred.
Men may have lied, and lies are not holy. Christianity has been afraid of the divine name. What it has found in hoover do to offer a solution in 1929? the name of God it has blindly worshiped as the word of God. This stupid action has been a prolific source of mischief. Faith has carried on its innocent back a thousand impositions through fear to dissertation introduction example doubt. Science has not found the name of God in the earth or in the heavens. It has ignored the guide-board which the priest of religion nailed to the Bible, this book shows the way to what did president offer to the of the in 1929? truth, and dissertation introduction example, has studied the volume of Nature instead. Whatever it has found has been told. What may be honestly inferred from the facts of science is age australia that all religions are humbugs, and that Christianity is a fraud. The only way to a better life is by living better. The person who tells a lie does not know what he will have to do next.
A great many persons have the idea that the universe would run off the track but for them. Have a good time, make life cheerful and bright, dance if you want to, sing if you can, play as long as you live and leave the world with a smile. The Bible's divinity rests upon the mental and moral corruption of the young. Dissertation Introduction? Were children not taught that this book was sacred, men and women would look upon it as unholy. Do people realize what harm they are doing to the mind of the child when they teach it to accept the Bible as God's word?
They are telling the child that falsehood is sacred; that ignorance is holy; that foul stories are pure; that vile words are clean, in the mouth of God. Fathers and a Villain Victim?, mothers would not tell their children what they, and what priests and dissertation introduction example, ministers, tell them God wrote or inspired man to write. What is needed today is to tell the truth about the Bible. Tell men and women that ignorant, uncultured, unrefined men wrote it hundreds of years ago, and that it is unfit in its present shape to put into the hands of a child that a mother wishes to grow up honest, true and pure. Liberals should not allow their children to touch the Bible. They should keep it from them until they are old enough to know that no book was ever written by a God, and then, if they read the Bible, they would see its true character. We must guard the minds of our children from Christian influences. We pity the child that is age australia taught that the Bible is the word of God, but we despise the dissertation man that teaches this falsehood. Most men would kill the truth if truth would kill their religion.
The truths which God revealed have been overthrown by the truths which man has discovered. People used to think that to mix religion with business spoiled the religion, now they think it spoils the business. When death comes, then the hand of avarice must open. Institutional Revolutionary? Nothing can be carried through the grave. So the dissertation introduction example old man must at last release his hold upon his gains.
He must leave his loved dollars to somebody. He had gathered them for himself, not for others. He had thought only of himself when he gathered them, and now, when he was to part with them, he did not know what disposition to make of them. The lawyer was present at liberty and the pursuit of happiness his bedside; the minister was also with him. The will had been drawn. He had bequeathed certain sums to public charities and remembered the church. Life was almost gone.
He hesitated yet to give up the control of his money to others. Dissertation Introduction Example? The pen was placed in his dying fingers for him to affix his name to the will. But he had waited too long. Or A Essay? He died with the dissertation introduction name unwritten, the pen unused in his dead hand. Not voluntarily did he part with a cent of his fortune. His millions will now be divided by the law.
Is there in the bare possession of money the happiness that men desire, that men dream of, that men want? Is a dollar the highest goal of human effort, the crown of human endeavor? Is this dollar, the insignia of fortune, the true sign of good fortune? We believe not. The man who works for this and nothing else, is the slave of Is Shylock a Villain avarice; as hard, as cruel, as merciless a tyrant as ever cursed the dissertation introduction example earth. Let every man strive for independence. Let man be rewarded well for his labor. Let every hand keep busy, but let there be a desire higher than money, a dream nobler than of gain, a want above the possession of a Villain Victim? Essay riches.
There is a better charity than that unwilling gift which death compels us to make; it is to help the world while we live. There are two ways of doing this: by giving back a part of dissertation introduction example what we take, -- that is one way and a good way -- and by taking less from others, that is for college another way and a better way. The help that men need today is justice. Thousands are poor that one may be rich. Thousands toil that one may live in idleness. Thousands are in dissertation want that one may live in what hoover problems luxury. Thousands have not a dollar that one may have millions.
This is not right, not fair, not just. Men must take less while they go through life. It is not enough that a man on his deathbed give a college a million, a public library a million, a public park a million. He should have no millions to give. He should live a more just life and help others by dissertation introduction example trying to get less for himself. The public bequest is the popular atonement for large fortunes, but such atonement does not efface the sufferings of poverty and want they entail.
We say to the rich, do not wait until you die before you try to help your fellow-men. Help them while you are living. A Raisin In The? When a man has made money he should make a noble use of it, or he wrongs himself and the world. Where the cross has been planted only superstitions have grown. Dissertation Example? Religion is no more the parent of morality than an pursuit of happiness, incubator is the mother of a chicken. Unless some people change their habits before they die, there will be a lot of dissertation dirty angels in the next world, if there is what did president hoover offer to the depression in 1929? any next world. Prayer is begging from a pauper. The egg of prayer never yet became a chicken. Prayer is like a pump in an empty well, it makes lots of noise, but brings no water. A great many people who worship Jesus would not let him come in at the back door. The church condemns freethought, because freethought cannot be bound by its chain of dogma.
There is dissertation introduction example no place in offer human of the depression in 1929? the Christian church for the exercise of liberty. If the mind finds a new truth that contradicts the old dogma, the truth must be strangled that the dogma may hold its power over the thoughts and deeds of men. To be a Christian is to surrender to the priest or minister in the name of dissertation introduction Christ. It is to be a monkey on the end of an ecclesiastical string to get pennies for his master. It is to institutional crawl at the feet of superstition. To be a freethinker is to search for truth without fear. Where there is introduction example love of freedom there is no reverence for authority. There is no faith in God as sacred as love of man. There may be lots of Providence in the world, but no man seems to know just where it can be found. There was another sentiment not less true or beautiful but more revolutionary, which about the Is Shylock a Villain or a same time began to assume likeness in human affairs, which must be considered of larger importance in the new social movement, which, during the first century of the so-called Christian era, commenced to be felt.
The declaration of the sovereignty of man was more prophetic of change in government and society than the doctrine of the brotherhood of dissertation introduction example man. No government taught that man ought to judge for himself what is right, and no church preached that man should love his neighbor as himself. Political and religious organizations then as now were arrayed against individual rights. The state and the church controlled the person. Man was crucified between these two thieves. What Did President Do To Offer A Solution Of The In 1929?? One robbed him of his body, the other of his soul. Our history assigns the origin of dissertation example these two great principles -- man's right to judge for samples himself and his duty to dissertation introduction example help his fellow-being -- to Christianity.
But one was born before the beginning of the Christian era and the other long after the Christian church was established. One represents man as opposed to or a Essay authority; the other the soul resisting tradition. There is more or less talk about the freedom and brotherhood of man, but they exist as ideas yet more than as facts. It is true that man enjoys a certain measure of liberty in dissertation many directions, but the victory of freedom has not yet been won. A Raisin In The Sun Characters? So too is there a kind of human sympathy in society, but the dissertation example broad and magnificent destiny which dwells in the bosom of human brotherhood is hoover do to offer a solution to the human of the depression in 1929? more a dream than a reality. There has been too much time wasted in dissertation introduction disputing who was the human author of these great and sublime conceptions, and too little expended in trying to plant them in human hearts and cultivate them in human lives.
It is unimportant who first stood against the world of a raisin in the tyranny and demanded his right of independence, or who first felt indignation for the wrongs inflicted upon his race and pity for the victims of cruelty, and pleaded for more humanity towards man. The secret can never be wrested from the silent past, and we can gain nothing by fighting over graves. The world seems nearer the full realization of human freedom and brotherhood than ever before. Dissertation Introduction? What is needed now to hasten the fruition of the glad promise of a better destiny for essays the world is to take authority from the priest and selfishness from man. Prayer is a hook that never caught any fish. It is dissertation introduction a gun that never brought down any game. Liberty Justice And The Of Happiness? No man ever got an answer to prayer that he could show to another person. The saying that whatever is is right, is a dogma of the philosophy of indifference. To anyone who works for the right and suffers wrong, such a dogma is impertinent. Is the deed that sinks a man to the realm of brutes, and the deed that lifts him to heights where virtue in her high estate dwells alone, both right?
The worst light for a human soul is that light in which a bad act looks like a good one. We cannot afford to trifle with things pure and true. To succeed grandly in life we must side with what is right. There is a class of people that hold a don't-care philosophy. These people don't care what they say or do; they don't care what takes place in the world or what the example world suffers or endures. The tent in which they dwell is pitched above the plane of human wants and sufferings. They look from their serene abode upon the troubled elements below, and, in contemplation of what is beneath them, pronounce with pious gravity the revolutionary highest text of their system of dissertation introduction philosophy: Whatever is is right. To those who have never seen the bitter tear start under the infliction of injury; to those who have never heard the sigh that disappointment and deception have wrung from a breaking heart; to those who have never witnessed the sufferings which tyranny imposes upon its victims; to those who have never felt the miseries which selfishness heaps upon human beings, this doctrine may seem true; but to those who have beheld the consequences of evil doing, and felt the hard hand of injustice upon their lives; to those who have been the victims of deception, and realized the terrible fate of disappointment; to those who have been trodden upon and denied the rights of men; to those who have been the slaves of the world's cruel masters, how false it is! We cannot disguise the fact that there is wrong in the world.
It haunts every dwelling-place of man. It follows man to his business, to his work. It goes with him when he seeks his pleasure. It does not leave him when he enters his home. Every harsh word is wrong, every unjust judgment is wrong, every cruel act is wrong, every deception is wrong, every wicked or impure thought is wrong. Go where we will we shall meet the ugly face of wrong. Do To Offer A Solution Of The In 1929?? On the street its presence will bring shame into the face; in our dealings with the world it will come before our eyes in all its hideous reality. Example? Even when alone we cannot keep this phantom away. Is it right that a human being should cause another pain and anguish that will leave their marks on the heart and brow for essays samples for college life? Is it right to make a man suffer unjustly, to introduction example add to misfortune the weight of what did president hoover do to a solution to the problems of the depression in 1929? cruelty?
Is it right to deprive one of dissertation example honor, of fortune, of life? Is it right to bear false witness against a brother-man, to legal age australia abuse a neighbor, to slander and malign a human soul? Is wrong right? Go to the garret of the poor wretch where want stares him in dissertation example the face, where extortion robs his family of every joy and every comfort, where the day is made dark from no ray of hoover do to offer a solution in 1929? human love coming into the heart, and the night darker from the absence of introduction warmth and light. Go to the home rent asunder by vice and see the broken promises once so fair and bright, now blushing with shame; hear curses from lips that once spoke in love; see the skeletons of vows beautiful when breathed by the lips of the holiest passion on earth, but now hideous in their ruin.
Go to the den of wickedness, to the house of crime supported by lust and age australia, greed; look upon the pictures of wretchedness and sorrow, of sin and guilt painted by dissertation introduction example the hand of wrong; behold the wrecked human lives that are floating on the sea of samples for college existence, only drifting until some sudden wave shall overwhelm them and sink them out of sight, leaving behind a memory that man should contemplate with pity and which kindness would blot out forever. Dissertation Example? See the world in its vice, in Is Shylock its suffering, in its misery, in its tears and its shame and let your lips say, if they can, that Whatever is is right. It is necessary to dissertation introduction example distinguish between the virtue and the vice of obedience. I believe that if God dwelt above the earth in the twelfth century of the Christian era, and a raisin sun characters, witnessed the cruelty of example priests and heard the cries of essays samples their poor victims when their bones were broken upon the rack or their flesh was burning in the wicked flames, and these priests should have lifted up their voices to dissertation introduction example this God and given him the glory of the awful sacrifice, he would have said to samples for college them: You lie; I never commanded one of dissertation my children to essays samples murder another. You are no ministers of mine, and your victims, with their heresies, are a thousand times holier in my sight than are you with your pious dogmas and holy sacraments. As long as self is to be preferred to all, it matters little what is employed to promote it. Self is alone sacred to selfishness. General interest is sacrificed to individual possession. Every man thinks the world his first.
It is example regarded as magnanimous to sun characters leave what you cannot take. The world no longer permits the stronger to kill the weaker, but it allows the wealthy to oppress the poor. Dissertation Example? Money is holier than man. A Villain Or A? Human life is less sacred than property. To save a dollar is regarded as a more necessary virtue than to save a human heart. Society cares more for fortune than for truth. Example? It is easier to what did president hoover to the human of the in 1929? win your way with hypocrisy than with honesty. The world does not ask: What are you worth morally? but, what are you worth financially? Self-interest has made it the object of life to injure our fellows. To get an advantage over another is the victory man seeks.
One must fall that another may rise. Those who are at the bottom support those who are on top. Introduction Example? The toilers are the liberty justice and the pursuit of happiness foundation of society. We need to be more careful of what is beneath us than of what is above us. I write not, these things to shame you, but to warn you. When you are falling, you cannot stop where you wish to. Dissertation Introduction? The power that conquers men today must be the power of enlightened opinion. Two dollars given to the son do not atone for institutional one stolen from the father. What we do know is, that this strange, rare being, called man, is capable of example doing a good deed, but is prone to do a bad one; that he has developed virtues above the brute and vices below the hoover do to to the human of the in 1929? brute; that he is dissertation introduction better in public than in private, and yet take him all in all he might be worse.
We have had the weakness of human nature preached until we have almost come to expect man to be immoral and vicious, and are surprised if anyone asserts that man is strong enough to resist temptation, and disappointed if he does not come up, or down, to our expectations of vileness and institutional revolutionary, wickedness. While we have faith in introduction man in essays samples for college the minority rather than in the majority, still we are inclined to think that most men are bad from introduction, circumstance more than from choice. We trust to better conditions for better men, and depend upon our best men to establish such conditions. There is age australia some criticism of virtue that vice offers which is introduction example as pertinent as the censure of vice which virtue indulges in. We admit that there are a great many sinners that are preferable to some kinds of did president hoover do to a solution to the problems of the depression in 1929? saints, who are no more to blame for their sins than their more fortunate fellow-beings are for their saintliness. But we do not mean to say that every good man is a villain in disguise, nor every rogue a righteous man who has not been found out. There are men and women whose goodness is looked upon as flat, state, and unprofitable because it is that kind that is good from dissertation example, favorable circumstances, and not from the exercise of any strength of their own, but such virtue is better than vice. We cannot afford to lose any power that protects the world from evil, and we rejoice in all the favorable circumstances that guard human beings. Men are educated into bad habits through the constant assertion of human weakness, and the publicity which is given to bad deeds. We can never build man very high on legal, the foundation of total depravity. It is to be regretted that we think so meanly of mankind.
We must start with a better assumption of human nature than that held by Christianity. We ought to emphasize man's strength and dissertation example, give prominence to justice pursuit the good deeds of men. It is not necessary to lie about introduction human nature one way more than another. Man has been painted worse than he is. We do not ask to have him painted better than he is. Essays? We want a true likeness.
Man will make the best picture without any fictitious coloring. We are aware that we have not yet outgrown our animal inheritance, that we are still fettered to earthly things. Man can more easily deny his soul than he can his stomach, but for all this there is greatness in him. While man can fall to the lowest depths from which he sprung, he can rise to the height which is visible in his purest hours. What we ought to do is to example encourage, all we can, the conditions most favorable to the development of the noblest part of man. Drinking Age Australia? Every temptation to vice should be driven from the public gaze. Dissertation Example? If man must fall, let him fall out of sight. People who rely most on God rely least on themselves. The original sin was not in eating of the forbidden fruit, but in planting the tree that bore the fruit. The people who boast the loudest of carrying their cross are never around when man cries for help.
An audience composed of the best-dressed people in a town stands for pure religion and undefiled today. The dogma of a divine man is a dogma of deception. It is a theological cobweb. It is spread to catch flies. The idea prevailed in the past that what could not be understood must necessarily be profound, as though muddy water was deep water. Does anyone comprehend the dogma of the Trinity?
It is believed because it cannot be comprehended. The tribute of faith has been paid to occult nonsense long enough. How does anyone know what is superhuman? What is human? The fact is, Jesus has had his day. His reign is drawing to a close. He is being seen for what he is, -- a myth. Faith in him as a God is dying. The belief that Jesus was divine is a blot on the intelligence of this century.
But the blot is liberty justice and the pursuit growing smaller. Lots of men who would not associate with infidels for fear of contaminating their characters are not yet out of jail. Jesus never said a kind word of the rich. Dissertation Introduction Example? He never uttered a word that contains any consolation for the millionaire. He never gave any command that encourages the 'laying up treasures upon do to offer a solution in 1929?, earth.' What is a rich man in the Christian church for? He has no business there, if he is an honest man. He is dissertation example living exactly opposite to institutional revolutionary the life Jesus commended.
He is doing what Jesus told men not to do. Dissertation Introduction Example? He refuses to do what Jesus said a man must do in order to be his disciple. Either the what did president in 1929? rich man who joins the church is a hypocrite, or the minister, that receives such a man into the church, is. There is a hypocrite somewhere. You do not find that Jesus went into the temple to flatter the dissertation introduction example money-changers; he went in there to drive them out with a whip. The rich man's gospel is not found in the New Testament. That is sure. It may be preached from a Christian pulpit by a so-called Christian minister, but the man who preaches this gospel denies his professed Lord and Master. Jesus did not say, Lay up treasures upon Is Shylock or a, earth. Take all you can from the poor. Form trusts and combinations to introduction example enrich yourselves.
Worship Mammon. There is a misunderstanding evidently on the part of the rich man who joins the Christian church. Samples For College? If he would read the New Testament he would learn his mistake, and see that he was in the wrong place. He does not seem to be aware what Jesus preached. There is one thing certain, the Christian church that receives into fellowship a millionaire, has more reverence for the millionaire than for Jesus. The beating of humanity's heart cannot be felt by placing the finger on the church's pulse. What a queer thing is Christian salvation! Believing in firemen will not save a burning house; believing in doctors will not make one well, but believing in a savior saves men.
Fudge! Envy, malice and ill-will can make no decent defense of themselves. Now, it costs no more to say a good word of a brother or sister than to say a bad one, and there is no obligation on the part of a person to blacken human reputation. It is a mean heart that cannot do justice to another. If we must speak of our neighbors, let us speak kindly. Let us refer to example those things that are pleasant, and discuss that in their characters that is worthy of praise. It hurts us to what do to offer of the depression in 1929? say bad things of other people, and dissertation example, it may hurt them. There is certainly some part of everyone's life that can be commended. What we know of others that is not good, let us not refer to.
Silence is never more charitable than when it spares a human heart. There are many of our friends who are striving to make a success in life. Nothing will aid them more than to speak well of them. Everybody can be generous with kind words, and hoover do to a solution to the, yet they are worth more than gold. They are the introduction example diamonds of speech, which the poorest can wear. Don't be afraid to speak well of men, to praise good deeds. No one will think worse of you for speaking kindly of others. It is not necessary that we speak well only of those deeds that men sing in words of song.
There are scores of little every-day acts, that give the samples for college perfume of self-denial, of sacrifice, and that deserve praise. If we were to give any advice to a man or woman, who wished to help the world as they passed through it, it would be this, Speak well of men and women. A receipt for bringing up a child will not apply to dissertation introduction a whole family. To build one house for liberty and the man is better than to build a dozen houses to God. We often hear a man say that the world owes him a living. So it does, if he earns it. But man owes the world something. The debt is on introduction example, both sides, and it is only by did president hoover offer a solution human problems giving what is example due to Is Shylock a Villain others that we get what is due to ourselves. We receive assistance when we render it, and it is by a law of our nature that the world turns from a man who turns from the dissertation introduction example world. Most men treat their wives worse than servants, If a wife asks for some money, the what did president hoover offer to the human husband, in. most instances, wants to know what she is going to dissertation introduction example do with it and how much she wants, instead of essays samples giving her what is her right.
Married men do not recognize their wives as equal partners in the family concern. Example? They think they should have what they want and their wives what they are pleased to give them. How many homes have been broken up by carrying out such a principle as this? More than men will confess. This state of things is not confined to the homes of poverty.
Not at all. It exists where there is plenty. Many a proud woman is almost daily humiliated by a man to whom she is what offer a solution to the obliged to go for what money she needs. Dissertation Introduction Example? The pain that niggardly husbands inflict upon legal, sensitive wives is only known by themselves. Many a woman has said: I would rather go without the introduction money than have so much trouble to get it from my husband. What must a woman have suffered to be forced to make such a confession as that!
A marriage in which a woman is a Villain Essay daily made to feel her dependence upon introduction example, a man, is attended with the gravest moral perils. The only just rule is for the husband to allow his wife a fair share of his income, for her to do with as she pleases. Not only marital harmony would be promoted by such an arrangement as this, but love would burn longer and purer on institutional revolutionary party, the family altar, private morality would be conserved, and all the relations of life elevated and dignified thereby. The most beautiful thing is the beauty we see in those we love. Dissertation Introduction? The money that men waste would make them rich, and the time they waste would make them wise. But there are other phases of this question that present equally disproportionate features. An actor, who merely repeats the words of another, receives one thousand dollars a night for his performance, while a lecturer who imparts original knowledge to samples for college his hearers, is paid twenty dollars and his expenses for his thought and labor.
A singer is given five thousand dollars for appearing three nights of a week upon dissertation introduction example, the stage, and a reformer is allowed what her audience will drop into the contribution box. One explanation of essays samples this is: There is only one Caruso. There is dissertation introduction another explanation, and that is: People will pay more to be entertained, to be pleased, than to be instructed, to be enlightened or to be told what is right and best. It is a sad fact that many are paid too little for what they do. As a rule the actual laborers, the real workers of the world, both male and female, do not receive fair compensation for their work, while thousands of essays samples people who merely hold an office are paid far more than they are worth. Teachers, writers and professors are all underpaid.
The highest work that man or woman is example doing is the work of hoover do to in 1929? education, training the human mind to dissertation example think truly, to act nobly, and a Villain Essay, yet a lawyer receives more in a day than a teacher in a year. The world that will pay one thousand dollars an hour to hear the voice of Melba, will grumble at introduction paying ten cents an justice and the of happiness, hour to a washerwoman. The world that will give a person ten thousand dollars a year for pitching base-ball will object to dissertation introduction raising the wages of our mill operatives five per cent. The world that will pay ten thousand dollars a year for riding a horse, wants a woman to teach school for liberty of happiness fifty dollars a month. We say, pay talent well and genius generously, but pay well also the arm that toils; pay the needle, the saw, the dissertation introduction example spade, the hoe, the mop. Every man who claims the right to essays samples life, liberty and dissertation introduction, the pursuit of happiness, is bound to for college show that he deserves this right. For many years men have regarded all questions of religion as settled, and that the whole duty of this and introduction, future generations was to accept the samples conclusions of the introduction past upon all religious matters.
We do not understand how men ever came to what hoover a solution to the human of the depression in 1929? regard such conclusions as final or how they came to expect the whole human race to receive them as the utmost of human knowledge. We do not look upon dissertation example, the questions of religion as settled, and the growing doubts of the infallibility of the common religious ideas demand that we reconsider these questions. Essays? To do this we have not to go into any theological discussion. No learned authorities are to be consulted to establish or refute any line of argument. No dictionary of terms is to be examined to settle the meanings of words. We have only to decide whether mankind had better facilities for observing and studying the phenomena of the universe in past times than we have today; whether their eyes and ears were better than ours, and their methods and opportunities for ascertaining the truth of things higher than those of this age. If men in the past had facilities inferior to ours for observing the phenomena of the universe, it would follow that their ideas of the universe would be inferior. Introduction? Now, if we have superior ideas of the universe, ideas nearer the truth of things, why should we be expected to surrender these and hold ideas which are false? Is seems to us that the questions of religion may be settled by deciding whether or not we are to believe our own eyes and ears and essays, trust our own knowledge and experience.
It is certain that if we can trust our senses and our knowledge, the old ideas of the universe, of the origin of earth, of life, of man, and of good and evil and the whole catalogue of religious things are incorrect; and dissertation, if we accept them we do so contrary to our reason and understanding. With faith in the present, and in all that makes it peculiar, -- its scientific tendencies, -- and with the belief that out of the doubt and uncertainty that are now around us will come higher convictions which will deepen and widen life's purpose and in the sun characters, make humanity a fairer word and a fairer reality, we say: Ring out the false, ring in the true. We perceive how important it is introduction that none but pure, true, brave and sincere words be spoken. If a person never heard a bad word he would never utter one. The character of everyone born into the world is determined largely by the world. Men do pretty much what they are taught to Is Shylock or a Essay do. The heart at dissertation introduction example birth is what did president hoover to the of the in 1929? pure, and were it not taught impurity, would remain so. We regard the dissertation introduction ear as the chief door of the assault against the human heart. Is Shylock Victim?? Guard the ear and you save the boy and girl.
An oath is the liar's retreat. Behind it falsehood puts on the robes of truth. The perjurer delights in swearing, for the act invests him with the appearance of honesty. Dissertation? An oath makes the tongue of vice as pure as the lips of virtue. It gives a rogue the institutional party weapon of the gentleman.
It permits guilt to wear the dissertation example dress of innocence. The man who is willing to tell the truth feels that his honesty is impeached when asked to take an oath, while the knave, who is bound to lie, feels that his knavery is protected by the God in whose name he swears. No more senseless custom survives in what did president hoover do to human depression in 1929? our age than the administration of the oath. Dissertation Example? We do not believe that a judge or lawyer has one whit more confidence in human testimony because it is given in the divine name. Is it not time to did president do to offer to the human problems in 1929? recognize this fact, that men can tell the truth without the help of God, and that those, who cannot do so, do not succeed any better with his help? In other words, an oath is example calculated to pass a scoundrel for an honest man. While it does not insure truth-telling, it does serve to dignify a falsehood.
It is time that a lie was obliged to sun characters stand on its own bottom, and not be passed for what it is not, because it is told in the name of God. God's name is not considered good at the banks. To depend upon God is like holding on to the tail-end of nothing. A man cannot be happy who believes in hell, any more than he can sweeten his coffee with a pickle. Introduction? The church wants us to believe that God will go out of his way to strike a blasphemer and work a week to save the soul of a murderer. Man has learned to keep still in respect to those things that concern no one but himself. Liberty Justice Pursuit? He has found that where he has done wrong it is wiser to hold his tongue than to speak. We are not likely to confess what will harm us. Dissertation Introduction? This prudence is utility in morals.
A wanton confession of wrong-doing shows a loss of self- respect, and a virtuous confession is proof of mental weakness. Revolutionary? No human necessity requires self-degradation. To tell what we have done is to pay a compliment to prurient curiosity which it does not deserve. When we are commanded to do such a thing, resistance is a greater virtue than compliance. The human conscience today says: Hands off. It is impertinent to touch the soul against its will. Secrecy is our right. No one can demand that we expose our indiscretions. If the church asks if we have sinned, we feel justified in answering: It is none of your business.
A man's sins are his own. Our actions are private and subject only to voluntary betrayal. We are at liberty to own our weakness or our meanness and to tell whatever we have done; but when another attempts to coerce a confession from us, we refuse to submit to such unwarrantable authority, and assert our right to be custodians of our own deeds. The court which does not require a man to criminate himself is higher than the church which bids a man lay bare his soul. There is no ear pure enough to listen to the story of the secret straggles of the dissertation introduction human heart. The doctrine of confession of sin, which has been taught by the Christian church, is liberty pursuit detrimental to dissertation introduction example manhood and womanhood. It is a police arrangement where the private conscience is under the eye of the Is Shylock a Villain or a Essay priest. There can be no independence where the soul has surrendered to another. To make crime easy is to dissertation introduction make criminals. One cannot rob the essays for college clothes-line if the clothes are in the house. Why is the one lifted up above the other?
In the case we have in dissertation mind it was because the man, when he died, left several millions of dollars to churches, to charities, and to public benefactions. This age honors the a raisin in the accumulation of wealth. It puts its stamp of honor upon the man who gathers a large fortune into his hands. If this man at his death bequeaths all of his fortune, or a large portion of it, for what the world is dissertation example pleased to drinking age australia call charitable purposes, he is called a good man, and his name is dissertation example spoken with pride and what hoover a solution to the human of the depression, praise. Now, we believe in all the virtues that would make a man wealthy, but not in the vices: and we believe that a man may have all of these virtues and not have much money when he becomes old, or, when he reaches the example banks of the river of death.
We want to praise the man that the world does not praise, the man who does not live or die for legal drinking age australia praise, and who does not care for dissertation it. We do not think that death's philanthropy is as grand and beautiful as life's philanthropy. The man who lives to drinking age australia get money and to keep money, that at the last, when he can no longer keep it, he may bestow it where it will be a monument to his name, is not half so noble as the man who lives in such a way that he makes life easier for his fellow- beings, giving his little every week, here and there, and dissertation, letting his gift fall quietly and out of sight of men. It is the legal truest philanthropy not to rob man, not to take money from the world and hold it until the stronger hand of death opens the dissertation example strong hand of greed. This is man's noblest way to live; to take only what can be used for profit or pleasure. To take more than this is to rob mankind. What generosity is there in parting with money only when death makes the fingers let go? Men who carry their millions to the grave would Carry them beyond it, if they could.
When only death can conquer selfishness, its noblest bequest merits but little praise. There is no vicarious suffering for the one who has eaten too much. The nation that proclaims the right of free speech, but will not protect that right, has abandoned its principles. Almost everybody is ready to to the human problems depression in 1929? say that man should not worship the sun, the moon, the stars, or any earthly thing; but a great many still think that man should worship the mysterious something of which everything is a manifestation. We have outgrown the worship of objects. We look upon the person who sees a God in any natural object as an idolater; as one whose mental vision is unillumined by any true idea of the introduction example universe. But there is justice of happiness a demand that man shall worship God, or the unknown force or power in Nature that is the source of all things. We admit the unknown quantity of the universe; but we do not see the necessity of worshiping it.
We do not see any good in praying to it, or in singing to it. Nature is all a mystery and example, all the mystery there is, but why do we need to keep saying so in justice of happiness prayer and praise when the silent fact is ever before our eyes? We do not need to go down on our knees to every mysterious thing, and introduction, stay there. Let us freely and frankly confess that Nature is incomprehensible, and then go about what did president hoover do to offer a solution to the human of the depression our business like men, and try to learn what will help ourselves and our fellow-beings. We admit the homage, but deny the introduction example reverence. To begin with, where is the reverence for motherhood among the Roman Catholic priests? Why, these men have not respect enough for woman to elevate her to the dignity and honor of motherhood. These men are married to the church, to legal drinking age australia Christ and dissertation introduction, not to women. Their sacred office would be lowered by what hoover to the problems of the in 1929? taking a wife. The holy vows of these priests are not half as holy as the marriage vow. Introduction? A priest never had half as pure a thought as is born in the heart of a father.
He never performed a rite half as consecrating as dancing a laughing child on his knee. These holy old bachelors have done all their religion would allow them to dishonor motherhood. The pretence that woman as woman, as mother, as wife, as sister, or daughter, is liberty justice and the pursuit particularly respected by Roman Catholics is simply absurd. Dissertation Example? To prove this we point to the homes of the Roman Catholics. We confess that the a raisin sun characters Romish church encourages motherhood, that Roman Catholics are urged to help increase the church membership, but we claim that nowhere is there less reverence of woman as woman, as mother, as wife, as sister, as daughter, than among the dissertation introduction Roman Catholics. Because a Catholic crosses himself before a wooden Madonna, or a plaster-paris image of the mother of Jesus, it is no proof of his reverence for essays motherhood.
Not a bit. The Catholic reverences Mary as the dissertation introduction example mother of God; he pays her homage as a divine person; worships her, not as a mother, but as a superior being. The man that has reverence for motherhood is the man who loves and tenderly cares for his own mother and the mother of his children, but the man who prostrates his mind before a carved figure of the Virgin Mary and pounds his wife and kicks his daughter into the street has reverence for nothing. Adam might have obeyed God, but he could not resist Eve. It looks easy to break off a bad habit that somebody else has got. We would no sooner go to Moses to learn about essays for college deity than we would go to Noah to learn how to build a steamship. Dissertation Introduction? We do not believe in getting divinity through a straw three thousand years long. If we must have a God, let us have one that has had the advantages of civilization. Legal Drinking Age Australia? We might possibly give this Lord God of the Bible a quarter of mutton, as did Abel, or a peck of potatoes, as did Cain, if we were convinced that he was living anywhere in the universe, just to keep on the right side of him, but we would not care to dissertation introduction example be on an out-of-the-way road with him after dark unless we had a revolver with us. We know of no more villainous character in all literature; and for men and women, who pretend to sun characters love what is pure and good, who pretend to honor what is upright and just and who pretend to revere what is noble and true, to worship this God of Christianity, this God of Moses, this God of the Bible, is a sad commentary on human intelligence and human integrity.
We know that all theological discussions have been wretchedly barren of results; we know that theology has made no contribution to actual knowledge; we know that no one knows anything about dissertation introduction example any such being as God, and we also know that every God worshipped to- day by men and did president hoover offer of the, women is only an imaginary person or thing. No one knows what God is or where he is, and yet ministers speak about him just as though they had been to his house and taken tea with him. Theology has received attention out of proportion to its achievements. It has done the cackling while science has laid the egg. We do not like to hear men say: God did this and God said this, when he has never opened his lips to speak to man and never lifted his hand to help him. Dissertation Introduction Example? We call such language dishonest, and the time will come when the men who have made such use of the Victim? Essay divine name will be condemned as importers. What this generation should do is to take the Lord God of the introduction example Israelites, that lies dead on the banks of time and bury him from human sight forever.
Not another human being born on drinking, this earth should be allowed to introduction read of a Villain or a Victim? his cruel deeds, and if Christian ministers were honest, and had the courage of their honesty, they would tell the world that the being called God in the Bible was no God, only an idol of a rude and dissertation, barbarous age. A theologian is a person who uses the word God to hide his ignorance. Suffering takes various shapes. Pain comes in a thousand forms. But there is a limit to the endurance of pain. Unconsciousness comes to legal age australia the relief of the example mind when agony can no longer be borne.
Hell, such as has been taught by Christianity, is not a logical conclusion. All suffering that we know anything about ends itself. The victim is released by exhaustion. Hell is impossible. The finer suffering which is called remorse, which follows wrong-doing, gradually wears out. Samples? Its lash loses its sting. Dissertation? The sinner becomes callous to his act or finds a balm for his regret in Is Shylock or a Victim? the lapse of years. The finger of time erases the memory of every wrong, and soothes with its touch every pang. We can escape the fate of wrong-doing by doing better. Reform opens the door of example every hell invented for Is Shylock or a Essay man's punishment.
The man who does right, wherever he is, will have the reward of right-doing, the fate of right-doing. It is this fact which makes the idea of endless pain for man's deeds done on earth illogical. Man can turn around on the road of dissertation introduction example evil as well as on the road of legal drinking good, and hence he can change his fate whenever he changes his life. The measure of human suffering makes it impossible for man to endure pain forever. He must either perish utterly as a sentient being or be driven by his punishment to better behavior.
No man ever yet tore down his altar and found a God behind it. Trying to find God is introduction example a good deal like looking for money one has lost in a dream. We could believe in God if he shortened the road for the lame, led the blind or fed the starving. We are told that all things are possible with God, and party, yet God cannot boil an egg in cold water. Nothing clings to dissertation introduction the world like a superstition. Start a fear in the human breast, and it will make every heart quake before it can be driven out. Let a bad habit become fixed, and it will be as hard to legal drinking dislodge it as it is to plant a good habit.
But men are getting over their fright somewhat. The natural is found to dissertation introduction be the true, not the false; the institutional right, not the wrong; the good, not the bad. Nature has been slandered, lied about. It was once thought necessary to assassinate this word in dissertation example order to preserve the Orthodox religion. The necessity still remains, but orthodoxy is dying. Nature is a large word.
It means about all there is. If there is a God, he is natural. New creeds are to a raisin in the sun characters take the place of old ones. What people believe now, not what people believed hundreds or thousands of years ago, must be put into a profession of faith. For a man to profess what his father and mother believed is to make birth useless and existence valueless. Dissertation Introduction? We are to live to did president offer to the problems of the depression in 1929? add to life, not to repeat it.
Is theology the only thing that people put their trust in? A theological creed has to be accepted with the dissertation example eyes shut. We want a creed of the heart, of the head, of the senses, of the whole person. There is no theology worth believing in. The creed of the samples church is a gravestone. If we were to make a creed for the world of men to accept we would make it out of human hearts. Introduction Example? We would go where a man had helped another; where a woman had sat beside the sick and suffering; where man had been crucified for being true; where he had been burned for being honest; where he had stood against the world protesting against its wrongs and proclaiming the right, and where he had fallen with a martyr's crown upon his forehead; and we would write these into a creed, and have men say: I believe in men and women who have lived good lives, who have taken the unfortunate by the hand and lifted up the revolutionary fallen, who have pardoned a woman's fault, who have shown their love of dissertation example truth by in the being true, and who have done right even when they were wronged for so doing. The grandest life is the grandest creed; and, if man's faith was faith in what has made the world better and brighter and happier, he would be better off than by believing in a God that is introduction example cruel, unjust and unkind, and in a heaven where the Is Shylock or a highest joy is dissertation found in laughing at those who are in hell. It has been discovered that the man who was lost in thought was not a church member. We do not say that another world is not worth a single thought, but rather that this world is party worth all our thoughts, and needs them. We ought to cultivate happiness.
We ought to have the home filled with what is beautiful. We ought to let the sun shine into our lives. Dissertation Introduction? People who are sour and moody look upon the smiling, happy person as foolish, and wonder what there is in life that one can find to enjoy. They want to tear the flower to a raisin in the pieces, stop the bird singing, trample upon the joy of the child, and hush the laugh of mirth. If you cannot enjoy life, don't try to prevent others from doing so. Don't throw a shadow on the human heart. Don't try to dissertation example stop the sun shining. Laying up treasures in heaven never kept a man out of the poor-house. If by following Jesus is meant living as he lived, doing as he did, believing as he believed, teaching as he taught and dying as he died, we are not in it. We shall have to say: Thank you, we guess not.
We prefer to go some other way. We do not see any necessity of following anybody very far, if at all. Do To Offer A Solution To The Problems Of The In 1929?? This following business is played out. Those who profess to follow Jesus don't do it in introduction example the daytime. But we can go a little farther and say that we do not think Jesus was a man that a self-respecting person would like to follow. He does not inspire us with any particular admiration. The man who could let his lips forget to speak kindly of his mother cannot have our admiration. The man who came not to bring peace, but a sword, to the world cannot have our admiration.
The man who said: believe and be saved, believe not and be damned, cannot have our admiration. If we follow anybody, it is a raisin in the going to be a person that commands our respect, whose greatness and goodness compel our admiration, and introduction, who did not try to drinking age australia win men by tricks. Dissertation Introduction Example? We regard Jesus, as he is Essay painted in the four gospels, as a character below the ideal of this age, a character that, to imitate, would dwarf the noblest man. Dissertation Example? If Jesus were alive it would be his duty today to follow others, rather than to drinking age australia command others to follow him. There seems to be an idea abroad in this land as well as in others, that a certain class of people are for the purpose of producing servants for another class of people, and introduction, that this servant-producing class has no right to for college give their children an education that is calculated to elevate them above the dissertation position of their parents. We are not in essays samples sympathy with this idea. If there is one person on this earth that is of less account than another it is the person who is helpless, who is dependent upon dissertation introduction example, others for everything that makes life possible or endurable. We must confess that there are too many people in this country who are of this kind, who must have someone to do for them what they ought to do for themselves. Why should one person be expected to revolutionary party wait upon another?
Why should a man or woman look upon introduction, a fellow-being as fit only to be a servant? Is one born to serve and the other to institutional revolutionary be waited upon? Such notions have no right on our democratic soil. In this country there must be no caste, no division of society into classes. We rejoice that such a criticism of the character of the help employed in the houses of the rich as we overheard, is true, for it reveals a condition of things that may lead to what is dissertation introduction much needed today, viz.: a simpler mode of living on the part of a great many of our American people. Is it necessary to a Villain Victim? live in dissertation introduction such a way that a dozen or more servants are required in samples for college a home to keep it in order? We believe the community in which all are independent and none are servants is the ideal one. Why should not this be the dissertation ambition of the race, to live in a manner that will leave others their independence and institutional, encourage in them the desire for a home? Our children all ought to be taught to work, and dissertation, be made to work, and not be brought up with the notion that they have the right to expect others to drinking wait upon them. We do not wish to imply that one individual should not consider it his or her duty to help another or to work for another. What we desire to convey is this, that if people did more of their own work, and waited upon their own wants more, they would not only be doing what is best for introduction themselves, but also what is best for the community in revolutionary party general.
For men or women to be dependent upon servants and almost helpless without them, is not a condition to be proud of, but to introduction example be ashamed of. The man who cannot harness or drive his horse; the woman who cannot buy and essays for college, cook a dinner for her family, has not been properly educated. The home in which there are the dissertation fewest servants is the happiest home. The father that brings up his sons to work, to know how to earn a living; the mother who teaches her daughters to cook, to sew, to do housework, is doing them good, not harm. There are too many know-nothings and do-nothings in the world. It is honorable to be useful in this world, and it ought to be dishonorable to be useless. Let us work for the day when we can get along without servants; when life shall be so simple that each family can do its own work. The servant system is but little different from the slave system, and it ought to be abolished. The money man gives to get him into heaven is what he ought to use to improve the earth. The Unitarian walks with a cane, the Congregationalist, Methodist, Presbyterian and Baptist go with crutches, the Episcopalian has to be pushed about in an invalid's chair, while the did president a solution problems of the depression Roman Catholic crawls on his hands and knees and is led around with a ring in his nose by dissertation introduction example a priest. We have no objection to being taken care of by a heavenly father, or by any person or power that is wiser and kinder than man.
But we do not want to put our trust in Is Shylock or a Essay such a being or power and then, just when we needed most the help and counted on it, find that we had been deceived. We admit the good that is in Nature, the beautiful, the attractive, but we cannot put faith in the God of earthquakes. When we listen to a bird's full-throated song, and surrender ourselves in delicious rapture to the spell of example its wondrous melody, we are ready to or a Victim? acknowledge that a benignant power gave life to dissertation this sweet little charmer, that can start such a flood of joy in legal the human heart, but when in strolling among the meadow's blossoms we are confronted with the repulsive head and ominous attitude of the rattle-snake, we ask: Who made you? We admire Nature in dissertation introduction some forms, but detest it in others. We pick the rose with a blessing on justice, its perfect beauty and perfumed breath, but we shun the white flower of the dogwood -- the poisonous hypocrite. When the sky is introduction fair and blue, and a smile is on the face of heaven, we feel that only kindness and love sit enthroned above us, but when the blue changes to what did president do to a solution human depression black and the smile to a frown, which grows deeper and darker until the whole heavens threaten destruction to earth; when the heedless lightning, with brutal stroke, fells at our feet a form we love, we wonder where the dissertation introduction kindness and love have gone that we saw only a few hours before. Nature does not keep one mood long. She has made things fair and things foul; she blesses, but she curses also; she wins us with some temptation of beauty, and then punishes us for yielding; she puts in our heart an angel of love, but she puts there, too, a devil of hate; she caresses us one minute and kicks us the next; she licks our hand, and then without warning she bites us. There is more power today in a drop of ink than in a raisin sun characters a ton of powder.
A man may have respect for old age and dissertation, not like to find gray hairs in his butter. The great question for a raisin in the sun characters us to introduction answer is Is Shylock a Villain or a Victim? Essay not what God wants, but what men need. Let us live to our selves. Worship is interruption. Let our life satisfy. Dissertation Introduction? Worship is apology. If we are doing our best, what need to institutional revolutionary party excuse our work? What good does it do to praise God? That is the true love which obeys, not that which adores. We want willing hands, not lifted ones.
Worship is superfluous. It adds nothing to the soul. It increases our cares, not our virtues. Dissertation? The test of everything is, does it help man? We challenge the church to prove its claim to man's support. Legal? It throws a shadow upon the earth instead of example letting more light upon it. The priest is in man's way. Worship is a compliment to the deity that he does not need, and a burden upon liberty justice pursuit of happiness, man which he is not able to bear. Nature does not worship. She grows.
Worship is opposition to reform. It palsies the world's thought. It means stagnation. It is difficult to get advocated what will correct society, because mankind spends so much time in the church that it has no time to introduction spend in the theater of sun characters improvement. Worship is hypocrisy's disguise. What a train of splendid deceit marches up the aisles of the church! What a mask is worship, but the world can see through it. When falsehood kneels in praise of truth; when extortion and cruelty call God father; when meanness and vice are the disciples of Jesus, and when crime and sin say, Thy will be done, the name of religion is a blush on the forehead of the world. We would not dethrone the introduction example world's heroes. The more human beings we can get the world to institutional revolutionary honor and respect the better humanity will be, but when a man or woman has been for ages almost worshipped by the world; when time, with its forgiving hand, has erased deed after deed until naught else is example left of the man or woman but a holy memory, an unreal soul, whose virtues are as ghostly as shadows cast by the moon, it behooves us to look with unprejudiced mind at essays samples for college this phantom of existence and to dissertation see with naked eye this object of adoration, for justice and the of happiness one may be certain that beneath the dissertation example idol's robes will be found a human form and with it all the peculiarities of human nature. The truth is, we do not know what kind of a raisin in the a man Jesus was.
Good men have been killed by bad ones, and bad men killed by good ones. Introduction? If Jesus was killed because he was a blasphemer the chances are that he was better than those who put him to death, but if he was killed because he sought to overturn the government and secure the throne for himself, he may have been a very bad man. But by the gospel-record we hold that Jesus was not a man for this age to honor or imitate. Another way of helping the for college world is the material way -- giving something that will relieve its wants, pay its debts, or add to its independence. The sympathy that takes the shape of dissertation dollars and cents always reaches the heart. The rarest virtue in this world of what did president offer a solution to the problems of the depression ours is generosity, and dissertation example, the rarest man is he who gives to the world asking for age australia no dividends but in the happiness of dissertation his fellow- creatures. Money, when wisely bestowed, comes about what do to offer to the problems of the as near the shape of an angel as any earthly thing can assume. But there are other ways of assisting the dissertation example world, and while we admit all the good that can be done with money, men and samples for college, women need today to be helped with truth, helped with justice. Mankind are suffering from falsehoods, from wrongs as well as from ignorance, from dissertation introduction, want and poverty. Those who are unjust to their fellows should help them by dealing justly by what hoover do to a solution to the of the them. Dissertation Introduction? Those who are keeping the world in darkness should help it by essays for college telling the truth.
Truth and justice are every man's right, and every man's due. You can help the dissertation example world by being just to it, by using your fellow-beings honestly, squarely, justly. Essays? You can help it by example telling the truth and by concealing nothing that is true. Man needs an education in unselfishness. A Raisin? He must learn to work for dissertation example himself without working against others. The advantage which a man gains today is too often at the disadvantage of his brother or sister.
It is a poor victory which inflicts suffering. The true measure of man's success is the joy his life confers upon the world. The man who wants to be an angel is never in a hurry to begin. The man who gets on what did president offer to the of the depression in 1929?, his knees has not learned the right use of his legs. Dissertation Example? Ignorance is all that saves some people: if they knew more they would do worse.
There have been brave deaths on the gallows and at essays samples for college the stake. Men have died sublimely whom society has condemned as criminals. In our day there has been as lofty heroism evinced in the face of the most terrible of deaths as ever martyr of old manifested when dying for dissertation introduction his faith. We know that men have walked into the arms of an ignominious death without a tremor, and for college, with magnificent courage shining in their faces. Brave dying proves less than brave living. The sacrifice of a lifetime shows the courage that commands our deepest admiration. Some mother, some sister, or daughter who has offered herself for dissertation introduction example years upon essays samples for college, the hidden altar of duty has performed a deed beside which a moment's suffering is as naught. Example? But the average mind fails to a raisin sun characters discern heroism, except where the suffering is apparent.
We will admit for the moment that Jesus died upon the cross. We will allow all the pain and introduction example, agony of such a cruel and terrible death. We will let every picture of his suffering that has drawn tears from the eyes of women be accepted as true. We would not rob the manner of his death of a raisin sun characters a single pang. It was merciless, pitiless, devilish. Crucifixion is the essence of cruelty, the refinement of torture, the invention of brutality. We acknowledge all the dissertation example horrors of the cross. We do not wonder that a man should shrink from being nailed to its arms, but we do wonder that a God should.
We are not surprised that human weakness should cry out of its breaking heart for Is Shylock Victim? Essay sympathy and help, but we cannot understand why divine strength should ask for pity or aid. If Jesus was God he should have died in divine silence. The record of the last hours of introduction Jesus shows that he died disappointed. The cross proves that Jesus was human. When he cried out: My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me, a keener anguish pierced his heart than when the cruel iron was driven through his flesh. The dogma of the divinity of Is Shylock a Villain or a Jesus should have died on the cross, when the man of Nazareth gave up the ghost. The man who does no thinking before he acts does twice as much afterwards. Adam may not have been so perfect after the 'fall, but he was not so big a fool. The average daughter is better behaved, has better personal habits, than the dissertation introduction example average son. Essays? The average mother has fewer vices than the average father.
The average woman is less vicious than the average man. Whose fault is it that this is so? It is somebody's. Whose is it? It is time to find out. Have men fixed the dissertation introduction standard for women, and women for legal men? It is example approximately true that either sex is what the other demands of it. Women are too indulgent towards the other sex. Victim? Essay? We believe it lies with them more than with men to elevate the moral standard of the world. A father would not take his daughter to introduction places where he takes his son, would not condone in her habits which he overlooks, if not encourages, in his boy. Picture a father going to a saloon with his daughter, and there treating her to a Tom and Jerry, or a beer, and then calling for cigars for two, and in the sun characters, sitting there smoking together for half an hour or so!
A man will do this with his boy but not with his girl. Why not? If it is right and harmless for one, why not for the other? Is it true or not that what is right for men is wrong for women? We ought to have only one moral standard. The sexes should be held to like behavior. Men can have just as good habits as women. We do not believe in forgiving in one what we condemn in another, in allowing a young man to introduction example do with impunity what we will not tolerate in Is Shylock or a Essay a young woman. If we are to have one standard of morals, which shall it be?
Shall it be the highest or lowest? Shall it be the standard for man or for introduction example woman? Shall we permit women to do as men do, or shall we insist that men shall be equally pure in personal habits with women? The divided standard of conduct which now exists should be done away with. Let us demand equal behavior of the sexes, and revolutionary party, let that behavior be fashioned after the highest moral demand of society.
We do not wish to educate boys to be girls, but we can educate boys to have as good habits as girls have, which would be a great gain to dissertation introduction example the world. We must hold women largely responsible for the vices of men. There is essays samples for college not a vicious habit which a man would not lay at the feet of woman did she demand it. Not a man would tolerate in dissertation introduction example a woman what a woman tolerates in a man. Let us have one moral standard for men and women, for both sexes, and mete out to each the same punishment for what did president do to a solution to the depression violation of its restrictions. How many accept the dissertation example opinions of others because they fear to question their authority! This regard for what other people think and say is well enough only when it does not destroy independence of thought and speech in a raisin in the ourselves. Another's opinion is not to be respected when it is a fetter to our freedom. We need not rehearse the evils which the dissertation introduction example world has borne on account of its fear to did president offer to the human depression in 1929? do right alone.
Man must have someone to share the dissertation introduction danger, to share the blame, but a dozen cowards are not worth so much as one brave man, and right is no more right because ten say it instead of one. A thousand felt what Luther said; a thousand believed what Parker did. The best man in us is often the one that does not speak. The truest belief of the heart is the one never confessed. Man seldom comes to the surface. He rarely has a call to be himself, but to be somebody that will please the world. Man is obliged to make himself into a theological likeness; into a political representation.
It will be centuries before men can assert themselves fearlessly without injury. It is no easy matter for legal drinking age australia a man to set himself against popular opinion and maintain his position. Every power is brought to bear upon him that falsehood can invent and dissertation example, malice employ. A person who refuses to acknowledge the authority of the hour asserts a higher. When a man slaps the world in the face he should have truth on a raisin, his side and dissertation introduction example, courage to meet the stake and the cross. The majority never forgives him who denies its judgment. The individual that challenges the majority must prove his right of and the pursuit of happiness defiance. When a man is greater or better than men he must pay the penalty.
The world cannot yet forgive anyone for excelling it. Authority when it debases man should be disputed; when it denies man his rights should be rejected. It is plain to be seen, without illustration or example, that man's authority is not found in his own mind. He has no history that reaches beyond custom. Man begins with man so far as facts prove. Society rests upon dissertation example, hearsay and religion upon tradition. Essays Samples For College? A claim has only to be made upon ignorance to be granted. Dissertation Example? This good- natured world of ours would believe anything, or make-believe believe it, to save its soul. Victim?? It takes either a very shrewd man or a moderately mean one to dodge every duty of life and dissertation, remain respectable.
It is dangerous to go outside the in the beaten path, not only on account of the example persecution of the present but on account of the folly of the future. The world can easily twist an drinking, action into a law or a man into a God if profit hang on the end of its deed. The authority of dissertation example half man's actions today depends upon some accident or fraud of the past. Man wants a little of the fabulous yet in his meat and drink. He loves to think that Jesus is present when he drinks his wine and eats his bit of bread, although it is a mystery.
Popular opinion is the authority of most words and actions. We speak to men as to children -- to please them. We tell them some parable or fairy story instead of telling them their faults honestly and trying to make them better. Most men begin by bowing to public opinion and end by carrying it on their backs. The authority of the legal age australia world may be disputed without any of the stars being thrown out of their course or any of the processes of life being disturbed.
The notion that all has been discovered that is essential to the welfare of man is a mistaken one. The other notion that the preservation of whatever is elevating and refining depends upon the religious opinions of mankind, is equally delusive. The authority of the Bible, of Jesus, of the dissertation example church, has been quoted until the world is prepared for a better. We might lose the Bible and not lose our place in the ranks of civilization. Jesus might be forgotten and man would still strive for a higher life. The church might perish in a day and do to a solution human problems of the, not a single particle of goodness be lost. If we speak honest words, do honest work and live honest lives, we need not ask for God's help or the help of dissertation introduction example anybody. We do not give to immorality the hours we redeem from what did president hoover do to offer problems of the, superstition. We give to manhood and womanhood every hour which we make natural and free. It is not necessary for dissertation introduction example a man to go to church in order to Is Shylock Victim? be righteous.
The world found assistance before Jesus was born. Introduction? There has always been saints outside of a convent. We need no book holy that good counsel shall be valuable. The highest authority is the highest human enlightenment. It needs no priest back of opinion to give it force. Why does a man enter the Christian ministry?
The reason that revelation is what did president hoover do to human of the in 1929? always made to the simple is that the dissertation introduction example wise could not be imposed upon. There is no sadder grief than that which lies at the bottom of a life that has been wrecked through deception. And The? An organization that requires the suppression of dissertation example facts and the discouragement of knowledge in order to a raisin sun characters maintain its supremacy, is the introduction example relic of a tyranny which our free age and or a Victim? Essay, our free thought are in duty bound to remove from the earth. No man gets estimated for exactly what he is, and it is lucky he doesn't. A great many men and women are remembered for what somebody has said about them. We do not demand the truth; we do not insist upon the right; we are satisfied with less than integrity. It is not in a spirit of carping that we say this, but because it is dissertation true.
Let us glance at the world as it lies before us. Theories pass for institutional party facts, faith for evidence. Dissertation Introduction Example? We assert without knowledge; we are positive without proof. Man is did president offer to the human depression condemned for not believing, although living a pure and noble life; he is praised for believing, although living a selfish and cruel life. Men are not judged by human nature, but by opinions which are uppermost in public esteem. Men and women are bad according to the standard of one age; good according to that of another. Theologies, which may be wrong, condemn men who may be right. Justice is never man's precedent. Dissertation Example? The world quotes Moses, David, Paul, Jesus, to defend its conduct or prove its guilt. Authority is another's opinion. Institutional Revolutionary Party? Law is dissertation introduction what has been done and sanctioned by mankind.
The decision of one court binds another. One text is samples quoted to dissertation introduction example prove another. A man's act is made a rule of life. We say, to defend ourselves: He did it. The world's power of attorney is in its own handwriting. Our appeal is to some one else. Essays? We get our politics from our fathers, our religion from our mothers. The church is preaching what others believed.
The mind still leans. Only a few could stand without a support. The props of the world keep it from failing. Men are not upright of their own strength. No man's action is the patent of manhood. The world does not ask, What virtues are yours? but, What creed do you accept? A dozen agree and call some one else a doubter, a Freethinker, an Infidel, an Atheist. To be able to stand alone is to be blamed by those who cannot do so.
Man must learn this, that he has no greater strength than his own; that he has no higher duty than to obey the behest of his own nature. When we forsake the world's follies and shams we shall find something better. We are never abandoned until we have been abandoned by ourselves. When we refuse to do our duty we must still expect Nature to do hers. The sun and moon do not stand still at man's command. Dissertation? It is greater to a raisin in the sun characters keep one's integrity than it is to dissertation example gain the whole world. It is harder to live when those we love are dead. The trouble with divine revelation is sun characters that we do not know who did the business. Dissertation Introduction Example? A person has not much excuse for living who can make no better use of life than passing it in a nunnery.
Men talk of alleviating the aching hearts and souls of the institutional party world, but if they would relieve the aching backs and arms of men and women by dissertation example being kinder to those who toil, there would be fewer suffering hearts for their sympathy's consolation. If sounds vulgar, perhaps, to speak of back-aching, but the pains of work are among the saddest facts of human life. Act well your part, there all the honor lies. It ought to be true, perhaps, that men should be respected, honored, and praised just as much for carrying a hod well as for writing a poem or acting Hamlet well, but it is not so regarded. A man as a man may be just as worthy, just as honorable, just as much deserving the respect of his fellows who uses a pick and shovel on the highway, but it is a fact that the common laborer as such is not respected nor honored as much as the man who pays him for his labor. A Raisin In The? All the honor may lie in doing well whatever he has to do, but it is what a man does, not how he does it, that receives the dissertation example honor of the world, just the same. Probably thousands of women are acting well their part as washerwomen in justice pursuit of happiness Boston at this time, but are they honored as Sarah Bernhardt is for acting Cleopatra? Would wealthy women pay ten dollars to see a woman scrub a floor, even if she could scrub better than any woman who ever scrubbed before? We guess not. Introduction? There is the point.
There is party no such epitaph as this on the marble of the world: He acted well his part as a coal-heaver. It is true that Lincoln is pointed to as having been a rail-splitter when a young man, but had he never been anything else he would not have had a monument an inch above the ground. It is not Garfield the tow-boy, but Garfield the dissertation example statesman, the President, that is honored. It is a fact that merit is institutional not always appreciated, but it is equally a fact that no merit is seen in the common occupations of life. A person might wear his fingers to bones in what is dissertation example regarded as menial employment, and all his giant labor would not call forth a single word of praise. Essays For College? A dollar or two a day is all the reward the world gives for manual labor. No one sees heroism in farm work, in kitchen work.
No one contributes money to erect a statue to the hod-carrier. Work is not honored. Example? The man or woman who is obliged to a raisin in the sun characters work in order to live is regarded with pity or contempt by those who live upon the labor of others. It is not true that all the honor lies in doing well whatever we have to introduction example do. Such a saying is institutional revolutionary as false as to say Ask, and you shall receive. Honor is not given gratuitously. It has to dissertation introduction be earned.
But it is a fact that we do not honor all labor, all virtue, equally. We have the deepest faith in what the school is doing and trying to do, and liberty, would help it in every way to promote the dissertation instruction in Is Shylock Essay those branches of knowledge which are deemed essential to a sound and useful education, but we cannot fail to see that the school, however much it may assist the child in dissertation introduction the formation of good habits, is not of itself competent to build up character. The school cannot take the place of the home, nor can the essays for college teacher do the work of the parent. We believe that the best way to have good boys and girls, and therefore good men and introduction example, women, is to essays have good homes for dissertation introduction them to essays for college live in. If parents gave more attention to making their homes attractive to their children, they would not be so apt to seek amusement in other places. The more a child is kept at home, the more certain it will be to escape the evils of life. A good home is the first and most powerful factor in forming the character of children.
There is too much thought given by parents generally to the church and too little to the home. They shirk their duty and their responsibility, and introduction example, pray God to look after what they neglect. With the father at work and the mother at mass, the children will be in the street. Drinking Age Australia? Those parents who put the home above the church are throwing around their children the best influences that earth affords. When children are left to the care of God they too often fall into dissertation the hands of the samples for college policeman.
Let the path between the home and the school be well worn, but never mind if the example grass grows in the road that leads to the church. The child will usually love home if home is made lovely. What Hoover Offer To The Depression? If parents wish to drive their children into temptation, let them shut the sunshine of joy out of the house, forbid the playing of games, burn up the pack of cards that is found in one of the boy's rooms, call a ball-room the devil's headquarters, and pronounce a malediction upon all youthful sports. It is easy enough to drive a boy or girl out into the dark. Put out the lights at home.
Those parents who know the evil influences of the world will make their homes bright and introduction example, beautiful and of happiness, then keep their children there as long as they can. The doctrine of salvation by faith is a libel on justice and has done more to undermine the virtue of the world than vice itself. The person whose duty it is to direct the education of the young holds the scepter of a nation's destiny, and the school teacher occupies the dissertation introduction most important station to which one can be elected. Legal Drinking Age Australia? We fear that the profession of teaching is not rightly prized by the American people, and we are sure it is not justly rewarded. No class in the land are paid so poorly, according to the service they perform, as our school teachers, while no class should be paid so well. Far more valuable to dissertation our government is the teacher than the preacher, and yet the salary of the latter exceeds the former in every city and town in the land. This should be changed. Preaching a superstition is and the pursuit of happiness no benefit but an introduction example, injury to a people, while training the mind to read, to think, to gather knowledge is the highest service which one can perform.
We have the greatest respect for the men and women who have prepared themselves for the high office of teacher, and we would see them rewarded for their labor as it deserves. The hope of a country is in the right education of its people, and the way to secure such education is to encourage the teacher by showing a just appreciation of his or her labors. Institutional Party? So we say, put the example school above the church, the teacher above the preacher. The doubter is the safe man; the man who can be depended upon. He does not build upon a foundation of guesswork, and the structure he erects will stand. Let us not fear doubt, but rather fear to have falsehood passed for legal drinking age australia truth. There is no authority that can be quoted against a man but the authority of some other man.
Nine times out of ten the introduction man who declares that God is tender to the sparrow that falls is not the man to buy a winter's coal for liberty justice and the pursuit a poor widow. Once a man hardly dared speak unless he quoted from the dissertation example Scriptures a line or verse that ran parallel with his speech. To-day men say what they think, without caring whether Moses, or David, or John, agree with them or not. We have reached a healthy independence. A Raisin? We have commenced to trust our convictions. Such a stage of dissertation intellectual development is hoover to the human problems in 1929? not favorable to the divinity of one's thoughts. The report of introduction one mind is no more divine than that of another, and no more to be trusted, only as it is age australia more accurate.
There is a higher standard than the word of dissertation God for this age that is, the word of truth. Whosoever speaks truth can face the world alone. When a man needs to go to the Bible to sustain his argument he has a weak argument. When a dogma does not commend itself to human intelligence it is useless to declare it infallible. It will die, even though it be professed a thousand years. It can be accepted only by ignorance and avowed only by hypocrisy. Any man who will quote a Bible-text to defend his opinion in the sense that such text proves his opinion true, proves himself a dolt. A Bible-text is only a human opinion, and as humanity surpasses it in the evolution of experience, it loses its authority and force. We have learned that human reason does not need to be backed by the Bible, and we have learned also that the Bible does need to be backed by human reason, or it has no value. The heart that can deride misfortune confesses its own deformity.
When we are satisfied with the Is Shylock or a Victim? Essay present we do not think of the future. The more mystery is encouraged, the introduction more deceit can impose upon the human mind. If wisdom and diamonds grew on revolutionary, the same tree we could soon tell how much men loved wisdom. We do not like any beggars, but we need to understand that it is not the man in introduction rags, who asks for a piece of bread or meat, that is the only beggar in the world. There is another and more dangerous beggar that we open our doors to, and treat with politeness and respect, and whose appeals we honor; it is the well- dressed beggar who asks for the money which the a raisin arm of labor has coined from its strength, who takes not pennies where he can get dollars, and who enforces his appeal with the name of dissertation God; it is the ecclesiastical beggar, whose hand is stretched out to take the earnings of toil, or the profits of trade; whose hand would as soon take little from poverty as plenty from affluence. The rich beggar is a worse enemy to sun characters society and to the nation than the poor beggar. It is the priest, and not the tramp, whose begging we need to scorn. The man who asks for food in the name of hunger, for example help in the name of justice and the pursuit want, makes, at introduction example least, an drinking, honest appeal to our generosity, but the man who begs in the name of God is an impostor. The tramp's appeal is the truth -- the priest's is a lie. God never yet commissioned a human being to beg for example him, and the person who uses the divine name to enforce his demand is little better than a thief. In the paths of our life may be seen the foot-prints of our ancestors.
If you are poor, be thankful that you have the power of bettering your circumstances by bettering yourself; if you are rich, do not forget that you have the means of doing good, a luxury that is too seldom indulged. Men need nothing so much today as self-reliance; courage to stand up manfully for the right, all alone, daring everything for an idea, without prop or pay, counting not the cost, but seeing only the grand result which would follow its triumph and working for that with single purpose and courageous fidelity. We sometimes wonder how it is that a being with brains, with intelligence, with reason, could ever become a slave to a raisin habit. Dissertation Example? It does not seem possible that a MAN cannot order his conduct. But we must recognize facts. Institutional? Men are victims of habits. They do not perceive that they are bound until they try to be free, and then the strong power of habit asserts itself. How does this terrible despot conquer the mind, the will, the man? What is this invisible force that drives the strongest and the brightest with a whip of iron? it is only an act repeated again and again, but it has become a second nature, a part of the introduction example man, and it has conquered, by the power of in the sun characters reinforcement by repetition. The only way to be superior to bad habits is never to acquire them. Dissertation Introduction Example? Do not do the first bad act.
Stop before you begin to go wrong. The time when a man is saved is when he is young. The time to plant or sow is in the Spring. The harvest depends upon what offer to the depression, the seed. We cannot pick figs from thistles. A bad habit will end in a bad life. Watch the feet of the dissertation example boy and the man's will not need watching.
We must begin with the young, and see that right habits are acquired in early life. It is only a foot from a good habit to a raisin in the sun characters a bad one, but it is a mile back again. We may lose in an hour all we have made in a year. We can undo in dissertation introduction example a day what we have done in a lifetime. A habit is in the a plant of which an dissertation example, act is the seed.
It will bear fruit if it be a good act, but ashes if it be a bad act. It is the first step that starts the Is Shylock race. Example? To start right is the best way to go right and to end right. Never let a bad habit fasten to your life. It takes the shingles from the widow's cottage to put paint on the house of God. Many persons who claim that they are clothed with righteousness do not seem to have got very good fits. In the present state of society we have dependence and independence; a few have escaped from the burdens of toil, but the many are still slaves to physical wants.
But the few enjoy their independence at the expense of those beneath them, and oftentimes by inflicting wrong and injustice upon their fellows. Is Shylock Essay? Such a condition ought not to be allowed. Prosperity is the accumulated efforts of example mankind. No man has created all the benefits he enjoys; no one has sowed all that he reaps. The rich man today is rich because he has, by advantageous circumstances, obtained possession of more than his share of the world's wealth, or because he has inherited what others have obtained in the same way, or because by legal thrift and dissertation, economy and good luck he has succeeded in getting money and keeping it.
But what makes the poor man? Not one thing, or one condition. He is the victim sometimes of his own follies, vices or laziness, although he is Is Shylock or a Essay often not to be blamed for his poverty. There are individual cases where doubtless destitution is the child of misfortune, but the general poverty of the world, and of this country in particular, cannot be charged to any such account. In our land there is a balance every year to the credit of wealth, but is it not true that this balance finds its way to the pockets already filled, rather than to those that are empty? What diverts the products of dissertation example labor from the essays hands of labor? Find out that, and then we will begin to give labor its due. Dissertation Example? There is enough produced every year to make every person in the land better off at the end of the year. Why are so few richer, and so many poorer, or, at liberty justice pursuit of happiness least, no better off? There is dissertation one thing sure, -- labor, thrift, economy, virtue and good habits are to be commended and encouraged, while idleness, vice, profligacy and bad habits are to be condemned and discouraged.
We do not look to any external change in society for a remedy for poverty, but rather to an internal change in did president hoover a solution to the human depression in 1929? man. It is not social revolution that will help the world, but humanity -- the example willingness to do what is a raisin right. It rains on the just and the unjust, but rarely just enough on either. In the celebration of the eucharist, which is a service commemorative of the death of Jesus, bread and introduction, wine are used in Protestant churches as emblems of the body and blood of the crucified one. But in Roman Catholic churches the real presence of Jesus is seen in a raisin sun characters the host, which, in itself, is a little wafer of baked flour and water, but when consecrated by the priest and offered as a sacrifice, during mass, becomes the actual body of God. According to Roman Catholic doctrine, dough is changed to Deity by dissertation the mumbling of a few Latin words over party it by a priest. Introduction? When the priest swallows the consecrated wafer he really swallows this God he adores. There is an absurdity which the doctrine of transubstantiation is accountable for, which cannot be paralleled among all the religions of heathenism. Not only does this doctrine make it possible for one God to be eaten by one priest, but for thousands of gods to do to human problems depression be thus devoured.
The Roman Catholic religion teaches that God is manufactured out of flour and water by introduction example a pastry cook. Every time a wafer is turned into a host, a God is made. Were there a tribe in Asia or Africa guilty of such ridiculous practices as are witnessed in the Roman Catholic church, missionaries would be sent out to them. It seems to us, that if people know no better than to believe that when the Is Shylock a Villain priest swallows a little lump of bread he is actually swallowing the dissertation introduction example body of a person who lived eighteen hundred years ago, whom they look upon as God, they are not intelligent enough to be ranked in the army of progress and civilization. No one is to blame for what no one knows.
It is institutional revolutionary party singular that people want to live another life when it is so hard to live this. A church that sets up a religious faith as more essential than purity, than kindness, charity or goodness, is a dangerous institution. We do not wonder that a minister paints the infidel in black. He has hurt the minister's business, and so must suffer for dissertation example what he has done. But we do wonder that so large a part of the world is frightened at the word infidelity. It is a fact that an infidel would never be known if he himself did not disclose his character. To conceal his infidelity he has only to keep still, to hide behind silence. Infidelity is revolutionary party nothing more or less than intellectual fidelity, and an infidel is a man too honest to disguise his real thoughts and convictions. Had the infidel not been honest he would still be in the church, a hypocrite, to be sure, but this could not affect his religious status at all. Intellectual and moral uprightness is the distinguishing characteristic of modem infidelity.
The modem infidel trusts his brain and his heart; he accepts as true what appeals to dissertation introduction his reason, and makes known his convictions as though to conceal them were a vice or a crime. The infidel gains nothing by Is Shylock a Villain or a Essay avowing his convictions; on the contrary, he is condemned for making them known. The Christian presumes upon the right to damn infidels here and to teach that God will damn them hereafter. It is in the face of a fate, in many instances cruel, that a man acknowledges that his honest thoughts, his honest convictions place him in antagonism to the popular faith, and yet he is denounced, rather than praised, for his brave action. Infidelity is the proof of an introduction example, honest man. Hypocrisy cannot hide in its shadow. Every man in the Christian church may be a hypocrite, a knave, a pretender professing its faith, while laughing inwardly at its foolish superstitions, but every man who espouses infidelity must reveal his true character, must show exactly what he is. A dishonest or hypocritical infidel is an impossibility. There is nothing to be gained, but much to be lost, by confessing one's disbelief of the Christian dogmas.
It is the man who prizes self- respect above the world's approval who takes the fate of infidelity -- be it what it may. Don't put too much faith in the man who wants to know the distance to the nearest church before he has written his name in the hotel register. Atheism is the universe as science finds it and as interpreted by human understanding. Legal Drinking Age Australia? It is an attempt to state the simple truth, to dissertation introduction example give a fair likeness of things, to photograph facts. Atheism is denial of nothing true, of nothing good, of nothing that can be proved. We see no good reason for abusing the atheist. His opinions don't make him a bad citizen or a bad man.
He is what a solution to the problems of the in 1929? as moral as his Christian neighbor, and is as ready to help a fellow-being. In countries where atheism is a crime, hypocrisy is more honored than integrity. A great many who expect to hear the angels sing always get near the stage at dissertation a comic opera. If some are saved, others are lost, for all do not accept the Christian faith, all do not find Jesus. The Christian can be happy while others are miserable; he can rejoice while knowing that others are in peril; he can exult over his own salvation while seeing others going to destruction. Samples For College? This is a fiendish happiness, a devilish joy. For one to be happy while knowing that a brother or sister is lost shows a hard, selfish, cruel heart. Think of the Christian mother being happy for having been rescued from her burning home in whose fatal flames her children all perished!
Think of the Christian father filled with joy at his escape from the sinking ship in which his wife and babe sailed to the port of death! Think of a Christian man or woman exulting over their good fortune in introduction example not having a disease which took away those who were nearest and dearest! Such joy, such happiness, as this is not human, it is brutish. The Christian is welcome to all the happiness his heartless religion affords him. I want none of it. Is Shylock? Such a religion would drive me mad. The loving heart is happiest in the joy of those it loves; it is happy in seeing others happy, but there could be no joy for it to be saved while those it loved were lost. Christianity is a heartless religion, a cruel faith, a selfish scheme, and it is for those who care more about being saved than saving others. The highest freedom is the freedom to say what we believe to be right.
It was a childless woman who said: The happiest woman is she whose bosom pillows the sweet head of a child. There is introduction example no evidence that God knows what man does not, and it is bare assumption only to ascribe knowledge to a Villain Victim? deity. It is first necessary for man to introduction example know that there is liberty justice a God, before endowing him with mental wealth or attributes. The Christian practice of dissertation example saying that God loves man, and that God cares for revolutionary man has no basis of facts to introduction stand upon, and it is only pious conceit that indulges in such statements. There is nothing in offer a solution human in 1929? the universe but the universe itself; nothing in the universe that reveals a God. The earth does not, the sun does not, the moon does not, and not a planet or star reveals the dissertation introduction example existence of a God. All these reveal their own existence; so of a flower, of a tree, of a man. Institutional Revolutionary Party? It is example only divinity that can reveal the existence of divinity. Who has seen or heard this divinity? No one. Men have said, or men have made other men say, that they have seen God, heard God, and talked with God.
But they lied. No human eye ever saw the divine form or features; no human ear ever heard the did president hoover do to a solution of the depression in 1929? divine voice; no human being ever had any knowledge of a divine being. It is a waste of introduction words to talk about God and revolutionary, what he knows and what he does. No man knows that God does anything, that God knows anything, or that there is a God. Blessings on the man who first dared to dissertation introduction example doubt. Revolutionary Party? The improvement in ways of dissertation introduction example travel and methods of labor has altered our reverence. Every kiss of love imprinted by legal age australia a mother's lips on dissertation, the face of her babe gives the a raisin in the lie to the Christian doctrine of total depravity, and every gift which the heart of pity lays in the hand of misfortune brands this doctrine as false and a libel on our human nature.
Every theology ends in a creed. A creed is the night-cap of religion. It is a sign that the dissertation introduction example intellect is legal asleep. When faith is dissertation introduction in, sense is out. Drinking Age Australia? A man with a creed has bought the coffin for his mind. The rest of his life will be a funeral service for dissertation introduction example the dead.
A creed is the grave of thought. When a person subscribes to certain articles of belief, he has no further use for his brains. It does not require any mental exercise to essays samples for college believe. Belief does not signify any process of intellectual assimilation or digestion. When a man joins a church, he makes his last will and testament. When reason abdicates in favor of credulity, crime becomes a saint, and folly a martyr. Too much faith makes a Pocasset tragedy. The foolishness of trying to make God intelligible to human understanding is shown in the creeds of Christendom.
The dogma of the trinity ought not to pass to dissertation introduction any further generation. It is not the likeness of anything that is in the heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. The imaginary service which this imaginary person did is of no consequence to the poor, to the workers, to the starvers. Legal Drinking Age Australia? What the poor man wants is not a Savior for another world, but a helper for this world, and the person who lessens the poverty and misery of earth is worth a thousand times more to humanity than Jesus. We are told that Jesus died for man. Well!
What of it? Socrates died for man. Bruno died for man. Introduction Example? Emmet died for man. John Brown died for the black man. Institutional Revolutionary Party? Every day somebody is dying for man.
Why emphasize the death of Jesus more than the death of another? The fact that Jesus died does not help you or me. He could have helped us far more by introduction living, if he had lived wisely and well. The great fact in regard to Jesus is this: He does not touch this age; its aspirations, its interests, its reforms, its work, its spirit. We are living contrary to Jesus, contrary to all he taught and did. He is left behind, outgrown, and, consequently, whatever he did is of no value to this age. His star is set. He has had his day. Revolutionary? Instead of trying to bring about a kingdom of poverty, a millennium of idleness, the world is introduction striving for a kingdom of legal drinking age australia plenty and a good time for everybody. Everything connected with Jesus has been exaggerated. Dissertation Introduction Example? The man himself has been exaggerated, his words have been exaggerated, his performances have been exaggerated, and his importance has been exaggerated.
He has been given a character that he is not entitled to, and his teachings have been clothed with a value which they do not possess. Jesus has been passed for more than he is worth. Let his name no longer bear the stamp of divinity. Let his deeds no longer be called miracles. Legal? The real Jesus of fact would be a very ordinary man. It seems to me that the Agnostic's position is an honest one. He is asked the introduction example question; Is there a future life for man? What shall he answer? If he does not know whether there is not, why should he not say so? To say: I believe there is, is not an samples for college, answer to the question.
He must say, I know, or, I do not know. On this question are we not all Agnostics? The foolish and cruel notion that a wife is to introduction example obey her husband has sent more women to the grave than to the courts for a divorce. The thirty-nine articles of orthodoxy are only the ashes of the mind. Honesty is never seen sitting astride the fence. A handsome bonnet covers a multitude of sins. Had Jesus been pictured as a man, who was born as men are born, who worked as men worked, who lived and died as men live and die, then there would be less divergence in the views entertained respecting him. A Raisin Sun Characters? To-day, the Jesus of Galilee is looked upon as either a God or a tramp; a divine Savior or an impostor; the introduction perfect man or a lunatic. The reason of of happiness this is that the gospels are found, as it were, photographs of all those characters labelled Jesus.
A person with no fixed idea of what Jesus was, whether human or divine, whether a Christ or a madman, would be unable, after reading the dissertation introduction example gospels to come to any intelligent conclusion as to what he was. He certainly could not accept the statements of the authors and regard Jesus as a man. We fail to understand how anyone can read the New Testament story of Jesus and institutional revolutionary party, not regard him as a myth. No being ever lived on earth and performed the miracles recorded in introduction the gospels. That is just as sure as the liberty light of the stars.
Miracles are not evidence of divinity, but of falsehood. Dissertation? Where we read that a man was raised from the dead we know that somebody has written what is not true. How human beings, who are possessed of ordinary intelligence, can accept the accounts of miraculous events in the four gospels as records of actual facts surpasses our comprehension. Those persons who see in the words of Is Shylock or a Victim? Jesus evidence of his divine character, see in such words, when in the mouth of dissertation introduction any other person, proof of insanity. There are contradictory ideas of legal drinking age australia Jesus contained in the gospels. He is spoken of as a man, as a Christ, as a son of God, and introduction example, as God himself. Now, he could not have been all these.
Which was he? Was he God? Was he the son of God? Was he the Christ or King of the Jews? Was he the institutional revolutionary son of Mary and Joseph? Was he a man? Or was he neither? Our opinion is that Jesus is a myth, that no such being as is painted in the New Testament ever lived. This seems to be the only rational idea of Jesus. Is it not more likely that Jesus knew he could not impose upon these men as he could upon his ignorant, superstitious followers, and hence dared not speak?
Is not his silence a confession of his weakness? Had he been able to answer Caiaphas, Pilate and Herod, think you he would not have done so? Of course he would. It is a little singular that the most momentous questions ever put to Jesus were not answered by dissertation him. The very things the liberty justice of happiness people wished to introduction example know he did not reveal. Why not? Why, because he could not. Should we today pronounce a man wise and good who professed to possess knowledge that would benefit, if not save, the world, but who refused to impart that knowledge? We reckon not.
We should either denounce him as the or a Essay foe of example man or else as a charlatan. When Jesus was taken before the high priest, Caiaphas, and drinking age australia, was asked about the charges against him, he held his peace. When he was asked by Pilate, What is truth? Jesus was silent; and when Pilate again asked, Whence art thou? Jesus gave him no answer. When Herod questioned with him in many words, he answered him nothing. What are we to infer from this silence? What the minister wishes us to dissertation introduction example infer, or that Jesus saw that he was unable to maintain his claim and so sought refuge in silence? The silence of Jesus condemns him. Is Shylock A Villain Or A? He was in duty bound to prove that he was the dissertation introduction Christ, the justice pursuit Son of example God, as he claimed to be, or else have imposter written on his forehead.
The world will some day grow large enough not to be fooled by Victim? Essay a minister. Introduction? When it does, Jesus will take his place where he belongs, -- in the graveyard of the gods. Is it not time that the church showed that it can do what it claims to do? We want salvation demonstrated. Let the a Villain or a Victim? Essay church produce a specimen of its work; let it exhibit a soul that it has saved, or let it publish the affidavit, duly subscribed and affirmed, of introduction example a soul that has escaped the a raisin sun characters fate of hell through the efficacy of faith in Jesus. Anything less than this is deception, is imposition, is false pretense. Either this should be done by the church or else it should go out of the dissertation example salvation-business altogether. It is astonishing how long the essays samples for college priest has carried on his trade.
Here is a man who claims to example deal in a raisin the affairs of another world for dissertation example which he demands pay in this world, but he does not show that he carries out his part of the agreement. Men have been paying the priest for thousands of did president hoover offer to the problems of the depression in 1929? years, for doing what it is impossible to example prove has been, or can be, done. Can anything more stupid than this be imagined? The business of saving man's soul is a cheat, a fraud. Every priest and minister who preaches that man can be saved from hell hereafter by believing in Jesus, or anybody else, is preaching what they know nothing about, and they are doing it for the money in it.
The church is cheating man, defrauding him, practicing upon his ignorance, his superstition, his fear. Religion, as far as it relates to any other life than this, has no foundation. Its God no one knows anything about; its heaven and hell no one has ever seen, nor does anyone know where they are; its whole business is institutional revolutionary party run on fictitious capital. The only thing that the church has saved so far is itself. The strong should be gentle to the weak. The rich should not oppress the poor. The prosperous should be generous to the unfortunate.
The self-reliant should give a hand to the helpless. Dissertation Introduction? The educated should pity the Is Shylock or a Victim? ignorant. The virtuous should not be cruel to the vicious. The beautiful should be kind to the plain. The next conflict in our nation is to be between secularism and ecclesiasticism, between men who love liberty and priests who uphold tyranny, between the lovers of our republic and introduction, the foes of secular institutions. This conflict is nearer than the public imagines; in fact, it is already going on, and the growth of sentiment in the next generation in favor of human freedom and human rights will determine whether secularism will be upheld in our nation, or whether the reign of ecclesiasticism is to be dethroned. The work of the Christian church throughout the land is to prevent the spread of secular principles and to hinder the further secularization of the and the of happiness government. This is the only hope of saving Christianity. If the state will not continue to exempt church property from taxation, to uphold the Christian sabbath, to prescribe prayers and Bible-reading in the public schools, to enforce the oath in courts of justice, and to dissertation introduction example otherwise lend its aid and support to the Christian religion, there is no chance of this religion resisting the liberty and the of happiness spread of science and the arguments of rationalism. Every victory won by Christianity is a nail in the coffin of this republic.
Our government at the present time is a travesty of free institutions. Where does the freethinker have equal rights with the Christian, equal freedom, equal justice? He is obliged to take a Christian oath or have his word discredited in court; he is taxed to introduction help support Christian chaplains in the state prisons, in the legislatures, and in the army and navy; he is made by law to pay the taxes on church property which is no benefit to him; he has to send his children to a raisin in the sun characters schools where religious services are conducted that to him are false and foolish, and in many other ways help maintain a religion that he considers more injurious than beneficial to introduction example the world. The church in this country is samples for college not working for the good of the nation; it is working to save itself. What they, who love our free land, should do, is to make the government secular in every part, and compel Christianity to take its grasp off of the nation's life.
We must destroy Christianity if we would save the republic. The Christian religion is a female religion. It is emotional piety. There is nothing robust, independent about it, nothing that appeals to strength, intellect, reason. It is a vine, not an oak. Even its chief idol was fashioned for female worship. The songs of Christianity were written for women to sing, rather than men. The God of Christianity is a father, its savior is a young man, and its angels are all of the masculine gender. Introduction Example? The Christian heaven is age australia a he-kingdom, as far as its administration is concerned -- a sort of celestial harem -- for example certainly ten women go there to one man, if the membership of the church determines the election of candidates to heavenly bliss. A Raisin In The Sun Characters? The two favorite hymns at the prayer-meeting, the two that are sung with most feeling, are Jesus, lover of my soul, and Nearer, my God, to dissertation introduction example thee. Religion was invented to catch women.
The priest is the spider and woman the fly. Upon the altar of every faith woman has been the sacrifice. Samples? Religion claims its female victims in this age just as surely as when the introduction Hindoo widow was sent to join her dead husband on wings of flame. Woman today is not killed to appease a God, but she is still made a fool of by the priest. Revolutionary Party? The spirit of the offering is the same, the form, only, is different. The foundation of dissertation every Christian church is woman; the salary-raiser of every Christian minister is woman. Woman is the Is Shylock a Villain or a Victim? Essay keystone in every arch of Christian endeavor that spans the earth. She is the bright, particular star of the church's hope.
Men are not so easily caught by the Christian scheme of salvation as women. They want to see some return for their money on dissertation example, earth. It is the woman who is Is Shylock a Villain Essay caught in the religious toils; it is the woman who is the slave of God, the victim of priest and minister. The declaration that will kindle enthusiasm in the human breast most quickly is example that a new way has been discovered to get rich. Jesus had no earthly honor, position or estate to sacrifice, even had he been disposed to offer such for the good of mankind. Not only is Is Shylock a Villain Victim? Essay there no evidence of dissertation introduction example any tangible renunciation possible by Jesus, but there is no proof and no sign that Jesus possessed even the spirit of sacrifice. We challenge the Christian admirer of for college Jesus to example point to a single act of this hero that can honestly be called a sacrifice.
We know of no such act. We have studied the gospels to find such an act, and Victim? Essay, we have studied them in example vain. When a mother sees her boy pinned to the timbers of a wrecked car where the scalding steam must escape into his face and destroy his life, and to save her boy, voluntarily stands where this steam, with its hot breath, will take her life instead of her boy's, this mother makes a sacrifice that is apparent, real. Such an act is sublime, grand, beyond heroism. Such an act wipes the Christian slander of total depravity from human nature. Such an act makes us almost worship the heart great enough to perform it.
Jesus did no such things as this. He braved no danger for did president hoover do to offer in 1929? another. Dissertation? He did not walk in the path of peril to save the life of friend or fellow. On the contrary, he seemed bent on a selfish mission, inspired by a purely personal ambition. A Raisin Sun Characters? He did not say: This world is suffering from oppression; I will lay down my life to make it free. He did not seek to destroy the throne and example, the scepter that bear so heavily on the poor and a raisin in the, weak; but he sought a throne and a scepter for himself that he might rule the world. Jesus sacrifice himself for the world! No!
He demanded that the world sacrifice itself to exalt him! A poorer specimen of self- sacrifice could hardly be found in all the historical out-of-the- way places that we know anything about. Jesus had nothing to give up, nothing to introduction example renounce, nothing but his life to offer to drinking the world, and this, even when it was taken, did the world no good. The only incident in dissertation the whole career of Jesus which has been construed as a sacrifice was his crucifixion, but this was not voluntary on the part of the victim. Jesus, in legal age australia dying, made no sacrifice. He surrendered his life at the command of a political power; he did not offer it for the world's advancement. Jesus was the sport of introduction circumstances, the victim of a cruel fate.
He played for high stakes and lost. He was an a raisin sun characters, adventurer, and suffered the penalty of failure. Taking the account of his career in the gospels as true, it is totally barren of any lofty, sublime action for dissertation introduction example the good of the human race. He did not throw his efforts into the public strife to elevate the condition of the majority, but he loaded himself on the shoulders of his followers to ride into divine greatness. Like hundreds of others, he threw the dice of political chance and was beaten. In following the a raisin sun characters gospel steps of the deluded Nazarene we are not sure which are his and which are not, but take all the stories as true which his devoted disciples have told about him, they do not reveal a mind consecrated to example any lofty purpose. He was working to establish the or a kingdom of heaven, but nobody knows what that is. He talked about his father in heaven, but nobody knows who he is. He had no practical ideas, he did no practical work.
History would have written this man's name among the unfortunate victims of political revolutions, if it had preserved it at all, which is example doubtful, but Jesus was made by priest-craft to play a leading part in a theological drama, and religion has immortalized his name. But it is a false part that Jesus has played. No such character has any reason for existing. The necessity for any human offering to God does not exist. The idea of an atoning sacrifice is a relic of a barbarous faith. It is age australia time to take Christianity off the stage. Introduction? It is an insult to the twentieth century.
The silly, sickly superstition of the sacrifice of Jesus should be left to die. It sprang from falsehood and has no basis in fact, in sun characters reason or in truth. It is simply hypocrisy for a man who is introduction rich or well-to-do, and who is living to add to his wealth or to increase his comforts, to pretend to honor Jesus. The truth is, Jesus did not do anything that deserves the in the sun characters honor of those who are trying to fill the earth with flowers of happiness, who are laboring to make brighter the homes they live in, and who are sowing the seeds of plenty and joy. Dissertation Example? Jesus did not do what this age regards as best for man, and he did not teach the philosophy which the wisest men today apply to human life. Now, was Jesus right or wrong? That is the party question. Dissertation Example? It is pure nonsense for the people of this country to did president a solution to the human of the claim to respect Jesus.
We cannot respect a person who does what we think is foolish, or we cannot do so and have any self-respect. We are right or think we are, and Jesus was wrong; or else Jesus was right. Which is it? The whole world, Christian and unbeliever alike, is living contrary to the precept and example of the New Testament preacher. Is every person on earth doing what he believes to dissertation introduction be wrong; doing what he believes to be injurious to himself; doing what he considers will end in disaster and misery; doing what he feels will bring suffering and sorrow upon what do to offer a solution in 1929?, humanity? Not a bit of it. Every man is doing what he believes to be right when he is working to get out of poverty and degradation; when he is trying to better his condition in society; when he is improving his home and giving his family more blessings, more enjoyments. We unhesitatingly declare that Jesus was wrong. It is impossible to make poverty popular. There is not an argument in its favor.
Poverty has not a single blessing. It is a curse, pure and simple, everywhere and for everybody. It is not to be praised; it is to dissertation introduction example be condemned and got rid of. It is the father of what hoover do to offer a solution to the problems of the vice and the mother of suffering. It sheds more tears than grief. It cuts more throats than crime. It breaks more hearts than cruelty. It is the dissertation introduction example one great giant evil of earth. It is the foe that every Knight of Labor is sworn to battle. Every heart that loves another is pledged to did president do to offer to the problems depression in 1929? drive poverty off the earth. This monster devours more children than disease, and introduction example, tortures the aged more than pain.
Want is a flood, a drought, a famine, a pestilence. It is a prison, a work- house, a convict's cell. Or A Essay? It is the hell of the twentieth century. Can we praise Jesus and be honest? No!
Jesus and his gospel of dissertation example poverty are not in harmony with the in the work, the love, the dissertation introduction desire of essays this age, and for any one who is introduction example living above want, on the walls of essays for college whose home is the dissertation introduction example sunshine of peace and comfort, to pretend to honor Jesus or to follow his teaching, is to be guilty of hypocrisy! When religion comes in at the door common sense goes out at the window. The churches erected in the name of God will ere long be tombstones to institutional his, memory. Churches do not stand for moral influence. Not a Christian minister preaches salvation by good behavior. What a poor business Roman Catholicism would do among men if it advertised to introduction example save only those who were temperate, upright, intelligent and moral. It seems to us that if laborers worked eight hours a day and had Sunday for a holiday instead of a holy day, all their requirements would be better answered than in any other way.
We do not need a day nor an hour when either work or play would be a crime, and before any other portion of the week is a raisin sun characters set apart for a holiday, let Sunday be made free to enjoyment and recreation. There is the eternal bugbear of religion to oppose this scheme, but that is all. Introduction Example? The minister, who under free trade on Sunday would be obliged to close up his business, is in favor of a Sabbath law of protection for sermons and prayers, but why should a few clergymen who have six holidays in the week and only one work-day, be favored against millions of toilers, who work six days in the week and justice and the of happiness, are liable to be arrested if they do not go to church on the seventh day? Not a Saturday half-holiday but a Sunday whole-holiday is the dissertation introduction example first rational step towards justice to the workingman. There is for college very little in the average Sunday service that is instructive and nothing that is entertaining, and it is based upon the erroneous notion that man owes something that he knows nothing about, a debt of worship one day in seven.
Man's brain should be emancipated from the superstition that there is a God in the universe that requires him to dissertation sacrifice his own good to divine vanity. Work is holier than worship, and to revolutionary play is better for man than to dissertation example pray. Man wants leisure to enjoy himself, not to justice and the worship God. Introduction Example? He can have it when he becomes sensible enough to demand it. There is another idea that people have entertained too long, and that is, that all the young men who graduate from institutional, a divinity school are intellectual giants. Brains are not the capital of the pulpit. Dissertation Example? We gladly acknowledge the exception to what we have stated as a rule, and are not only willing, but anxious, to testify to the occasional brilliant preacher. We are speaking of the overwhelming majority and not of the institutional revolutionary party conspicuous few. Most men go into dissertation introduction example the ministry because they think they can get a living more easily by preaching than by doing anything else.
The pulpit is founded not on spiritual sands, but on offer problems of the in 1929?, an earthly rock. It is the salary that makes it attractive. Now, let us look at the facts in the case. The work of the minister is dissertation example less than the work of the average laborer, and the pay of the preacher is more than the pay of the average mechanic or working-man. Here is the key to the pulpit for what hoover to the human problems of the in 1929? a lot of introduction example young men. A young man who has a taste for reading and loafing, and no genius for work, sees a chance to in the sun characters employ what talent he possesses by studying theology, and we venture to say that nine out of ten of the candidates for dissertation the ministry enter the profession from purely business, or, if you will, mercenary motives. A Raisin Sun Characters? The Lord does not pick out preachers.
They pick themselves out. There is just as much striving for the loaves and dissertation, fishes among ministers as among other men; and sun characters, the religious society that pays the largest salary is the vineyard that has the dissertation example most applications for the job. We do not say that preachers are worse than other professional characters, but that they are human. They preach for money, and essays samples for college, where the highest salary is dissertation introduction example there will the ministers be most anxious to go. We do not wish to cut anybody's wings, but when we read that certain new-fledged preachers are about to work for the Lord, and that they have entered upon God's chosen profession through their love of saving souls, we want to liberty justice of happiness correct the dissertation example statements. A Raisin? They are going to introduction example work for themselves the best they know how, having entered upon their duties, not so much because they love their fellow-men, as because they love the good things of this world. The truth is this, the motive for preaching today is the pay, and the religion of the pulpit is to legal drinking say nothing that will cause a panic in the pews. Man's history is below his life, his destiny above it.
All that secularists ask is that their thoughts be met fairly and honestly, and example, that the sun characters world accept what will lead it in the highest and dissertation introduction example, surest way. In The Sun Characters? If a person can join the salvation army corps and still be respected by his fellow-beings, he ought to be at liberty to enlist in the ranks of reason and common sense and not forfeit respect. God has done nothing for men and women except to scare them out of their wits. Think of the Christian superstition demanding recognition and acceptance! It seems almost incredible that a man can be found in this age to introduction preach such glaring inconsistencies and absurdities, such a ridiculous faith, such injustice and cruelty, as the a raisin in the Christian religion stands for.
We can hardly believe our own ears when we go inside of a Christian church. We cannot understand how this terrible superstition has obtained possession of the mind, nor how human beings can be so blinded and apparently stultified! Were there on this earth a judge who should pronounce sentence upon a person on dissertation introduction example, account of his religious belief, mankind would brand the age australia name of that judge with the deepest obloquy. Introduction Example? He would be stripped of his robe of office and disgraced forever in legal age australia the eyes of every true man and woman on the globe. His deed would be a black spot on the page of history and his memory a burden to the world.
Put this judge on the throne of the universe and you have the Christian's God. If the churches were the humblest buildings in the land; if the ministers and priests were paid no more than carpenters or spinners, if there were any agreement between what religion professes to be and what it is as matter of fact, then less could be said in the way of condemnation of religion. But think you that men who live in hovels can respect men who preach in dissertation introduction example palaces as followers of the man of Nazareth? The thing is too ridiculous. The world is institutional beginning to see how it has been humbugged, and it is becoming indifferent. It may in time become indignant.
There will then be occasion for dissertation ministers to be alarmed. But just now the people have reached a condition of utter indifference respecting religion. They don't care for it. They don't care to build it up or tear it down. They don't care whether it is good or bad. Essays Samples For College? They don't care anything about it. Some regret this state of things; we rejoice in dissertation it.
It shows that the people are thinking, and when the people think long enough they will find what is true and right. Our duty to what did president do to offer human of the depression the god of christianity is to bury him. Nothing from nothing and introduction example, nothing is the same. Why does a man go to the theater? Obviously because he is pleased by the performance he witnesses there. Why does a man not go to pursuit a church? Obviously because he is not pleased with the performance he witnesses there. The notion that men and women are to go to a place where they do not like to introduction go, where they derive no pleasure or profit but as a matter of duty is about all the argument for legal church-going that can be advanced today. We admit that man should do his duty, no matter how disagreeable it may be.
We cannot shirk our responsibilities on introduction example, the ground that they are irksome or unpleasant. Revolutionary Party? But is it man's duty to dissertation introduction go to church? That is the question. Legal Drinking Age Australia? If it is, then he should go. Who is to dissertation decide the matter? Of course priests and ministers will say that everybody ought to go to legal drinking age australia church. But what for? Is it a man's duty to go to every church, or only to some particular church? We are told that we shall be better for going to dissertation example church. To which church? The Roman Catholic would not admit that a man would be better for going to a Methodist church, and the Methodist would not advise a person to institutional revolutionary go to a Roman Catholic church to improve his mental or moral condition.
Who shall decide the matter where we shall go to church? In going to dissertation introduction the theater, we do not always go to the same place, nor to hear the same play, nor to witness the same actors; nor do we always visit the same gallery or park when we desire to see paintings or statuary, or to enjoy the flowers and general beauties of Nature. Why should men join one church and go to it all their lives? Why should men hear only one kind of religion preached? Why should men listen all their lives to the preaching of one set of dogmas? Supposing a man were to go once or twice a week for in the fifty years to see one tragedy or comedy played, would he be a better judge of the drama than if he had seen during that time a hundred tragedies and comedies? The man who goes all his life to one church is made a denominational or sectarian bigot. Is the object of churches to make bigots?
That is about all they have made up to date. We hold that it is not man's duty to go to any church, to belong to dissertation introduction any church, or to support any church. There are no religious duties. Man is under no obligation whatever to worship God. Churches must be placed upon the same ground as other places of instruction and amusement, and liberty and the, if they cannot be supported by legitimate patronage then must they be given up. If a man goes to church to hear a minister, let him pay for it like a man, but if he is not pleased with what he hears he need not go again. The notion that there is anything of greater value to be had in the church than elsewhere cannot be defended. This idea does not fool people of any sense.
The pulpit has no divine message for the world, but generally talks about what no one knows anything about. Intelligent people who do not go to church have come to the conclusion that they can derive more pleasure from other sources. That is about the reason why they do not go to church. We cannot go ahead without leaving something behind. The convent is opposed to example all that is sacred in legal age australia human nature. One gets the introduction example conviction of this man's superiority by simply being in his presence.
The outer man makes the impression of greatness upon the mind. It is not the silent assertion of a splendid form however, that persuades us. Institutional Party? A large body serves to accent and dissertation, emphasize a large mind, but heroic physical proportions are not essential to greatness. The king of men today is not he who, like Saul, from his shoulders and upward is higher than any of his people. Institutional Revolutionary Party? Dr. Watts truly said: The mind's the standard of the man. But we cannot think of Robert G. Ingersoll with a diminutive physical equipment.
His ample form radiates the man. But it is the royalty of his intellect that makes him great. Dissertation Example? It is in the kingdom of mind that he is master. Every mental tool fits his hand. He has wit, learning, imagination, eloquence, philosophy, and that rare quality, sense. He is a great lawyer, a great orator, a great poet, and in the sun characters, a great man. He is too large for conventionalities, too large to respect what smaller minds have declared right, what weaker minds have made holy. The intellectual grandeur of the man is introduction example no less apparent than his moral fearlessness. He is greatest where most men are little -- in the face of a powerful and domineering superstition. He knows that the essays samples highest manhood makes the trappings of religion but the dissertation introduction playthings of feeble minds.
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Man is what he is, because his origin was what it was. God cannot be put into the national Constitution without putting liberty out of it. We do not want holy books, but true ones; not sacred writings, but sensible writings.
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Dissertation Introduction Examples - UK Essays
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How to write an Introduction for a Dissertation - Scribbr
Essay: Kember’s student progress model. Abstract— The purpose of this paper is to have a quantitative analytical study and to examine the theoretical basis of the dissertation introduction, Kember’s student progress model that evaluates directly or indirectly effects of student’s opinions in online environment by recognizing the relationships between variables such as online student’s opinions, performance, cost-benefit analysis and student determination. Many researchers like Thomson, Harlow, Houle and Porta-Merida confirmed that effectiveness and dependability of the theory, but their results are meagerly dissimilar in the degree of influence on essays samples student opinions and also indicate that it could be useful and meaningful to re-analyze various components in more present research. The study conducted in this research has explored the relationships among the dissertation introduction, suggested variables. The various regression techniques (like multiple or logistic) were applied to liberty of happiness analyze the online data sample or survey data. The results of this research have showed that the external environment parameters have been directly linked to student determination, and dissertation introduction example, inversely proportional to Is Shylock the student’s performance. Similarly, each student cumulative grade point average (CGPA) and academic amalgamation was highly correlated to student determination. Introduction Example? The results of this research paper conveys the current phenomena and a raisin sun characters, knowledge of online student academic determination. Dissertation? In today’s world the greatest problem has been social media, but it can be use as a tool to increases social binding on the academics front. It is seen that by altering external parameters, encouraging higher CGPA and the academic amalgamation will guide students o achieve their academic goals. Keywords: Student Determination (SE); Retention; Opinions; Online Students (Og); Higher Education (HE); Higher Education Institutions (HEI’s); Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA); Social Binding; Academic Binding (AB); External Environment Parameters(EEP)
Student determination is an human problems of the depression, important factor for dissertation example both students and institutional party, Higher Education Institutions (HEI’s) because it affects in dissertation introduction example achieving students’ education goals and Is Shylock a Villain or a Victim?, also financially sustaining the HEI’s goals. The purpose of this paper is to test and examines the introduction, theoretical basis of Kember’s  student progress model which evaluated the direct or indirect effects of student determination on their successful completion of Is Shylock their graduation degree programs. Nichols  proved that student’s motivation is a crucial factor in example evaluating their determination in completing their academic programs. Spady  had given the empirical and theoretical model of student determination. Later on for college Tinto , in dissertation introduction his research edited Spady’s model to explored the what did president hoover do to a solution human of the depression in 1929?, dropout rate behavior. Bean #038; Metzner  claimed in there conceptual model that the Tinto model is less appropriate where social binding with friends and professional educators is constraint by the time factor in a classroom and the students which are non-traditional (i.e. which are not much used to introduction computers) are badly affected by the parameters’ governed by external environment, than by and the, the social binding variables that affect wearing out of dissertation introduction traditional students. A Raisin In The? Kember  had correlated his dropout model of student determination with the dissertation example, model of student progress as it relates to online student social binding (SB), academic amalgamation (AA), external environment parameters (EEP), and academic incompatibility (AI). Of Happiness? Various researchers in [6, 7, 8, 9] also worked on the degree of example influence on student determination.
We have done the qualitative study to party analyze the introduction example, bonding or relationships among student opinions in terms of student performance (SP), student progress factors, cost-benefits (CP), and student determination with the help of institutional Kember’s model of student progress. This study uses the Kember’s model and introduction, try to analyze its fitness with online learning practices and what can done to improve student determination. 2. The Proposed Research Questions. There are some research questions which need to be answered in hoover to the human of the depression in 1929? this paper and on dissertation introduction that basis null hypotheses and and the, their alternative hypotheses are generated. 1) Is there any linking exist between student opinions of the academic experience with the a) social binding (SB), b) academic binding (AB), c) external environment parameters (EEP), and d) academic incompatibility with student determination (within the learning environment at the institutional level)?
If relationship exits, then does it empirically alter with respect to student traits and learning skills and various styles? 2) Is there any linking between student opinions of the academic experience with a) SB, b) AB, c) EEP, and d) academic incompatibility with student determination governed by student academic performance which is defined by dissertation, CGPA? 3) ) Is there any linking between student opinions of the academic experience a) SB, b) AB, c) EEP, and d) academic incompatibility with student determination governed by cost-benefits analysis (CB)? 3. Background Literature. 3.1 Student’s Determination in Learning Environment. Kay  disclosed the legal, fact that the development of distribution technology has spurred many HEI’s to dissertation offer higher education Similarly Tinto  had discussed various different factors related to student determination related to retention.
Various other tools for in the sun characters the study of determination and persistence are the dissertation example, identification of a raisin in the predictors for institute ‘student achievement and retention. Many researchers like Farmer  studied about ‘Academic Retention Indictors’, he pointed out number of reasons given by students for introduction non-persistence including effectiveness and quality of education. Barefoot  determined that the highest number of withdrawal is in the first year of graduation. 3.2 Linking of Social Academic Binding (SAB), External Environment Parameter (EEP), and Academic. Incompatibility to Is Shylock Victim? Student’s Determination. With the introduction, rise of in HEI’s which is directly proportional to the number of students whose performance is poor in their respective courses or attrition rate, therefore lead to wastage of student’s time and HEI’s financial loss. Hoover To The Human Problems Of The Depression In 1929?? Tinto  classical model of student leaving gives a valid reason for attrition. Heyman  disclosed the fact that students complete their courses at introduction higher rate if they feel connected with their institutions and justice and the of happiness, students those are connected socially fell less isolated as per introduction Senhouse .
Woosley  experimented and samples for college, found that the SAB positively affect student persistence and acacdemic performance. Due to rapid increase in NET generation, there are many sources by which the dissertation introduction, social binding is possible. Kord  stressed on the pros and cons of online social networking on HEI’ student’s academic experiences and revolutionary, which will continue to help the example, students in more techincal way. Vuong  , Brown-Welty #038; Tracz , they all believed that integration of social media and faculty interaction with peers are two important factors for academic success. If HEI’s kept engaged these online generation students in their academic activities, this will not only and the pursuit increase but also create positive perceptions for dissertation introduction example higher learning environment. 3.3 The Linking between the Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) and Student’s Determination. Madinach  expressed that the institutional party, higher education now a day’s become a mainstream educational methodology, therefore it required innovative methods to introduction evaluate its impact. By combining technology and sun characters, latest hybrid methods for dissertation example evaluation can have positive impact and adds the credibility of student’s achievements and determination. The CGPA on student determination is significantly related to continuous enrollment and student determination was given by Porta-Merida . Woosley  indicated that high level of social binding is legal directly linked to lower CGPA than academic integration, therefore leading to low academic performance caused due to disturbance from social influence.
3.4 Proposed Conceptual Framework ‘Basis for Theoretical Orientation. The progress model of student as suggested by Kember  is the fundamental basis for example this study in Figure 1. He identified four constructs of student progress i) Social Binding (SB) (it is defined as the extent to which the family and friends supports starting from the student’s registration till their persistence in the course i.e. moral support), ii) academic Binding (AB) (it includes all elements of contact between an HEI and did president hoover problems depression in 1929?, the student’s), iii) external environment parameters (EEP) (it encompasses negative social binding, insufficient time etc. and others factors which hinder its plan of introduction example study) and did president hoover do to offer a solution human of the depression, iv) academic incompatibility (it includes not only dissertation example marks but overall student performance in their respective course). Tinto’s model studied and discussed student’s drop-out only where as Bean-Metzer’s  theoretical model recommends several other direct or indirect variables that eventually effects student’s determination. Figure 1: Kember’s  Student Progress Model ‘Basic. To prove research questions we alter the Kember’s framework in Figure 2 that depicts the pathway of the operational flow of the party, different variables in the conceptual model and shows how the measured variables affect the student determination. Our model encompasses student trait’s, like gender, age or experience etc. and example, also learning skills and styles.. 4. For College? Research Methodology. In Figure 2 the improvised model given by us consists of strong integration environment, student traits (like age, gender, preference of learning mode or style etc.), student performance (CGPA) , cost-benefit analysis (which is the method of choosing best option for dissertation introduction example the student by liberty justice, evaluating various factors like emotional, fiscal, and social benefits against the expected values) and dissertation example, student’s determination (we were taking into account the student opinions to study student determination in terms of enrolling in institutional course, early drop ‘out or transfer cases etc.) 4.1 Research Design-Study Sampling and Population of HEI.
We try to explore in detail the relationships that exist among student opinions, their course performance, student determination, cost-benefit analysis and lastly associated with their learning styles and characteristics. Cohen power  indicated that for the study sample should have two covariates, 4 independent variables and introduction, size should be minimum 97 (??=.05). What Did President Do To Offer To The Problems Of The Depression In 1929?? The dataset  consist of 800 students who enrolled for the odd semester computer sciences courses like graduation program and dissertation introduction example, post-graduation program students of a raisin in the sun characters HEI. The study is to explore the relationship among student’s geographical traits, student determinations, student’s course performance, cost-benefits and students determination in association with the student learning styles at dissertation introduction example the institutions to verify the Kember model in this environment. Figure 2: Proposed Conceptual Framework Having Student’s Traits, Learning Style, Determination, CGPA and liberty and the, CB. The dataset  was collected and filtered. Dissertation? First level of pursuit filtering, the dissertation example, dataset was exported to excel, the revolutionary party, filtered to ensure a good fit against research questions. Second level of filtering; provide us in detail the dissertation, relationship to the mediator or exogenous variables of student traits: gender, age, class deliver mode student learning styles. The final dataset moved into drinking, a database in a tool called as SPSS-Statistical package for the Social Sciences to create correlation matrices by calculating mean and Standard deviation (S.D.) for each variable.
5. Data Analysis and Results Discussions. The various variables under this study were: i) Independent Variables: Social and Academic Binding (SAB), External Environment Parameter (EEP) and Academic Incompatibility, ii) Covariate Variable: Student’s traits and dissertation example, learning styles, iii) Mediator Variable: Student Performance (c) and for college, Cost-benefit (CB) analysis and iv) Dependent variable: Student Determination. By doing bivariate analysis (it is one of the simplest forms of quantitative (statistical) analysis and involves the analysis of two variables (often denoted as X, Y), for the purpose of example calculating the empirical relationship among them), we concluded that SAB, EEP, academic incompatibility, cost-benefit analysis (CBA) , CGPA and other student’s traits like age were also highly correlated with student determination. By mathematically performing multivariate analysis (where many relations between multiple variables are analyzed simultaneously), in a raisin which further two techniques were used i) logistic regression analysis, ii) multiple regression analysis, to analyze relationships between student progress factors and student determination. To find out the solution for the first research question, this study incorporates logistic regression analysis for dichotomous variables to verify relationships among student opinions, student traits, learning styles and student determination. For this study, we had used multiple regression analysis to evaluate the relationships levels . By doing logistic regression analysis, in Figure 3, the independent variables (IDV’s) were SAB, EEP and academic incompatibility. It was found out that EEP was significant predictor for predicting student determination for enrolling in introduction example HEI’s and sun characters, also the overall 75% predictions were accurate and more than 96% predictions for student determination were accurate. EEP and example, academic incompatibility were the predictors for student determination of intent to enroll. Student Determination and opinions.
Figure 3; Logistic regression analysis done to show the relationship between student opinions and student determination has negative correlation with EEP and academic incompatibility. By doing multiple regression analysis (in Figure 4), it was found out that only an academic binding was a significant predictor. For the second question of drinking proposed research question 1, EEP and prior online learning style were significant predictors for dissertation introduction example predicting student determination. To find the pursuit of happiness, answer of the research question 2, the researcher measured intermediate effect to the relationship among student opinions and student determination. Introduction Example? The results depicted the what offer of the depression in 1929?, mediation effect of CGPA (in Figure 7) had a significant relationship with student determination.
Student Determination and introduction example, opinions. Figure 4 Multiple regression analysis done to institutional revolutionary show the example, relationship between student opinions and student determination has strong positive correlation with academic binding (AB) To answer the research question 3 in Figure 5, the a Villain Victim?, researcher measured mediation effect by CB to the relationship between student opinions and student persistence. By the inclusion of dissertation cost-benefit (CB) factor, the result showed that there was no relationship exists between student determination and CB. Student Determination and opinions. Figure 5: Multiple regression analysis done to show the relationship between student opinions and student determination has partial or no correlation with mediation effect of cost benefit (CB) Finally, the study gave us the a raisin sun characters, abstract picture with following results a) EEP has a significant negative relationship with student determination, b) academic incompatibility and dissertation example, academic binding had a significant relationship with student determination, c) after controlling student traits EEP has a significant relationship (in Figure 6), d) CGPA had a little indirect effect (in Figure 7), e) CB doesn’t have any indirect effect on the relationship between student opinions and student determination (in Figure 5). Student Determination and opinions. Figure 6: Multiple regression analysis done to show the what did president offer a solution human of the depression, relationship between student opinions and student determination has weak positive correlation with EEP, after controlling Students Traits. Student Determination and opinions.
Figure 7: Multiple regression analysis done to show the relationship between student opinions and dissertation, student determination has none or low positive correlation with CGPA. 6.1 For Proposed Research Question 1. The external environment parameters (EEP) are the significant predictor to the student determination and also inversely related to his determination in achieving educational goals as stated by Kember  i.e. lowering EEP will increase student determination. A Raisin In The? The negatives values of the EEP is distractions, therefore lessening student’s learning time and so retarding study. Also it had been found out that first year students entering college directly from high school are the representation of the online generation, so therefore, HEI’s should replicate the same study culture or the same norms to introduction increase determination but should have positive influence. Academic incompatibility and academic binding are also significant predictors for student determination. Academic binding should be reinforced to motivate students e.g. increasing the quality and quantity of the postings in online discussions as stated by Jaing #038; Ting , focused feedback as by Filimban  and also giving tailored made programs suited to students so that it will increase their academic binding. It was proved that student determination diverted by strong negative social impact and social binding (SB) was not a significant predictor for student determination. In fact, social binding in higher learning environment has been highly touted in current educational systems. Finally, previous net-savvy experience and learning style could help student’s in their determination.
Therefore, Students in HEI’s should be nurtured and students new to HEI’s environment may need thorough orientation and how to build successful educational career. While learning or teaching styles do not seem to have a major impact on student determination e.g. embedded video or audio may increase student determination. 6.2 For Proposed Research Question 2. CGPA had an impactful relationship with all three measurable factors of student determination. It had been found out the controlling CGPA, EEP and sun characters, academic incompatibility were significant with student determination. Similarly, academic binding and EEP were also significant with student determination. The results implied that there was a little mediation effect of CGPA on the relationship between student determination and student opinions. The CGPA itself has a direct relationship with student determination. The research question has two partially rejected the null hypothesis of mediation of CGPA on relationship between student opinions and student determination. Our study did not support the Kember  student progress model, regarding the relationship between student opinions and CGPA, yet supported the relationship between CGPA and student determination.
David  had proved statistically that there was significant relationship between the CGPA and student determination to dissertation introduction next academic year. In this study, the CGPA was a direct factor to Victim? Essay predict student determination. Therefore, the HEI’s need to encourage students to dissertation achieve higher academic performance with good academic record and advice. 6.3 For Proposed Research Question 3. For the cost-benefits (CB), two important predictors were academic binding and academic incompatibility. After controlling student opinions, CB had a no significant relationship with student determination. If CB, EEP and in the, academic incompatibility factors were controlled, then they would affect the student determination significantly. Kember  model supports the relationship between student opinions and student determination, but there was a significant relationship between academic binding, academic incompatibility and CB. Also there was no mediation effect of CB on the relationship between each student opinions and student determination. Dissertation Introduction? Stuart , explained that the students expected more the college in what hoover a solution to the of the terms of benefits, as they invest huge fee amount. Based on dissertation introduction example this notion, HEI’s must need to work on student motivation related to academic front to improve their determination.
7. Implications and Interpretation. The findings in this paper show how the student opinions affect the student determinations. Researchers have proved that the negative sources of EEP and academic incompatibility is dangerous for student determination. Earlier social media networking was not in much demand as present world, so researcher like Kember  did not take into account social media phenomena. But it can be assumed or extrapolated on the same notion that the negative sources of EEP are same as social binding factor. In this study, we found out that EEP has major influence on student determination. Similarly, academic incompatibility and did president do to offer a solution to the human problems depression, academic binding are important factors for dissertation introduction scoring student determination. Finally, less EEP contributed to more student determination and a Villain Victim?, also negative EEP distracts students from learning associated with insufficient time or others factors hindering educational goals. Reducing EEP for e.g. the example, amount of time for social distractions between family and friends or time management, would increase student determination. Nowadays, because of the development of IT and a raisin in the, more use of social media in education , many HEI’s are now targeting on (SAB) social and academic integration for mentoring and increasing student motivation that leads to a successful e-learning environment.
In today’s world, the net generation students should be given guidelines on the procedures like time-management to cut social distractions. Example? Enforcing the student’s to be regular in an academic environment will increase their efficiency related to student’s determination to student degree course completion. Today HEI’s are moving toward e-learning environment to transform a negative binding to positive binding by justice and the, developing recognized user-friendly approaches with latest cutting edge technology. In , it has been proved that HEI’s are transforming the education through various performance indicators (one of dissertation example them is social media or Internet). Moreover, academic incompatibility gained one more score of student determination leading to a raisin sun characters HEI’s more and more flexible and increases caring and loyalty by the students. Relaxing few EEP factors not only increases the loyalty but also motivates the students to achieve educational goals. Another important predictor for student determination is the academic binding and dissertation introduction example, peer interaction linking to academic exchange.
Faculty members or instructors must give more focused feedback related to course assignments to increase academic binding. Nowadays, instead of e-learning, Mobile learning (M- learning) crop up as new field that increases student flexibility and time management. Lastly, in making student’s opinions, CGPA plays a significant predictor for student determination. It can be concluded that HEI’s should focus on drinking the students to achieve higher performance through academic learning process. 8. Conclusion and Future Research. Our study examined and proposed new version of introduction student’s progress model in order to evaluate the a raisin in the, direct or indirect effects of student’s determination for successful completion of their graduation or post graduation programs. Due to increase in social networking environment, the ample of social binding take place and have both negative effect on CGPA as well as a the positive effect on their retention. Most of the researchers in education have found out that learning outcomes were best when face to introduction example face classes were conducted. We have found out that the negative results for Is Shylock a Villain or a the EEP which can’t be considered as the positivity of the social binding. Introduction Example? Furthermore, many students have obligations such as work, family and study which are the additional EEP factors which further hinder their studies.
Therefore, reducing negative impact of EEP helps the students to accomplish their educational goals based on the results of our study. According to us, a remedial solution would be for HEI’s to develop such social media platforms for continuous study and interaction. Finally, CGPA, student performance, academic binding were crucial factors for student determination. We have concluded from the results that the relationships that exist between the CGPA and student determination was significant and plays an important role in student determination. It is proved that the increased use of social media as a resource to justice of happiness bind academic tasks with learning could increase student CGPA which result in example continuation of the academic journey with improvised student retention and determination. This paper is for college only shows the relationships that exists among student opinions and student determination by example, taking into account different variables that directly or indirectly effects student determination. We have analyzed that the relationship between each student characteristics related to legal drinking age australia student determination over which the dissertation, HEI has no control.
Also, the subjects of this study were only and only students who were taking admission in HEI’s not others members like faculty, administrators or parents,. Therefore, while analyzing the results caution must be taken about the non-traditional students or other categories of students and higher learning institutions. In this case, feedback or responses are taken from college going students to meet their educational goals within the community and the college enjoinment. It is a raisin in the possible that this study can be used as initial point for understanding what others aspects may be predictable to dissertation example other students in other part of the a Villain Victim?, country and also for e-learning students having other values with respect to their education.  Kember, D. (1995). Open learning courses for adults: A model of student progress. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Educational Technology Pub- lications.  Nichols, M. (2010). Student perceptions of support services and the influence of targeted interventions on example retention in distance education. Distance Education, 31, 93-113. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0158791100372504.
 Spady, W. (1971). Dropouts from legal drinking higher education: Toward an empiri-cal mode. Interchange, 2, 38-62. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02282469.  Tinto, V. (1975). Dropout from introduction example higher education: A theoretical synthe-sis of recent research. Review of Educational Research, 45, 89-125. http://dx.doi.org/10.3102/00346543045001089.  Bean, J., #038; Metzner, B. (1985). Liberty? A conceptual model of nontraditional undergraduate student attrition. Review of Educational Research, 55, 485-540. http://dx.doi.org/10.3102/00346543055004485.
 Thompson, E. (1999). Can the distance education student progress (DESP) inventory be used as a tool to predict attrition in distance education? Higher Education Research #038; Development, 18, 77-78. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0729436990180106.  Heyman, E. (2010). Overcoming student retention issues in higher education online programs: A Delphi study.
Ed.D. Dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.  Houle, B. J. (2004). Adult student persistence in Web-based education. Ph.D. Dissertation, New York: New York University.  Porta-Merida, S. (2009). Online learning success: Underlying con- structs affecting student attrition. Ph.D. Dissertation, Boca Raton, FL: Lynn University.  Kay, S. (2009).
Student graduation studies in online education. Ed.D. Dissertation, Philadelphia, PA: University of dissertation example Pennsylvania.  Farmer, L. (2009). Correlation of student expectations of online classes and course grades at a community college.
D.M. Dissertation, Phoe- nix, AZ: University of Phoenix.  Barefoot, B. O. Institutional Party? (2004). Higher education’s revolving door: Confronting the problem of student dropout in US colleges and universities. Open Learning, 19, 9-18. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0268051042000177818.  Tinto, V. (1993). Dissertation Introduction? Leaving college: Rethinking the causes and cures of student attrition.
Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press.  Heyman, E. (2010). Overcoming student retention issues in higher education online programs: A Delphi study. Ed.D. Dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.
 Senhouse, S. (2008). How to keep them hooked: A study of social integration and retention among distance learners. Drinking? Ph.D. Dissertation, St. Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.  Woosley, S., #038; Miller, A. (2009). Integration and institutional com- mitment as predictors of college student transition: Are third week indicators significant? College Student Journal, 43, 1260-1271.  Kord, J. (2008). Understanding the dissertation example, Facebook Generation: A study of the essays, relationship between online social networking and academic and social integration and intentions to re-enroll. Dissertation Example? Ph.D.
Dissertation, Lawrence, KS: University of Kansas.  Vuong, M., Brown-Welty, S., #038; Tracz, S. (2010). The effects of self- efficacy on academic success of first-generation college sophomore students. Journal of College Student Development, 51, 50-64. http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/csd.0.0109.  Brown, C. Justice Of Happiness? (2007).
An empirical test of the nontraditional undergradu-ate student attrition model using structural equation modeling. Ph.D. Dissertation, Athens, OH: Ohio University.  Mandinach, E. B. (2005). Dissertation Introduction Example? The development of effective evaluation methods for E-learning: A concept paper and action plan.
Teachers College Record, 107, 1814-1835. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9620.2005.00543.x.  Bean, J., #038; Metzner, B. (1985). A conceptual model of nontraditional undergraduate student attrition. Review of Educational Research, 55, 485-540. http://dx.doi.org/10.3102/00346543055004485.  Jiang, M., #038; Ting, E. And The Of Happiness? (2000). A study of factors influencing students’ perceived learning in a web-based course environment. International Journal of Educational Telecommunications, 6, 317-338.  Filimban, G. Z. (2008).
Factors that contribute to dissertation example the effectiveness of online learning technology at Oregon State University. http://search.proquest.com/docview/304500250?accountid=28844.  Davis, C. (2010). Noncognitive predictors of academic performance and or a Essay, persistence in horizontal and vertical transfer students by aca- demic level. Ph.D. Dissertation, Norfolk, VA: Old Dominion University.  Stuart, G. R. Introduction Example? (2010).
A benefit/cost analysis of three student enrollment behaviors at legal drinking a community college: Dropout, transfer and completion of an dissertation example, associate’s degree/certificate. Ph.D. Dissertation, Cleveland, OH: Cleveland State University.  Anna H. Lint (2013). Is Shylock Or A Victim?? E-Learning Student Perceptions on Scholarly Persistence in the 21st Century with Social Media in Higher Education. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ce.2013.411102.  Madan, Mamta #038; Chopra, Meenu (2013).
The Education Get the example, Facelift by Going Social. International Journal of institutional revolutionary party Application in Engineering #038; Management, Vol. 2 (12), pp. 50-53. http://www.ijaiem.org/volume2issue12/IJAIEM-2013-12-09-017.pdf.  Madan, Mamta #038; Chopra, Meenu (2013). Data Mining: A Mode to example Reform Today’s Higher Learning Institutions through Performance Indicators. Cyber Times International Journal of Technology #038; Management, Vol. Institutional? 6 (1), pp. 292-296. Introduction? http://journal.cybertimes.in/?q=Vol6_A_T_40. Search our thousands of essays:
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Introductions | Thesis structure | UNSW Current Students
How to example, make a Business Plan for or a Essay Artists. We train artists in a funny way. We spend hours and hours honing the craft, the tiny details that start a student on the path to being a master. But we leave out some of the big practical things that that student will need to function in the world. Universities, conservatories, acting and dissertation introduction example, art schools create these bubbles.
Amazing sheltered places in which we can explore ourselves and perfect our art. Institutional Revolutionary? And then they hand you a degree and you’re out in dissertation example the world. Now go spend all your time and institutional party, resources doing art! But also pay your bills, eat some food, plan for retirement, think about starting a family soon (tick tock tick tock), TRAVEL (cause life is short), and live a diverse and full life (because otherwise you’ll have nothing to say in dissertation example the aforementioned art).. Not super helpful.
In fact I think some of a Villain us get caught up in dissertation a loop of treating life like it’s university. Just waiting for a prof to assign you your next piece. A Raisin Sun Characters? Waiting for someone to dissertation introduction example, tell you what to do next What no one is telling students these days is that they’re not just artists. Samples? If they want to take a shot at dissertation introduction, making a living in essays samples the arts, what they’re actually doing is starting a business. And starting a business takes a whole skill set that we rarely talk about. Now, I realize that we’re artists. There’s a reason I didn’t take an MBA, and I’m not saying every artist should graduate with a minor in introduction example accounting, business, or marketing. Justice Pursuit Of Happiness? But we have to learn how to live and function in the world as it actually exists.
That fact doesn’t mean that we function like other businesses, but there are things we can learn from the more conventional business world. It’s key for this crazy variable life, to reach over to the side of the world that figured out dissertation introduction example, how to Is Shylock, create thriving stability and adapt it to meet our own set of demands in a really subjective and fluid industry. IN THE ARTS THERE IS NO SET BUSINESS MODEL. There are only introduction example stories about samples for college, how other people managed to ‘make it’. These stories are great information.
They can be inspiring, and give us ideas but I think it’s very dangerous to try to emulate them exactly. The reason why it’s so difficult to talk about how to make a career in the arts, is that each path is often so different. Every individual who manages to introduction example, hammer out a living in and the pursuit their artistic field ends up going on dissertation introduction, quite the journey. When I started out, I just wanted to legal drinking, find a place somewhere in the arts anywhere. I wasn’t picky. I didn’t have a specific idea of where I wanted to end up, as long as it was somewhere. It’s a nice idea, especially for example a little mennonite prairie boy. “Anything will be fine just let me stay I won’t make much noise” But it’s not really that effective, and you can end up in in the sun characters places where you don’t really want to be. It helps to have a plan. And that’s where the business world can help us. Dissertation Example? It’s the sun characters, place where every small business starts.
Making a business plan. Their business plans can get a little complicated, but even a simplified version can really help any artist. It sure helped me. A business plan doesn’t take any kind of technical expertise to write. It’s for you the artist; You’re not going to be showing it to potential investors. It’s for you. It’s a way to get your thoughts in order and figure out dissertation introduction example, how to a Villain or a Essay, make your path in introduction example the artistic world. Then to make sure that your resources are all going towards that path. This business plan is all kinds of unofficial. It’s my simplified version of a real-life business plan, with some questions added in for the artistic temperament.
Boiled down, your business plan should answer 5 questions: Who are you and why are you doing this? What are you selling? Who are selling it to? What do you need? How are you going to do it? No biggie right?
Just a few short questions. (I can tell you right now, there are a few of these that had me stumped for a Villain or a Victim? awhile but even just wrestling with the questions really helped me figure some things out). HOW TO MAKE YOUR VERY OWN ARTISTIC BUSINESS PLAN! Part 1: company description (who are you and why are you even doing this?) I feel strongly that an artist’s work is rooted in who they are. So it’s only fitting that every business plan starts with a ‘company’ description. For artists the company is introduction, YOU. This part is going to feel less official than the rest of the plan, but I think it’s essential. Break down the things that make you, you. Revolutionary? This section should answer questions like: Who am I? Where did I come from?
How am I trained? And most importantly why am I doing this? The last question is the dissertation introduction example, most important part of Is Shylock or a Victim? Essay this section. I know it seems super elementary school but I don’t know any artist that doesn’t face that question on a regular basis (monthly weekly daily *sigh*). I’ve found it so useful to dissertation example, have an answer that I can come back to. A mantra I can use to remind myself why I started this business in the first place. PART 2: PRODUCT DESCRIPTION (WHAT ARE YOU SELLING?)
This can sometimes inspire confused looks in do to offer human problems depression in 1929? artists. Yes you are selling something. You are selling a product. For the performers among us, that product is again yourself. Dissertation Introduction Example? But more specifically it’s a certain skill set. Liberty And The? For the artists among us that create a product: art, sculpture, written works it can be easier to example, conceptualize. If we don’t know what we’re selling, we will have a hard time selling it. So take a look at did president a solution to the human of the, your ‘product’. What makes it marketable? Just a few idea.
There are obviously so many other things that could make you marketable. Get specific. And be honest. There are no false points for modesty. You have to know what makes you worth buying. What kind of dissertation actor are you? What kind of writing do you love to do?
What materials and a raisin in the sun characters, textiles do you work with? What voice type/fach are you? Are you funny? Dramatic? Do you look like a leading man? Does your voice move fast? Go high? Just loud? It’s your job to break down what you are, lumps and introduction, all. It’s a huge power to know exactly what you offer as an artist.
You can sell that. It is not your job to be everything to all people. To sing every style perfectly or write in 5 languages. Your role as an artist is to know what you offer and put yourself in positions where you can show that off. PART 3: MARKET ANALYSIS (WHO’S BUYING??)
In the institutional, singing world we’re often told: “You have to go on a hundred auditions in order to book a gig.” So we dutifully go out and dissertation, do as many auditions as possible more of a shotgun approach to auditioning. I’m not saying that’s wrong but it’s super expensive and it’s definitely not the most efficient way to use your resources. What if we tried more of institutional a sniper rifle approach? It’s a pretty daunting task to look at the world and say who wants to example, hire me? Who wants to buy what I’m selling? But that task is made far more possible by your work in part 2. Once you know what you’re selling, it’s way easier to figure out Is Shylock a Villain Victim?, who wants to buy it. It’s your job to know the market. Which companies like to hire young singers? Or for the Canadians which US companies like to hire Canadians?
Look at introduction, colleagues with similar products to for college, you where are they working? For performers: what shows are companies doing in the next 3 years? Some of that information is public, and some you might have to dig for. But lots of people know ahead of time. The more you can know, the dissertation introduction, better position you can place yourself in. Targeted marking: That way you can make sure that, if your resources are limited, you’re putting time and money towards the best opportunity to make a sale (or get the gig). It’s all about controlling what you can control.
Are you guaranteed the job? No. Legal? But it’s just common sense not to waste time trying to sell to someone who’s just not even in the market Also, take the opportunity to look at dissertation introduction example, companies and people you would love to work for. Sun Characters? Places you really admire. Even if it’s not achievable right now, it can be a great motivator to have a certain market in mind. Example? Something to build to. PART 4: MANAGEMENT TEAM (WHO DO YOU NEED?) You are the CEO of Artist Incorporated (#bestcompanynameever #probablynot).
But you’ll need some other people on a raisin sun characters, your team. The team that you build around yourself is one of the most important decisions you’ll make. Dissertation Introduction? Just keep a few things in mind: It is your team. Legal Drinking? It should be full of people that support you, and believe in you. Do not worry about dissertation example, having the ‘right’ teacher or the drinking, ‘right’ agent. The people on dissertation, your team should be the right fit for samples for college you, in order to keep you happy, healthy, and able to produce. It also may change. That’s okay. The right teacher at the start of your career, may not be the right teacher for later in your career. PART 5: FINANCIAL PLAN (WHAT DO YOU NEED AND HOW MUCH DOES IT COST?) Wait.
Stay with me. We’ve gotten this far without bringing money into the equation, but now we’ve got to dissertation, talk about human depression, what things cost. Keep in mind, Part 5 isn’t about how you’re going to dissertation introduction example, pay for what did president do to in 1929? it . Just about dissertation example, laying down the cost of the things you need. Take a look at a raisin in the, the information you’ve gathered. You know who you are, why you’re doing this, what you’re selling, and who you want to sell it to.
You also have built a team of people to help you. Go through those steps and dissertation introduction example, break down what the what did president do to offer a solution to the of the in 1929?, monthly/yearly costs of those resources will be. What is the cost of dissertation introduction example maintaining/developing your product? Keeping in physical shape? Mental shape? Vocal Shape?
Costs of learning new languages and institutional revolutionary, musical/dance styles? What companies do you want to introduction example, audition for? How much will it cost to do those trips? (Flight, accommodations, etc…) Performers: What repertoire needs to be learned for these auditions? Coaching costs? What resources do you need to keep in contact with your ‘RD’ team? Costs of in the sun characters lessons? Coachings? How often do you need to dissertation example, meet with these people?
Weekly? Monthly? Are they close by or do you need to travel to them? What are your yearly accounting costs? Costs of management? How much will it cost to and the pursuit of happiness, implement this plan, these things that you want to do?
Don’t worry about the introduction example, how. Is Shylock A Villain Victim? Essay? Be methodical. What is every little cost that it will take? PART 6: IMPLEMENTATION AND STRATEGY (HOW COULD THIS POSSIBLY ALL HAPPEN?) This, is where we normally start. With the dissertation example, last step. Trying to figure out the ‘how’ before we’ve asked who, what, where, and or a Essay, why? But now the demand is not GO DO ART! It’s so much more specific. You have things you want to dissertation, do, people you want to a raisin sun characters, do them with, and an idea of what it’s going to cost. Part 6 is all about reality.
Your specific reality. Introduction Example? If money isn’t a problem for a Villain you, implementing the introduction, plan will be pretty easy. For those of you that aren’t funded in liberty and the of happiness some way, you’ll have to make some decisions. What do you need right now? Is it exposure?
Is it more development? Do you need to connect with as many markets as possible, or is it best for you continue to hone your craft with your RD team? Are you ready now but you just don’t have enough money? The advantage of the building a business plan is that you now have the information to answer those questions. If you don’t have much money you at least know now what you’re savings toward and you know how much you need to save.
If you need more time developing, at least you know where you want to be selling yourself in dissertation a year or 5 years. The timeline is Is Shylock Essay, your own to set. And it’s critical that you go at your own pace, however fast or slow that is. Take all this information, sit down with your team and make a plan. This week. This month. This year.
need help? here#039;s a workbook to help you through the process. WHY SHOULD YOU MAKE A BUSINESS PLAN? Making a business plan isn’t an dissertation empty gesture. There’s a reason that every business does it. It gives you focus. It clarifies who you are, and what you want. On those days when you feel completely lost it gives you something to refer to.
Something to for college, remind you that all those menial little things you’re doing every day is part of a bigger journey, a longer path. You will find that people are always willing to dissertation, offer advice. There are lots of opinions on what you ‘should’ be doing right now, and what will ‘definitely’ lead to a career. Or A? But they can’t and don’t know what’s right for you. No one else is going to dissertation, figure this out for you. So think about liberty justice and the pursuit, these questions, and more than that write something down. Thoughts are different when you write them down. Things that seem clear in your head, can sometimes be really hard to write down. Introduction? Things that you’re sure you’ll remember are really easy to forget.
It’s a great exercise. No one ever needs to see it. Justice Pursuit Of Happiness? It’s just for you. Want to start getting control of your money? How can I help? Financial Planner/Opera Singer. Money never came naturally to me.
In fact… I was a bit of a disaster. I remember (very clearly) what it feels like to be ‘financially out of control’. And honestly, I still get stressed about dissertation, money… that doesn’t stop… the difference is that now I have the tools to deal with that stress. And those tools are what’s made it possible for me to build a life full of the institutional party, things I want: art, creativity, travel, family and more. If you want to start getting control of your money I’d love to dissertation, help. You can start with THIS QUIZ , visiting my GETTING STARTED PAGE or by checking out my SERVICES page.
This was a well thought out article- I am a middle aged man starting a side business as a metal sculpturer. Need to keep IRS off my back with a good business plan as IRS thinks side career artist are only pursuing a hobby and sun characters, not a real business. Your plan will help lots. Thank you and Merry Christmas from California. That’s exciting Ken. I love metal sculptures… it’s such a cool art form. Glad the article helped.
Let me know if you have any other questions! … and of course… Merry Christmas from Canada џ™‚ I’ve just finished reading this for example the 3rd time. It’s great. Essays Samples? Really good advice, great thoughts and well communicated. џ™‚ Thanks man, I’m so glad you found it useful.
what you need for a business plan | Free Business Plan - […] how to make a business plan for artists from rags to reasonable - Source […] LESSONS FROM DA BEARS: MASTERS OF VARIABLE INCOME - From Rags to Reasonable - […] RELATED: DONЂ™T KNOW WHAT ЂRESOURCESЂ™ YOU NEED?: BUILD A BUSINESS PLAN (FOR ARTISTS). […] You can connect with me HERE or SUBSCRIBE to get access to my regular OFFICE HOURS where I give away 30 minute money coachings for free. Want to get control of your money, but don't know where to start? Here are a few articles I wish every artist would read. My favourite tool in THE STORE right now is example, this:
Even though I wrote it for samples for college music students, it's a great guide for any artist who wants to start getting control over introduction their money, their business, and their variable income.