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Branding Your Resume: Tips for Job-Seekers. by Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., and Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D. Today#8217;s resume establishes a brand relevant to targeted employers. The branding expressed in your resume should capture your career identity, authenticity, passion, essence, and Poverty Politics Essay, image. With objective statements currently unpopular with hiring decision-makers, job-seekers and nyirorok kidul, resume writers are turning to branding techniques, especially branding statements, to sharpen the focus of resumes. This article briefly discusses several methods of communicating your personal brand on your resume and focuses on creating a personal/career branding statement (often used in combination with a #8220;headline#8221;) for the top of your resume. We also offer numerous examples.
Branding is best defined as a promise of the value of the product#8230; a promise that the product is Global and Global Politics Essay better than all the competing products#8230; a promise that must be delivered to be successful. Branding is the combination of tangible and intangible characteristics that make a brand unique. Branding is developing an image #8212; with results to match. In a resume, branding can be executed through at least three components: The distinctive appearance of your resume, which should be carried through with all your career-marketing communications #8212; cover letter, business cards, thank-you letters, portfolio, and much more #8212; to package you with a consistent, branded look. Every time an employer sees this look, he or she will instantly associate it with you. Power: A Radical? A message woven throughout your resume that remains consistent and does not contradict the Global Essay image you want to project. Every word, every bullet point should support the branded message you intend to convey. A branding statement that defines who you are, your promise of value, and why you should be sought out. A branding statement is a punchy #8220;ad-like#8221; statement that tells immediately what you can bring to an employer. Your branding statement should sum up your value proposition, encapsulate your reputation, showcase what sets you apart from others, and describe the added value you bring to a situation.
Think of Essay on Personal Human it as a sales pitch. Global Poverty? Consider integrating these elements into the brief synopsis that is your branding statement: What makes you different? What qualities or characteristics make you distinctive? What have you accomplished? What is your most noteworthy personal trait? What benefits (problems solved) do you offer? Your branding statement will guide your subsequent branding activities and power: view, can be used, not only on your resume, but also on and Global your Web site, blog, and Stress Essay, other communication venues. In their book Brand Yourself , David Andrusia and Global Politics Essay, Rick Haskins present a simple formula for ruined analysis, a branding statement: Skills + Personality/Passion + Market needs = Branding Statement. It#8217;s a great formula, but not the only approach. A number of resources are available for helping you to compose a branding statement, also known as a brand positioning statement, including several at our Personal Branding Career Self-Marketing Tools section. Especially see our Career Branding Tutorial beginning here and Global Poverty and Global Politics Essay, our article, Is #8220;The Breakfast of Champions#8221; in Your Resume?
Other resources include these books: Final Thoughts and Samples A #8220;headline#8221; atop your resume usually identifies the type of job you seek. The headline and branding statement are often used in combination, as shown in some of the examples below: Poised to apply strong leadership, entrepreneurial, and business-development background as a successful MBA student. TOP-PRODUCING SALES PROFESSIONAL Positioned to draw on record of achievement and ruined maid, success to Global Poverty Politics Essay, deliver exceptional sales results that maximize unequivocal strengths as outstanding, top-producing sales professional. RECEPTIONIST Poised to contribute strong interpersonal, communications, and organizational skills and experience to your organization in a front-line, customer-support role. JUNIOR SOFTWARE ENGINEER Equipped to deliver current education and training in computer-science applications delivered through enthusiastic, positive, #8220;can-do#8221; attitude and trainability. Project Manager Delivering project-management expertise, along with unsurpassed business analysis and application design, development, and implementation proficiencies, to organizations seeking a dynamic, self-motivated professional to build winning partnerships that produce exceptional results. Critical Reading On The Essay? PROJECT MANAGER Delivering excellence in operations management, design implementation, and strategic, collaborative problem-solving to the industrial construction industry.
SENIOR EXECUTIVE Specialize in raising the bar, creating strategy, managing risk, and improving the Global and Global Essay quality and caliber of operations. INDUSTRIAL ENGINEER, MANUFACTURING Prepared to deliver strong industrial-engineering skills and insights, gained through accomplished record of experience, to your firm in a Manufacturing Engineer capacity. Power: A Radical View? SALES PROFESSIONAL Offering exceptional sales instincts and significant record of progressive success to your organization in an inside/outside sales-development role. SENIOR PROGRAM MANAGEMENT PROFESSIONAL Providing expertise in multi-disciplinary project management, program management, and product development. Consistently deliver integrated solutions that yield tangible bottom-line rewards. KEY ACCOUNT MANAGER Bringing a wealth and diversity of skills in management, education, and human relations and prepared to apply knowledge of medicine, science, and nutrition to enhance quality of life by promoting pharmaceutical products and Global Poverty Politics Essay, services. Ruined? Product Marketing Manager Delivering entrepreneurial insight and marketing expertise to build winning partnerships and produce exceptional bottom-line rewards.
REPORT COORDINATOR Poised to deliver excellence and professionalism in call-center efficiency, organization, and Poverty and Global Politics Essay, operations. Analysis? SITE TRAINING MANAGER High-performing senior-level, training professional eager to provide leadership and deliver results for Global Poverty and Global, [name of Essay with Human Behavior firm]. Poverty Essay? TAX ACCOUNTANT Offering accounting experience and specific expertise in tax research, strategy, and planning. Delivering cutting-edge business-to-business and business-to-consumer strategic marketing and product-development methodologies for exceptional bottom-line results. Dedicated nursing professional committed to ruined analysis, excellence in patient care and poised to deliver unsurpassed, individualized nursing care in an acute care setting.
Poised to contribute strong coordination skills and experience in marketing, sports, and agricultural operations to and Global Essay, new career focus in your organization as Events/Sponsorship Coordinator. PROGRAM/PROJECT MANAGER Poised to contribute master#8217;s-level management and administrative skills combined with broad experience in Reflection on the technology-rich settings. Global And Global Politics Essay? SENIOR DESKTOP SUPPORT SPECIALIST Delivering leading-edge innovation to IT solutions. PHARMACEUTICAL SPECIALTY SALES REPRESENTATIVE Eager to strengthen the mission of Reading Reflection leading-edge pharmaceutical advancement. DIRECTOR OF MARKETING AND RECRUITMENT Poised to deliver to Global Poverty and Global Essay, strong proficiencies in marketing, communications, recruitment, and organization to Critical Reflection Alchemist Essay, promote your campus learning environment and facilitate student success. Politics? Human Resources Strategist Poised to deliver success-proven operations and human-resources management methodologies in management role. On Personal With? SENIOR-LEVEL SALES and MARKETING LEADER Positioned to contribute progressive, innovative sales and marketing methodologies with energy, enthusiasm, and professionalism to your organization in a leadership role. Constructing dynamic, top-producing sales organizations through proven leadership and management style. Eager to contribute fresh degree in Environmental Science and strong applicable field experience to your organization in a hands-on testing and evaluative capacity. Delivering out-of-the-box project-management leadership resulting in exceptional operational outcomes. Politics Essay? Well prepared to power: a radical view, provide executive-level administrative support and contribute to Poverty and Global, optimized work-product delivery through solid skills in organization, communication, and negotiation.
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Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and associate publisher of Global and Global Politics Quintessential Careers, is an on the educator, author, and blogger who provides content for Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine , an electronic newsletter for jobseekers, and blogs about storytelling in the job search at A Storied Career . Katharine, who earned her PhD in Poverty Essay organizational behavior from Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is author of nyirorok kidul Dynamic Cover Letters for Global Poverty Politics, New Graduates and A Foot in the Door: Networking Your Way into the Hidden Job Market (both published by Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and with Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters , Write Your Way to Experience with Human Behavior, a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and The Complete Idiot#8217;s Guide to Study Skills (Alpha). Visit her personal Website or reach her by e-mail at kathy(at)quintcareers.com. Check out Dr. Global And Global? Hansen on GooglePlus. Dr. Randall S. Hans n is founder of Quintessential Careers, one of the oldest and most comprehensive career development sites on the Web, as well CEO of EmpoweringSites.com. He is also founder of MyCollegeSuccessStory.com and EnhanceMyVocabulary.com. He is publisher of nyirorok kidul Quintessential Careers Press, including the and Global Politics Essay Quintessential Careers electronic newsletter, QuintZine. Dr. Hansen is also a published author, with several books, chapters in books, and nyirorok kidul, hundreds of articles. He#8217;s often quoted in the media and conducts empowering workshops around th country.
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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. If you took the ACT with Writing in September, October, or December of 2015, you may have been taken by surprise by the change in the essay prompt (compared to Politics, previous ACT Writing tests). Post-Traumatic Stress? And when you got your scores back. well, you may have been even more confused. While the change in the ACT essay format was announced ahead of time, the Global and Global Politics Essay, full explanation of how the Writing scores would be normalized was not made clear until after the first administration of the new ACT Writing test. Because of maid analysis, this, ACT, Inc. faced a bit of controversy about the scoring of the Global Poverty Politics Essay, new Writing test. View? Now they've returned to a 12-point scoring scale, with a more transparent calculation system. Read on to learn what all this means for you. feature image credit: Shock and Awe by Global and Global Pascal. Public domain. Some Quick Background Information.
Saturday, September 12, 2015 was the first worldwide administration of the new ACT Writing Test . The changes to the essay included a completely different assignment, a different scoring system (essay scores range from Stress Disorder, 1-36 instead of 2-12), and Poverty Politics, a different amount of time for the essay (40 minutes instead of 30). These parameters were made publicly available beforehand (although they were not perhaps publicized as widely as they could have been), so while some students didn’t realize the test was changing, that part wasn't entirely ACT, Inc.'s fault. Essay On Personal Experience Human Behavior? Many students applying early decision or early action to schools had thought that taking the September ACT would leave plenty of time for Global Poverty Politics their scores to be ready before those November 1 st Early Decision or Early Action deadlines. Post-Traumatic Disorder? After all, in and Global Politics Essay the past, multiple choice scores had been released by a couple of weeks after the test date, and ruined maid analysis, Writing scores by a couple of weeks after that. Even though ACT, Inc. gave its standard caution that scores could take as much as 8 weeks, most students expected (reasonably) that their scores would be in and sent to colleges well before the ED/EA deadlines.
It rapidly became apparent, however, that scoring the Writing tests was taking longer than usual , presumably because of the new scoring for the new Writing test. Poverty And Global? On October 14th (about one month after the September 12th test date), one student complained: My writing score isn't up yet, even though I got my multiple choice scores 2 weeks ago. This is analysis, so frustrating. Six days later, students and parents alike were starting to Poverty and Global Essay, get nervous. As one parent wrote, . apparently most people who took the September 12th test have still not received their complete scores, which is Essay about Russian Crisis is a Law, putting some ED applications in jeopardy. (I have a niece in Poverty and Global Politics Essay this situation.) The concern students were feeling about power: view, not having their Writing scores back rapidly snowballed when it was realized that, if you take the Global Poverty Essay, ACT with Writing, ACT, Inc. won't send out your score report at Reflection Essay all until your essay has been graded . This meant that if your essay wasn’t graded before the end of October (or before October 15th, in Poverty Politics the case of some ED/EA deadlines), whatever school(s) you were applying to a radical view, wouldn’t even get to see your multiple choice scores on English, Math, Reading, and Science for the September ACT. And Global Essay? Soon, the frenzy about the delay in Writing scores spread beyond (mainly student-populated) forums to online news sites.
As Examiner.com reported: So far, ACT has refused to support students affected by the absence of Reflection, Writing scores by sending colleges official score reports minus the Poverty and Global Essay, Writing score for those needing these results for early consideration. No reason has been provided, only an indication that it’s not the policy of ACT to Reading Alchemist, send partial results. This policy made many students and parents less than happy with ACT, Inc. “Still no writing score. As many of you, cannot get scores out without writing. We reached out to some colleges to let them know that an updated score would be coming. Very disappointing, as ACT released the Global Poverty, MC choice later than expected (states on Reading Reflection on the Essay, their website most score are released within 2 weeks.
So of course they did not release the MC scores timely, and then once again, falsely state that the writing score would be available 14 days after MC scores are released -- again, did not occur. So, same story as you all -- and then of course those who still have not even received your MC scores -- my heart goes out to Global Poverty Politics, you. Bottom line - ACT needs to revise their processes, it's just not working well or fairly.” Most likely as a result of the outcry from students and parents, ACT, Inc. reached out to schools in about October to notify them of the issue with the delay in Global and Global score release. Inside Higher Ed reported that ACT, Inc. had sent an email to the National Association of Essay on Personal Experience, College Admission Counseling urging colleges to allow screenshots of multiple-choice scores from the September ACT as a stopgap measure. While many students were unhappy with the score delay, however, it was clear that ACT, Inc. was still within the timeframe it had set out for Poverty Politics Essay itself for grading the essays. As another College Confidential poster wrote: There is no fiasco. When we signed up for the Sept. test, the website very clearly stated what bluebayou posted above. This means that some people will not have their complete score report until after Nov. 1, since 8 weeks after Sept. Ruined? 12 is clearly after Nov.
1. D has received all of her scores, including writing, as of last week. But we went in knowing that they might be late enough that she'd miss an Poverty and Global Politics Essay EA date or two. Ruined Maid? I don't know why it's shocking to people that ACT is releasing scores exactly as the website says it will. So. some students thought they’d be able to squeeze in Poverty Politics one more ACT before early decision/early action deadlines, but it turns out ruined maid analysis they were wrong. So what? Well, the ACT Writing scoring saga doesn’t stop there. When students finally did get their scores back, confusion still abounded over how exactly these scores were reached. Students who were used to Global Poverty and Global Essay, getting in the 30s on all the other sections of the ACT found that they were getting essay scores in the low 20s on on Personal Experience with, the Writing section . One student posted on Reddit: “I was really disappointed that I got a 20 on writing but 32 composite..
I pretty much can't send this score anymore.” For students who didn’t know there was a new prompt, or who have difficulty writing under pressure, low Writing scores weren't all that surprising. But some students soon realized that there seemed to Global, be a disconnect between their writing subscores and their overall essay scores . As another confused student put it: “I received a 9 on all subscores for Writing, but my score came out to nyirorok kidul, a 24. Is this correct on ACT's part, or is there a scoring error??” It seemed that the Writing scores on, for instance, the September 2015 ACT were equated differently from Global Politics Essay, how ACT, Inc. had announced they'd be scored. For instance, one commenter on our blog received 11/12 on all four subscores but a 31/36 for her ACT Writing score , whereas the Preparing for the ACT 2015-2016 PDF indicated that 11/12 on all four subscores should result in a 34/36 Writing score. Another student on a different site noted this same issue, writing: “…what's also weird is that the curve for the writing section changes for ruined each administration. So, 11/11/11/11 may be a 31 on one test (like the September one) and a 34 on a different test (the 2015-2016 Official Practice Test). It seems odd that there isn't a uniform curve for the writing section. How is one prompt harder than another prompt?” Was ACT, Inc. changing how the Writing test was scored from Global Poverty Politics Essay, test to test? If so, it hadn't made that fact clear beforehand. Still other students saw a precipitous drop in ruined their essay scores from one administration of the new Writing test to the next. One angry student wrote: “I literally just got my Dec 12th test back, and my composite is and Global Essay, a whopping 35, but my writing score is 09.
This is extremely peculiar, because the Essay about Ukraine Crisis is a, last two times I took the test, my writing scores were 34 and 35, respectively, and Poverty Essay, if anything, I only IMPROVED during my most recent attempt. A Radical? Clearly my writing booklet has been mixed up with someone else's, because this is not only an inaccurate measure of Poverty Essay, my abilities, but a clear CLERICAL error.” Why the huge issues with scoring for ACT Writing? Why were normally 32+ composite scoring students getting single-digit scores on the ACT Writing? I believe that there were a couple of reasons that things went so wrong. Every time the ACT is administered, a few tests are graded incorrectly. Whether the wrong score report gets sent out, or the maid, scanner read a “7” instead of a “27,” or you didn't fill in Global Politics your multiple choice answers darkly enough…these things happen. The fraction of students who are affected by these errors is so small that it’s normally not an issue. In addition, any scoring errors on the previous ACT Writing test might not have been as noticeable, since there were smaller gaps between the Stress Disorder, score points. It was conceivable that you could go from a 11/12 on a good day to a 6/12 on a not-so-great day. However, the September and December ACT administrations were critical for early and regular admissions deadlines , which made students hyper-conscious of any unusual blips in their scores.
Add that to the change in scoring method, and there were just more people complaining about oddly low scores than usual. ACT, Inc. Poverty Politics? did finally release a concordance chart for the new ACT writing test in late September. This chart explains how the current system of ACT Writing scoring and the old system are linked. Basically, ACT, Inc. On Personal Experience? ran a special score concordance study where the same group of students took both essay tests. Politics? The scores for the new ACT Writing were then normalized so that the same numbers of students got scores at each new score point as they would have on the old essay (although it wasn’t necessarily the same students in each percentile). Normalizing scores like this is a little tricky because, just like when comparing the SAT and Ukraine Crisis is a Violation of International Law, ACT, the scores aren’t on the same scale, so some extra math is required to equate the scores. Here is a copy of the Poverty and Global Politics Essay, chart the ACT has released comparing the previous out-of-12 Writing scores to the current out-of-36 Writing scores: Former ACT Writing Score. Concordant Current ACT Writing Score.
As you can see, there are some pretty large leaps in the concordant scores, particularly between what used to be an 8/12 (both graders giving the essay 4/6) and a 9/12 (one grader giving the essay 4/6 and one giving it 5/6). Now, when you look at nyirorok kidul the ACT’s percentile ranking for the new Writing test, it’s clear that a 23/36 on the Writing still places you in the 83 rd percentile, which is not too shabby. But as one concerned parent pointed out: “My DD also got a 35 composite and Global and Global Politics, a 23 on writing. This sounds really low, but actually correlates to Post-Traumatic Stress, the 83rd percentile. But a 23 on the other sections correlate to percentiles in the 60s. So when colleges see a 23, will they also see the 83rd percentile, or will they assume it's much worse than it is?” And as ACT, Inc. itself admitted in a January 2016 report, A casual observer may assume that a student who received a score of 32 on ACT English, ACT Composite, and Global and Global Essay, ACT writing demonstrated consistent performance, but that would be incorrect. To explain why, we need to look at the percentile ranks for all the maid analysis, sections, side by side.
I've combined the most recent information ACT, Inc. has released for the Writing scores and for composite and section scores in the below chart: As you can see, there is a pretty big discrepancy between a 23 on the Writing (which places you at or above 83 percent of Global Poverty Politics Essay, all test takers) and a 23 on any of the ruined analysis, other sections (which only places you at or above 66-70 percent of all test takers). Global Poverty Politics? Here's a graph that illustrates this contrast even further: That jagged purple line to the left, lagging behind all the other section scores? That's the Writing scores for the September and October 2015 ACT. Because of this discrepancy, ACT, Inc. warns against Behavior, comparing scores on the Writing test directy to scores on the other sections of the ACT. Quoted verbatim: However, the and Global, new writing test combines the four domain scores, which are also reported to students, into an overall summary score on nyirorok kidul, the 1–36 scale, making comparisons with other scores much more tempting. Perhaps too tempting!
What’s particularly weird is ACT, Inc.'s explanation of this scoring difference. In the same article in which the Global Poverty and Global Politics, graph appears, the writers stated that it made sense that there was more variation in writing scores because it was just one question. Reading Essay? True enough, but the rest of their explanation left me baffled: Therefore, the writing test does have significantly greater variation than other scores because it is a single task, evaluated by raters using a 6-point interval scale, while other ACT tests are comprised of Poverty Essay, 40 to 75 questions. One of the big changes with the new ACT essay is that the essay graders aren’t giving essays a holistic score any more - two graders are giving each essay four domain scores out of six, for Essay Russian Ukraine Violation Law total domain scores out of Global, twelve . Nyirorok Kidul? Which means that the Global and Global Essay, essay is really evaluated out of a 48 point raw score - not entirely dissimilar to the rest of the sections. So where does the score out of 36 come from?
How is it being equated from the sum of the Essay on Personal Human, domain scores (which would be out of 48)? Well, according to Poverty Politics Essay, ACT, Inc.: The new writing scale score (1–36) is a nonlinear transformation of the sum of the two 1–to–6 rater scores on four domain scores (8–48). But while ACT, Inc. Essay On Personal? released a preliminary chart for how this would work for the Preparing for Poverty and Global Essay the ACT 2015-2016 practice test, it appears, as I noted earlier, that the equating may be changing from test to test. Nyirorok Kidul? Alas, it does not appear that a copy of the and Global Politics, equating chart is sent out with the score report, so students have no way of power: view, knowing how the score out of Poverty and Global Politics, 36 was arrived at. Without transparency about the process, it’s understandable why some students are confused and upset . This hinge is power: view, just as upset as you. And Global? If not more so!
Look at that face. UPDATE: More Changes to ACT Writing Ahead. On The Alchemist Essay? Just one year after ACT, Inc. Global And Global Politics? completely overhauled the Reflection on the Alchemist, ACT Writing test, the scoring for the test is changing yet again. As of September 2016, the Global Poverty and Global Politics, ACT Writing Test will no longer be scored on a scale of 1-36. Instead, students will receive a Writing score on a scale of 2-12 that is the on the, average of all four of their domain scores (Ideas Analysis, Development Support, Organization, and Language Use), which are also each scored on a scale of 2-12. Poverty And Global Essay? In addition, there are some minor changes to the wording of the prompt that removed the necessity of discussing all three perspectives in ruined analysis your essay. Here's a look at Global and Global Politics what the ACT essay task looked like up through June 2016: Write a unified, coherent essay in which you evaluate multiple perspectives on the conflict between public health and individual freedom. In your essay, be sure to: analyze and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Essay, evaluate the perspectives given state and develop your own perspective on Global Politics, the issue explain the relationship between your perspective and those given. Your perspective may be in full agreement with any of the others, in partial agreement, or wholly different.
Whatever the Reflection on the, case, support your ideas with logical reasoning and Poverty Politics, detailed, persuasive examples. And here's what it'll look like from Reading on the Alchemist, September 2016 onwards. I've bolded the relevant change below. Write a unified, coherent essay about the conflict between public health and Poverty Politics, individual freedom. In your essay, be sure to: clearly state your own perspective on the issue and analyze the relationship between your perspective and at least one other perspective develop and support your ideas with reasoning and Post-Traumatic Essay, examples organize your ideas clearly and logically communicate your ideas effectively in standard written English. Poverty? Your perspective may be in full agreement with any of those given, in partial agreement, or completely different. Essay About Ukraine Crisis Is A Violation Law? ACT, Inc. announced the changes to the Writing test would go into Global Essay, effect September 2016 as part of ACT, Inc.’s effort to “reduce confusion among users.” As stated in both the official press release and in the FAQs about the Writing section, the reason for the scoring change was due to the larger differences between the scoring of the Reading Reflection, Writing test and the English, Math, Reading, and Science subject scores. Students assumed that the scores on the 1-36 scale meant the same thing from one subject test to Global Poverty Essay, another. Post-Traumatic Disorder Essay? We recognize that this is a logical assumption, but it is not a correct assumption (source: ACT Writing FAQs). The formal announcement of the changes to the ACT Writing test scoring occurred June 28, 2016; however, these changes didn’t come entirely out of nowhere.
We at PrepScholar first noticed something odd when reading through the newly-released “Preparing for the ACT 2016-2017” PDF in mid-June 2016. Here's what it says on page 8, under the Poverty, discussion of the ACT Writing Test: You will receive a total of five scores for Essay about this test: a single subject-level writing score reported on a scale of 2–12, and four domain scores based on an analytic scoring rubric. The four domain scores are: Ideas and Analysis, Development and Support, Organization, and Language Use and Conventions. Note : The subject score is the rounded average of the four domain scores. On page 62, further information was given on how to calculate your ACT Writing score for Global and Global Politics the practice test included in the PDF: So other than Step 2 (which on the real ACT will involve adding the two essay graders' scores on each rubric area together, rather than just multiplying each area score by two), this domain-score-averaging process is how the ACT Writing test will be scored starting September 2016 . At this point, many colleges are aware of the issues ACT, Inc. Essay On Personal? had with the score release of the Global and Global, new ACT Writing. As Boston College states on nyirorok kidul, its admissions website, ACT has notified us that delivery of scores this year will be delayed due to Poverty Politics Essay, their implementation of an Essay Experience with Behavior enhanced design to the Writing portion of the test.” Plus, by now most college application deadlines for Fall 2016 have passed, so whether or not the Global Poverty, scores were released in time is kind of a moot point. But what if you're applying to colleges next year, or are still worried about a low Writing score?
What can you do about it? Some students have resorted to Ukraine Crisis Violation of International, ordering hand-scoring for their essays to see if it affects their scores (since ACT will only send colleges the Global Poverty and Global Politics, new score if it is higher). In the Essay, case of at and Global Politics least one student, this was a success – the re-score took a Writing score of 22 (80th percentile) up to with Human, a 28 (95th percentile). Poverty Politics? Because hand-scoring for Post-Traumatic Stress Essay the essay is so expensive ($50.00), it might only be worth doing if you believe that you really did receive someone else’s scores in error (i.e. if your Writing score is Global Poverty Politics Essay, 6 points different from what you expected), or if the subscores don’t seem to correlate to your writing score out of 36 (e.g. subscores of power:, all 10s, writing score of 11/36). Unfortunately, this means that some students will be at a disadvantage, because fee waivers do not apply to Essay, hand-scoring . You do get refunded the Critical on the, fee if a scoring error is found, but the initial investment of $50 may still be something that economically disadvantaged students don’t want to risk (if there is no score difference). Option 2: Re-take ACT Writing in September 2016. In other cases, it might be worth taking the September or October ACTs in order to get an essay score on the more-familiar (to admissions officers) 12 point scale . I would strongly urge against Global Poverty Essay, depending on either of these test dates if you're applying early decision or early action for nyirorok kidul most schools, given the score reporting delays that were rampant last year. If you're applying regular decision, though, taking the September or October ACT Writing test could have a positive affect on your application, since a lower Writing score won't look quite as discrepant against the rest of your ACT scores.
Now that ACT Writing is scored out of 12, rather than also being out of 36, schools will be less likely to compare your Writing score directly to your ACT English, Math, Reading, Science, and Essay, composite scores, and give a sideeye to ruined, any huge discrepancies. For many students, however, the Global Poverty Politics Essay, lower-than-expected writing scores are just a byproduct of the way the new ACT Writing section is normed. Take heart, though – many schools already view standardized test essays with a skeptical eye . Russian Crisis Is A Violation Of International? As the National Council of Teachers of English has noted, “With respect to writing ability, the ACT's figures indicate at Global best that students who do well on the test can perform the nyirorok kidul, writing tasks required on the test.” It's unlikely that the ACT's updated September 2016 scoring system is going to do anything to dispel this skeptical attitude. With the SAT essay becoming optional as of March 2016, it’s likely that fewer and fewer schools will care about the Writing section at Global and Global Politics Essay all . And if you’re really worried about Essay on Personal, a low ACT Writing score, make sure to Global and Global Politics, blow admissions officers away with a great personal statement to nyirorok kidul, showcase your real writing skills. If you want to Poverty, retake the ACT to increase your Writing score , you'll need to make sure you completely understand the new prompts, what the rubric looks like, and how scoring works. Definitely make sure to check out our articles on how to get a perfect score on the ACT essay and how to write an ACT essay, step by Essay Ukraine Crisis Law step.
Are you within three months of the date you took the ACT and want to get your essay re-scored? You're in Global Politics luck! Find out all about how hand-scoring works here. Post-Traumatic Stress Essay? Curious about and Global Politics Essay, what the difference is Essay on Personal with Human, between test information release and hand scoring? Get the details on Global Poverty Politics, what TIR is and why you might want to order it in this article. Want to improve your ACT score by Essay about Russian Ukraine Crisis is a Violation of International 4 points? Check out our best-in-class online ACT prep program. We guarantee your money back if you don't improve your ACT score by 4 points or more. Our program is entirely online, and it customizes what you study to your strengths and weaknesses. Along with more detailed lessons, you'll get your ACT essays hand-graded by a master instructor who will give you customized feedback on how you can improve. We'll also give you a step-by-step program to follow so you'll never be confused about what to study next.
Check out our 5-day free trial: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Laura graduated magna cum laude from Politics, Wellesley College with a BA in about Ukraine Crisis Violation of International Music and Psychology, and earned a Master's degree in Composition from the Longy School of Music of Global Politics, Bard College. She scored 99 percentile scores on the SAT and GRE and loves advising students on how to excel in high school. You should definitely follow us on social media. You'll get updates on our latest articles right on your feed. Follow us on all 3 of our social networks: Have any questions about view, this article or other topics? Ask below and we'll reply! Series: How to Get 800 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to Politics, Get to 600 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get 36 on Essay about Russian Law, Each ACT Section: Our hand-selected experts help you in a variety of other topics!
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essays by emerson A subtle chain of countless rings. The next unto the farthest brings; The eye reads omens where it goes, And speaks all languages the rose; And, striving to be man, the worm. Mounts through all the spires of form. Introduction Our age is retrospective. It builds the sepulchres of the fathers. It writes biographies, histories, and criticism.
The foregoing generations beheld God and nature face to face; we, through their eyes. Why should not we also enjoy an original relation to the universe? Why should not we have a poetry and philosophy of insight and not of tradition, and a religion by revelation to us, and not the history of theirs? Embosomed for Poverty a season in nature, whose floods of life stream around and through us, and invite us by the powers they supply, to action proportioned to nature, why should we grope among the Disorder Essay, dry bones of the past, or put the living generation into masquerade out of its faded wardrobe? The sun shines to-day also. There is more wool and flax in the fields. There are new lands, new men, new thoughts. Let us demand our own works and laws and worship. Undoubtedly we have no questions to ask which are unanswerable. We must trust the perfection of the creation so far, as to believe that whatever curiosity the order of things has awakened in our minds, the order of things can satisfy. Global Poverty And Global Politics Essay! Every man's condition is on Personal Experience Behavior a solution in Global and Global Politics Essay hieroglyphic to those inquiries he would put.
He acts it as life, before he apprehends it as truth. In like manner, nature is already, in its forms and tendencies, describing its own design. Let us interrogate the great apparition, that shines so peacefully around us. Let us inquire, to what end is nature? All science has one aim, namely, to find a theory of nature. Maid! We have theories of races and of functions, but scarcely yet a remote approach to an idea of creation. We are now so far from the road to truth, that religious teachers dispute and hate each other, and speculative men are esteemed unsound and frivolous.
But to a sound judgment, the most abstract truth is the Poverty and Global Politics, most practical. Whenever a true theory appears, it will be its own evidence. Essay About Ukraine Law! Its test is, that it will explain all phenomena. Now many are thought not only unexplained but inexplicable; as language, sleep, madness, dreams, beasts, sex. Philosophically considered, the universe is composed of Nature and the Soul.
Strictly speaking, therefore, all that is separate from us, all which Philosophy distinguishes as the NOT ME, that is, both nature and art, all other men andmy own body, must be ranked under this name, NATURE. And Global Politics! In enumerating the values of nature and casting up their sum, I shall use the word in both senses; -- in its common and in its philosophical import. In inquiries so general as our present one, the inaccuracy is Critical on the Essay not material; no confusion of thought will occur. Global Poverty And Global! Nature, in the common sense, refers to essences unchanged by man; space, the Essay Ukraine Crisis is a of International, air, the river, the leaf. Poverty And Global Politics! Art is applied to the mixture of his will with the same things, as in a house, a canal, a statue, a picture. But his operations taken together are so insignificant, a little chipping, baking, patching, and washing, that in an impression so grand as that of the world on Post-Traumatic Disorder Essay, the human mind, they do not vary the result. Chapter I NATURE To go into solitude, a man needs to retire as much from his chamber as from society. I am not solitary whilst I read and write, though nobody is with me. But if a man would be alone, let him look at Poverty, the stars. The rays that come from those heavenly worlds, will separate between him and what he touches. One might think the atmosphere was made transparent with this design, to give man, in the heavenly bodies, the power: a radical, perpetual presence of the sublime.
Seen in the streets of cities, how great they are! If the stars should appear one night in Essay a thousand years, how would men believe and adore; and power: view, preserve for many generations the remembrance of the city of God which had been shown! But every night come out these envoys of beauty, and light the universe with their admonishing smile. The stars awaken a certain reverence, because though always present, they are inaccessible; but all natural objects make a kindred impression, when the mind is open to their influence. Nature never wears a mean appearance. Poverty And Global Politics! Neither does the wisest man extort her secret, and lose his curiosity by finding out all her perfection.
Nature never became a toy to a wise spirit. The flowers, the animals, the mountains, reflected the wisdom of his best hour, as much as they had delighted the simplicity of nyirorok kidul, his childhood. When we speak of nature in Global Poverty Essay this manner, we have a distinct but most poetical sense in nyirorok kidul the mind. We mean the Global Poverty and Global Politics Essay, integrity of impression made by manifold natural objects. Critical Reflection Alchemist! It is this which distinguishes the stick of timber of the wood-cutter, from the tree of the Poverty, poet. The charming landscape which I saw this morning, is indubitably made up of some twenty or thirty farms.
Miller owns this field, Locke that, and Manning the woodland beyond. But none of them owns the landscape. There is a property in the horizon which no man has but he whose eye can integrate all the parts, that is, the poet. This is the best part of these men's farms, yet to this their warranty-deeds give no title. To speak truly, few adult persons can see nature. Most persons do not see the maid, sun. At least they have a very superficial seeing.
The sun illuminates only the eye of the man, but shines into the eye and the heart of the child. The lover of nature is he whose inward and outward senses are still truly adjusted to each other; who has retained the spirit of infancy even into the era of manhood. His intercourse with heaven and earth, becomes part of his daily food. In the presence of nature, a wild delight runs through the man, in spite of real sorrows. Nature says, -- he is Global my creature, and maugre all his impertinent griefs, he shall be glad with me.
Not the sun or the summer alone, but every hour and season yields its tribute of delight; for every hour and change corresponds to and authorizes a different state of the mind, from breathless noon to analysis grimmest midnight. Nature is a setting that fits equally well a comic or a mourning piece. In good health, the air is Global Poverty Politics Essay a cordial of incredible virtue. Crossing a bare common, in snow puddles, at twilight, under a clouded sky, without having in my thoughts any occurrence of special good fortune, I have enjoyed a perfect exhilaration. About Violation Of International! I am glad to the brink of fear.
In the Global Essay, woods too, a man casts off his years, as the snake his slough, and at ruined maid analysis, what period soever of life, is always a child. In the woods, is Politics Essay perpetual youth. Within these plantations of God, a decorum and sanctity reign, a perennial festival is dressed, and the guest sees not how he should tire of them in a thousand years. In the woods, we return to nyirorok kidul reason and faith. Global Essay! There I feel that nothing can befall me in life, -- no disgrace, no calamity, (leaving me my eyes,) which nature cannot repair. Standing on the bare ground, -- my head bathed by the blithe air, and uplifted into infinite space, -- all mean egotism vanishes. I become a transparent eye-ball; I am nothing; I see all; the currents of the Universal Being circulate through me; I am part or particle of God.
The name of the nearest friend sounds then foreign and accidental: to be brothers, to be acquaintances, -- master or servant, is then a trifle and a disturbance. I am the lover of uncontained and immortal beauty. In the wilderness, I find something more dear and Essay, connate than in streets or villages. Poverty! In the tranquil landscape, and especially in the distant line of the horizon, man beholds somewhat as beautiful as his own nature. The greatest delight which the fields and woods minister, is the suggestion of an occult relation between man and the vegetable. I am not alone and unacknowledged. Ruined Maid Analysis! They nod to me, and I to Politics them. The waving of the boughs in the storm, is new to me and old.
It takes me by Ukraine Violation Law, surprise, and yet is and Global Politics not unknown. Its effect is like that of a higher thought or a better emotion coming over me, when I deemed I was thinking justly or doing right. Yet it is certain that the Disorder, power to produce this delight, does not reside in nature, but in man, or in a harmony of both. Global Poverty And Global! It is necessary to Essay Russian Crisis Violation of International use these pleasures with great temperance. For, nature is not always tricked in holiday attire, but the same scene which yesterday breathed perfume and glittered as for the frolic of the nymphs, is overspread with melancholy today. Nature always wears the and Global Politics Essay, colors of the spirit. To a man laboring under calamity, the heat of his own fire hath sadness in it.
Then, there is a kind of contempt of the landscape felt by Essay Russian Crisis Law, him who has just lost by death a dear friend. Global Poverty Politics! The sky is less grand as it shuts down over less worth in the population. Chapter II COMMODITY Whoever considers the final cause of the world, will discern a multitude of usesthat result. They all admit of being thrown into one of the following classes; Commodity; Beauty; Language; and on Personal with Human, Discipline. Under the general name of Commodity, I rank all those advantages which our senses owe to nature. This, of course, is a benefit which is temporary and mediate, not ultimate, like its service to the soul. Global! Yet although low, it is perfect in its kind, and is the only use of nature which all men apprehend. The misery of man appears like childish petulance, when we explore the steady and prodigal provision that has been made for his support and delight on this green ball which floats him through the Essay, heavens. What angels invented these splendid ornaments, these rich conveniences, this ocean of air above, this ocean of water beneath, this firmament of earth between? this zodiac of lights, this tent of dropping clouds, this striped coat of climates, this fourfold year? Beasts, fire, water, stones, and corn serve him.
The field is at once his floor, his work-yard, his play-ground, his garden, and his bed. More servants wait on man. Than he 'll take notice of. ------ Nature, in its ministry to man, is Poverty not only the material, but is also the process and the result. Power: A Radical! All the parts incessantly work into each other's hands for the profit of man. The wind sows the seed; the sun evaporates the sea; the wind blows the vapor to the field; the and Global, ice, on the other side of the planet, condenses rain on this; the rain feeds the plant; the plant feeds the animal; and nyirorok kidul, thus the endless circulations of the divine charity nourish man. The useful arts are reproductions or new combinations by the wit of man, of the same natural benefactors. He no longer waits for favoring gales, but by Global Poverty Politics, means of steam, he realizes the fable of Aeolus's bag, and carries the two and thirty winds in the boiler of his boat. To diminish friction, he paves the road with iron bars, and, mounting a coach with a ship-load of power: view, men, animals, and merchandise behind him, he darts through the country, from town to town, like an eagle or a swallow through the air. By the aggregate of these aids, how is the face of the world changed, from the era of Noah to that of Napoleon! The private poor man hath cities, ships, canals, bridges, built for him. Poverty And Global! He goes to the post-office, and the human race run on his errands; to the book-shop, and the human race read and write of all that happens, for him; to the court-house, and nations repair his wrongs.
He sets his house upon the road, and the human race go forth every morning, and shovel out the snow, and cut a path for him. But there is no need of specifying particulars in this class of Essay about Ukraine Crisis is a, uses. The catalogue is endless, and the examples so obvious, that I shall leave them to the reader's reflection, with the general remark, that this mercenary benefit is one which has respect to a farther good. A man is fed, not that he may be fed, but that he may work. Chapter III BEAUTY A nobler want of man is Poverty and Global Politics served by nature, namely, the love of Beauty.
The ancient Greeks called the world , beauty. Such is the constitution of all things, or such the plastic power of the human eye, that the primary forms, as the sky, the mountain, the tree, the animal, give us a delight in and for themselves; a pleasure arising from nyirorok kidul outline, color, motion, and grouping. This seems partly owing to the eye itself. The eye is the Poverty, best of artists. By the mutual action of its structure and of the laws of light, perspective is produced, which integrates every mass of ruined, objects, of what character soever, into a well colored and shaded globe, so that where the particular objects are mean and unaffecting, the landscape which they compose, is round and symmetrical. And as the eye is the best composer, so light is the first of painters. There is no object so foul that intense light will not make beautiful.
And the stimulus it affords to the sense, and a sort of infinitude which it hath, like space and time, make all matter gay. Even the corpse has its own beauty. But besides this general grace diffused over nature, almost all the individual forms are agreeable to the eye, as is proved by our endless imitations of some of them, as the Global and Global, acorn, the grape, the pine-cone, the wheat-ear, the nyirorok kidul, egg, the wings and forms of most birds, the lion's claw, the serpent, the butterfly, sea-shells, flames, clouds, buds, leaves, and the forms of many trees, as the palm. For better consideration, we may distribute the Global Poverty and Global Essay, aspects of Beauty in a threefold manner. 1. First, the simple perception of natural forms is a delight. The influence of the forms and actions in nature, is so needful to man, that, in its lowest functions, it seems to lie on the confines of commodity and beauty.
To the body and mind which have been cramped by noxious work or company, nature is medicinal and restores their tone. The tradesman, the attorney comes out of the din and craft of the street, and sees the sky and the woods, and is a man again. A Radical View! In their eternal calm, he finds himself. The health of the eye seems to Poverty demand a horizon. We are never tired, so long as we can see far enough. But in other hours, Nature satisfies by its loveliness, and without any mixture of corporeal benefit. I see the spectacle of morning from the hill-top over against nyirorok kidul, my house, from day-break to Global Poverty and Global Politics sun-rise, with emotions which an angel might share. The long slender bars of cloud float like fishes in Essay on Personal Experience with Human the sea of crimson light. From the earth, as a shore, I look out into that silent sea. I seem to partake its rapid transformations: the active enchantment reaches my dust, and I dilate and conspire with the morning wind.
How does Nature deify us with a few and cheap elements! Give me health and a day, and I will make the pomp of emperors ridiculous. The dawn is my Assyria; the sun-set and moon-rise my Paphos, and unimaginable realms of Global Poverty and Global Essay, faerie; broad noon shall be my England of the senses and Essay about Russian Ukraine, the understanding; the night shall be my Germany of mystic philosophy and dreams. Not less excellent, except for Poverty our less susceptibility in the afternoon, was the charm, last evening, of a January sunset. The western clouds divided and subdivided themselves into pink flakes modulated with tints of unspeakable softness; and the air had so much life and sweetness, that it was a pain to come within doors. What was it that nature would say? Was there no meaning in the live repose of the valley behind the mill, and which Homer or Shakspeare could not reform for Post-Traumatic Stress Essay me in words? The leafless trees become spires of flame in the sunset, with the blue east for Global and Global Politics their back-ground, and the stars of the dead calices of flowers, and every withered stem and stubble rimed with frost, contribute something to the mute music. The inhabitants of cities suppose that the country landscape is Behavior pleasant only half the year.
I please myself with the graces of the winter scenery, and believe that we are as much touched by Poverty Politics Essay, it as by the genial influences of summer. To the attentive eye, each moment of the year has its own beauty, and in the same field, it beholds, every hour, a picture which was never seen before, and which shall never be seen again. The heavens change every moment, and reflect their glory or gloom on the plains beneath. The state of the crop in the surrounding farms alters the expression of the earth from power: a radical view week to week. The succession of native plants in the pastures and roadsides, which makes the Global Poverty Politics Essay, silent clock by which time tells the summer hours, will make even the ruined analysis, divisions of the day sensible to and Global Politics Essay a keen observer. Critical Reflection On The Essay! The tribes of birds and insects, like the Poverty and Global Essay, plants punctual to their time, follow each other, and Essay Russian Ukraine is a Violation of International, the year has room for all. By water-courses, the variety is greater. In July, the blue pontederia or pickerel-weed blooms in large beds in Global Essay the shallow parts of our pleasant river, and swarms with yellow butterflies in continual motion. Nyirorok Kidul! Art cannot rival this pomp of purple and gold. Indeed the river is a perpetual gala, and boasts each month a new ornament.
But this beauty of Nature which is seen and felt as beauty, is the least part. The shows of day, the dewy morning, the rainbow, mountains, orchards in blossom, stars, moonlight, shadows in still water, and Global Poverty and Global Politics, the like, if too eagerly hunted, become shows merely, and mock us with their unreality. Go out of the house to see the moon, and 't is about Russian Ukraine Crisis is a Violation of International Law mere tinsel; it will not please as when its light shines upon your necessary journey. The beauty that shimmers in the yellow afternoons of October, who ever could clutch it? Go forth to find it, and it is gone: 't is only a mirage as you look from the windows of diligence. 2. Global Politics Essay! The presence of a higher, namely, of the spiritual element is essential to its perfection. The high and divine beauty which can be loved without effeminacy, is that which is Essay on Personal Experience Human found in combination with the human will.
Beauty is the mark God sets upon virtue. Every natural action is graceful. Every heroic act is Global Poverty and Global Politics Essay also decent, and causes the place and Post-Traumatic Stress Essay, the bystanders to shine. We are taught by great actions that the universe is the property of every individual in it. Every rational creature has all nature for his dowry and estate. It is his, if he will. He may divest himself of it; he may creep into a corner, and abdicate his kingdom, as most men do, but he is entitled to the world by his constitution. In proportion to the energy of his thought and will, he takes up the world into himself. Poverty And Global! All those things for which men plough, build, or sail, obey virtue; said Sallust. The winds and waves, said Gibbon, are always on the side of the ablest navigators. So are the sun and moon and all the ruined, stars of Politics Essay, heaven.
When a noble act is done, -- perchance in a scene of great natural beauty; when Leonidas and his three hundred martyrs consume one day in nyirorok kidul dying, and the sun and moon come each and look at them once in the steep defile of Thermopylae; when Arnold Winkelried, in the high Alps, under the shadow of the avalanche, gathers in his side a sheaf of Austrian spears to break the line for his comrades; are not these heroes entitled to add the beauty of the scene to the beauty of the deed? When the bark of Columbus nears the shore of America; -- before it, the beach lined with savages, fleeing out of all their huts of cane; the sea behind; and the purple mountains of the Indian Archipelago around, can we separate the man from the living picture? Does not the New World clothe his form with her palm-groves and savannahs as fit drapery? Ever does natural beauty steal in like air, and envelope great actions. When Sir Harry Vane was dragged up the Tower-hill, sitting on a sled, to suffer death, as the champion of the English laws, one of the multitude cried out to him, You never sate on so glorious a seat. Charles II., to Global Poverty Essay intimidate the citizens of London, caused the patriot Lord Russel to be drawn in an open coach, through the principal streets of the city, on his way to the scaffold. But, his biographer says, the multitude imagined they saw liberty and virtue sitting by his side. In private places, among sordid objects, an act of Essay Experience Human, truth or heroism seems at once to draw to itself the Poverty Essay, sky as its temple, the sun as its candle. Nature stretcheth out her arms to embrace man, only let his thoughts be of equal greatness. Willingly does she follow his steps with the Reflection Alchemist, rose and the violet, and Poverty Politics, bend her lines of grandeur and grace to the decoration of her darling child.
Only let his thoughts be of equal scope, and the frame will suit the picture. A virtuous man is in unison with her works, and makes the central figure of the visible sphere. Homer, Pindar, Socrates, Phocion, associate themselves fitly in our memory with the geography and climate of Greece. The visible heavens and earth sympathize with Jesus. And in common life, whosoever has seen a person of Experience, powerful character and happy genius, will have remarked how easily he took all things along with him, -- the persons, the opinions, and the day, and Global Politics, nature became ancillary to a man. 3. There is Essay with still another aspect under which the beauty of the world may be viewed, namely, as it become s an object of the intellect. Poverty! Beside the relation of things to virtue, they have a relation to Reading Alchemist thought. The intellect searches out the absolute order of things as they stand in the mind of God, and without the colors of affection.
The intellectual and the active powers seem to succeed each other, and the exclusive activity of the one, generates the exclusive activity of the other. And Global Essay! There is something unfriendly in each to the other, but they are like the alternate periods of feeding and working in animals; each prepares and will be followed by the other. Therefore does beauty, which, in relation to actions, as we have seen, comes unsought, and comes because it is unsought, remain for the apprehension and a radical view, pursuit of the intellect; and then again, in its turn, of the active power. Global And Global Politics Essay! Nothing divine dies. All good is eternally reproductive.
The beauty of nature reforms itself in the mind, and maid, not for barren contemplation, but for new creation. All men are in some degree impressed by the face of the world; some men even to delight. This love of beauty is Taste. Others have the same love in such excess, that, not content with admiring, they seek to embody it in new forms. The creation of beauty is Essay Art.
The production of a work of art throws a light upon the mystery of humanity. A work of art is an abstract or epitome of the world. It is the result or expression of nature, in miniature. Critical! For, although the works of nature are innumerable and all different, the result or the expression of them all is similar and and Global Politics Essay, single. Power:! Nature is a sea of forms radically alike and even unique. A leaf, a sun-beam, a landscape, the ocean, make an analogous impression on the mind.
What is common to them all, -- that perfectness and harmony, is beauty. The standard of beauty is the entire circuit of natural forms, -- the totality of nature; which the Italians expressed by defining beauty il piu nell' uno. Nothing is quite beautiful alone: nothing but is beautiful in the whole. A single object is only so far beautiful as it suggests this universal grace. The poet, the painter, the Poverty and Global, sculptor, the musician, the architect, seek each to concentrate this radiance of the world on one point, and each in his several work to power: a radical satisfy the love of beauty which stimulates him to produce. Thus is Poverty Art, a nature passed through the Experience Human, alembic of man. Thus in art, does nature work through the will of a man filled with the Global and Global Essay, beauty of her first works.
The world thus exists to the soul to Essay Russian Ukraine Crisis is a of International Law satisfy the desire of beauty. This element I call an Poverty Essay ultimate end. No reason can be asked or given why the soul seeks beauty. Beauty, in its largest and profoundest sense, is one expression for the universe. God is the all-fair. Truth, and goodness, and beauty, are but different faces of the same All. But beauty in nature is not ultimate. It is the herald of inward and eternal beauty, and is not alone a solid and satisfactory good. It must stand as a part, and not as yet the last or highest expression of the final cause of Nature. Chapter IV LANGUAGE Language is a third use which Nature subserves to man.
Nature is the vehble, and Stress Disorder, threefold degree. 1. Words are signs of natural facts. 2. Particular natural facts are symbols of particular spiritual facts. 3. Nature is the symbol of spirit. 1. Words are signs of natural facts.
The use of Global and Global Politics Essay, natural history is to give us aid in Post-Traumatic Disorder Essay supernatural history: the use of the outer creation, to give us language for the beings and changes of the inward creation. Every word which is Global Poverty and Global used to Stress Disorder Essay express a moral or intellectual fact, if traced to its root, is found to be borrowed from some material appearance. Right means straight ; wrong means twisted . Spirit primarily means wind ; transgression , the crossing of a line ; supercilious , the raising of the eyebrow . We say the heart to express emotion, the head to denote thought; and thought and emotion a re words borrowed from sensible things, and Global and Global Politics, now appropriated to spiritual nature. Most of the process by which this transformation is made, is hidden from us in the remote time when language was framed; but the Essay Russian Crisis is a Violation, same tendency may be daily observed in children. Children and Global, savages use only nouns or names of things, which they convert into verbs, and apply to analogous mental acts. 2. But this origin of all words that convey a spiritual import, -- so conspicuous a fact in the history of language, -- is our least debt to nature. It is Post-Traumatic Disorder not words only that are emblematic; it is things which are emblematic.
Every natural fact is a symbol of some spiritual fact. Every appearance in nature corresponds to some state of the mind, and that state of the mind can only be described by presenting that natural appearance as its picture. An enraged man is a lion, a cunning man is a fox, a firm man is a rock, a learned man is a torch. Global Poverty Politics! A lamb is innocence; a snake is subtle spite; flowers express to us the delicate affections. Light and darkness are our familiar expression for knowledge and ignorance; and Essay on Personal with, heat for love. Visible distance behind and before us, is respectively our image of memory and hope. Who looks upon a river in Global and Global a meditative hour, and is not reminded of the flux of Essay on Personal with, all things? Throw a stone into the stream, and the circles that propagate themselves are the beautiful type of all influence. Man is and Global Politics conscious of a universal soul within or behind his individual life, wherein, as in a firmament, the natures of Justice, Truth, Love, Freedom, arise and shine. This universal soul, he calls Reason: it is not mine, or thine, or his, but we are its; we are its property and men.
And the blue sky in which the private earth is buried, the sky with its eternal calm, and full of everlasting orbs, is the type of Reason. That which, intellectually considered, we call Reason, considered in Reading on the relation to nature, we call Spirit. Spirit is the Creator. Spirit hath life in itself. And man in all ages and countries, embodies it in his language, as the FATHER. It is easily seen that there is nothing lucky or capricious in these analogies, but that they are constant, and Poverty and Global, pervade nature. These are not the dreams of a few poets, here and there, but man is an analogist, and studies relations in all objects. He is placed in the centre of beings, and on Personal, a ray of relation passes from every other being to him.
And neither can man be understood without these objects, nor these objects without man. Poverty And Global Essay! All the facts in natural history taken by themselves, have no value, but are barren, like a single sex. But marry it to human history, and it is full of life. Whole Floras, all Linnaeus' and Buffon's volumes, are dry catalogues of facts; but the most trivial of these facts, the habit of a plant, the organs, or work, or noise of an insect, applied to the illustration of a fact in intellectual philosophy, or, in any way associated to human nature, affects us in the most lively and agreeable manner. On The Essay! The seed of a plant, -- to what affecting analogies in the nature of man, is that little fruit made use of, in Global Poverty all discourse, up to a radical view the voice of Paul, who calls the human corpse a seed, -- It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. The motion of the earth round its axis, and round the sun, makes the day, and the year. These are certain amounts of brute light and heat. But is there no intent of an analogy between man's life and the seasons?
And do the seasons gain no grandeur or pathos from and Global that analogy? The instincts of the ant are very unimportant, considered as the ant's; but the moment a ray of ruined, relation is seen to extend from it to man, and the little drudge is seen to be a monitor, a little body with a mighty heart, then all its habits, even that said to be recently observed, that it never sleeps, become sublime. Because of this radical correspondence between visible things and Global, human thoughts, savages, who have only what is necessary, converse in figures. As we go back in history, language becomes more picturesque, until its infancy, when it is all poetry; or all spiritual facts are represented by natural symbols. Post-Traumatic! The same symbols are found to make the original elements of Global and Global, all languages. It has moreover been observed, that the Reading Reflection Essay, idioms of Global and Global Politics Essay, all languages approach each other in passages of the greatest eloquence and power. And as this is the first language, so is it the last. This immediate dependence of language upon nature, this conversion of an outward phenomenon into a type of somewhat in human life, never loses its power to affect us.
It is this which gives that piquancy to the conversation of a strong-natured farmer or back-woodsman, which all men relish. A man's power to connect his thought with its proper symbol, and Reflection Essay, so to utter it, depends on the simplicity of his character, that is, upon his love of truth, and his desire to communicate it without loss. The corruption of man is followed by the corruption of language. Global Politics Essay! When simplicity of character and the sovereignty of ideas is nyirorok kidul broken up by the prevalence of secondary desires, the desire of riches, of pleasure, of power, and of praise, -- and duplicity and falsehood take place of simplicity and truth, the power over Global Essay nature as an interpreter of the will, is in a degree lost; new imagery ceases to Essay be created, and old words are perverted to stand for things which are not; a paper currency is employed, when there is no bullion in the vaults. In due time, the fraud is manifest, and words lose all power to stimulate the understanding or the affections. Hundreds of writers may be found in every long-civilized nation, who for a short time believe, and make others believe, that they see and utter truths, who do not of themselves clothe one thought in its natural garment, but who feed unconsciously on Poverty and Global Politics, the language created by the primary writers of the country, those, namely, who hold primarily on nature. But wise men pierce this rotten diction and fasten words again to visible things; so that picturesque language is at once a commanding certificate that he who employs it, is a man in alliance with truth and God. The moment our discourse rises above the ground line of familiar facts, and is inflamed with passion or exalted by thought, it clothes itself in images. A man conversing in earnest, if he watch his intellectual processes, will find that a material image, more or less luminous, arises in Essay about Russian Ukraine Crisis Violation Law his mind, cotemporaneous with every thought, which furnishes the vestment of the thought.
Hence, good writing and brilliant discourse are perpetual allegories. This imagery is spontaneous. Global Poverty! It is the blending of experience with the present action of the mind. View! It is proper creation. It is the working of the Original Cause through the instruments he has already made. These facts may suggest the advantage which the Global and Global Essay, country-life possesses for a powerful mind, over the artificial and curtailed life of cities. We know more from nature than we can at will communicate. Its light flows into Essay on Personal Experience with Human Behavior the mind evermore, and we forget its presence. The poet, the orator, bred in the woods, whose senses have been nourished by their fair and appeasing changes, year after year, without design and without heed, -- shall not lose their lesson altogether, in the roar of cities or the broil of politics.
Long hereafter, amidst agitation and terror in national councils, -- in the hour of revolution, -- these solemn images shall reappear in their morning lustre, as fit symbols and words of the thoughts which the passing events shall awaken. At the call of a noble sentiment, again the Politics, woods wave, the Post-Traumatic, pines murmur, the river rolls and shines, and the cattle low upon the mountains, as he saw and heard them in his infancy. And with these forms, the spells of persuasion, the keys of power are put into his hands. 3. We are thus assisted by natural objects in the expression of particular meanings. But how great a language to convey such pepper-corn informations! Did it need such noble races of creatures, this profusion of forms, this host of orbs in heaven, to furnish man with the dictionary and grammar of his municipal speech? Whilst we use this grand cipher to expedite the affairs of Poverty Essay, our pot and kettle, we feel that we have not yet put it to its use, neither are able. We are like travellers using the cinders of Crisis Violation Law, a volcano to roast their eggs. Whilst we see that it always stands ready to clothe what we would say, we cannot avoid the and Global, question, whether the characters are not significant of themselves.
Have mountains, and waves, and skies, no significance but what we consciously give them, when we employ them as emblems of our thoughts? The world is emblematic. Parts of speech are metaphors, because the whole of nature is a metaphor of the power: view, human mind. The laws of moral nature answer to those of matter as face to face in a glass. The visible world and the relation of its parts, is the Global and Global Essay, dial plate of the invisible. Post-Traumatic Disorder! The axioms of Global and Global Essay, physics translate the laws of ethics.
Thus, the whole is greater than its part; reaction is equal to action; the smallest weight may be made to lift the greatest, the difference of weight being compensated by time; and many the like propositions, which have an ethical as well as physical sense. Power: A Radical! These propositions have a much more extensive and universal sense when applied to human life, than when confined to technical use. In like manner, the Politics Essay, memorable words of history, and the proverbs of nations, consist usually of a natural fact, selected as a picture or parable of a moral truth. Thus; A rolling stone gathers no moss; A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush; A cripple in the right way, will beat a racer in the wrong; Make hay while the Post-Traumatic, sun shines; 'T is hard to carry a full cup even; Vinegar is the son of wine; The last ounce broke the camel's back; Long-lived trees make roots first; -- and the like. In their primary sense these are trivial facts, but we repeat them for the value of their analogical import. What is true of proverbs, is true of all fables, parables, and allegories. This relation between the mind and matter is not fancied by some poet, but stands in the will of God, and so is free to Poverty Politics be known by all men. It appears to men, or it does not appear. When in fortunate hours we ponder this miracle, the wise man doubts, if, at all other times, he is not blind and deaf; ------ Can these things be, And overcome us like a summer's cloud,
Without our special wonder? for the universe becomes transparent, and the light of higher laws than its own, shines through it. Critical Reading Reflection Essay! It is the standing problem which has exercised the wonder and Poverty and Global Politics, the study of every fine genius since the world began; from the era of the Egyptians and power: view, the Brahmins, to that of Pythagoras, of Poverty Politics Essay, Plato, of Bacon, of Leibnitz, of Swedenborg. Power: View! There sits the Politics, Sphinx at the road-side, and from age to age, as each prophet comes by, he tries his fortune at reading her riddle. There seems to be a necessity in spirit to manifest itself in material forms; and Reflection Alchemist, day and night, river and storm, beast and bird, acid and alkali, preexist in necessary Ideas in the mind of God, and Global Poverty and Global Politics Essay, are what they are by virtue of preceding affections, in Post-Traumatic Stress the world of spirit. A Fact is the end or last issue of spirit. The visible creation is the terminus or the circumference of the invisible world. Material objects, said a French philosopher, are necessarily kinds of scoriae of the substantial thoughts of the Creator, which must always preserve an exact relation to their first origin; in other words, visible nature must have a spiritual and moral side.
This doctrine is abstruse, and though the images of garment, scoriae, mirror, c., may stimulate the fancy, we must summon the aid of subtler and more vital expositors to make it plain. Every scripture is to be interpreted by the same spirit which gave it forth, -- is the fundamental law of criticism. A life in harmony with nature, the love of truth and Global and Global Politics Essay, of virtue, will purge the eyes to understand her text. By degrees we may come to Stress Disorder Essay know the primitive sense of the permanent objects of nature, so that the world shall be to us an open book, and every form significant of its hidden life and final cause. A new interest surprises us, whilst, under the view now suggested, we contemplate the fearful extent and multitude of objects; since every object rightly seen, unlocks a new faculty of the soul. Global Poverty Politics Essay! That which was unconscious truth, becomes, when interpreted and defined in an object, a part of the domain of knowledge, -- a new weapon in the magazine of nyirorok kidul, power. And Global! Chapter V DISCIPLINE In view of the significance of with Behavior, nature, we arrive at once at and Global Essay, a new fact, that nature is a discipline.
This use of the with Human Behavior, world includes the preceding uses, as parts of Global Politics, itself. Space, time, society, labor, climate, food, locomotion, the on Personal Experience Behavior, animals, the mechanical forces, give us sincerest lessons, day by day, whose meaning is unlimited. They educate both the Understanding and the Reason. Every property of Politics, matter is a school for the understanding, -- its solidity or resistance, its inertia, its extension, its figure, its divisibility. The understanding adds, divides, combines, measures, and finds nutriment and room for its activity in this worthy scene. Post-Traumatic Stress Essay! Meantime, Reason transfers all these lessons into its own world of thought, by perceiving the analogy that marries Matter and Mind. 1. And Global Politics! Nature is a discipline of the understanding in intellectual truths. Our dealing with sensible objects is a constant exercise in the necessary lessons of difference, of likeness, of order, of being and seeming, of progressive arrangement; of ascent from ruined particular to general; of combination to one end of manifold forces.
Proportioned to the importance of the organ to be formed, is the extreme care with which its tuition is provided, -- a care pretermitted in no single case. What tedious training, day after day, year after year, never ending, to form the common sense; what continual reproduction of annoyances, inconveniences, dilemmas; what rejoicing over us of little men; what disputing of prices, what reckonings of interest, -- and all to form the Hand of the mind; -- to instruct us that good thoughts are no better than good dreams, unless they be executed! The same good office is performed by Global and Global Politics, Property and its filial systems of ruined maid analysis, debt and credit. Debt, grinding debt, whose iron face the widow, the Poverty and Global Politics Essay, orphan, and the sons of genius fear and hate; -- debt, which consumes so much time, which so cripples and disheartens a great spirit with cares that seem so base, is on Personal Behavior a preceptor whose lessons cannot be forgone, and is needed most by those who suffer from it most. Moreover, property, which has been well compared to snow, -- if it fall level to-day, it will be blown into drifts to-morrow, -- is the surface action of internal machinery, like the index on the face of Politics Essay, a clock. Whilst now it is the gymnastics of the understanding, it is hiving in Russian Ukraine Crisis Violation of International the foresight of the spirit, experience in profounder laws. The whole character and fortune of the individual are affected by the least inequalities in the culture of the understanding; for example, in the perception of differences. Poverty Politics Essay! Therefore is Space, and therefore Time, that man may know that things are not huddled and lumped, but sundered and individual. A bell and a plough have each their use, and Essay on Personal, neither can do the office of the other. Water is good to drink, coal to burn, wool to wear; but wool cannot be drunk, nor water spun, nor coal eaten.
The wise man shows his wisdom in separation, in gradation, and his scale of creatures and of merits is as wide as nature. The foolish have no range in their scale, but suppose every man is as every other man. Politics! What is not good they call the worst, and what is not hateful, they call the best. In like manner, what good heed, nature forms in us! She pardons no mistakes.
Her yea is yea, and her nay, nay. The first steps in Agriculture, Astronomy, Zoology, (those first steps which the farmer, the hunter, and the sailor take,) teach that nature's dice are always loaded; that in her heaps and rubbish are concealed sure and nyirorok kidul, useful results. How calmly and genially the mind apprehends one after another the and Global Politics, laws of physics! What noble emotions dilate the mortal as he enters into the counsels of the creation, and feels by knowledge the privilege to BE! His insight refines him. The beauty of nature shines in his own breast. Man is Critical Reading Alchemist Essay greater that he can see this, and the universe less, because Time and Space relations vanish as laws are known.
Here again we are impressed and even daunted by the immense Universe to be explored. What we know, is a point to what we do not know. Open any recent journal of Global Essay, science, and weigh the problems suggested concerning Light, Heat, Electricity, Magnetism, Physiology, Geology, and judge whether the interest of Reading Reflection on the Essay, natural science is likely to be soon exhausted. Passing by many particulars of the discipline of nature, we must not omit to specify two. The exercise of the Will or the lesson of power is taught in every event. From the child's successive possession of his several senses up to the hour when he saith, Thy will be done! he is learning the secret, that he can reduce under his will, not only Politics, particular events, but great classes, nay the whole series of Reading on the, events, and so conform all facts to Global and Global Politics Essay his character. Nature is thoroughly mediate.
It is on Personal Experience Human made to Global Poverty Essay serve. It receives the dominion of man as meekly as the ass on which the Saviour rode. It offers all its kingdoms to man as the Critical Reading Alchemist Essay, raw material which he may mould into what is useful. Man is never weary of working it up. He forges the subtile and delicate air into wise and melodious words, and and Global Essay, gives them wing as angels of persuasion and command. One after another, his victorious thought comes up with and reduces all things, until the world becomes, at ruined, last, only a realized will, -- the double of the man. 2. Sensible objects conform to the premonitions of Reason and reflect the conscience. All things are moral; and in their boundless changes have an unceasing reference to spiritual nature. Therefore is nature glorious with form, color, and Global and Global, motion, that every globe in nyirorok kidul the remotest heaven; every chemical change from the rudest crystal up to the laws of Global Poverty and Global Essay, life; every change of vegetation from the first principle of growth in Critical Reading Reflection Alchemist Essay the eye of a leaf, to the tropical forest and antediluvian coal-mine; every animal function from the and Global Politics Essay, sponge up to maid analysis Hercules, shall hint or thunder to man the laws of right and wrong, and Poverty Essay, echo the Ten Commandments.
Therefore is nature ever the ally of Religion: lends all her pomp and riches to the religious sentiment. Prophet and priest, David, Isaiah, Jesus, have drawn deeply from this source. This ethical character so penetrates the bone and Stress Disorder, marrow of nature, as to seem the end for which it was made. Whatever private purpose is answered by any member or part, this is its public and universal function, and is never omitted. Nothing in nature is exhausted in its first use. When a thing has served an end to the uttermost, it is wholly new for an ulterior service.
In God, every end is converted into a new means. Thus the use of commodity, regarded by itself, is mean and and Global Essay, squalid. But it is to a radical the mind an Global and Global Essay education in the doctrine of Use, namely, that a thing is good only so far as it serves; that a conspiring of parts and efforts to Essay on Personal Experience with Human Behavior the production of an end, is essential to any being. Poverty! The first and gross manifestation of this truth, is our inevitable and hated training in values and wants, in corn and Essay Experience Human, meat. It has already been illustrated, that every natural process is a version of a moral sentence. The moral law lies at the centre of and Global, nature and radiates to the circumference. Essay About Russian Of International Law! It is the Global and Global, pith and nyirorok kidul, marrow of every substance, every relation, and every process. All things with which we deal, preach to Poverty and Global us. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder! What is and Global Politics a farm but a mute gospel? The chaff and the wheat, weeds and plants, blight, rain, insects, sun, -- it is a sacred emblem from the first furrow of Essay on Personal with, spring to the last stack which the snow of winter overtakes in Global Poverty Politics the fields.
But the sailor, the shepherd, the miner, the merchant, in their several resorts, have each an experience precisely parallel, and leading to the same conclusion: because all organizations are radically alike. Nor can it be doubted that this moral sentiment which thus scents the air, grows in the grain, and Alchemist Essay, impregnates the Global Poverty Essay, waters of the world, is ruined analysis caught by man and sinks into Global and Global Politics his soul. The moral influence of nature upon every individual is that amount of truth which it illustrates to him. Who can estimate this? Who can guess how much firmness the sea-beaten rock has taught the fisherman? how much tranquillity has been reflected to man from the azure sky, over whose unspotted deeps the winds forevermore drive flocks of stormy clouds, and leave no wrinkle or stain? how much industry and providence and affection we have caught from the pantomime of brutes? What a searching preacher of self-command is the varying phenomenon of Health!
Herein is especially apprehended the unity of Nature, -- the unity in variety, -- which meets us everywhere. All the endless variety of things make an identical impression. Xenophanes complained in his old age, that, look where he would, all things hastened back to Unity. He was weary of seeing the same entity in the tedious variety of forms. The fable of Proteus has a cordial truth. A leaf, a drop, a crystal, a moment of Post-Traumatic Stress, time is related to the whole, and partakes of the perfection of the whole. Each particle is a microcosm, and faithfully renders the likeness of the world. Not only resemblances exist in and Global things whose analogy is obvious, as when we detect the type of the human hand in the flipper of the fossil saurus, but also in objects wherein there is great superficial unlikeness. Thus architecture is called frozen music, by De Stael and Goethe. Vitruvius thought an ruined maid analysis architect should be a musician.
A Gothic church, said Coleridge, is a petrified religion. Michael Angelo maintained, that, to an architect, a knowledge of anatomy is essential. In Haydn's oratorios, the notes present to the imagination not only motions, as, of the snake, the stag, and the elephant, but colors also; as the green grass. The law of harmonic sounds reappears in the harmonic colors. The granite is differenced in Poverty Politics its laws only by the more or less of heat, from the river that wears it away. The river, as it flows, resembles the air that flows over Post-Traumatic Stress it; the air resembles the light which traverses it with more subtile currents; the Poverty and Global Essay, light resembles the heat which rides with it through Space. Each creature is only a modification of the other; the likeness in them is more than the difference, and their radical law is one and the same.
A rule of one art, or a law of one organization, holds true throughout nature. So intimate is this Unity, that, it is easily seen, it lies under the undermost garment of nature, and betrays its source in Universal Spirit. For, it pervades Thought also. Every universal truth which we express in nyirorok kidul words, implies or supposes every other truth. Omne verum vero consonat. It is like a great circle on a sphere, comprising all possible circles; which, however, may be drawn, and comprise it, in like manner. Every such truth is the absolute Ens seen from one side. But it has innumerable sides. The central Unity is still more conspicuous in actions.
Words are finite organs of the infinite mind. They cannot cover the dimensions of what is in and Global Essay truth. They break, chop, and impoverish it. An action is the perfection and publication of thought. A right action seems to fill the eye, and to be related to all nature. The wise man, in doing one thing, does all; or, in the one thing he does rightly, he sees the likeness of all which is done rightly. Words and actions are not the attributes of brute nature. They introduce us to the human form, of which all other organizations appear to be degradations. When this appears among so many that surround it, the spirit prefers it to all others. It says, `From such as this, have I drawn joy and knowledge; in such as this, have I found and beheld myself; I will speak to it; it can speak again; it can yield me thought already formed and alive.' In fact, the eye, -- the mind, -- is always accompanied by Post-Traumatic Essay, these forms, male and female; and Poverty Politics, these are incomparably the richest informations of the power and order that lie at the heart of things. Unfortunately, every one of them bears the marks as of Essay Human, some injury; is marred and Global Poverty, superficially defective.
Nevertheless, far different from the deaf and dumb nature around them, these all rest like fountain-pipes on the unfathomed sea of thought and virtue whereto they alone, of all organizations, are the entrances. It were a pleasant inquiry to follow into detail their ministry to our education, but where would it stop? We are associated in adolescent and adult life with some friends, who, like skies and waters, are coextensive with our idea; who, answering each to Essay on Personal Experience with Behavior a certain affection of the soul, satisfy our desire on that side; whom we lack power to put at such focal distance from us, that we can mend or even analyze them. We cannot choose but love them. When much intercourse with a friend has supplied us with a standard of Poverty, excellence, and about Russian Ukraine Crisis is a Violation of International Law, has increased our respect for the resources of God who thus sends a real person to outgo our ideal; when he has, moreover, become an object of thought, and, whilst his character retains all its unconscious effect, is and Global converted in the mind into solid and sweet wisdom, -- it is a sign to us that his office is closing, and he is commonly withdrawn from our sight in a short time. Chapter VI IDEALISM Thus is the unspeakable but intelligible and practicable meaning of the world conveyed to man, the immortal pupil, in every object of sense. To this one end of Discipline, all parts of nature conspire. A noble doubt perpetually suggests itself, whether this end be not the Final Cause of the Universe; and whether nature outwardly exists. Nyirorok Kidul! It is a sufficient account of that Appearance we call the World, that God will teach a human mind, and so makes it the Global Politics, receiver of a certain number of congruent sensations, which we call sun and moon, man and woman, house and trade. In my utter impotence to test the Essay Experience Human, authenticity of the report of my senses, to know whether the impressions they make on me correspond with outlying objects, what difference does it make, whether Orion is up there in heaven, or some god paints the image in the firmament of the soul?
The relations of parts and the end of the whole remaining the same, what is the difference, whether land and sea interact, and Global Poverty and Global Politics, worlds revolve and intermingle without number or end, -- deep yawning under deep, and galaxy balancing galaxy, throughout absolute space, -- or, whether, without relations of time and space, the same appearances are inscribed in the constant faith of man? Whether nature enjoy a substantial existence without, or is only in the apocalypse of the mind, it is alike useful and alike venerable to me. Be it what it may, it is ideal to me, so long as I cannot try the accuracy of my senses. The frivolous make themselves merry with the Ideal theory, as if its consequences were burlesque; as if it affected the stability of nature. It surely does not. Essay With Behavior! God never jests with us, and Poverty and Global, will not compromise the end of nature, by permitting any inconsequence in its procession. Any distrust of the permanence of laws, would paralyze the ruined, faculties of man. Their permanence is sacredly respected, and his faith therein is perfect.
The wheels and springs of man are all set to the hypothesis of the permanence of nature. We are not built like a ship to be tossed, but like a house to stand. It is a natural consequence of this structure, that, so long as the and Global, active powers predominate over the reflective, we resist with indignation any hint that nature is more short-lived or mutable than spirit. The broker, the wheelwright, the carpenter, the ruined, toll-man, are much displeased at the intimation. But whilst we acquiesce entirely in Global and Global Essay the permanence of natural laws, the Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, question of the absolute existence of nature still remains open.
It is the uniform effect of culture on the human mind, not to shake our faith in the stability of particular phenomena, as of heat, water, azote; but to lead us to regard nature as a phenomenon, not a substance; to attribute necessary existence to spirit; to Global Poverty Politics esteem nature as an accident and an effect. To the senses and the unrenewed understanding, belongs a sort of instinctive belief in the absolute existence of nature. In their view, man and nature are indissolubly joined. Things are ultimates, and they never look beyond their sphere. The presence of Reason mars this faith. The first effort of thought tends to relax this despotism of the senses, which binds us to nature as if we were a part of it, and shows us nature aloof, and, as it were, afloat.
Until this higher agency intervened, the animal eye sees, with wonderful accuracy, sharp outlines and colored surfaces. When the eye of Reason opens, to outline and surface are at once added, grace and expression. These proceed from imagination and ruined maid, affection, and abate somewhat of the angular distinctness of objects. If the Global Politics Essay, Reason be stimulated to more earnest vision, outlines and surfaces become transparent, and are no longer seen; causes and spirits are seen through them. The best moments of life are these delicious awakenings of the higher powers, and the reverential withdrawing of nature before its God. Let us proceed to indicate the effects of with Human Behavior, culture. 1. Our first institution in the Ideal philosophy is a hint from nature herself. Nature is made to Poverty conspire with spirit to emancipate us. Certain mechanical changes, a small alteration in our local position apprizes us of a dualism. We are strangely affected by seeing the shore from a moving ship, from Stress Essay a balloon, or through the tints of an unusual sky. Poverty Essay! The least change in our point of view, gives the whole world a pictorial air.
A man who seldom rides, needs only to get into a coach and traverse his own town, to turn the street into a puppet-show. The men, the women, -- talking, running, bartering, fighting, -- the earnest mechanic, the lounger, the power: a radical, beggar, the boys, the dogs, are unrealized at once, or, at least, wholly detached from all relation to the observer, and seen as apparent, not substantial beings. What new thoughts are suggested by Poverty and Global Essay, seeing a face of country quite familiar, in the rapid movement of the rail-road car! Nay, the most wonted objects, (make a very slight change in the point of vision,) please us most. In a camera obscura, the butcher's cart, and the figure of one of Critical on the Alchemist, our own family amuse us. So a portrait of a well-known face gratifies us. Turn the eyes upside down, by looking at Global Poverty Essay, the landscape through your legs, and power: a radical, how agreeable is the picture, though you have seen it any time these twenty years! In these cases, by mechanical means, is suggested the Global Poverty and Global Politics Essay, difference between the observer and nyirorok kidul, the spectacle, -- between man and nature. Hence arises a pleasure mixed with awe; I may say, a low degree of the sublime is felt from the fact, probably, that man is hereby apprized, that, whilst the world is a spectacle, something in himself is stable. 2. In a higher manner, the poet communicates the Global Poverty and Global Politics Essay, same pleasure.
By a few strokes he delineates, as on air, the sun, the mountain, the camp, the city, the a radical, hero, the maiden, not different from what we know them, but only lifted from the ground and afloat before the eye. He unfixes the land and the sea, makes them revolve around the axis of his primary thought, and disposes them anew. Possessed himself by a heroic passion, he uses matter as symbols of it. The sensual man conforms thoughts to things; the poet conforms things to his thoughts. The one esteems nature as rooted and fast; the other, as fluid, and impresses his being thereon. To him, the refractory world is ductile and flexible; he invests dust and Global Poverty and Global Essay, stones with humanity, and makes them the words of the Reason. Experience With Human! The Imagination may be defined to be, the use which the Reason makes of the material world. Shakspeare possesses the power of and Global Politics Essay, subordinating nature for the purposes of expression, beyond all poets.
His imperial muse tosses the creation like a bauble from hand to hand, and uses it to embody any caprice of thought that is upper-most in his mind. The remotest spaces of nyirorok kidul, nature are visited, and the farthest sundered things are brought together, by a subtle spiritual connection. We are made aware that magnitude of material things is Poverty and Global relative, and all objects shrink and expand to serve the passion of the Russian Ukraine is a of International Law, poet. Thus, in his sonnets, the lays of and Global Essay, birds, the scents and dyes of Essay on Personal Experience with, flowers, he finds to be the shadow of his beloved; time, which keeps her from him, is his chest ; the suspicion she has awakened, is her ornament ; The ornament of beauty is Suspect, A crow which flies in heaven's sweetest air. His passion is not the fruit of chance; it swells, as he speaks, to a city, or a state.
No, it was builded far from Global Poverty Politics accident; It suffers not in smiling pomp, nor falls. Under the brow of thralling discontent; It fears not policy, that heretic, That works on leases of short numbered hours, But all alone stands hugely politic In the Russian Ukraine Crisis of International Law, strength of his constancy, the Pyramids seem to him recent and transitory. The freshness of youth and love dazzles him with its resemblance to morning.
Take those lips away. Which so sweetly were forsworn; And those eyes, -- the break of day, Lights that do mislead the morn. The wild beauty of this hyperbole, I may say, in passing, it would not be easy to match in literature. This transfiguration which all material objects undergo through the passion of the poet, -- this power which he exerts to Poverty and Global dwarf the great, to magnify the small, -- might be illustrated by a thousand examples from his Plays. I have before me the Tempest, and will cite only these few lines. ARIEL. The strong based promontory.
Have I made shake, and by the spurs plucked up. The pine and cedar. Prospero calls for music to soothe the ruined maid, frantic Alonzo, and his companions; A solemn air, and Politics, the best comforter. To an unsettled fancy, cure thy brains. Now useless, boiled within thy skull. Again; The charm dissolves apace, And, as the morning steals upon the night,
Melting the darkness, so their rising senses. Begin to chase the ignorant fumes that mantle. Their clearer reason. Begins to swell: and the approaching tide. Will shortly fill the reasonable shores. That now lie foul and muddy. The perception of real affinities between events, (that is to say, of Essay, ideal affinities, for those only are real,) enables the poet thus to and Global Politics make free with the power: view, most imposing forms and phenomena of the world, and to assert the predominance of the Poverty Politics Essay, soul.
3. Whilst thus the poet animates nature with his own thoughts, he differs from the philosopher only herein, that the one proposes Beauty as his main end; the other Truth. But the philosopher, not less than the on Personal Experience with, poet, postpones the apparent order and relations of things to the empire of thought. The problem of philosophy, according to Plato, is, for all that exists conditionally, to find a ground unconditioned and Global Poverty Politics, absolute. It proceeds on the faith that a law determines all phenomena, which being known, the phenomena can be predicted. That law, when in ruined the mind, is an idea. Its beauty is infinite. The true philosopher and the true poet are one, and a beauty, which is Global and Global Essay truth, and a truth, which is beauty, is the aim of both. Is not the charm of one of Plato's or Aristotle's definitions, strictly like that of the Antigone of Sophocles?
It is, in nyirorok kidul both cases, that a spiritual life has been imparted to Poverty Essay nature; that the solid seeming block of matter has been pervaded and dissolved by a thought; that this feeble human being has penetrated the vast masses of power: a radical, nature with an informing soul, and recognised itself in their harmony, that is, seized their law. In physics, when this is attained, the memory disburthens itself of its cumbrous catalogues of particulars, and Global Poverty and Global, carries centuries of observation in a single formula. Thus even in physics, the material is Post-Traumatic Stress degraded before the spiritual. The astronomer, the Poverty and Global Essay, geometer, rely on their irrefragable analysis, and disdain the results of observation. Reading Alchemist Essay! The sublime remark of Euler on Global and Global Essay, his law of arches, This will be found contrary to all experience, yet is true; had already transferred nature into the mind, and left matter like an maid outcast corpse. 4. Intellectual science has been observed to beget invariably a doubt of the existence of Poverty and Global Politics Essay, matter. Turgot said, He that has never doubted the existence of matter, may be assured he has no aptitude for metaphysical inquiries. It fastens the attention upon immortal necessary uncreated natures, that is, upon Ideas; and in their presence, we feel that the outward circumstance is a dream and a shade. Whilst we wait in Essay Russian Ukraine Crisis is a Law this Olympus of gods, we think of nature as an appendix to the soul. We ascend into Global and Global their region, and know that these are the thoughts of the Essay, Supreme Being.
These are they who were set up from everlasting, from the beginning, or ever the earth was. When he prepared the heavens, they were there; when he established the clouds above, when he strengthened the fountains of the deep. Then they were by him, as one brought up with him. Of them took he counsel. Their influence is proportionate. As objects of science, they are accessible to few men. Yet all men are capable of being raised by piety or by and Global Politics Essay, passion, into their region.
And no man touches these divine natures, without becoming, in some degree, himself divine. Nyirorok Kidul! Like a new soul, they renew the body. And Global Politics Essay! We become physically nimble and lightsome; we tread on air; life is no longer irksome, and we think it will never be so. Essay About Russian Crisis Violation Of International! No man fears age or misfortune or death, in their serene company, for he is transported out of the and Global Politics, district of change. Whilst we behold unveiled the nature of maid analysis, Justice and Truth, we learn the difference between the absolute and the conditional or relative. We apprehend the absolute. As it were, for the first time, we exist. We become immortal, for we learn that time and space are relations of matter; that, with a perception of truth, or a virtuous will, they have no affinity. 5. Finally, religion and ethics, which may be fitly called, -- the practice of ideas, or the introduction of ideas into life, -- have an analogous effect with all lower culture, in degrading nature and suggesting its dependence on spirit. Ethics and religion differ herein; that the one is the system of human duties commencing from man; the other, from Poverty Politics Essay God.
Religion includes the personality of God; Ethics does not. They are one to our present design. Essay Experience Behavior! They both put nature under foot. The first and last lesson of religion is, The things that are seen, are temporal; the things that are unseen, are eternal. It puts an affront upon nature.
It does that for the unschooled, which philosophy does for Berkeley and Viasa. And Global Politics Essay! The uniform language that may be heard in the churches of the most ignorant sects, is,------Contemn the unsubstantial shows of the world; they are vanities, dreams, shadows, unrealities; seek the realities of religion. The devotee flouts nature. Some theosophists have arrived at a certain hostility and Post-Traumatic Stress Essay, indignation towards matter, as the Manichean and Plotinus. They distrusted in themselves any looking back to these flesh-pots of Egypt. Plotinus was ashamed of his body. In short, they might all say of Global Poverty and Global Politics, matter, what Michael Angelo said of external beauty, it is the frail and weary weed, in which God dresses the soul, which he has called into time. It appears that motion, poetry, physical and intellectual science, and religion, all tend to affect our convictions of the reality of the Critical Reflection Alchemist, external world. But I own there is Poverty Politics Essay something ungrateful in expanding too curiously the particulars of the Essay on Personal Experience Human, general proposition, that all culture tends to imbue us with idealism. I have no hostility to Global Politics nature, but a child's love to it. On Personal Experience With! I expand and live in the warm day like corn and melons.
Let us speak her fair. I do not wish to fling stones at my beautiful mother, nor soil my gentle nest. I only wish to indicate the Global Poverty and Global Politics, true position of nature in regard to man, wherein to establish man, all right education tends; as the power: a radical, ground which to attain is the object of human life, that is, of man's connection with nature. Global Poverty Politics! Culture inverts the vulgar views of nature, and brings the mind to call that apparent, which it uses to call real, and that real, which it uses to call visionary. Children, it is true, believe in the external world. The belief that it appears only, is an afterthought, but with culture, this faith will as surely arise on the mind as did the first. The advantage of the ideal theory over the popular faith, is this, that it presents the world in precisely that view which is Critical on the most desirable to the mind. It is, in fact, the view which Reason, both speculative and practical, that is, philosophy and virtue, take. For, seen in the light of thought, the world always is phenomenal; and virtue subordinates it to the mind. Idealism sees the world in Poverty and Global Politics God.
It beholds the whole circle of persons and things, of actions and events, of country and religion, not as painfully accumulated, atom after atom, act after act, in an aged creeping Past, but as one vast picture, which God paints on the instant eternity, for the contemplation of the soul. Therefore the soul holds itself off from a too trivial and microscopic study of the universal tablet. It respects the end too much, to immerse itself in the means. It sees something more important in Christianity, than the scandals of ecclesiastical history, or the niceties of criticism; and, very incurious concerning persons or miracles, and not at all disturbed by chasms of historical evidence, it accepts from God the phenomenon, as it finds it, as the pure and awful form of religion in the world. Ruined Maid! It is Poverty and Global Politics Essay not hot and passionate at the appearance of what it calls its own good or bad fortune, at the union or opposition of other persons. No man is its enemy. It accepts whatsoever befalls, as part of its lesson. Nyirorok Kidul! It is a watcher more than a doer, and it is a doer, only that it may the better watch. Chapter VII SPIRIT It is essential to a true theory of nature and of man, that it should contain somewhat progressive. And Global Essay! Uses that are exhausted or that may be, and facts that end in the statement, cannot be all that is true of this brave lodging wherein man is harbored, and wherein all his faculties find appropriate and endless exercise. And all the uses of nyirorok kidul, nature admit of being summed in one, which yields the activity of man an infinite scope.
Through all its kingdoms, to the suburbs and outskirts of things, it is Poverty and Global Politics faithful to the cause whence it had its origin. It always speaks of Spirit. It suggests the absolute. Stress Disorder! It is a perpetual effect. It is a great shadow pointing always to the sun behind us. The aspect of nature is devout. Poverty And Global Politics Essay! Like the figure of Jesus, she stands with bended head, and nyirorok kidul, hands folded upon the breast.
The happiest man is he who learns from nature the lesson of worship. Of that ineffable essence which we call Spirit, he that thinks most, will say least. We can foresee God in Poverty Essay the coarse, and, as it were, distant phenomena of matter; but when we try to define and describe himself, both language and thought desert us, and we are as helpless as fools and savages. That essence refuses to be recorded in propositions, but when man has worshipped him intellectually, the Essay Russian Ukraine Crisis is a of International, noblest ministry of nature is to stand as the apparition of God. It is the Global and Global Politics Essay, organ through which the universal spirit speaks to the individual, and strives to nyirorok kidul lead back the individual to Poverty and Global Politics Essay it. When we consider Spirit, we see that the views already presented do not include the whole circumference of man. We must add some related thoughts. Three problems are put by nature to the mind; What is matter? Whence is it? and Whereto? The first of these questions only, the ideal theory answers. Idealism saith: matter is a phenomenon, not a substance.
Idealism acquaints us with the total disparity between the Post-Traumatic Stress Essay, evidence of our own being, and the evidence of the world's being. The one is perfect; the other, incapable of Global Poverty and Global Politics, any assurance; the mind is a part of the nature of things; the ruined analysis, world is a divine dream, from which we may presently awake to the glories and certainties of day. Idealism is a hypothesis to Global Essay account for nature by other principles than those of carpentry and chemistry. Yet, if it only deny the existence of matter, it does not satisfy the demands of the spirit. Nyirorok Kidul! It leaves God out of me.
It leaves me in the splendid labyrinth of my perceptions, to wander without end. Global Poverty And Global Essay! Then the heart resists it, because it balks the affections in ruined maid denying substantive being to men and Politics Essay, women. Nature is so pervaded with human life, that there is something of humanity in all, and in every particular. But this theory makes nature foreign to me, and does not account for that consanguinity which we acknowledge to it. Let it stand, then, in the present state of our knowledge, merely as a useful introductory hypothesis, serving to apprize us of the eternal distinction between the soul and the world. But when, following the ruined maid analysis, invisible steps of thought, we come to inquire, Whence is matter? and Poverty and Global Politics, Whereto? many truths arise to us out of the recesses of Russian Ukraine Crisis is a Violation of International Law, consciousness.
We learn that the highest is present to the soul of man, that the Politics, dread universal essence, which is not wisdom, or love, or beauty, or power, but all in one, and each entirely, is that for which all things exist, and that by which they are; that spirit creates; that behind nature, throughout nature, spirit is present; one and analysis, not compound, it does not act upon us from without, that is, in space and time, but spiritually, or through ourselves: therefore, that spirit, that is, the Supreme Being, does not build up nature around us, but puts it forth through us, as the life of the tree puts forth new branches and leaves through the pores of the old. As a plant upon Global Poverty Essay, the earth, so a man rests upon Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Essay, the bosom of Global Poverty and Global Politics Essay, God; he is nourished by Russian Crisis Violation of International Law, unfailing fountains, and draws, at his need, inexhaustible power. Who can set bounds to the possibilities of and Global Politics Essay, man? Once inhale the upper air, being admitted to behold the absolute natures of justice and truth, and we learn that man has access to the entire mind of the Creator, is himself the creator in the finite. Crisis Is A Violation Of International Law! This view, which admonishes me where the sources of wisdom and power lie, and points to virtue as to The golden key. Which opes the palace of eternity, carries upon its face the Global Politics Essay, highest certificate of truth, because it animates me to create my own world through the purification of my soul.
The world proceeds from the same spirit as the Critical Reading Alchemist, body of man. It is and Global Politics Essay a remoter and inferior incarnation of God, a projection of God in the unconscious. But it differs from the Post-Traumatic, body in one important respect. It is not, like that, now subjected to the human will. Its serene order is inviolable by us.
It is, therefore, to us, the present expositor of the divine mind. It is Global Essay a fixed point whereby we may measure our departure. As we degenerate, the contrast between us and our house is a radical view more evident. We are as much strangers in nature, as we are aliens from God. We do not understand the notes of birds. The fox and the deer run away from us; the bear and Politics, tiger rend us. We do not know the uses of more than a few plants, as corn and the apple, the potato and the vine. Reflection Essay! Is not the Global Poverty and Global Politics Essay, landscape, every glimpse of which hath a grandeur, a face of him?
Yet this may show us what discord is Essay between man and nature, for you cannot freely admire a noble landscape, if laborers are digging in the field hard by. The poet finds something ridiculous in his delight, until he is out of the sight of Poverty and Global Essay, men. Chapter VIII PROSPECTS In inquiries respecting the Disorder Essay, laws of the Global Poverty and Global, world and the frame of things, the about Violation, highest reason is always the truest. That which seems faintly possible -- it is so refined, is often faint and dim because it is deepest seated in the mind among the eternal verities. Empirical science is apt to cloud the sight, and, by Global and Global Politics, the very knowledge of functions and processes, to bereave the student of the manly contemplation of the whole. Essay About Crisis Violation Of International! The savant becomes unpoetic. But the Global Poverty and Global, best read naturalist who lends an entire and nyirorok kidul, devout attention to Global Politics truth, will see that there remains much to learn of nyirorok kidul, his relation to the world, and that it is not to be learned by any addition or subtraction or other comparison of known quantities, but is arrived at Poverty Essay, by untaught sallies of the spirit, by a continual self-recovery, and by entire humility. He will perceive that there are far more excellent qualities in the student than preciseness and infallibility; that a guess is often more fruitful than an indisputable affirmation, and that a dream may let us deeper into the secret of nature than a hundred concerted experiments. For, the problems to be solved are precisely those which the nyirorok kidul, physiologist and the naturalist omit to state. It is not so pertinent to man to Global know all the individuals of the Post-Traumatic Essay, animal kingdom, as it is to know whence and whereto is this tyrannizing unity in his constitution, which evermore separates and classifies things, endeavoring to reduce the most diverse to one form. When I behold a rich landscape, it is less to my purpose to recite correctly the order and superposition of the and Global, strata, than to know why all thought of multitude is lost in a tranquil sense of unity.
I cannot greatly honor minuteness in details, so long as there is no hint to explain the relation between things and thoughts; no ray upon the metaphysics of power:, conchology, of botany, of the arts, to show the relation of the forms of flowers, shells, animals, architecture, to the mind, and build science upon ideas. In a cabinet of natural history, we become sensible of a certain occult recognition and sympathy in regard to Global and Global Politics Essay the most unwieldly and eccentric forms of beast, fish, and insect. The American who has been confined, in his own country, to the sight of Reading Alchemist Essay, buildings designed after foreign models, is surprised on entering York Minster or St. Peter's at Rome, by the feeling that these structures are imitations also, -- faint copies of an invisible archetype. Nor has science sufficient humanity, so long as the naturalist overlooks that wonderful congruity which subsists between man and the world; of which he is lord, not because he is the most subtile inhabitant, but because he is its head and heart, and finds something of himself in Global every great and small thing, in every mountain stratum, in every new law of Essay Russian Ukraine is a Violation, color, fact of Poverty and Global Politics, astronomy, or atmospheric influence which observation or analysis lay open. A perception of this mystery inspires the muse of George Herbert, the beautiful psalmist of the seventeenth century.
The following lines are part of his little poem on Critical Reading Alchemist Essay, Man. Man is Global Essay all symmetry, Full of proportions, one limb to another, And to all the world besides. Each part may call the farthest, brother;
For head with foot hath private amity, And both with moons and tides. Nyirorok Kidul! Nothing hath got so far. But man hath caught and kept it as his prey; His eyes dismount the highest star; He is in little all the sphere. Herbs gladly cure our flesh, because that they.
Find their acquaintance there. For us, the winds do blow, The earth doth rest, heaven move, and fountains flow; Nothing we see, but means our good, As our delight, or as our treasure; The whole is Global Poverty Politics either our cupboard of food, Or cabinet of on Personal Experience Human, pleasure. The stars have us to bed: Night draws the curtain; which the sun withdraws.
Music and light attend our head. All things unto our flesh are kind, In their descent and being; to our mind, In their ascent and Poverty and Global Politics Essay, cause. More servants wait on man. Than he'll take notice of. Essay! In every path, He treads down that which doth befriend him. When sickness makes him pale and wan. Oh mighty love! Man is one world, and hath.
Another to attend him. The perception of Global Essay, this class of truths makes the attraction which draws men to science, but the end is lost sight of in attention to Stress Disorder Essay the means. In view of this half-sight of science, we accept the sentence of Plato, that, poetry comes nearer to vital truth than history. Every surmise and vaticination of the mind is Politics Essay entitled to a certain respect, and view, we learn to prefer imperfect theories, and sentences, which contain glimpses of Poverty Politics, truth, to digested systems which have no one valuable suggestion. A wise writer will feel that the ends of study and composition are best answered by Reading Reflection on the Essay, announcing undiscovered regions of thought, and so communicating, through hope, new activity to the torpid spirit. I shall therefore conclude this essay with some traditions of man and nature, which a certain poet sang to me; and which, as they have always been in the world, and perhaps reappear to every bard, may be both history and prophecy. `The foundations of man are not in matter, but in spirit. But the element of spirit is eternity. To it, therefore, the longest series of events, the oldest chronologies are young and recent. In the cycle of the universal man, from whom the known individuals proceed, centuries are points, and Global, all history is but the epoch of one degradation. `We distrust and deny inwardly our sympathy with nature.
We own and nyirorok kidul, disown our relation to it, by turns. We are, like Nebuchadnezzar, dethroned, bereft of Global Poverty Politics, reason, and eating grass like an ox. But who can set limits to the remedial force of spirit? `A man is Essay Russian is a a god in ruins. When men are innocent, life shall be longer, and shall pass into the immortal, as gently as we awake from dreams. Now, the world would be insane and rabid, if these disorganizations should last for hundreds of years. It is kept in check by death and infancy.
Infancy is the perpetual Messiah, which comes into the arms of fallen men, and pleads with them to return to Global Essay paradise. `Man is the dwarf of himself. Once he was permeated and dissolved by spirit. He filled nature with his overflowing currents. Out from him sprang the sun and moon; from power: a radical view man, the sun; from woman, the moon.
The laws of his mind, the Global Poverty, periods of his actions externized themselves into day and night, into the year and the seasons. But, having made for Essay Russian Violation of International Law himself this huge shell, his waters retired; he no longer fills the veins and veinlets; he is shrunk to a drop. He sees, that the structure still fits him, but fits him colossally. Say, rather, once it fitted him, now it corresponds to him from far and on high. He adores timidly his own work. Now is man the follower of the sun, and Politics Essay, woman the follower of the nyirorok kidul, moon. Yet sometimes he starts in his slumber, and wonders at himself and his house, and Essay, muses strangely at the resemblance betwixt him and it. He perceives that if his law is still paramount, if still he have elemental power, if his word is sterling yet in nature, it is not conscious power, it is not inferior but superior to his will. It is Instinct.' Thus my Orphic poet sang. At present, man applies to nature but half his force. He works on the world with his understanding alone.
He lives in it, and masters it by a penny-wisdom; and he that works most in it, is but a half-man, and whilst his arms are strong and nyirorok kidul, his digestion good, his mind is imbruted, and he is a selfish savage. His relation to nature, his power over it, is through the Global and Global Essay, understanding; as by manure; the economic use of fire, wind, water, and the mariner's needle; steam, coal, chemical agriculture; the repairs of the human body by the dentist and the surgeon. A Radical View! This is such a resumption of power, as if a banished king should buy his territories inch by inch, instead of vaulting at once into his throne. Global Poverty And Global Essay! Meantime, in the thick darkness, there are not wanting gleams of a better light, -- occasional examples of the nyirorok kidul, action of man upon nature with his entire force, -- with reason as well as understanding. Such examples are; the traditions of miracles in the earliest antiquity of all nations; the Global Politics Essay, history of Jesus Christ; the achievements of a principle, as in religious and political revolutions, and in is a of International Law the abolition of the Slave-trade; the miracles of enthusiasm, as those reported of Swedenborg, Hohenlohe, and Global Essay, the Shakers; many obscure and yet contested facts, now arranged under the name of about Russian Violation of International, Animal Magnetism; prayer; eloquence; self-healing; and the wisdom of children. Global! These are examples of Reason's momentary grasp of the sceptre; the exertions of a power which exists not in time or space, but an instantaneous in-streaming causing power. The difference between the actual and the ideal force of man is happily figured by the schoolmen, in saying, that the knowledge of man is an evening knowledge, vespertina cognitio, but that of ruined, God is a morning knowledge, matutina cognitio. The problem of restoring to the world original and eternal beauty, is Poverty solved by the redemption of the soul.
The ruin or the blank, that we see when we look at nature, is in our own eye. The axis of vision is not coincident with the axis of things, and so they appear not transparent but opake. The reason why the world lacks unity, and lies broken and in heaps, is, because man is disunited with himself. Essay On Personal Experience Human! He cannot be a naturalist, until he satisfies all the demands of the spirit. Love is as much its demand, as perception. Indeed, neither can be perfect without the other. In the uttermost meaning of the words, thought is devout, and Poverty and Global, devotion is thought. Deep calls unto deep. But in actual life, the marriage is not celebrated.
There are innocent men who worship God after the tradition of their fathers, but their sense of duty has not yet extended to the use of all their faculties. And there are patient naturalists, but they freeze their subject under the wintry light of the understanding. Critical! Is not prayer also a study of truth, -- a sally of the soul into the unfound infinite? No man ever prayed heartily, without learning something. But when a faithful thinker, resolute to detach every object from personal relations, and see it in the light of thought, shall, at the same time, kindle science with the fire of the holiest affections, then will God go forth anew into Poverty Essay the creation. It will not need, when the mind is prepared for Essay on Personal Experience with Human study, to search for objects. Global Politics Essay! The invariable mark of wisdom is to see the miraculous in the common.
What is a day? What is a year? What is summer? What is woman? What is Experience a child? What is Global and Global Politics Essay sleep? To our blindness, these things seem unaffecting. We make fables to hide the baldness of the fact and conform it, as we say, to the higher law of the Essay on Personal Human, mind. But when the fact is seen under the light of an idea, the gaudy fable fades and shrivels. We behold the real higher law.
To the wise, therefore, a fact is true poetry, and the most beautiful of fables. These wonders are brought to our own door. Poverty And Global Politics! You also are a man. Man and woman, and their social life, poverty, labor, sleep, fear, fortune, are known to you. A Radical View! Learn that none of Politics Essay, these things is superficial, but that each phenomenon has its roots in the faculties and affections of the mind.
Whilst the abstract question occupies your intellect, nature brings it in Essay about Ukraine is a of International Law the concrete to be solved by your hands. Global And Global Politics! It were a wise inquiry for the closet, to compare, point by point, especially at nyirorok kidul, remarkable crises in life, our daily history, with the rise and progress of ideas in the mind. So shall we come to look at Global and Global Politics Essay, the world with new eyes. It shall answer the endless inquiry of the intellect, -- What is truth? and of the nyirorok kidul, affections, -- What is good? by yielding itself passive to the educated Will. Global Poverty And Global Politics Essay! Then shall come to pass what my poet said; `Nature is not fixed but fluid. Spirit alters, moulds, makes it. The immobility or bruteness of maid, nature, is the absence of spirit; to pure spirit, it is fluid, it is volatile, it is Poverty Politics obedient.
Every spirit builds itself a house; and Essay, beyond its house a world; and beyond its world, a heaven. Know then, that the world exists for you. For you is the phenomenon perfect. What we are, that only can we see. All that Adam had, all that Caesar could, you have and can do. Adam called his house, heaven and earth; Caesar called his house, Rome; you perhaps call yours, a cobler's trade; a hundred acres of ploughed land; or a scholar's garret. Yet line for line and point for point, your dominion is as great as theirs, though without fine names. Build, therefore, your own world. As fast as you conform your life to the pure idea in your mind, that will unfold its great proportions. A correspondent revolution in things will attend the influx of the Global and Global Politics Essay, spirit. So fast will disagreeable appearances, swine, spiders, snakes, pests, madhouses, prisons, enemies, vanish; they are temporary and shall be no more seen.
The sordor and filths of nature, the sun shall dry up, and Reading Reflection Essay, the wind exhale. As when the summer comes from the south; the snow-banks melt, and Poverty and Global Essay, the face of the earth becomes green before it, so shall the advancing spirit create its ornaments along its path, and carry with it the beauty it visits, and the song which enchants it; it shall draw beautiful faces, warm hearts, wise discourse, and heroic acts, around its way, until evil is no more seen. Reading Reflection Alchemist Essay! The kingdom of man over Poverty nature, which cometh not with observation, -- a dominion such as now is nyirorok kidul beyond his dream of God, -- he shall enter without more wonder than the blind man feels who is gradually restored to perfect sight.'
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Discuss the impact of globalization on global poverty and inequality
Explosion In The British Petroleum Texas City Refinery Commerce Essay. The explosion and Global Poverty Politics Essay fires incident in the British Petroleum Texas City refinery on 23 March, 2005 has been described and Disorder Essay reviewed in this assignment. Global Poverty And Global Politics Essay? Investigation report revealed that the Crisis Violation of International, incident occurred during the startup of an isomerization (ISOM) process unit. Global Poverty Essay? It was reported that this incident resulted in huge impact on BP Company and its stakeholders. The impact of the incident has been critically commended with the support of several data. Fatalities and injuries on nearby trailers, onsite and offsite damage, post-incident emergency response, and Disorder Essay economic losses were the Global Poverty and Global, major consequences of the explosion. Causes of the power: a radical view, incident have been also examined in order to improve BP performance. Organizational and process safety inadequate was the major blame for the incident. Recommendations which may improve BP situation and help to avoid hazardous incident have been provided throughout the assignment. The improvement on Poverty and Global Politics, process safety culture, organizational changes such as merger and acquisition, budget cutting and employees training at all levels, as well as the Post-Traumatic Stress, enforcement of Global Politics, more effective safety management systems have been suggested to improve BP performance.
Lastly, a safe trailer placement policy has been proposed to avoid the risk of similar incident. British Petroleum Company and Texas City Refinery Background. The British Petroleum (BP) refinery in ruined analysis Texas City, Texas is the third largest oil refinery plant in the U.S. On Wednesday, 23 March 2005 at 1:20p.m, an explosion and Global Poverty fires happened at the BP refinery in Texas City, Texas, 30 miles southeast of Houston. The BP refinery in Texas City has the great impact on Essay on Personal Experience with Behavior, the overall gasoline supply in Global Poverty and Global Politics Essay the U.S. This oil refinery has the capability to produce about 10 million gallons of gasoline per day. This amount of production makes up about 2.5% of the Post-Traumatic Stress, gasoline sold in the U.S. Apart from producing gasoline, this BP refinery also produces diesel fuels, jet fuels, and Poverty and Global Essay chemical feed stocks. There are 29 oil refinery units and 4 chemical units cover its 1,200 acre plant. In BP refinery in Texas City, BP employs about 1,800 employees.
While the explosion and fires occurred, about 800 contractor workers were onsite carrying turnaround activities. The site has had several alters in management at both the corporate and a radical refinery stages from Poverty Essay its commissioning to the date of the explosion incident (Kaszniak Holmstrom, 2008; U.S Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board (CSB), 2005). On 23 March, 2005, explosion and fires in BP Texas City refinery occurred during the startup of an ruined isomerization (ISOM) process unit (Figure 1). On that morning, the Global Politics, raffinate splitter tower in the refinery's ISOM unit was restarted after it had been shut down for a radical view, maintenance. During the startup of a section of the ISOM unit, flammable liquid hydrocarbons were pumped into Poverty and Global a distillation tower for Essay about Ukraine is a Violation of International Law, more than 3 hours without any liquid being removed by operations worker.
This action was opposing to startup procedure instructions. The false signal provided by control instrumentation and critical alarms failed to alert the operator workers of the Global Politics, high level in the tower. As a result, unidentified by the operations worker, the distillation tower was overfilled and on Personal Experience with Human Behavior flammable liquid hydrocarbons overflowed into the overhead pipe at the top of the tower (Kaszniak Holmstrom, 2008; U.S CSB, 2005). As the overhead pipe filled with liquid hydrocarbons, the pressure at the bottom rose rapidly and resulted in the three emergency relief valves which used to protect the tower from high pressure opened for six minutes. A large quantity of liquid hydrocarbons then flowed from the Global and Global Politics, discharge of safety relief valves to a blowdown drum with a vent stack open to the atmosphere. The blowdown drum and stack speedily overfilled with flammable liquid hydrocarbons, which resulted in geyser-like release out the 113-foot tall stacks (Figure 2) (Kaszniak Holmstrom, 2008; U.S CSB, 2005). According to CSB final report (2005), this blowdown system was a hazardous and outdated design. As the liquid hydrocarbons fell to the ground, some of the volatile liquid evaporated to form a flammable vapor cloud. The explosion and Essay about is a Violation fires happened when the flammable vapor cloud was ignited most likely by an idling diesel truck positioned approximately 25 feet from the blowdown drum.
The vapor cloud arrived at Global Poverty Essay, a wide area which is nyirorok kidul evident by the burned area as shown in Figure 3 (U.S CSB, 2005). Figure 1. Raffinate section of Poverty Essay, isomerization ISOM process unit (U.S CSB, 2005) Figure 2. Raffinate splitter tower overfills and blowdown drum releases flammable liquid hydrocarbons to the atmosphere (U.S CSB, 2005) Figure 3. A post-explosion photo shows the burned area in and around the ISOM unit had the most severe fire damage while the red arrow points to about Ukraine Crisis is a of International Law the top of the blowdown stack (U.S CSB, 2005). There are several key findings as the causes of this incident occurred in BP Texas City refinery after an Global and Global Politics investigation was conducted by Reading Alchemist BP's investigation team which coordinated with CSB, the U.S Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), and the Texas Commission of Essay, Environmental Quality (TCEQ). The causes of the incidents are summarized as below, The BP board of Directors did not propose effective safety culture and major accident prevention programs. There were no member in charge of measuring and verifying the Disorder Essay, performance of BP's major accident hazard preventive programs (U.S CSB, 2005). Risk blindness (The Economists, 2006). For instance, BP did not take effective actions to halt the growing risk of a catastrophic event although several fatalities occurred in BP Texas City refinery prior to this incident (U.S CSB, 2005). BP was too much focused on Poverty and Global, the low personal injury rate at Texas City while the process safety management and safety culture had severe insufficiency (U.S CSB, 2005)
Inadequate in BP's mechanical integrity program. This led to the failure of the Russian is a of International, process unit in Global Essay BP Texas City refinery (U.S CSB, 2005). Overzealous cost-cutting strategies (Economist, 2006; Marketline, 2007a; U.S CSB, 2005). According to CSB final report (2005), BP Group executive managers had expenses cuts in Essay about Russian Ukraine is a the 6 years resulting in the Texas City disaster without measuring their impact on safety of the site (Economist, 2007; Process Engineering, 2007). The blowdown drum and the relief valve disposal piping were undersized and the relief valve system safety study was 13 years overdue (Process Engineering, 2007; US CSB, 2005).
ISOM operators had been overstretched (Economist, 2007; US CSB, 2005). Insufficient in BP's operator training program (US. CSB, 2005). Impact of Incident on Global Poverty, BP Company and its Stakeholders. Explosion and fires in Critical on the Alchemist Essay BP Texas City refinery resulted in several negative effects on Global Poverty and Global, BP Company and Essay about Russian Ukraine Crisis Violation of International its stakeholders. Those effects include casualties and injuries, facility and equipment damage, offsite damage, post-incident emergency response and economic losses (US CSB, 2005). Stakeholders of BP who had been affected by this incident were as below, BP Company and its employees. Employees of contracting firms which include Jacobs Engineering Group (J.E. Merit), Fluor Corp. and General Electric Co. Families of dead victims and injured workers in this incident.
The U.S citizens who use crude oil. Casualties and injuries. In the incident, it was reported that 15 contract employees of J.E. Merit, Fluor Corp. and General Electric Co. were killed and a total of 180 employees in the refinery were injured (U.S CSB, 2005). Investigation report revealed that those 15 casualties were due to the explosion's impact on the nearby temporary office trailers where employees were having meetings. Global Politics Essay? Of the 15 casualties, 11 of them were employees of Jacobs, Pasadena, Calif, which was contractor in BP's Texas City refinery. The 11 dead Jacobs workers include several managers, administrators and 4 female craft workers. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Essay? 3 of the victims were employees of Poverty and Global, Fluor, Aliso Viejo, Calif, was contractor provided maintenance management services at the plant since 2001. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Essay? The remaining contractor victim was employee of General Electric Co. Poverty Politics Essay? whereas no BP employee was killed in the incident.
Blunt force trauma, which most likely resulting from being hit by structural components of the trailers was the cause of the all 15 casualties. During the incident, there were approximately 2,200 contract employees and 1,100 BP employees working at the refinery plant. Table 1 shows the details of the ruined, 15 dead contractor employees (Powers Rubin, 2005; US CSB, 2005). Quality control technician. Tool room assistant. Kimberly A. Poverty And Global? Smith. Pipe fitter helper. Quality control inspector. Quality control inspector. Quality control inspector.
General Electric Co. Title not disclosed. Table 1. Contractor employees who died in the incident (Powers Rubin, 2005) Additionally, 180 employees at the plant were injured, 66 of the victims had serious injuries and most of them were suffered multiple injuries. It was reported that lacerations, fractures, sprains, strains, punctures and second-and third degree burns were the typical combination of injuries occurred on Essay about Crisis is a Violation, victims. Those seriously injured had leave for Global Poverty and Global Essay, works, medical treatment or constrained work activity.
Of the 66 workers with serious injuries, 14 were BP employees while the nyirorok kidul, others were contractor workers from 13 different firms. Moreover, report revealed that 114 employees were given first aid during the Poverty Politics, incident. Of those who were given first aid, 35 were BP employees while the Post-Traumatic, rest were contract employees from 14 different contracting firms (U.S. CSB, 2005). Facility and equipment damage. According to and Global CSB final report (2005), the place within the ISOM unit which caused explosion, nearby trailer area, the adjacent catalyst warehouse as shown in Figure 4 and the adjacent parking areas suffered the most severe blast damage. The nearby metal warehouse which used to store catalyst and Ukraine is a the satellite control room were heavily damaged (Powers Rubin, 2005; U.S CSB, 2005). Figure 4. Nearby trailers that sited west of the blowdown drum (pointed by red arrow) were destroyed (U.S CSB, 2005).
Furthermore, it was found that about 70 vehicles surrounding the ISOM unit were damaged and numerous vehicles were destroyed (U.S CSB, 2005). Moreover, a total of 44 trailers sustained heavy damaged (Figure 5) and Poverty and Global Essay 13 trailers were totally destroyed by the blast pressure wave that propagated through the plant when the explosion and fires happened. Report also disclosed that a number of workers were injured in trailers as far as 479-foot away from the explosion (Kaszniak Holmstrom, 2008; U.S CSB, 2005). Additionally, adjacent buildings also were damaged by the blast pressure. The damage level on building was not as severe as those occurred on trailers. The damage on surrounding buildings included damaged doors, cracked walls, and broken windows, scattering of interior contents, damaged roofs and bent metal panels. Also, the explosion also damaged a total of Russian Ukraine Violation of International, 50 storage tanks although most tank farm was located more than 250-foot away from the ISOM unit. The damage on tanks included distorted tank shells, both the shell sides and the roofs. A number of Global and Global Essay, tanks utilized to hold hazardous substances like benzene were found being damaged as well and this resulted in the hazardous substances vapors escaped to Essay Russian Ukraine Crisis Violation of International atmosphere (U.S. CSB, 2005). CSB report disclosed that not only the Politics Essay, buildings in the refinery were damaged but windows of some houses and business buildings which situated north of the refinery were broken as well.
These damaged offsite buildings were located up to 3 quarters of mile away from the explosion (U.S CSB, 2005). Figure 5. Trailers in the vicinity of the nyirorok kidul, ISOM unit were heavily damaged (Occupational Hazards, 2005). Post-Incident Emergency Response. The emergency response teams in Texas City were one of the BP stakeholders affected by this BP refinery explosion. Global Poverty And Global Essay? These emergency teams provided effective and rapid assistance for Essay Russian Crisis of International Law, the injured people and Poverty Politics recovered the fatalities.
Texas City Industrial Mutual Aid System (IMAS) member companies helped with search and rescue and Critical Reflection on the Alchemist fire hose lines (U.S CSB, 2005) BP has set aside approximately $2 billion in compensation repairs, payouts and lost profit for Poverty Politics Essay, settlement of the incident (Marketline, 2007a). According to The Justice Department and US Environment Protection Agency (EPA), in order to resolve Clean Air Act violations in Texas City refinery, BP Products North America has spent over $161 million after the explosion to control pollution in Texas City, improved monitoring and maintenance and Stress Disorder Essay enhanced its internal management practices in Global and Global Essay Texas City refinery. EPA also reported that $12 million was paid by power: a radical BP on civil penalty and and Global Essay $6 million was spent on Crisis is a of International Law, a supplemental project to decrease air pollution in Poverty Politics Essay Texas. For settlement issues, BP also converted 100 diesel public vehicles to vehicles that operate using liquefied or compressed natural gas in order to reduce the hazardous emissions like hydrocarbons, nitrogen oxides and particulate matter. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Essay? Besides that, BP agreed to Global Poverty Politics Essay build 4 refueling stations for those converted public vehicles (Marketline, 2009).
It was also reported that BP faced penalties with $92,000 from The US Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) for violations in the Texas City refinery (Marketline, 2007b). Moreover, to compensate the victims in Critical Reflection on the Essay the explosion, BP has incurred $1.6 billion (Economist, 2007). Likewise, BP faced reduction in Poverty and Global Essay its fourth quarter profit in 2006 due to the huge expenses on safety and integrity investments after the incident. It was reported that BP's fourth quarter profit fell 12% when compared to the last 3 quarters of 2005. Although BP achieved record profit for 2006; BP lagged behind that of its UK competitor Shell (Marketline, 2007c). BP's share price also trailed its rivals like American's Exxon Mobil in 2006 (Economist, 2007). Some recommendations to improve BP situation have been proposed after accessing the causes of the incident. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Essay? Safety culture recommendation and trailer siting recommendation have been suggested to BP Company as follow, Safety culture recommendation.
Improve and emphasis more on process safety culture and performance through: Increase spending on safety assessment and Politics Essay maintenance. Appoint an nyirorok kidul expert on safety management systems for at least 5 years to examine the and Global Essay, safety progress in BP refineries. Incorporate process safety into management decision making at all levels. Promote improved process safety through education and power: view training employees at all levels. Construct organizational changes that may improve process safety which include: Main organizational changes in refinery, for instance through mergers and Essay acquisitions. Policies changes like cost cutting and ensure consistency of policies. Employees' changes such as changes in staff experience and hire more workers to avoid work overloads. Reinforce safety management systems through enforcement of ruined analysis, more valuable and Poverty and Global Politics effective programs, for instance:
Mechanical integrity programs. Risk management and analysis programs and. Errors reporting and investigation programs. Trailers siting recommendation. Develop a novel trailers placement policy which contains practices to ensure the safe siting of trailers as below, Protect occupied trailers from accident exposure, for example, explosion pressure and heat.
Set up minimum safe distance requirements for nyirorok kidul, trailer siting where is away from dangerous zones of Poverty, process plants. Assess the relocated trailers placement via novel risk analysis methodology.